Beijing Renhe
Běijīng Rénhé
北京人和
Full nameBeijing Renhe Football Club
北京人和足球俱乐部
Founded3 February 1995; 26 years ago (1995-02-03)
Dissolved29 March 2021; 5 months ago (2021-03-29)
GroundBeijing Fengtai Stadium, Beijing
Capacity31,043
OwnerRenhe Commercial Holdings Company Limited
Dai Yongge
Xiuli Hawken
ChairmanGong Lei
ManagerWang Bo
LeagueChina League One
2020League One, 17th
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Beijing Renhe Football Club (Chinese: 北京人和; pinyin: Běijīng Rénhé) was a professional Chinese football club that last participated in the Chinese League One under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA). The team was based in Fengtai, Beijing and their home stadium was the Beijing Fengtai Stadium that has a seating capacity of 31,043. Their last majority shareholder was Chinese property developers of shopping centers Renhe Commercial Holdings Company Limited.

The club was founded in Pudong, Shanghai on 3 February 1995 and were originally known as Shanghai Pudong before they made their debut in the third tier of China's football league pyramid in the 1995 season. They would work their way up to the top tier while changing name to accommodate their sponsors. In the 2006 season the club would relocate the team to Shaanxi and rename themselves Xi'an Chanba International, however by the 2012 season, the club relocated this time to Guizhou, and changed their name to Guizhou Renhe.[1] In the 2016 season the club relocated the team to Fengtai, Beijing, and changed their name to Beijing Renhe. Throughout the club's history their greatest achievement has been winning the 2013 Chinese FA Cup while the highest position they have ever finished was second within the 2003 season.

History

The club was founded on 3 February 1995 in Pudong, Shanghai to take part in the recently formed fully professional football league system and they started at the bottom of the football pyramid in the third division, where they named themselves Shanghai Pudong. Playing in all blue in their debut season, they would immediately taste success when they won the division title and promotion to the second tier.[2] The following seasons, however, saw the team languish within the division until they brought in Xu Genbao to manage the side at the beginning of the 2000 season and would make the club promotion contenders. Under Xu Genbao's leadership, they didn't have to wait long to win promotion when they would go on to win the division title at the end of the season and a chance to play in the top tier.[3] Under the ownership of Shanghai Yungtay Engineering and COSCO Real Estate, the club rebranded themselves with a new blue and white striped football kit. They were big spenders who wanted to achieve immediate success by bringing in established Chinese internationals such as Cheng Yaodong, Jiang Jin and particularly Wu Chengying who set a Chinese transfer fee record of 13,000,000 RMB. This saw them become genuine title contenders and under their new manager Cheng Yaodong, they would fight for the league title with Shanghai Greenland Shenhua and only come second by a single point at the end of the 2003 season.[4] On 13 June 2012, it was discovered by the police the real reason the team lost the 2003 title was because the club's players Shen Si, Qi Hong, Jiang Jin and Li Ming (1975) took a bribe from former Tianjin Teda general manager Yang Yifeng to lose their 30 November 2003 game, which saw all offending participants fined and jailed for their crimes.[5]

The owners could not maintain the level of spending that they had done and the team's results would start to slip. Finding that they could not compete with Shanghai Shenhua and in the 2005 season, they had to face additional competition in Shanghai Zobon, the team decided to move to Xi'an after months of speculation. With the newly branded team known as Shanghai International, or Inter Shanghai by the fans, they would start to move away from the previous Yuanshen Stadium to the Shaanxi Province Stadium and renamed themselves Xi'an Chanba International by 2006 or Inter Xi'an by the fans. In 2007, their ownership was transferred to Baorong Investment and it was during this period that the club would start to experiment with a new yellow football kit. This would surprisingly seem to work when the club looked as if they were title contenders once more during the 2008 season, however their title hopes quickly faded and the team eventually finished fifth. The following season, however, would see the team languish near the bottom of the table and Cheng Yaodong decided to resign, which would see former Chinese national football coach Zhu Guanghu come in and guide the team away from the relegation zone.

