|Member of Parliament for Madawaska—Restigouche|
2011 – 4 August 2015
|Preceded by||Jean-Claude D'Amours|
|Succeeded by||René Arseneault|
|MLA for Edmundston|
|Preceded by||Roland Beaulieu|
|Succeeded by||Madeleine Dubé|
|Member of Parliament for Madawaska—Victoria|
September 4, 1984 – October 25, 1993
|Preceded by||Eymard Corbin|
|Succeeded by||Pierrette Ringuette|
|Born||February 18, 1952|
Saint-Quentin, New Brunswick
|Political party||Conservative (2011–)|
|Progressive Conservative (1984–1993)|
|Residence(s)||Edmundston, New Brunswick|
Bernard Valcourt,(born February 18, 1952) is a Canadian politician and lawyer, who served as Member of Parliament for the electoral district of Madawaska—Restigouche, New Brunswick until he was defeated in the 2015 federal election.
Valcourt was first elected to the House of Commons of Canada as a Progressive Conservative candidate in the 1984 election that brought Brian Mulroney to power. He was appointed to the Cabinet of Canada in 1986 as a Minister of State. In January 1989, he was promoted to Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs, but was forced to resign from Cabinet in August when he was involved in a drunk driving motorcycle accident that cost him an eye.
He returned to Cabinet seven months later as Minister of Fisheries and Oceans. In 1991, he was promoted to Minister of Employment and Immigration, and held the position until the government of Mulroney's successor as Progressive Conservative Party leader and prime minister, Kim Campbell, was defeated in the 1993 election. Valcourt was defeated in that election, along with every Tory MP in Atlantic Canada except Elsie Wayne.
In May 1995, Valcourt was elected leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of New Brunswick. While he won a seat in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick in the 1995 provincial election, his party only won six seats against 48 for Frank McKenna's Liberals. Valcourt resigned as leader in 1997 following a lukewarm endorsement of his leadership at a party convention, and was succeeded by Bernard Lord.
On March 28, 2011, Valcourt declared his candidacy in the 2011 federal election, running in the riding of Madawaska—Restigouche, which covers the bulk of the territory he'd represented two decades earlier. He was elected on May 2, 2011, defeating Liberal incumbent Jean-Claude D'Amours. He was subsequently appointed to cabinet as Minister of State for both the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency and La Francophonie. His sister Martine Coulombe was elected to the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick in the 2010 provincial election. On July 4, 2012, he was given the additional portfolio of Associate Minister of Defence. Valcourt was part of the AEG initiative, saying co-operation between both the federal and provincial governments, as well as utilities, is key. "The Atlantic Energy Gateway initiative has brought the critical players in the region's energy sector together to not only work toward an affordable, secure, clean energy future, but to also maximize the business and job growth potential of further developing our region's clean and renewable energy industries," said Valcourt in a release.
On February 22, 2013, Valcourt became Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development in a cabinet shuffle. Valcourt stirred controversy when he claimed that the high rates of suicide among aboriginal youths were "the responsibility of their parents".
In the 2015 federal election, Valcourt was defeated by Liberal René Arseneault, finishing third with just over 16% of the vote.
|2015 Canadian federal election: Madawaska—Restigouche|
|New Democratic||Rosaire L'Italien||9,670||25.92||+6.58||$92,730.82|
|Total valid votes/expense limit||37,306||99.08||$199,271.58|
|Total rejected ballots||348||0.92||–|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+22.45|
|Source: Elections Canada|
|2011 Canadian federal election: Madawaska—Restigouche|
|New Democratic||Wilder Jules||6,562||18.75||+3.13||$6,934.01|
|Total valid votes/expense limit||34,997||100.0||$81,731.56|
|Total rejected, unmarked and declined ballots||577||1.62||+0.04|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+9.82|
|1995 New Brunswick general election: Edmundston|
|Progressive Conservative||Bernard Valcourt||4,215||59.20||+38.41|
|New Democratic||Maureen Michaud||102||1.43||−11.50|
|Total valid votes||7,120||100.0|
|Progressive Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+32.66|
|Progressive Conservative||Bernard Valcourt||15,045||45.7||−2.5|
|New Democratic||Parise Martin||844||2.6||−5.4|
|Progressive Conservative||Bernard Valcourt||14,747||48.2||−3.7|
|New Democratic||Réal Couturier||2,441||8.0||+1.8|
|Progressive Conservative||Bernard Valcourt||16,411||51.9||+29.0|
|New Democratic||Floranne McLaughlin-St-Amand||1,968||6.2||−5.1|