National Olympic Committees that wish to host an Olympic Games select cities within their territories to put forth bids for the Olympic Games. The staging of the Paralympic Games is automatically included in the bid.[1] Since the creation of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894, which successfully appropriated the name of the Ancient Greek Olympics to create a modern sporting event, interested cities have rivaled for selection as host of the Summer or Winter Olympic Games. 51 different cities have been chosen to host the modern Olympics: three in Eastern Europe, five in East Asia, one in South America, three in Oceania, nine in North America and the remainder in Western Europe. No Central American, African, Central Asian, Middle Eastern, South Asian, or Southeast Asian city has ever been chosen to host an Olympics.

Recent decisions have been made at IOC Sessions seven to eleven years from the games; for example, the 2020 Summer Olympics were awarded to Tokyo on 7 September 2013, the 2022 Winter Olympics were awarded to Beijing on 31 July 2015, the 2024 Summer Olympics were awarded to Paris on 13 September 2017, the 2026 Winter Olympics were awarded to Milan-Cortina d'Ampezzo on 24 June 2019, the 2028 Summer Olympics were awarded to Los Angeles on 13 September 2017 and the 2032 Summer Olympics were awarded to Brisbane on 21 July 2021.

IOC – IPC co-operation

In June 2001, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) signed an agreement that would ensure that the staging of the Paralympic Games is automatically included in the bid for the Olympic Games.[1] The agreement came into effect at the 2008 Paralympic Summer Games in Beijing, and the 2010 Paralympic Winter Games in Vancouver. However, the Salt Lake 2002 Organizing Committee (SLOC), chose to follow the practice of "one bid, one city" already at the 2002 Games in Salt Lake City, with one Organizing Committee for both Games, which was followed up by the 2004 Games in Athens. The agreement was adjusted in 2003. An extension was signed in June 2006.[1]

