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Big Brother Brasil
Also known asBBB
GenreReality competition
Based onBig Brother
by John de Mol
Directed by
  • Rodrigo Dourado (general)
  • Pedro Carvana
  • Mario Meirelles
  • Mila Abrahão
  • Mario Marcondes
  • Vitor Campos
  • Fábio Brandão
  • Grasielle Bitencourt
  • Ana Paula Morais
  • Patricia Félix
  • Warllem Machado
  • Vanessa Rabello
Creative directorBoninho
Presented by
Opening theme"Vida Real" by RPM
Country of originBrazil
Original languagePortuguese
No. of seasons23
No. of episodes1813
Production locationsRio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro
Running time25–60 minutes
Production companies
Original networkTV Globo
Original release29 January 2002 (2002-01-29) –

Big Brother Brasil (commonly abbreviated to BBB) is the Brazilian version of the Big Brother reality franchised television show based on the original Dutch television series of the same name, that was created in 1997 by John de Mol.[1] It is the second one with more finished seasons (only after the American version) and the only one with more than 20 years of uninterrupted annual transmission in the same channel.

The show is based on a group of strangers, known as housemates, living together twenty-four hours a day in the "Big Brother" house, isolated from the outside world (primarily from mass media, such as newspapers, telephones, television and the internet) while having all their steps followed by cameras around-the-clock, with no privacy for three months.

The housemates compete for the chance to win the grand prize by avoiding weekly eviction, until the last housemate remains at the end of the season that can claim the grand prize. The show's current host is journalist Tadeu Schmidt.

TV Globo's website and a Globo-owned pay-per-view channel offer round-the-clock coverage. Sabrina Sato (season 3) used to be one of the hosts of Panico na TV and now hosts her own TV program, Juliana Alves (season 3) and Grazi Massafera (season 5) are soap opera actresses at TV Globo, Íris Stefanelli and Flávia Vianna (season 7) was a reporter for many years in a TV show called TV Fama. The four can be considered the most successful contestants of the show, although none of them have won the show. The only three winners of hit shows are Jean Wyllys, who had been following a very successful political career as a federal deputy since winning the fifth season until leaving Brazil in 2019. Thelma Assis , who became a TV presenter for the station, in addition to having contracts with several brands. And Juliette Freire who became an internet phenomenon by reaching 24 million Instagram followers during the show's 21st season. After the show, she devoted herself to building a successful music career.

The twentieth season of the show had the biggest participation in the world of votings in an eviction, reaching over 1.5 billion votes. The previous record, also achieved by Big Brother Brasil in the same season, was 416 million votes. Advertising quotas reached R$ 78 million, with a total collection of R$ 530 million.

The House

The Big Brother Brasil house is located inside Estúdios Globo, the Globo's production center in Rio de Janeiro. The house is considered by most Big Brother specialists as the biggest and most extravagant house of all Big Brothers.

The external area of the house is approximately 700 square meters (m2) while the internal areas is about 200 m2. The house has three bedrooms (two for the regular contestants and one for week's Head of Household), a living room, two bathrooms (one inside a bedroom), a big garden, two kitchens (one for the Haves and another for the Have-nots), a gym, a Jacuzzi, a pool, a laundry room, a Diary Room and a separate area, called "another dimension", which was once the white bedroom (ninth and tenth seasons) and the surprise bedroom (eleventh season).

Show format

Launch night

On the night of the Live Launch several members of the public, who have passed through several audition processes, enter the House to become Housemates of the Big Brother House. Once inside the house the Housemates will live together and have no contact with the outside world.

Head of Household (Líder)

Except in the first week, after each eviction (Portuguese: paredão, a term which literally means "big wall"), housemates compete to become the "Head of Household" (líder), by winning a weekly physical endurance challenge, based on a specific skill, a general knowledge quiz or, even sometimes through a luck event.

The Líder receives perks such as their own private bedroom, photos or gifts from home, and maid service. The Líder is awarded immunity from the week's nomination (except in the fifteenth and sixteenth seasons where instead the Líder won a cash prize) and also has the power to directly nominate one housemate for eviction, in addition, the Líder is the tiebreaker for the house's nomination vote. Although one housemate normally retains the Leader rewards and responsibilities for the week, exceptions have occurred.