At the beginning of the 2010 season, Dai Yongge and the Renhe Commercial Holdings Company would start to invest heavily within the club. This would see the club bring in Chinese internationals Sun Jihai, Zhao Xuri, Qu Bo and Mao Jianqing into the team. However, despite the signings, the club struggled within the league and Zhu Guanghu left the club while three time Chinese league winner Milorad Kosanović replaced him.[6] Milorad Kosanović's reign at the club was unsuccessful and he was soon replaced by Slobodan Santrač. After a poor string of results, Slobodan Santrač was fired and former Chinese international manager Gao Hongbo came into the club while it languished in mid-table throughout much of the 2011 season.[7] After another disappointing season, Dia Yongge would start to get frustrated at the team's lack of success and decided to take advantage of Guiyang's government promise of the recently developed Guiyang Olympic Centre for the club, and with Renhe Commercial Holdings Company having better business connections within Guiyang, the club decided that it would move the team, which has recently made them one of the best supported teams in China.[8] The 2012 season saw Guizhou have a successful year, with the club achieving fourth place and gaining entry into its first AFC Champions League.

The team's success continued as they qualified for the 2014 AFC Champions League as well, but got knocked out in the group stage both times they qualified. Their top achievements in this period included winning the 2014 Chinese FA Super Cup and the 2013 Chinese FA Cup. In the 2015 season they were relegated to the League One, but the team managed to advance back to the Super League in 2018. In 2016 they moved from Guizhou to Beijing, becoming Beijing Renhe.[9] After one season where they placed eighth, in 2019 the club struggled to win games and found themselves in last place with a few rounds to go.

Having lost their 2020 China League One relegation play-off matches 2–3 on aggregate to Jiangxi Liansheng, Beijing Renhe were relegated to the League Two. They changed their name to "Beijing Chengfeng Football Club" to meet Chinese Football Association's "neutral name" requirement, before the dissolution of the club on 29 March 2021.

Ownership and naming history

Year Owner Club name Sponsored team name
1995–96 Shanghai Pudong New Area Social Development Bureau
Fuhao Group
Shanghai Pudong Football Club
1997–98 Fuhao Group
1999 Daqiao Group Shanghai Pudong Whirlpool
2000 Pudong Lianyang 8848
2001–02 Shanghai COSCO Liangwan Real Estate Development Co.,Ltd
Shanghai Huili Group Co.,Ltd
Hainan Bo'ao Investment Holding Co., Ltd
Shanghai COSCO Huili Football Club
2003 Shanghai COSCO Sanlin Real Estate Group Co.,Ltd Shanghai COSCO Sanlin Football Club
2003–04 Shanghai International / Inter Shanghai
2005 Shanghai Yongda Holding Group Co.,Ltd Shanghai Yongda Football Club
2006 Xi'an Chanba International
2007–09 Beijing Baorong Investing Management Co.,Ltd Shaanxi Baorong Chanba Football Club Shaanxi Neo-China Chanba
2009 Shaanxi Greenland Chanba
2010 Shaanxi Zhongjian Chanba[10]
2011 Shaanxi Renhe Commercial Chanba[11]
2012 Renhe Commercial Holding Co.,Ltd Guizhou Renhe Moutai
2013–15 Guizhou Renhe Football Club Guizhou Moutai
2016–20 Beijing Renhe Football Club
2021 Beijing Chengfeng Football Club

Crest and colours

When the club originated their home colours would predominantly be blue until the club won promotion to the top tier and decided that they needed to differentiate themselves from their local rivals Shanghai Greenland Shenhua, who also play in blue.[12] This saw them employ a blue and white stripe top at the beginning of the 2003 league season and a new crest design of a horse in front of a striped background which was directly inspired by Juventus F.C. own logo.[13] When the club was bought out by Baorong Investments who moved the club to Xi'an they decided that the club should use a new yellow top by the beginning of the 2008 league season and a new crest of a wolf was employed.[14] When the Renhe Commercial Holdings Company bought a majority within the club they wanted to try out a new all black kit during the 2011 league season, however this colour did not last very long and when the company decided to move the club to Guizhou the club decided they needed a new kit to signify this move and launched an all orange kit at the beginning of the 2012 league season.[15][16]