Games of the Olympiad

Main article: List of bids for the Summer Olympics

Games Year Bid party Result Final selection process Note
City NOCs Date IOC Session
I 1896 Athens  Greece Awarded to host the Games of the I Olympiad (sole bid) 23 June 1894 1st in Paris, France [i]
II 1900 Paris  France Awarded to host the Games of the II Olympiad (sole bid) 23 June 1894 1st in Paris, France [i]
III 1904 Chicago  United States Awarded to host the Games of the III Olympiad (moved to St. Louis) 22 May 1901 4th in Paris, France [ii]
St. Louis Inherently awarded to host the Games of the III Olympiad
IV 1908 Rome  Italy Awarded to host the Games of the IV Olympiad (reattributed) June 1904 6th in London [iii]
London  United Kingdom Inherently awarded to host the Games of the IV Olympiad
Berlin  Germany Not selected to host the games
Milan  Italy
V 1912 Stockholm  Sweden Awarded to host the Games of the V Olympiad (sole bid) 27 May 1909 10th in Berlin, Germany
VI 1916 Berlin  Germany Awarded to host the Games of the VI Olympiad (cancelled) 27 May 1912 14th in Stockholm, Sweden [iv]
Alexandria  Egypt Not selected to host the games
Amsterdam  Netherlands
Brussels  Belgium
Budapest  Hungary
Cleveland  United States
VII 1920 Antwerp  Belgium Awarded to host the Games of the VII Olympiad 5 April 1919 17th in Lausanne, Switzerland [v]
Amsterdam  Netherlands Not selected to host the games
Atlanta  United States
Budapest  Hungary
Cleveland  United States
Havana  Cuba
Philadelphia  United States
Lyon  France Withdrew during the host selection process
VIII 1924 Paris  France Awarded to host the Games of the VIII Olympiad 2 June 1921 19th in Lausanne, Switzerland [vi]
Amsterdam  Netherlands Not selected to host the games
Barcelona  Spain
Los Angeles  United States
Prague  Czechoslovakia
Rome  Italy
IX 1928 Amsterdam  Netherlands Awarded to host the Games of the IX Olympiad 2 June 1921 19th in Lausanne, Switzerland
Los Angeles  United States Not selected to host the games
X 1932 Los Angeles  United States Awarded to host the Games of the X Olympiad (sole bid) 9 April 1923 21st in Rome, Italy
XI 1936 Berlin  Germany Awarded to host the Games of the XI Olympiad (43 votes) 13 May 1931 29th in Barcelona, Spain
Barcelona  Spain Eliminated in the first voting (16 votes)
Alexandria  Egypt Withdrew during the host selection process
Budapest  Hungary
Buenos Aires  Argentina
Cologne  Germany
Dublin  Ireland
Frankfurt  Germany
Helsinki  Finland
Lausanne  Switzerland
Montevideo  Uruguay
Nuremberg  Germany
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil
Rome  Italy
XII 1940 Tokyo  Japan Awarded to host the Games of the XII Olympiad (relinquished) 31 July 1936 35th in Berlin, Germany [vii]
Helsinki  Finland Inherently awarded to host the Games of the XII Olympiad (cancelled)
Barcelona  Spain Not selected to host the games
Rome  Italy Not selected to host the games
XIII 1944 London  United Kingdom Awarded to host the Games of the XIII Olympiad (20 votes; cancelled) 9 June 1939 38th in London [viii]
Rome  Italy Eliminated in the first voting (11 votes)
Detroit  United States Eliminated in the first voting (2 votes)
Lausanne  Switzerland Eliminated in the first voting (1 vote)
Athens  Greece Eliminated in the first voting (no vote)
Budapest  Hungary
Helsinki  Finland
Montreal  Canada
XIV 1948 London  United Kingdom Awarded to host the Games of the XIV Olympiad September 1946 39th in Lausanne, Switzerland [ix]
Lausanne  Switzerland Not selected to host the games
Los Angeles  United States
Minneapolis
Philadelphia
Baltimore
XV 1952 Helsinki  Finland Awarded to host the Games of the XV Olympiad (15 votes) 21 June 1947 40th in Stockholm, Sweden
Minneapolis  United States Eliminated in the second voting (5 votes)
Los Angeles
Amsterdam  Netherlands Eliminated in the second voting (3 votes)
Detroit  United States Eliminated in the first voting (2 votes)
Chicago Eliminated in the first voting (1 vote)
Philadelphia Eliminated in the first voting (no vote)
XVI 1956 Melbourne  Australia Awarded to host the Games of the XVI Olympiad (21 votes) 28 April 1949 43rd in Rome, Italy [x]
Buenos Aires  Argentina Eliminated in the fourth voting (20 votes)
Los Angeles  United States Eliminated in the third voting (5 votes)
Detroit Eliminated in the third voting (4 votes)
Mexico City  Mexico Eliminated in the second voting (3 votes)
Chicago  United States Eliminated in the first voting (1 vote)
Minneapolis
Philadelphia
San Francisco Eliminated in the first voting (no vote)
Montreal  Canada
XVII 1960 Rome  Italy Awarded to host the Games of the XVII Olympiad (35 votes) 15 June 1955 50th in Paris, France
Lausanne  Switzerland Eliminated in the third voting (24 votes)
Detroit  United States Eliminated in the second voting (11 votes)
Budapest  Hungary Eliminated in the second voting (1 vote)
Brussels  Belgium Eliminated in the first voting (6 votes)
Mexico City  Mexico
Tokyo  Japan Eliminated in the first voting (4 votes)
XVIII 1964 Tokyo  Japan Awarded to host the Games of the XVIII Olympiad (34 votes) 26 May 1959 55th in Munich, West Germany
Detroit  United States Eliminated in the first voting (10 votes)
Vienna  Austria Eliminated in the first voting (9 votes)
Brussels  Belgium Eliminated in the first voting (5 votes)
XIX 1968 Mexico City  Mexico Awarded to host the Games of the XIX Olympiad (30 votes) 18 October 1963 60th in Baden-Baden, West Germany
Detroit  United States Eliminated in the first voting (14 votes)
Lyon  France Eliminated in the first voting (12 votes)
Buenos Aires  Argentina Eliminated in the first voting (2 votes)