In a "double eviction" week, the first Líder only reigns for a short period (between an hour and three days) while the second Líder reigns for the rest of the week. When this occurs, the first Líder is normally not provided the perks awarded in a normal eviction week. Another exception is when two housemates share the Líder position, such as in the third week of the sixth season and in the first week of the seventh season.

Power of Immunity

In the third season, a weekly "Power of Immunity" (anjo, a term which literally means "angel") is introduced and determined. This housemate may choose any other housemate to protect from facing the eviction. However, in the seventh season, another selected house mate was given the "Power of Veto" to nullify the saving power.

Since the eighth season, Power of Immunity winner was also given a bad side (called monstro, a term which literally means "monster"), where that housemate, besides protecting someone from elimination, must "punish" one or more contestants, obliging them to do an unpleasing task or forbidding them to go to the party.

Estaleca or food competition

On Sundays, a competition allow the housemates to win food (until the fourth season) or estalecas (from the fifth season onwards) for the week. Most competitions are games of skill, although the housemates may work individually, in teams, or as one group.

Introduced in the fifth season, the "Estaleca" (Z$) is the official currency of the house. Each contestant has their own credit card with a set amount of Estalecas. Contestants may use their currency to purchase food for the house.

The winners of the week's Estaleca competition earn the right to do all the shopping, choosing what the entire house will eat for the upcoming week. As in the real stock market, the Estalecas can suffer some speculative attacks and thus the value of the groceries may inflate or deflate.

Sunday live nominations

First the PoI winner and HoH nominate their choices for their respective abilities. Then, each one of the remaining contestants go into the Diary Room, and vote on the contestant they wish to face an elimination match. The highest voted contestant is sent to the elimination match to face the person nominated by the HoH and an audience poll starts (either by telephone, SMS or Internet) to pick which of the nominated contestants shall be eliminated.

Since the twenty season, the nominated housemates compete against each other for one last chance to save themselves from eviction. The housemates nominated by the HoH are not eligible to compete and are guaranteed to face Brazil's vote.

Tuesday live eviction

On Eviction Night, the poll result is shown and the highest voted housemate is eliminated and evicted from the house. The evicted housemate must to get ready to leave immediately. Once they leave the House they are greeted by the live crowd and the show host.

Live Final and the winner

In the Live Final, only two to three housemates remain in the house, after surviving numerous evictions. The public are then asked to vote for their favourite surviving Housemate to win the prize. The winner is announced and the final three surviving housemates leaving the house together, treated to a cheering crowd.

