This article uses bare URLs, which are uninformative and vulnerable to link rot. Please consider converting them to full citations to ensure the article remains verifiable and maintains a consistent citation style. Several templates and tools are available to assist in formatting, such as Reflinks (documentation), reFill (documentation) and Citation bot (documentation). (September 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Bharat Electronics Limited
TypePublic Sector Undertaking
Founded1954 (68 years ago) (1954)
Area served
Key people
Dinesh Kumar Batra
(Officiating Chairman & MD)
RevenueIncrease14,233 crore (US$1.8 billion) (2021)[1]
Increase2,941 crore (US$370 million) (2021)[1]
Increase2,069 crore (US$260 million) (2021)[1]
Total assetsIncrease29,491 crore (US$3.7 billion) (2021)[2]
Total equityIncrease11,059 crore (US$1.4 billion) (2021)[2]
OwnerGovernment of India (51.14%)

Mutual Funds (24.43%)

Foreign Portfolio Investors (15.73%)

Life Insurance Corporation (7.5%)

Bank of Baroda (4%)
Number of employees
9,612 (March 2019) [2]

Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) is an Indian Government-owned aerospace and defence electronics company. It primarily manufactures advanced electronic products for ground and aerospace applications. BEL is one of nine PSUs under the Ministry of Defence of India. It has been granted Navratna status by the Government of India.

History of BEL

Bharat Electronics Limited was founded in Bangalore, Karnataka, India in 1954.[3]

Starting with the manufacture of a few communication equipment in 1956, BEL started producing receiving valves in 1961, germanium semiconductors in 1962, and radio transmitters for AIR in 1964 with help from the Soviet Union.[4]

Under the government's policy of decentralisation and due to strategic reasons, BEL set up new units at different location across the country. The second unit of BEL was set up at Ghaziabad in 1974 to manufacture radars and Tropo communication equipment for the Indian Air Force. The third unit was established at Pune in 1979 to manufacture image converter and image intensifier tubes.

The agreement for setting up BEL's first joint venture company, BE DELFT, with M/s Delft of Holland, was signed in 1990. This later became a subsidiary of BEL with the exit of the foreign partner and has been renamed BEL Optronic Devices Limited.

The second Central Research Laboratory was established at Ghaziabad in 1992. The first disinvestment (20%) and listing of the company's shares in the Bangalore and Mumbai Stock Exchanges took place in same year-1992.

Integrated Command and Control Centre, Gangtok Smart City, Sikkim
Integrated Command and Control Centre, Gangtok Smart City, Sikkim

In addition, new products and technologies including software defined radios, next generation bulk encryptor and high data tactical radio were also on show. Airborne products displayed included radar finger printing system, data link, digital flight control computer and identification friend or foe. Also on display were the complete range of optoelectronic equipment, including night vision devices, digital handheld compass and an advanced land navigation system.

BEL is the lead integrator of Akash, the Indian-made guided missile air defence weapon system.[9] Another major system is weapon locating radar, the state-of-the-art passive, phased array radar which has undergone successful user trials by the Indian defence forces.


Scale Model of BEL Weapon Locating Radar
Scale Model of BEL Weapon Locating Radar
BEL Battle Field Surveillance Radar(BFSR-SR)

BEL designs, develops and manufactures a range of products in the following fields:

Some products are manufactured by Bharat Electronics Ltd. with help of ToT (Transfer of Technology).


Bharat Electronics Limited has its units in the following cities of India.

Foreign offices
Regional offices


BEL Optronic Devices Ltd

BEL Optronic Devices Ltd. is a subsidiary company of BEL. It was founded in 1990[13] with the aim of conducting research, development and manufacture of image intensifier tubes and associated high voltage power supply units for use in military, security and commercial systems. The company is headquartered in Pune and earned aggregated revenue of 516 million (US$6.5 million) during the fiscal year 2007.[14]

Joint ventures

BEL Thales Limited

BEL-Thales Systems Limited is a joint venture company (JVC) between Bharat Electronics Limited and Thales. Incorporated on 28 August 2014, the company is located in the BEL Industrial Estate, Jalahalli, Bengaluru.[15]