XX 1972 Munich  West Germany Awarded to host the Games of the XX Olympiad (31 votes) 26 April 1966 64th in Rome, Italy
Madrid  Spain Eliminated in the second voting (16 votes)
Montreal  Canada Eliminated in the second voting (13 votes)
Detroit  United States Eliminated in the first voting (6 votes)
XXI 1976 Montreal  Canada Awarded to host the Games of the XXI Olympiad (41 votes) 12 May 1970 69th in Amsterdam, Netherlands
Moscow  Soviet Union Eliminated in the second voting (28 votes)
Los Angeles  United States Eliminated in the first voting (17 votes)
XXII 1980 Moscow  Soviet Union Awarded to host the Games of the XXII Olympiad (39 votes) 23 October 1974 75th in Vienna, Austria
Los Angeles  United States Eliminated in the first voting (20 votes)
XXIII 1984 Los Angeles  United States Awarded to host the Games of the XXIII Olympiad (sole bid) 18 May 1978 80th in Athens, Greece
XXIV 1988 Seoul  South Korea Awarded to host the Games of the XXIV Olympiad (52 votes) 30 September 1981 84th in Baden-Baden, West Germany
Nagoya  Japan Eliminated in the first voting (27 votes)
XXV 1992 Barcelona  Spain Awarded to host the Games of the XXV Olympiad (47 votes) 17 October 1986 91st in Lausanne, Switzerland
Paris  France Eliminated in the third voting (23 votes)
Brisbane  Australia Eliminated in the third voting (10 votes)
Belgrade  SFR Yugoslavia Eliminated in the third voting (5 votes)
Birmingham  United Kingdom Eliminated in the second voting (8 votes)
Amsterdam  Netherlands Eliminated in the first voting (5 votes)
XXVI 1996 Atlanta  United States Awarded to host the Games of the XXVI Olympiad (51 votes) 18 September 1990 96th in Tokyo, Japan
Athens  Greece Eliminated in the fifth voting (35 votes)
Toronto  Canada Eliminated in the fourth voting (22 votes)
Melbourne  Australia Eliminated in the third voting (16 votes)
Manchester  United Kingdom Eliminated in the second voting (5 votes)
Belgrade  SFR Yugoslavia Eliminated in the first voting (7 votes)
XXVII 2000 Sydney  Australia Awarded to host the Games of the XXVII Olympiad (45 votes) 23 September 1993 101st in Monte Carlo, Monaco
Beijing  China Eliminated in the fourth voting (43 votes)
Manchester  United Kingdom Eliminated in the third voting (11 votes)
Berlin  Germany Eliminated in the second voting (9 votes)
Istanbul  Turkey Eliminated in the first voting (7 votes)
Brasilia  Brazil Withdrew during the host selection process
Milan  Italy
Tashkent  Uzbekistan
XXVIII 2004 Athens  Greece Awarded to host the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad (66 votes) 9 May 1997 106th in Lausanne, Switzerland
Rome  Italy Eliminated in the fourth voting (41 votes)
Cape Town  South Africa Eliminated in the third voting (20 votes)
Stockholm  Sweden Eliminated in the second voting (19 votes)
Buenos Aires  Argentina Eliminated in the run-off voting (44 votes)
Istanbul  Turkey Not shortlisted to the candidature stage
Lille  France
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil
Saint Petersburg  Russia
San Juan  Puerto Rico
Seville  Spain
XXIX 2008 Beijing  China Awarded to host the Games of the XXIX Olympiad (56 votes from 107 voters; 52.34%) 13 July 2001 112th in Moscow, Russia
Toronto  Canada Eliminated in the second voting (22 votes from 107 voters; 20.56%)
Paris  France Eliminated in the second voting (18 votes from 107 voters; 16.82%)
Istanbul  Turkey Eliminated in the second voting (9 votes from 107 voters; 8.41%)
Osaka  Japan Eliminated in the first voting (6 votes from 105 voters; 5.71%)
Bangkok  Thailand Not shortlisted to the candidature stage
Cairo  Egypt
Havana  Cuba
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia
Seville  Spain
XXX 2012 London  United Kingdom Awarded to host the Games of the XXX Olympiad (54 votes from 107 voters; 50.47%) 6 July 2005 117th in Singapore
Paris  France Eliminated in the fourth voting (50 votes from 107 voters; 46.73%)
Madrid  Spain Eliminated in the third voting (31 votes from 105 voters; 29.52%)
New York City  United States Eliminated in the second voting (16 votes from 102 voters; 15.69%)
Moscow  Russia Eliminated in the first voting (15 votes from 99 voters; 15.15%)
Istanbul  Turkey Not shortlisted to the candidature stage
Leipzig  Germany
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil
Havana  Cuba
XXXI 2016 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil Awarded to host the Games of the XXXI Olympiad (66 votes from 98 voters; 67.35%) 2 October 2009 121st in Copenhagen, Denmark
Madrid  Spain Eliminated in the third voting (32 votes from 98 voters; 32.65%)
Tokyo  Japan Eliminated in the second voting (20 votes from 96 voters; 21.05%)
Chicago  United States Eliminated in the first voting (18 votes from 94 voters; 19.15%)
Baku  Azerbaijan Not shortlisted to the candidature stage
Doha  Qatar
Prague  Czech Republic
XXXII 2020 Tokyo  Japan Awarded to host the Games of the XXXII Olympiad (60 votes) 7 September 2013 125th in Buenos Aires, Argentina [xi]
Istanbul  Turkey Eliminated in the second voting (36 votes)
Madrid  Spain Eliminated in the run-off voting (49 votes)
Baku  Azerbaijan Not shortlisted to the candidature stage
Doha  Qatar
Rome  Italy
XXXIII
&
XXXIV
2024
&
2028
Paris  France Awarded to host the Games of the XXXIII Olympiad (unanimous vote) 13 September 2017 131st in Lima, Peru [xii]
Los Angeles  United States Awarded to host the Games of the XXXIV Olympiad (unanimous vote)
Budapest  Hungary Withdrew during the candidature stage
Hamburg  Germany
Rome  Italy
XXXV 2032 Brisbane  Australia Awarded to host the Games of the XXXV Olympiad (sole bid) 21 July 2021 138th in Tokyo, Japan [12]