Kit evolution

2002
2003–2007
2008–09
2010
2011
2012
2013–2016

Rivalries

When the club was founded in Shanghai they decided to take advantage of the 1994 Chinese football league professionalism reforms that allowed more than one club in each city. With Shanghai Shenhua already established within the city the potential for China's first top-flight city derby emerged. On 9 March 2002 the first top-flight city derby became a reality when they met in a league game, which saw the club win 2–0 away to Shenhua in front of a sold out Hongkou Football Stadium. Known as the Shanghai derby it would be the start of an intense but short rivalry between the two clubs, which reached its peak on the final day of the 2003 league season with both teams able to win the league title.[17] Shenhua won their game while the club surprisingly lost theirs to relegation fighting club Tianjin Kangshifu. This saw critics dispute the title win and it was eventually discovered that both teams had players and officials match-fix games throughout the campaign.[18] Shenhua would retrospectively lose their title while the club owners decided it was financially unviable to remain in Shanghai and relocated their team to Xi'an, which effectively ended the rivalry.

Foreign players

Africa
Europe
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Poland
Scotland
Serbia
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
North America
South America
Argentina

Coaching staff

Managerial history

Managers who have coached the club and team since Guizhou Renhe was formed.[19][20]

Honours

League

Runner-up (1): 2003
Winners (1): 2001
Runner-up (1): 2017
Winners (1): 1995

Cup

Winners (1): 2013
Runner-up (1): 2012
Winners (1): 2014

Results

All-time league rankings

As of the end of 2019 season.[23][24]

Year Div Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Pos. FA Cup Super Cup League Cup AFC Other Att./G Stadium
1995 3 8 5 1 2 16 W DNQ DNQ  –  – Chuansha Stadium
1996 2 22 6 5 11 17 31 −14 23 9 R3 DNQ  –  –
1997 2 22 7 6 9 23 23 0 27 10 R2 DNQ  –  –
1998 2 22 8 4 10 20 27 −7 28 7 R1 DNQ  –  –
1999 2 22 10 6 6 32 30 2 36 4 R1 DNQ  –  –
2000 2 22 7 12 3 28 22 6 33 4 R2 DNQ  –  – Yuanshen Sports Centre Stadium
2001 2 22 14 4 4 51 21 30 46 W R1 DNQ  –  – Shanghai Stadium
2002 1 28 9 8 11 37 39 −2 35 9 QF DNQ  –  – 17,500
2003 1 28 16 6 6 39 26 13 54 RU QF DNQ  –  – 17,821
2004 1 22 8 8 6 39 31 8 32 3 R2 NH R2  – A3 4 8,455
2005 1 26 8 7 11 30 32 −2 31 8 R3 NH R1  – 4,385
2006 1 28 8 12 8 33 34 −1 36 9 R1 NH NH  – 17,286 Shaanxi Province Stadium
2007 1 28 4 14 10 24 29 −5 26 13 NH NH NH  – 24,643
2008 1 30 15 7 8 41 29 12 52 5 NH NH NH  – 24,625
2009 1 30 9 10 11 26 24 2 37 12 NH NH NH  – 23,026
2010 1 30 9 10 11 33 36 −3 37 10 NH NH NH  – 28,053
2011 1 30 10 8 12 34 41 −7 38 9 QF NH NH  – 27,836
2012 1 30 12 9 9 44 33 11 45 4 RU DNQ NH  – 29,574 Guiyang Olympic Sports Center
2013 1 30 11 11 8 40 41 −1 44 4 W DNQ NH Group 21,312
2014 1 30 11 8 11 33 35 −2 41 6 R4 W NH Group 12,327
2015 1 30 7 8 15 39 52 −13 29 15 QF DNQ NH  – 15,139
2016 2 30 15 4 11 49 35 14 49 4 R3 DNQ NH  – 4,542 Beijing Fengtai Stadium
2017 2 30 18 8 4 48 21 27 62 RU R3 DNQ NH  – 6,494
2018 1 30 9 10 11 33 46 −13 37 8 R5 DNQ NH  – 12,534
2019 1 30 3 5 22 26 65 -39 14 16 R5 DNQ NH  – 7,545
2020 2 17 6 3 8 22 27 -5 21 17 DNQ DNQ NH  –

