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Behak Maken
Tehsil Sargodha
CountryPakistan
ProvincePunjab
VillageBEHAK MAKEN
Union council118(chak No 92 NB)
Publisher/Instigator23 May 2011 1 May 2021
Population
 (August, 2018)
 • Total9,520
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Number of areas5

Behak Mekan is a small town located in the Sargodha District ضلع سرگودھا of the Punjab province, Pakistan, that was formed when the area was part of the British Empire. The town is placed 16.5 kilometres (10.3 mi) away from the city of Sargodha and 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) away from Dhreema. Due to the town's ecological site, the British Royal Air Force (RAF) built an airstrip near "godhay wala"[1] that become of great significance to the Pakistan Air Force after the Pakistan Movement independence of Pakistan.

The population of Behak Mekan has grown-up rapidly and approximately 75% of the [Maken] reside in the settlement.[citation needed]

Allocation and villages(Maken Cast)

The Maken, sometimes also spelt [Mekan], Maken or even Maykan, are a tribe of Jatt status. They hold the title of "Sardar". They are said to have accepted Islam during the time of the Sultan of Delhi, Ghias-ud-din Balban, courtesy of Baba Farid Ganj Shakar. They held the Mankera state for 500 years. Towards the 12th century, the Baloch from Makran flocked into the country in and around Mankera, and subsequently ruled this state for the next three hundred years. The Makens that settled in the Kirana Bar, and became pastoralist, like the other tribes of the Bar. They, occupied a compact territory in the Kirana Bar, lying to the west of Gondal territory, although a smaller number are also in Jhelum and Gujrat districts. Their present territory now forms part of the Sargodha, Khushab, and Mianwali districts, although as already mentioned, there are smaller broken settlements in Jhelum, Gujrat, and Mandi Bahauddin districts. In Pothohar, in Jhelum / Chakwal region, the Mekan form an important tribal community.

The Mekan form the majority of the population villages in Sargodha District include Behak Maken, said to have been the first village founded by the Mekans when they moved to the Bar , Abu Wala, Chakrala, Deowal, Gondal (Shahpur Tehsil), Mochiwal, Okhli Mohla, Sultanpur Meknawala, Jalpana, Dera Karam Ali Wala, Chak No 88 N.B,Chak No 142 NB, Nihang, Chak 71 NB ,Chak 74 NB, Chak 10 NB, Chabba Purana, Faiz Sultan Colony... in Shahpur Tehsil, Kot Bhai Khan, Kot Pehlwan, Aqal Shah, Kot Kamboh, Wadhi, Kot Shada, Gul Muhammad Wala and Vegowal. in Bhera Tehsil and Sher Muhammad wala in Bhalwal Tehsil. Across the Jhelum, Maken are also found in Mohibpur village in Khushab District.

Outside this core areas, in Jhelum District, there most important villages are Chautala (Jhelum Tehsil) , Chak Mujahid (Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil) and Tobah (Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil), while in Chakwal District, important Mekan villages include Mangwal, Vero, Lakhwal, Thanil Kamal, Dingi Zer, Dhoke Dhabri (almost evenly divided between Gondal and Mekan), Chak Bhoun, Dhoke Makrn near Thoa Bahdur and Ghugh (which largely a Ghugh Jat villages, but home to several Mekan families). The Mekan Jats in terms of population form the most important Jat clan in Chakwal.

While in Gujrat District, they are found in village Mekan in Kharian Tehsil, and in neighbouring Mandi Bahaudin District, there main villages are Lassouri Kalan, Lassouri Khurd, Mekan and Thatti Bawa.

History Of Behak Maken

Behak Maken was founded when Raja Singh first come to the Sargodha district. It is declared that Baba Farid Ganj Shakar appear to Singh to educate him in Islam after which the Raja well-known Permanently in the region with his family as a Muslim. The tribe claims to have settled in the Thal, after the end of Arab rule in Sindh.

Nature

They are known to be courageous, prudent, kind but obstinate people. They have a history of bravery and most of the Mekan’s ancestors were warlords. In the present Pakistan's history they have been appointed on important public positions and some are very prominent politicians.

Demographics

According to the 2017 census of Pakistan, the village had a population of about 9,000 of which, in December 2018, the population of Behak Mekan was estimated at 9315. About 95% of the people are Sunni Islam. The predominant ethnic population in the village is Punjabi with small communities of Muhajirs and Pashtuns.

