Biao Min
Biao-Jiao Mien
Native toChina
Native speakers
(43,000 cited 1995)[1]
Dialects
  • Biao Min
  • Jiaogong Mian
Language codes
ISO 639-3bje
Glottologbiao1254

Biao Min, or Biao-Jiao Mien, is a Hmong–Mien language of China. The two varieties, Biao Min and Jiaogong Mian, are evidently not mutually intelligible.

Distribution

Ethnologue reports the Biao Min language to be spoken in the following counties in China.

Dialects

Dialects of Biao Min are as follows, according to Mao Zongwu (2004). Only the Biao Min varieties of Dongshan Yao Ethnic Township, Quanzhou County (全州县东山瑶族乡) and Sanjiang Township, Gongcheng County (恭城县三江乡) have been described in any detail.

Strecker (1987) uses "Chao Kong Meng" for Shikou, and "Moxi" for Niuweizhai.[5]

Word lists for Biao Min dialects can be found in Mao Zongwu (2004).

Quanzhou County

Biao Min of Quanzhou County, Guangxi consists of the following five dialect areas (Quanzhou County Almanac 全州县志).[6][7]

Xieshui 斜水 is the most divergent dialect, and is unintelligible with the other four dialects. The Xieshui dialect also has more Chinese influence than the other Biao Min dialects do.[6]

Guanyang County

Biao Min of Guanyang County, Guangxi consists of the following two dialect areas (Guanyang County Almanac 灌阳县志).[8]

The Jiangtang and Baizhuping dialects of Biao Min are documented in Hsiu (2017).[9][10][11]

Notes

  1. ^ Biao Min at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ "Chao Kong Meng". Numeral Systems of the World's Languages. Archived from the original on 2011-05-12. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
  3. ^ "Moxi". Numeral Systems of the World's Languages. Archived from the original on 2011-05-12. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
  4. ^ a b Taguchi, Yoshihisa 田口善久 (2005). "Sānjiāng Shĭmén Miăn yŭ de yīnyùn tèdiăn" 三江史门勉语的音韵特点 [Phonological Characteristics of Sanjiang Shimen Mian Language]. Mínzú yǔwén 民族语文. 2005 (2): 7–14. Archived from the original on 2017-12-25.
  5. ^ Strecker, David (1987). "The Hmong-Mien Languages" (PDF). Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area. 10 (2): 1–11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-06-16.
  6. ^ a b "Dì sān jié tǔyǔ" 第三节 土语 [Section 3. Native Language]. gxdqw.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  7. ^ "Quán zhōu zhì > dì èrshíjiǔ juǎn yáozú" 全州志 > 第二十九卷 瑶族 [Quanzhou Chronicles > Volume 29 Yao Nationality]. qz0773.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2019-01-29.
  8. ^ "Dì yī jié yǔyán" 第一节 语言 [Section 1. Language]. gxdqw.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2013-01-25. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  9. ^ Hsiu, Andrew (2017). "Biao Min (Baizhuping) Audio Word List". Zenodo. doi:10.5281/zenodo.1123261.
  10. ^ Hsiu, Andrew (2017). "Biao Min (Jiangtang) Audio Word List". Zenodo. doi:10.5281/zenodo.1123263.
  11. ^ "Biao Min (Guanyang)". Archived from the original on 2020-10-09. Retrieved 2017-12-30.

References