Olympic Winter Games

Main article: List of bids for the Winter Olympics

Games Year Bid party Result Final selection process Note
City NOCs Date IOC Session
I 1924 Chamonix  France Awarded to host the I Olympic Winter Games (sole bid) 2 June 1921 19th in Lausanne, Switzerland [xiii]
II 1928 St. Moritz  Switzerland Awarded to host the II Olympic Winter Games 5 June 1926 24th in Lisbon, Portugal
Davos  Switzerland Not selected to host the games
Engelberg
III 1932 Lake Placid  United States Awarded to host the III Olympic Winter Games 10 April 1929 27th in Lausanne, Switzerland [xiv]
Bear Mountain  United States Not selected to host the games
Denver
Duluth
Minneapolis
Montreal  Canada
Oslo  Norway
Yosemite Valley  United States
IV 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen  Germany Awarded to host the IV Olympic Winter Games 7 June 1933 31st in Vienna, Austria [xiv]
Montreal  Canada Not selected to host the games
St. Moritz  Switzerland Not selected to host the games
V 1940 Sapporo  Japan Awarded to host the V Olympic Winter Games (sole bid; relinquished) 9 June 1937 36th in Warsaw, Poland [xiv]
[vii]
St. Moritz  Switzerland Secondly awarded to host the V Olympic Winter Games (withdrew)
Garmisch-Partenkirchen  Germany Thirdly awarded to host the V Olympic Winter Games (cancelled)
1944 Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy Awarded to host the V Olympic Winter Games (16 votes; cancelled) 9 June 1939 38th in London [xiv]
[vii]
Montreal  Canada Eliminated in the first voting (12 votes)
Oslo  Norway Eliminated in the first voting (2 votes)
1948 St. Moritz  Switzerland Awarded to host the V Olympic Winter Games September 1946 39th in Lausanne, Switzerland [ix]
Lake Placid  United States Not selected to host the games
VI 1952 Oslo  Norway Awarded to host the VI Olympic Winter Games (17 votes) 21 June 1947 40th in Stockholm, Sweden
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy Eliminated in the first voting (9 votes)
Lake Placid  United States Eliminated in the first voting (1 vote)
VII 1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy Awarded to host the VII Olympic Winter Games (31 votes) 28 April 1949 43rd in Rome, Italy
Montreal  Canada Eliminated in the first voting (7 votes)
Colorado Springs  United States Eliminated in the first voting (2 votes)
Lake Placid Eliminated in the first voting (1 vote)
VIII 1960 Squaw Valley  United States Awarded to host the VIII Olympic Winter Games (32 votes) 16 June 1955 50th in Paris, France
Innsbruck  Austria Eliminated in the second voting (30 votes)
Garmisch-Partenkirchen  West Germany Eliminated in the first voting (5 votes)
St. Moritz  Switzerland Eliminated in the first voting (3 votes)
IX 1964 Innsbruck  Austria Awarded to host the IX Olympic Winter Games (48 votes) 28 April 1959 55th in Munich, West Germany
Calgary  Canada Eliminated in the first voting (12 votes)
Lahti  Finland Eliminated in the first voting (1 vote)
X 1968 Grenoble  France Awarded to host the X Olympic Winter Games (32 votes) 28 January 1964 61st in Vienna, Austria
Calgary  Canada Eliminated in the third voting (24 votes)
Lahti  Finland Eliminated in the second voting (14 votes)
Sapporo  Japan Eliminated in the first voting (6 votes)
Oslo  Norway Eliminated in the first voting (4 votes)
Lake Placid  United States Eliminated in the first voting (3 votes)
XI 1972 Sapporo  Japan Awarded to host the XI Olympic Winter Games (32 votes) 26 April 1966 64th in Rome, Italy
Banff  Canada Eliminated in the first voting (16 votes)
Lahti  Finland Eliminated in the first voting (7 votes)
Salt Lake City  United States Eliminated in the first voting (7 votes)
XII 1976 Denver  United States Awarded to host the XII Olympic Winter Games (39 votes; withdrew) 12 May 1970 69th in Amsterdam, Netherlands [xv]
Innsbruck  Austria Secondly awarded to host the XII Olympic Winter Games
Sion  Switzerland Eliminated in the third voting (30 votes)
Tampere  Finland Eliminated in the second voting (8 votes)
Vancouver and Garibaldi  Canada Eliminated in the first voting (9 votes)
XIII 1980 Lake Placid  United States Awarded to host the XIII Olympic Winter Games (sole bid) 23 October 1974 75th in Vienna, Austria
Vancouver and Garibaldi  Canada Withdrew during the host selection process
XIV 1984 Sarajevo  Yugoslavia Awarded to host the XIV Olympic Winter Games (39 votes) 18 May 1978 80th in Athens, Greece