Dars e Quran

A Madrisa name as Darul Aloom Muhammadia Ghousya Behak Mekan is held in this village in 2010, at the present time in September, 2021 about 100 to 150 students are studding there with the help of Anjuman-e-taleem ul muslimeen ghousya Bhera Sharif main darul aloom. There are three mosques in this village, known as 1. Jamia Masid Syedan (Muhammad Shah late) 2.(darbar) wali masjid and main Jamia masjid attached with madrisa.

Economy

The vast field on the town allows the farmers to expand a range of crops and animal procreation program. Some of the main crops include citrus, wheat, rice, and sugar cane which are exported to other cities as well as worldwide. Citrus fruits such as oranges (locally known as kinnows)[what language is this?] are the main fruits grown in the village. As well as Jaman, Guavas, Mangoes, Pears, Dates, Pomegranate, Phalsa and Almond are also grown in minor quantities. Turnip, onion, cauliflower, potatoes and tomatoes are main vegetables grown in the village. The main livestock for the village include goats, sheep, buffaloes and cattle.

Politics & Forces

Numerous Makens have been a part of provincial politics alongside tribal politics, for example, Sardar Shahzad Ahmed Maken has been serving as the Game Warden of Punjab. Sardar Asim Sher Maken has been serving as the district council chairman of Sargodha, who was previously the chairman of Kot Pehlwan union council. Sardar Bahadar Abbas Maken has previously served as a Member of the provincial assembly of Punjab. Sardar Sikandar Hayat Maken and Sardar Fateh Khan Maken have contested and won different elections for a provincial assembly seat. Chaudry Ghulam Mubashir Maken is serving SSP (DPO) D G Khan. Sardar Aamir Habib Ullah Maken Air Vice Marshal (General) in Pakistan Air Force.

Languages

Punjabi is the focal language of the people. Urdu is also spoken.

Sports Activities

Frequently two types of sports competition are played in this rural community, volleyball and cricket. Cricket competition is conducted every year in the memory of Badar Munir maken (Late), Zulfiqar maken Shaheed and Abdul Latif (Late) in May to July of every year. Syed Safder Zahoor hamdani, Ch Shoukat Zia Maken, [Ch Azhar Hussain Mekan], Ch Qasim shahzad Maken, Syed Mohsin Raza Hamdani Ch Nayyer Ayaz Maken are the producers of these tournaments. At present September 2021 only Syed Mohsin Raza Hamdani is carried out same .

Welfare committee

Many welfare groups are functioning in this community; they perform and organize various works for the improvement of this village, such as construction and repair of Mosque, Madras’s, infrastructure, street works and more.
(1) Haji Mukhtar Mukhtar Maken (No dar), Haji Ahmed Hayat Maken S/O Muhammad Hayat Maken, Syed Anwar Hussain Bukhari, Ch Amanullah Maken.
(2) Haji Muhammad Riaz Makren, Ch Munir Maken S/O Sardar Maken, Ch Nasar hayat Mekan S/O Rehmat Khan Mekan, Sardar Asif Maken, Ch. Haji Mumtaz Mekan
Also... Syed Zahoor Hussain Shah Hamdani and Mekan syed Aftab Hussain Bukhari PML-N carried out same job.

Weather

Climate data for Behak Mekan (1980–2020)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20
(68)
22
(72)
26
(79)
36
(97)
42
(108)
50
(122)
43
(109)
40
(104)
36
(97)
32
(90)
26
(79)
22
(72)
30.6
(87.1)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
11
(52)
15.5
(59.9)
19
(66)
25
(77)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
20
(68)
14
(57)
9
(48)
18.8
(65.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.7)
36
(1.4)
24
(0.9)
13
(0.5)
17
(0.7)
48
(1.9)
82
(3.2)
87
(3.4)
43
(1.7)
9
(0.4)
11
(0.4)
12
(0.5)
400
(15.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5 4 5 4 3 3 7 7 4 1 1 1 45
Source: Weather2,[2]

Address

District and Tehsil Sargodha Post office & Village Behak Maken

Postal Code: 40101 Contact Please: +92 300/321 9281062, +92 313 2043584 & +92 345 8131262, 0323 9444895

Vicinity allotment

Behak Maken residents circulated in varied area... vicinity with populace are

Area Population
Behak Maken 5,913
Faiz Sultan Colony 1,296
Dera Soon 4, 70
Burhana 7, 75
Dera Jaat 7, 27
Total 9,181

References

  1. ^ "Wikimapia - 32.0640283,72.5285838" (Online map). WikiMapia. WikiMapia. 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
  2. ^ "Weather2 – Sargodha". Retrieved 8 June 2014.