Season details

Season Housemates Days Winner Vote Runner-up Vote Third place Vote Notes
BBB 1 12 64 Kleber de Paula 68%
(out of 3)
Vanessa Pascale 21%
(out of 3)
André Carvalho 11%
(out of 3)
This was the only season where nominations were not done live. This was also the only season with Marisa Orth as co-host, who left her hosting duties early in the season but continued making appearances and providing colour commentary.
BBB 2 12 71 Rodrigo Leonel 65%
(out of 2)
Manuela Saadeh 35%
(out of 2)
Cida Junqueira This was the first and only time that two seasons were filmed and aired back-to-back in the same calendar year, and the only season to air in the winter. This was also the first time the final vote included only two housemates.
BBB 3 15 78 Dhomini Ferreira 51%
(out of 2)
Elane Silva 49%
(out of 2)
Viviane Oliveira Introduced the Power of Immunity. It's the first season to have a housemate, Dilson Walkarez, voluntary quit the game. It's the last season where the weekly nomination process was split into two different days (Saturday and Sunday). It's also the first time there was a double eviction night.
BBB 4 14 85 Cida dos Santos 69%
(out of 2)
Thiago Lira 31%
(out of 2)
Juliana Lopes For the first time, two housemates were selected by a random draw at the launch night. It's the first season where the nomination process was completely done on Sunday night. It's also the last season to feature the original R$500,000 grand prize.
BBB 5 15 79 Jean Wyllys 55%
(out of 3)
Grazielli Massafera 40%
(out of 3)
Sammy Ueda 5%
(out of 3)
Increased the grand prize to R$1 million. The only time a season started on a Monday, instead of a Tuesday night. It's the first season in which a housemate, Marielza Santos, was evacuated from the game due to medical conditions.
BBB 6 14 78 Mara Viana 47%
(out of 3)
Mariana Felício 34%
(out of 3)
Rafael Valente 19%
(out of 3)
For the first time, two housemates shared the Power of Immunity and the first time two housemates shared a Head of Household. Additionally, twins secretly swapped in and out of the house, pretending to be a housemate and the same person, in a bid to win R$10,000.
BBB 7 17 85 Diego Gasques 91%
(out of 2)
Carollini Honório 9%
(out of 2)
Bruna Tavares It's the first season in which a housemate, Fernando Orozco, was ejected from the game. Introduced the Power of Veto, in which the holder could nullify the Power of Immunity and the first time the public was able to vote for one evicted housemate to return. It's also the first time that Big Brother Brasil allows the ex-housemate from another country's Big Brother to stay in the house.
BBB 8 14 78 Rafinha Ribeiro 50.15%
(out of 2)
Gyselle Soares 49.85%
(out of 2)
Natália Casassola Introduced the Big Phone. It's the first time three housemates were up for eviction at the same time. The only time in which a housemate was automatically nominated after came last in a Head of Household competition (Thatiana Bione on Week 7).
BBB 9 20 85 Maximiliano Porto 34.85%
(out of 3)
Priscila Pires 34.61%
(out of 3)
Francine Piaia 30.54%
(out of 3)
Featured the house separated into two areas: rich and poor. Introduced two new twists: the Glass House and the White Room, with the latter culminating in Leonardo Jancu's withdrawal on Week 3. It's the last season to have a R$1 million prize.
BBB 10 17 78 Marcelo Dourado 60%
(out of 3)
Fernanda Cardoso 29%
(out of 3)
Cadu Parga 11%
(out of 3)
Increased the prize to R$1.5 million. Divided the house into cliques, whereas an entire clique was safe from eviction if one of their members becomes Head of Household. Introduced the Higher Power that could overthrow the Head of Household or the house vote. It's the first time, former housemates returned to the house.
BBB 11 19 78 Maria Melillo 43%
(out of 3)
Wesley Schunk 31%
(out of 3)
Daniel Rolim 26%
(out of 3)
Featured the Saboteur, whose mission was to perform various tasks to disrupt the life in the house in order to win R$10,000. Introduced the Horror Room.
BBB 12 16 80 Fael Cordeiro 92%
(out of 2)
Fabiana Teixeira 8%
(out of 2)
Jonas Sulzbach Noted as a "Back to Basics" season by both Globo and the production team. Introduced the Power of No, in which aims to veto housemates from Head of Household competition.
BBB 13 21 78 Fernanda Keulla 62.79%
(out of 3)
Nasser Rodrigues 28.29%
(out of 3)
Andressa Ganacin 8.92%
(out of 3)
Featured six housemates from previous seasons returning to play again, including two former winners. Divided the house in Veterans vs. Newbies. It's the first time that a Head of Household was chosen by popular vote through fake eviction (Big Brother Back and Forth).
BBB 14 20 78 Vanessa Mesquita 53%
(out of 3)
Angela Munhoz 28%
(out of 3)
Clara Aguilar 19%
(out of 3)
First time that 20 housemates entered the house on Day 1. It's the first time that 6 housemates were evicted in 2 weeks. Housemates' relatives (mothers and aunts) entered the house and stayed for five days. And the first time that the finalists were of the same gender (female).
BBB 15 15 78 Cézar Lima 65%
(out of 2)
Amanda Djehdian 35%
(out of 2)
Fernando Medeiros For the first time that the Head of Household earned cash for each leadership (R$10,000). However, it has no immunity in the nominations. Introduced the "You're in control" task where the public can interfere in the game progress.
BBB 16 16 78 Munik Nunes 6 of 6 points (61.59%)
(out of 2)
Maria Claudia Macedo 0 of 6 points (38.41%)
(out of 2)
Ronan Veiga For the first time, four housemates shared a Head of Household. Consequently, it's the first time that a Head of Household was nominated in the same week (Daniel Manzieri on Week 1) since this possibility came into being in BBB 15. Also, it is the first time that a Head of Household was evicted (Tamiel Jacobson on Week 6). Starting in Week 5, the voting system was changed for the first time since the show debut in 2002. The housemate who achieves a simple majority of votes in each region of Brazil (Midwest, Northeast, North, Southeast and South) and telephone/SMS gets a point, a total of 6 points.
BBB 17 17 81 Emilly Araújo 58%
(out of 3)
Vivian Amorim 41%
(out of 3)
Ieda Wobeto 1%
(out of 3)
It's the first season to return to the original voting system and the first season hosted by Tiago Leifert. It's the first time to feature two doubles of twins competing for the two final spots of the season.
BBB 18 20 88 Gleici Damasceno 57.28%
(out of 3)
Kaysar Dadour 39.33%
(out of 3)
Ana Clara Lima &
Ayrton Lima
(out of 3)
It's the first time to feature two members of the same family competing as a single housemate. And also for the first time, the BBB had three winning women in a row.
BBB 19 17 88 Paula von Sperling 61.09%
(out of 2)
Alan Possamai 38.91%
(out of 2)
Carolina Peixinho For the first time ever, the season featured the biggest number of housemates nominated for eviction at the same time: 14. It's the first time a housemate was evicted through a house eviction vote. Also, the first time two housemates were ejected from the house in the same season, one of them already being a finalist. The first time BBB had four winning women in a row.
BBB 20 22 98 Thelma Assis 44.10%
(out of 3)
Rafa Kalimann 34.81%
(out of 3)
Manu Gavassi 21.09%
(out of 3)
The first time BBB had five same gender winning in a row (women). Longest season ever with 98 days of confinement. Divided the house in Celebrities vs. Civilians. This season also broke a world record of "Most Public Votes Received by a Television Program", registered in the Guinness Book Records. 1,532,944,337 votes were cast during the eviction nomination of Felipe Prior, Manu Gavassi and Mari Gonzalez.[2]
BBB 21 20 100 Juliette Freire 90.15%
(out of 3)
Camilla de Lucas 5.23%
(out of 3)
Fiuk 4.62%
(out of 3)
The first time BBB had six same gender winning in a row (women). Longest season ever with 100 days of confinement. Divided the house in Celebrities vs. Civilians. This season had the highest rejection of all the seasons. Karol Conká was evicted with 99.17% of the votes.[3]
BBB 22 22 100 Arthur Aguiar 68.96%
(out of 3)
Paulo André Camilo 29.91%
(out of 3)
Douglas Silva 1.13%
(out of 3)
Tadeu Schmidt assumes the presentation of the program. For the first time the BBB had a final composed only of men and also only members of the group "Celebrities".[4]
BBB 23 24 100 Amanda Meirelles 68.90%
(out of 3)
Aline Wirley 16.96%
(out of 3)
Bruna Griphao 14.14%
(out of 3)
It's the second time two housemates were ejected from the house in the same season. For the first time ever, the public was able to vote for two evicteds housemates to return.


