The Bergen Corpus of London Teenage Language (COLT) is a data set of samples of spoken English that was compiled in 1993 from tape recorded and transcribed conversations by teens between the ages of 13 and 17 in schools throughout London, England.[1][2] This corpus, which has been tagged for part of speech using the CLAWS 6 tagset, is one of the linguistic research projects housed at the University of Bergen in Norway.[3]

Resultant research

Linguistic analysis based on COLT has appeared in the book Trends in Teenage Talk[4] and subsequent journal articles,[5][6] including, for example, work tracking innit,[7] cos,[8] degree modifiers,[9] extenders,[10] the use of taboo words,[11] and negation.[12]


  1. ^ "COLT Summary" (PDF). Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  2. ^ González-Díaz, Victorina (2008). English Adjective Comparison: A Historical Perspective. John Benjamins. p. 9.
  3. ^ "COLT: The Bergen Corpus of London Teenage Talk". November 20, 2003. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  4. ^ Stenström, Anna-Brita; et al. (2002). Trends in Teenage Talk. John Benjamins.
  5. ^ Palacios Martínez, Ignacio M. (2011). "The Language of British Teenagers. A Preliminary Study of its Main Grammatical Features" (PDF). Journal of the Spanish Association of Anglo-American Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  6. ^ Palacios Martinez, Ignacio (2010). "The Expression of Negation in British Teenagers' Language: A Preliminary Study". Journal of English Linguistics.
  7. ^ Martínez, Ignacio M. Palacios. 2015. Variation, development and pragmatic uses of innit in the language of British adults and teenagers. English Language & Linguistics,
  8. ^ Stenström, Anna-Brita. 1998. From sentence to discourse: Cos (because) in teenage talk. Pragmatics and Beyond New Series
  9. ^ Paradis, Carita. 2000. It's well weird: Degree modifiers of adjectives revisited: The nineties. Language and Computers.
  10. ^ Martínez, Ignacio M. Palacios. 2011. “I might, I might go I mean it depends on money things and stuff”. A preliminary analysis of general extenders in British teenagers' discourse. Journal of Pragmatics.
  11. ^ Stenström, Anna-Brita. 2006. Taboo words in teenage talk: London and Madrid girls' conversations compared. Spanish in Context. 3(1), Jan 2006, p. 115-138.
  12. ^ Ignacio M. Palacios Martinez (April 19, 2010). "The Expression of Negation in British Teenagers' Language: A Preliminary Study". Journal of English Linguistics. 39: 4–35. doi:10.1177/0075424210366905.