Western Satrap
Coin of Bhumaka.
Obv:Arrow, pellet, and thunderbolt. Kharoshthi inscription Chaharasada Chatrapasa Bhumakasa: "Ksaharata Satrap Bhumaka".
Rev: Capital of a pillar with seated lion with upraised paw, and wheel (dharmachakra). Brahmi inscription: Kshaharatasa Kshatrapasa Bhumakasa.
Reign1st century CE

Bhumaka (Kharosthi: 𐨧𐨂𐨨𐨐 Bhu-ma-ka, Bhu-ma-ka; Brahmi: 𑀪𑀽𑀫𑀓 Bhū-ma-ka, Bhū-ma-ka;[1] ?–119 CE) was a Western Kshatrapa ruler of the early 2nd century CE. He was the father of the great ruler Nahapana, according to one of the latter's coins. He was preceded by Abhiraka (Aubhirakes), of whom a few coins are known.[2]

His coins bear Buddhist symbols, such as the eight-spoked wheel (dharmachakra), or the lion seated on a capital, a representation of a pillar of Ashoka.

Bhumaka's coins have been found in the regions of Gujarat, Kathiawad and Malwa.[3]


  1. ^ E. J. Rapson, A Catalogue of Coins in the British Museum: Catalogue of the Coins of the Andhra Dynasty, the Western Kṣatrapas, the Traikūṭaka Dynasty and the "Bodhi" Dynasty, Trustees of the British Museum, 1908, p. 63-64
  2. ^ "Kshaharata Questions"
  3. ^ Some Early Dynasties of South India by Sudhakar Chattopadhyaya, Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 1974 p.54
Preceded byAbhiraka Western Satrap ?–119 Succeeded byNahapana