Key

Continental Records[edit]

Opponent Season Home Away
Australia Central Coast Mariners FC 2013 AFC Champions League Group stage 2–1 1–2
Australia Western Sydney Wanderers FC 2014 AFC Champions League Group stage 0–1 0–5
Japan Kashiwa Reysol 2013 AFC Champions League Group stage 0–1 1–1
Japan Kawasaki Frontale 2014 AFC Champions League Group stage 0–1 0–1
South Korea Suwon Samsung Bluewings 2013 AFC Champions League Group stage 2–2 0–0
South Korea Ulsan Hyundai 2014 AFC Champions League Group stage 3–1 1–1

References[edit]

  1. ^ 陕西人和官方宣布球队南迁 注册地已变更贵州省 (in Chinese). sports.163.com. 8 January 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  2. ^ "China League Tables 1995". rsssf.com. 19 June 2003. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
  3. ^ "China League Tables 2001". rsssf.com. 19 June 2003. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
  4. ^ "China League Tables 2003". rsssf.com. 18 April 2004. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
  5. ^ "Match-fixing led to stars' downfall". shanghaidaily.com. 14 June 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  6. ^ 陕西浐灞官方宣布主帅朱广沪下课 科萨诺维奇接任 (in Chinese). sports.sina.com.cn. 8 May 2010. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  7. ^ 高洪波接替桑特拉奇入主陕西 传执教年薪超百万 (in Chinese). sports.sohu.com. 25 September 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  8. ^ "Only in the CSL: Shanxi Chanba Moving to Guizhou in 2012". wildeastfootball.net. 6 December 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  9. ^ "关于贵州人和足球俱乐部有限公司主要股权转让并更名为北京人和足球俱乐部有限公司的公示". fa.org.cn. 6 January 2016. Archived from the original on 11 January 2016. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  10. ^ 中建冠名 西北狼更名:陕西中建地产浐灞足球队 (in Chinese). sports.hsw.cn. 22 March 2010. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  11. ^ 全新浐灞队亮相 科萨坦言希望争冠 (in Chinese). news.xiancn.com. 17 March 2011. Archived from the original on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  12. ^ "上海中远vs上海申花" (in Chinese). shenhuafc.com.cn. 1 January 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  13. ^ 足协杯西安?哄惫?际胜北京宏登[组图] (in Chinese). news.xinhuanet.com. 16 March 2006. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  14. ^ "Guizhou Renhe FC". weltfussballarchiv.com. 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  15. ^ "China: Shaanxi Renhe Commercial Chanba Nike 2011 Shirts". football-shirts.co.uk. 22 March 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  16. ^ 贵州人和2012赛季主客场球衣 (in Chinese). kitstown.com. 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  17. ^ "A brief history of: The Shanghai Derby". wildeastfootball.net. 27 April 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  18. ^ "China Strips Shenhua of 2003 League Title, Bans 33 People for Life". english.cri.cn. 18 February 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  19. ^ "Guizhou Renhe " Manager history". worldfootball.net. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  20. ^ "Guizhou Renhe". footballzz.co.uk. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  21. ^ "China List of Cup Winners". rsssf.com. 2 September 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  22. ^ "China List of Super Cup Winners". rsssf.com. 2 September 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  23. ^ "China League History". rsssf.com. 22 October 2009. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  24. ^ "北京人和". sodasoccer.com. Retrieved 28 January 2014.

External links[edit]