Sapporo  Japan Eliminated in the second voting (36 votes)
Gothenburg  Sweden Eliminated in the first voting (10 votes)
XV 1988 Calgary  Canada Awarded to host the XV Olympic Winter Games (48 votes) 30 September 1981 84th in Baden-Baden, West Germany
Falun  Sweden Eliminated in the second voting (31 votes)
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy Eliminated in the first voting (18 votes)
XVI 1992 Albertville  France Awarded to host the XVI Olympic Winter Games (51 votes) 17 October 1986 91st in Lausanne, Switzerland
Sofia  Bulgaria Eliminated in the fifth voting (25 votes)
Falun  Sweden Eliminated in the fifth voting (9 votes)
Lillehammer  Norway Eliminated in the run-off voting (40 votes)
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy Eliminated in the third voting (7 votes)
Anchorage  United States Eliminated in the second voting (5 votes)
Berchtesgaden  West Germany Eliminated in the first voting (6 votes)
XVII 1994 Lillehammer  Norway Awarded to host the XVII Olympic Winter Games (45 votes) 15 September 1988 94th in Seoul, South Korea
Östersund  Sweden Eliminated in the third voting (39 votes)
Anchorage  United States Eliminated in the second voting (22 votes)
Sofia  Bulgaria Eliminated in the first voting (17 votes)
XVIII 1998 Nagano  Japan Awarded to host the XVIII Olympic Winter Games (46 votes) 15 June 1991 97th in Birmingham, United Kingdom
Salt Lake City  United States Eliminated in the fourth voting (42 votes)
Östersund  Sweden Eliminated in the third voting (23 votes)
Jaca  Spain Eliminated in the second voting (5 votes)
Aosta  Italy Eliminated in the run-off voting (29 votes)
XIX 2002 Salt Lake City  United States Awarded to host the XIX Olympic Winter Games (54 votes) 16 June 1995 104th in Budapest, Hungary
Östersund  Sweden Eliminated in the first voting (14 votes)
Sion  Switzerland Eliminated in the first voting (14 votes)
Quebec City  Canada Eliminated in the first voting (7 votes)
Graz  Austria Not shortlisted to the candidature stage
Jaca  Spain
Poprad  Slovakia
Sochi  Russia
Tarvisio  Italy
XX 2006 Turin  Italy Awarded to host the XX Olympic Winter Games (53 votes) 16 June 1999 109th in Seoul, South Korea
Sion  Switzerland Eliminated in the first voting (36 votes)
Helsinki  Finland Not shortlisted to the candidature stage
Klagenfurt  Austria
Poprad  Slovakia
Zakopane  Poland
XXI 2010 Vancouver  Canada Awarded to host the XXI Olympic Winter Games (56 votes) 2 July 2003 115th in Prague, Czech Republic
Pyeongchang  South Korea Eliminated in the second voting (53 votes)
Salzburg  Austria Eliminated in the first voting (16 votes)
Bern  Switzerland Withdrew during the candidature stage
Andorra la Vella  Andorra Not shortlisted to the candidature stage
Harbin  China
Jaca  Spain
Sarajevo  Bosnia and Herzegovina
XXII 2014 Sochi  Russia Awarded to host the XXII Olympic Winter Games (51 votes) 4 July 2007 119th in Guatemala City, Guatemala
Pyeongchang  South Korea Eliminated in the second voting (47 votes)
Salzburg  Austria Eliminated in the first voting (25 votes)
Almaty  Kazakhstan Not shortlisted to the candidature stage
Borjomi  Georgia
Jaca  Spain
Sofia  Bulgaria
XXIII 2018 Pyeongchang  South Korea Awarded to host the XXIII Olympic Winter Games (63 votes) 6 July 2011 123rd in Durban, South Africa
Munich  Germany Eliminated in the first voting (25 votes)
Annecy  France Eliminated in the first voting (7 votes)
XXIV 2022 Beijing  China Awarded to host the XXIV Olympic Winter Games (44 votes) 31 July 2015 127th in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Almaty  Kazakhstan Eliminated in the first voting (40 votes)
Oslo  Norway Withdrew during the candidature stage
Kraków  Poland Not shortlisted to the candidature stage
Lviv  Ukraine
Stockholm  Sweden
XXV 2026 Milan and Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy Awarded to host the XXV Olympic Winter Games (47 votes) 24 June 2019 134th in Lausanne, Switzerland
Stockholm and Åre  Sweden Eliminated in the first voting (34 votes)
Calgary  Canada Withdrew during the candidature stage
Graz  Austria
Sapporo  Japan
Sion  Switzerland
Erzurum  Turkey Not shortlisted to the candidature stage
XXVI 2030 Salt Lake City  United States Taking part in the permanent, ongoing dialogue stage 30 May 2023 140th in Mumbai, India
Sapporo  Japan

