Benjamin Pierce
NHGOV Benjamin Pierce.jpg
11th Governor of New Hampshire
In office
June 4, 1829 – June 3, 1830
Preceded byJohn Bell
Succeeded byMatthew Harvey
In office
June 7, 1827 – June 5, 1828
Preceded byDavid L. Morril
Succeeded byJohn Bell
Sheriff of Hillsborough County, New Hampshire
In office
1818–1827
Preceded byIsrael W. Kelly
Succeeded byJacob Whittemore
In office
1809–1813
Preceded byMoses Kelley
Succeeded byIsrael W. Kelly
Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from Deering, Society Land, Henniker, and Hillsborough
In office
1786–1788
Preceded byRobert Wallace
Succeeded byWilliam Wallace
Personal details
Born(1757-12-25)December 25, 1757
Chelmsford, Province of Massachusetts Bay, British America
DiedApril 1, 1839(1839-04-01) (aged 81)
Hillsborough, New Hampshire, U.S.
Resting placePine Hill Cemetery, Hillsborough, New Hampshire
Political partyDemocratic-Republican
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Andrews (m. 1787–1788, her death)
Anna Kendrick (m. 1790–1838, her death)
Children9 (including Benjamin Kendrick Pierce and Franklin Pierce)
OccupationFarmer

Benjamin Pierce (December 25, 1757 – April 1, 1839) was a colonial soldier in the American Revolutionary War and an American Democratic-Republican politician, who served as the 11th governor of New Hampshire from 1827 to 1828 and from 1829 to 1830. He was the father of Franklin Pierce, the 14th president of the United States.

Biography

Pierce was born in Chelmsford in the Province of Massachusetts Bay, the son of Benjamin and Elizabeth Merrill Pierce, as well as a direct descendant of Thomas Pierce (1618–1683), the grandson of Sir Richard Carew, who was born in Norwich, Norfolk, England and settled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Benjamin Pierce was a distinguished veteran of the Revolutionary War, serving in the 16th Continental Regiment, which was later renamed the 8th Massachusetts Regiment. He was present at the Battle of Bunker Hill.[1] He was promoted to Ensign in the 1st Massachusetts Regiment for bravery during the Saratoga campaign. He was an original member of the Society of the Cincinnati. Following the war, he moved to Hillsborough, New Hampshire, where he built the Pierce family home, and was assigned the task of forming the Hillsborough County militia. In 1805, he was promoted to brigadier general and assigned command of the New Hampshire state militia. Prior to becoming governor, he served in the New Hampshire House of Representatives from 1786 to 1788 and twice as Sheriff of Hillsborough County, from 1809 to 1812 and later from 1818 to 1827. He was a delegate to the state Constitutional Convention in September 1791 and a member of the Governor's Council from 1803 to 1809 and again in 1814.

Family life

Pierce's father died when he was six. He subsequently worked on his uncle's farm until enlisting in Ebenezer Bridge's Massachusetts regiment on April 26, 1775.

On May 24, 1787, he married Elizabeth Andrews. Their daughter, named Elizabeth Andrews Pierce, was born August 9, 1788, but the elder Elizabeth died of childbirth complications four days later on August 13. Elizabeth Andrews Pierce (1788–1855) was the wife of United States Army General John McNeil Jr.

He married Anna Kendrick (born October 30, 1769) on February 1, 1790 at Amherst, New Hampshire. Together they had eight children:

They were married until her death on December 7, 1838. He died 4 months later in Hillsborough, and is buried in the town's Pine Hill Cemetery.

Benjamin Pierce was an original member of the Society of the Cincinnati[2] and served as vice president of the Massachusetts state society from 1836 to 1839.[3] With membership inherited through primogeniture, Pierce's eldest son, Benjamin Kendrick Pierce, succeeded him.[2] Benjamin K. Pierce died in 1850 and was succeeded by Franklin Pierce, the next eldest son of Benjamin Pierce.[2] Franklin Pierce died in 1869 and was succeeded by Henry Dearborn Pierce, the youngest son of Benjamin Pierce.[4] Henry Dearborn Pierce was succeeded by his son Kirk Dearborn Pierce, the grandson of Benjamin Pierce.[4]

References

  1. ^ Bell, 2015
  2. ^ a b c The Massachusetts Cincinnati (1859). Institution of the Society of the Cincinnati. Boston, MA: C. C. C. P. p. 70 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ Manchester Historic Association (1897). Manchester Historic Association Collections. Vol. 1, Part One. Manchester, NH: John B. Clarke Company. p. 69 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ a b Bugbee, James M., ed. (1890). Memorials of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati. Cambridge, MA: University Press: John Wilson and Son. p. xxxi – via Internet Archive.

Sources

Party political offices First Democratic nominee for Governor of New Hampshire 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829 Succeeded byMatthew Harvey Political offices Preceded byDavid L. Morril Governor of New Hampshire 1827–1828 Succeeded byJohn Bell Preceded byJohn Bell Governor of New Hampshire 1829–1830 Succeeded byMatthew Harvey