|State||Bihar, Uttar Pradesh|
|• Total||72,004 km2 (27,801 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)|
The Bhojpuri region or Bhojpur is an area encompassing parts of the Indian states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh and the Terai region of Nepal, where the Bhojpuri is spoken as the mother-tongue. The Bhojpuri region is bordered by Awadh in the west and Magadh and Bajjikanchal in the east. Ujjainiya Rajputs of the former Shahabad district of ancient Bihar established their headquarters in the town of Arrah, Bhojpur district from where the whole region received its name.
The economic and industrial growth of this region had been greatly hindered because of caste-guided political in-fighting and a huge population.
The culture of Bhojpur is also very much present today in Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, Fiji, Mauritius, and South Africa, due to the many Indian indentured laborers who were sent there by the ruling British in the mid 19th century to the early 20th century, and were from the Purvanchal-Bhojpur region.
Bhojpuri language is spoken in the districts of Western Bihar and Eastern Uttar Pradesh which is called Purvanchal.
Patna division: Bhojpur district, Buxar district, Kaimur district and Rohtas district.
Saran division: Saran district, Siwan district, Gopalganj district.
Tirhut division: West Champaran district, East Champaran district.
Varanasi division: Chandauli district, Ghazipur district, Jaunpur district, Varanasi district.
Gorakhpur division: Deoria district, Gorakhpur district, Kushinagar district, Maharajganj district.
Azamgarh division: Azamgarh district, Ballia district, Mau district.
Mirzapur division: Mirzapur district, Sant Ravidas Nagar district, Sonbhadra district.
Basti division: Sant Kabir Nagar district, Siddharthnagar district.
According to the 2011 Census, Hindus form the majority in the Bhojpuri region, with 85.33% adhering to Hinduism. Islam is practiced by 14.5% of the population, while 0.52% profess other religions.
The Bhojpuri region received its name after the town of Bhojpur, the ancient headquarters of the Ujjainiya Rajputs of the erstwhile Shahabad district of Bihar.
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