Bidding cities

City Country Games of the Olympiad Olympic Winter Games Total
Andorra la Vella  Andorra 1 (2010) 1 (0)
Buenos Aires  Argentina 4 (1936, 1956, 1968, 2004) 4 (0)
Brisbane  Australia 2 (1992, 2032) 2 (1)
Hobart 1 (2020) 1 (0)
Melbourne 2 (1956, 1996) 2 (1)
Sydney 1 (2000) 1 (1)
Graz  Austria 2 (2002, 2026) 2 (0)
Innsbruck 3 (1960, 1964, 1976) 3 (2)
Klagenfurt 1 (2006) 1 (0)
Salzburg 2 (2010, 2014) 2 (0)
Vienna 1 (1964) 1 (0)
Baku  Azerbaijan 2 (2016, 2020) 2 (0)
Antwerp  Belgium 1 (1920) 1 (1)
Brussels 3 (1916, 1960, 1964) 3 (0)
Sarajevo  Bosnia and Herzegovina 2 (1984, 2010) 2 (1)
Brasilia  Brazil 1 (2000) 1 (0)
Rio de Janeiro 4 (1936, 2004, 2012, 2016) 4 (1)
Sofia  Bulgaria 3 (1992, 1994, 2014) 3 (0)
Banff  Canada 1 (1972) 1 (0)
Calgary 4 (1964, 1968, 1988, 2026) 4 (1)
Garibaldi 2 (1976, 1980) 2 (0)
Montreal 4 (1944, 1956, 1972, 1976) 4 (1932, 1936, 1944, 1956) 8 (1)
Quebec City 1 (2002) 1 (0)
Toronto 2 (1996, 2008) 2 (0)
Vancouver 3 (1976, 1980, 2010) 3 (1)
Beijing  China 2 (2000, 2008) 1 (2022) 3 (2)
Harbin 1 (2010) 1 (0)
Havana  Cuba 3 (1920, 2008, 2012) 3 (0)
Prague  Czech Republic 2 (1924, 2016) 2 (0)
Alexandria  Egypt 2 (1916, 1936) 2 (0)
Cairo 1 (2008) 1 (0)
Helsinki  Finland 5 (1936, 1940, 1944, 1952) 1 (2006) 5 (1)
Lahti 3 (1964, 1968, 1972) 3 (0)
Tampere 1 (1976) 1 (0)
Albertville  France 1 (1992) 1 (1)
Annecy 1 (2018) 1 (0)
Chamonix 1 (1924) 1 (1)
Grenoble 1 (1968) 1 (1)
Lille 1 (2004) 1 (0)
Lyon 2 (1920, 1968) 2 (0)
Paris 6 (1900, 1924, 1992, 2008, 2012, 2024) 6 (3)
Borjomi  Georgia 1 (2014) 1 (0)
Berchtesgaden  Germany 1 (1992) 1 (0)
Berlin 4 (1908, 1916, 1936, 2000) 4 (1)
Cologne 1 (1936) 1 (0)
Frankfurt 1 (1936) 1 (0)
Garmisch-Partenkirchen 3 (1936, 1940, 1960) 3 (1)
Hamburg 1 (2024) 1 (0)
Leipzig 1 (2012) 1 (0)
Munich 1 (1972) 1 (2018) 2 (1)
Nuremberg 1 (1936) 1 (0)
Birmingham  United Kingdom 1 (1992) 1 (0)
London 4 (1908, 1944, 1948, 2012) 4 (3)
Manchester 2 (1996, 2000) 2 (0)
Athens  Greece 4 (1896, 1944, 1996, 2004) 4 (2)
Budapest  Hungary 6 (1916, 1920, 1936, 1944, 1960, 2024) 6 (0)
Dublin  Ireland 1 (1936) 1 (0)
Aosta  Italy 1 (1998) 1 (0)
Cortina d'Ampezzo 6 (1944, 1952, 1956, 1988, 1992, 2026) 6 (2)
Milan 2 (1908, 2000) 1 (2026) 3 (1)
Rome 9 (1908, 1924, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1960, 2004, 2020, 2024) 9 (1)
Tarvisio 1 (2006) 1 (0)
Turin 1 (2006) 1 (1)
Nagano  Japan 1 (1998) 1 (1)
Nagoya 1 (1988) 1 (0)
Osaka 1 (2008) 1 (0)
