Betta Kurumba
  • ಬೆಟ್ಟ ಕುರುಬ
  • வேட்டை குறும்பர்
Native toIndia
RegionNilgiri mountains (Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala)
Native speakers
32,000 (2003)[1]
Kannada script
Malayalam script
Tamil script
Language codes
ISO 639-3xub
ELPBetta Kurumba

The Betta Kurumba language (Beṭṭa Kurumba) is a Dravidian language closely related to Kannada and Tamil,[1][2] and is spoken by 32,000 people in the Nilgiri mountains and in adjoining areas in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. Beṭṭa (ಬೆಟ್ಟ) means “hills” in Kannada and kurumba (ಕುರುಬ) means “shepherd”.

See also


  1. ^ a b Betta Kurumba at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022) Closed access icon
  2. ^ Shapiro, Michael C.; Schiffman, Harold F. (1981). Language and Society in South Asia. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. p. 101. ISBN 9788120826076.


Further reading

  • Coelho, Gail (2013). "The re-emergence of finite serial verbs in South Dravidian". In Singh, Rajendra; Bhattacharja, Shishir (eds.). Annual Review of South Asian Languages and Linguistics: 2012. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 45–76. doi:10.1515/9783110279757.45. ISBN 978-3-11-027949-8.
  • Coelho, Gail (2014). "Placing Indigeneity: Betta Kurumba Narratives of Territory and Clan Structure". Asian Ethnology. 73 (1/2): 39–60. JSTOR 43150503. Accessed 30 July 2023.
  • Coelho, Gail (2018). "Complex predicates in Betta Kurumba". Journal of South Asian Languages and Linguistics. 5 (1): 23–77. doi:10.1515/jsall-2018-0007.
  • Coelho, Gail (2019). "Betta Kurumba". In Steever, Sanford B. (ed.). The Dravidian Languages. Routledge. pp. 162–192. ISBN 9781317525394.
  • Zvelebil, Kamil V. (1982). "Bëṭṭu̵ Kuṟumba: First Report on a Tribal Language". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 102 (3): 523–27. doi:10.2307/602307. JSTOR 602307.