GE-BE Pvt Limited

GE-BE Pvt Limited was set up in 1997 as a joint venture between Bharat Electronics Limited and General Electric Medical System. The facility based at Whitefield, Bangalore, manufactures X-ray tubes for RAD & F and CT systems, as well as components such as high voltage tanks and detector modules for CT systems. The products are exported worldwide and meet the safety and regulatory standards specified by FDA, CE, MHW, AERB and the facility has been accredited with ISO-9001; ISO-13485 and ISO-14001 certifications. GE-BEL also markets the conventional X-ray tubes made at the Pune unit of BEL. The turnover of GE-BEL during 2004–2005 was over ₹4.50 billion (US$97 million) including an export of over ₹4.30 billion (US$92 million). The company has been recognised for its outstanding export performance since 1998 by the Export Promotion Councils.[citation needed]


As of September 2018, Bharat Electronics Limited is primarily owned by the central government (66%), Mutual funds and UTI (14%), Foreign institutional investors (6%), individual investors (5%) and insurance companies (4%).[16]

Recent development

Bharat Electronics Limited has set up a joint venture with General Electric (GE) USA, for manufacturing high voltage tanks and detector modules for computed tomography (CT) scan systems and advanced level of X-ray tubes. The company is in the process of joining with Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) to set up a joint venture to make solar photovoltaic components. BEL has signed a memorandum of understanding with Indus Teqsite, Chennai, for the design and development of digital subsystems for its equipment, test systems for its radars, avionics and electronic warfare, and another with the French company Thales International to set up a joint venture for civilian and defence radar.[17] BEL has signed a memorandum of understanding with Textron Systems to provide nicro-observer unattended ground sensor (UGS) systems to the Indian security agencies.[18]

Customer Co-ordination Cell

Recently BEL has set up a Customer Co-ordination Cell. The customers of BEL comprise members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, paramilitary, Coast Guard (India, Seychelles, Maldives, Sri Lanka), Police, Doordarshan, All India Radio, Department of Telecommunications and consumers of professional electronic components are allowed to register their complaints with the Customer Co-ordination Cell by phone, fax or the Internet.


  1. ^ a b c "Financial Results 31.03.2020 Data from BSE Site".
  2. ^ a b c"
  3. ^ "Bharat Electronics Limited | Facilities | NTI". Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  4. ^ "BHEL & Bharat Electronics, two PSUs in top R&D spenders in India | Facilities | NTI". The Economic Times.
  5. ^ "Boeing gets equipment from BEL for Indian Navy aircraft". 12 May 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
    - "8ak – Indian Defence News". 12 May 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
    - "Boeing to use BEL designed Datalink-II".
  6. ^ "Gangtok Smart City". Archived from the original on 25 September 2017.
  7. ^ "Smart Cities Mission". Archived from the original on 1 July 2015.
  8. ^ "Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs, Government of India". Archived from the original on 16 September 2017.
  9. ^ "BEL gets contract for surface-to-air missiles". The Economic Times. 5 September 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
  10. ^ "Our EVMs are 'non-tamperable': BEL CMD". The Economic Times. 1 June 2019. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  11. ^ "General Election to the State Legislative Assembly of Bihar, 2015- Use of EVMs with Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail System(VVPAT)-reg" (PDF).
  12. ^ M, Raghuram (5 October 2007). "Bangalore to have new traffic control system". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  13. ^ "Bharat Electronics Limited - ServerSignature Off ServerTokens Prod". Archived from the original on 7 March 2009. Retrieved 9 July 2008.
  14. ^ Financial Statement Archived 2 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine. Bharat Electronics Limited. 2007
  15. ^ "BEL-Thales Systems Limited".
  16. ^ "Shareholding pattern - 30th June 2018" (PDF). Bharat electronics limited - official website. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  17. ^ "Bharat Electronics - Crisil Research Note" (PDF). March 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  18. ^ "BEL and Textron to provide MicroObserver Ground Sensors to Indian Security Agencies". IANS. Biharprabha News. Retrieved 6 February 2014.