Sapporo 5 (1940, 1968, 1972, 1984, 2026) 5 (1)
Tokyo 5 (1940, 1960, 1964, 2016, 2020) 5 (2)
Almaty  Kazakhstan 2 (2014, 2022) 2 (0)
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 1 (2008) 1 (0)
Mexico City  Mexico 3 (1956, 1960, 1968) 3 (1)
Amsterdam  Netherlands 6 (1916, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1952, 1992) 6 (1)
Lillehammer  Norway 2 (1992, 1994) 2 (1)
Oslo 5 (1932, 1944, 1952, 1968, 2022) 5 (1)
Kraków  Poland 1 (2022) 1 (0)
Zakopane 1 (2006) 1 (0)
San Juan  Puerto Rico 1 (2004) 1 (0)
Doha  Qatar 2 (2016, 2020) 2 (0)
Moscow  Russia 3 (1976, 1980, 2012) 3 (1)
Saint Petersburg 1 (2004) 1 (0)
Sochi 2 (2010, 2014) 2 (1)
Belgrade  Serbia 2 (1992, 1996) 2 (0)
Poprad  Slovakia 2 (2002, 2006) 2 (0)
Cape Town  South Africa 1 (2004) 1 (0)
Pyeongchang  South Korea 3 (2010, 2014, 2018) 3 (1)
Seoul 1 (1988) 1 (1)
Barcelona  Spain 4 (1924, 1936, 1940, 1992) 4 (1)
Jaca 4 (1998, 2002, 2010, 2014) 4 (0)
Madrid 4 (1972, 2012, 2016, 2020) 4 (0)
Seville 2 (2004, 2008) 2 (0)
Åre  Sweden 1 (2026) 1 (0)
Falun 2 (1988, 1992) 2 (0)
Gothenburg 1 (1984) 1 (0)
Östersund 3 (1994, 1998, 2002) 3 (0)
Stockholm 2 (1912, 2004) 2 (2022, 2026) 4 (1)
Bern  Switzerland 1 (2010) 1 (0)
Davos 1 (1928) 1 (0)
Engelberg 1 (1928) 1 (0)
Lausanne 4 (1936, 1944, 1948, 1960) 4 (0)
Sion 4 (1976, 2002, 2006, 2026) 4 (0)
St. Moritz 5 (1928, 1936, 1940, 1948, 1960) 5 (2)
Bangkok  Thailand 1 (2008) 1 (0)
Erzurum  Turkey 1 (2026) 1 (0)
Istanbul 5 (2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2020) 5 (0)
Lviv  Ukraine 1 (2022) 1 (0)
Anchorage  United States 2 (1992, 1994) 2 (0)
Atlanta 2 (1920, 1996) 2 (1)
Baltimore 1 (1948) 1 (0)
Bear Mountain 1 (1932) 1 (0)
Chicago 4 (1904, 1952, 1956, 2016) 4 (0)
Cleveland 2 (1916, 1920) 2 (0)
Colorado Springs 1 (1956) 1 (0)
Denver 2 (1932, 1976) 2 (0)
Detroit 7 (1944, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972) 7 (0)
Duluth 1 (1932) 1 (0)
Lake Placid 6 (1932, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1968, 1980) 6 (2)
Los Angeles 10 (1924, 1928, 1932, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1976, 1980, 1984, 2028) 10 (3)
Minneapolis 3 (1948, 1952, 1956) 1 (1932) 4 (0)
New York City 1 (2012) 1 (0)
Philadelphia 4 (1920, 1948, 1952, 1956) 4 (0)
Salt Lake City 1 (1972, 1998, 2002) 3 (1)
San Francisco 1 (1956) 1 (0)
Squaw Valley 1 (1960) 1 (1)
St. Louis 1 (1904) 1 (1)
Yosemite Valley 1 (1932) 1 (0)
Montevideo  Uruguay 1 (1936) 1 (0)
Tashkent  Uzbekistan 1 (2000) 1 (0)

Trivia

Notes

  1. ^ a b At the first Session of the International Olympic Committee, in 1894, Athens was chosen to stage the first Olympic Games of the Modern Era, in 1896, as an honour to the birthplace of the Ancient Olympics. Paris was chosen as the site for the II Olympiad, in 1900, despite Pierre de Coubertin's wish that Paris would celebrate the first Games.[2][3]
  2. ^ Originally awarded to Chicago, but moved to St. Louis to coincide with the World's Fair.
  3. ^ Rome was the choice of the IOC, but the 1906 eruption of Mount Vesuvius forced the Italians to return the Games to the IOC, which reattributed them to London.[4]
  4. ^ The Games were cancelled because of World War I.
  5. ^ Antwerp was awarded with the Olympic Games as a compensation and to honour the Belgians who fought, suffered and died during the war.[5]
  6. ^ Paris got the Games for the second time to fulfill Pierre de Coubertin's wish to see a successful Olympics in his country, erasing the flaws of the 1900 Olympics, before he retired from the IOC.[6]
  7. ^ a b c Due to the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War, Japan relinquished its hosting rights to both the Summer and Winter Games. On 1938-07-15, the IOC relocated the Summer Games to Helsinki and the Winter Games to St. Moritz. Finland's invasion by the Soviet Union, in 1939, and World War II forced the IOC to cancel the 1940 Summer Games.[7] Disagreements with the Swiss officials, concerning the entry of professional skiers in the Games, prompted the IOC to reattribute them for the second consecutive time to Garmisch-Partenkirchen, on 1939-06-09. They were cancelled as well because of the war.[8]
  8. ^ The Games were cancelled because of World War II.
  9. ^ a b Selected without election, after the end of World War II.
  10. ^ Australia's strict quarantine laws concerning the entry of foreign horses made it impossible for the equestrian events to be held within the Games period. In May, 1954, during the 49th IOC Session in Athens, Stockholm was chosen to stage what would be known as "Equestrian Games of the XVIth Olympiad".[9][10]
  11. ^ The Games were postponed to 2021 because of the ongoing coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.[11]
  12. ^ Los Angeles' bid was withdrawn on July 31, 2017 as a prerequisite to being awarded 2028, leaving Paris as the only bidder. The USOC initially picked Boston as the US candidate but later withdrew their bid in favor of Los Angeles.
  13. ^ Chamonix was chosen by the IOC to stage the "International Sports Week 1924", which would later be considered the First Olympic Winter Games.[13]
  14. ^ a b c d Until the 1938 revision of the Olympic Charter, the IOC rules stated that the host country of the Summer Olympics took priority if it wished to also host the Winter Olympics the same year.
  15. ^ The selection process for the 1976 Winter Olympics consisted of four bids, and saw Denver, United States, selected ahead of Sion, Switzerland; Tampere, Finland; and Vancouver, Canada. The selection was made at the 70th IOC Session in Amsterdam on 12 May 1970. In a statewide referendum on 7 November 1972, Colorado voters rejected funding for the games, and for the only time a city awarded the Games rejected them. Denver officially withdrew on 15 November, and the IOC then offered the games to Whistler, Canada, but they too declined owing to a change of government following elections. Whistler would go on to be associated with neighbouring Vancouver's successful bid for the 2010 games. Salt Lake City offered to host the games, but the IOC, still reeling from the Denver rejection, declined and selected Innsbruck to host the 1976 Winter Olympics, which had hosted the 1964 Winter Olympics games twelve years earlier, on 5 February 1973. Salt Lake City would then host the Winter Olympics in 2002.[14]

References

  1. ^ a b c IPC-IOC Co-operation, The official website of the International Paralympic Committee
  2. ^ Athens 1896. Games. International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 6 April 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-09.
  3. ^ Factsheet – The Olympic Movement (PDF). International Olympic Committee. 2007-02-07. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 April 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-09.
  4. ^ "1908 Olympics: London, England". Hickok Sports. Archived from the original on 22 February 2002. Retrieved 2007-04-09.
  5. ^ "Antwerp 1920". Games. International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 17 April 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-09.
  6. ^ "1924 Olympics: Paris, France". Hickok Sports. Archived from the original on 2002-02-22. Retrieved 2007-04-09.
  7. ^ "1948 Olympics: London, England". Hickok Sports. Archived from the original on 22 February 2002. Retrieved 2007-04-10.
  8. ^ "St. Moritz 1948". Games. International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 13 March 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-09.
  9. ^ "Melbourne 1956". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 19 May 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-10.
  10. ^ The Official Report of the Organizing Committee for the Equestrian Games of the XVIth Olympiad (in Swedish and English). Organizing Committee for the Equestrian Games of the XVIth Olympiad. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-12-25. Retrieved 2007-04-10.
  11. ^ "Tokyo 2020: Olympic Games organisers 'agree postponement'". BBC Sport. 24 March 2020. Archived from the original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  12. ^ Ben Westcott and Homero De la Fuente. "Australian city named 'preferred host' for 2032 Olympics". CNN. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  13. ^ "Chamonix 1924". Games. International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 5 March 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-08.
  14. ^ "Innsbruck 1976". Games. International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 23 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-23.

See also