Brazilian ratings

All numbers are provided by IBOPE.[5]

Season Timeslot (BRT) Premiered Ended TV Season Viewers
(in points)
Date Viewers
(in points)
Date Viewers
(in points)
1 Monday and Tuesday, Thursday to Saturday
January 29, 2002 49 April 2, 2002 59 2002 40 60%
2 May 14, 2002 29 July 23, 2002 45 37 59%
3 January 14, 2003 38 April 1, 2003 55 2003 39 60%
4 January 13, 2004 42 April 6, 2004 56 2004 45 68%
5 January 10, 2005 46 March 29, 2005 57 2004–05 47 70%
6 January 10, 2006 45 March 28, 2006 51 2005–06 43 64%
7 January 9, 2007 43 April 3, 2007 48 2006–07 41 62%
8 January 8, 2008 37 March 25, 2008 46 2007–08 37 57%
9 January 13, 2009 37 April 7, 2009 41 2008–09 32 52%
10 Monday to Saturday
January 12, 2010 30 March 30, 2010 40 2009–10 31 51%
11 January 11, 2011 35 March 29, 2011 30 2010–11 25 41%
12 January 10, 2012 33 March 29, 2012 26 2011–12 27 43%
13 January 8, 2013 25 March 26, 2013 29 2012–13 25 42%
14 January 14, 2014 31 April 1, 2014 24 2013–14 22 39%
15 Monday to Saturday
Sunday of Carnival
January 20, 2015 25 April 7, 2015 27 2014–15 23 39%
16 Monday, Tuesday, Thursday to Saturday
Sunday of Carnival
January 19, 2016 24 April 5, 2016 29 2015–16 24 41%
17 January 23, 2017 29 April 13, 2017 29 2016–17 23 40%
18 January 22, 2018 31 April 19, 2018 33 2017–18 26 48%
19 Monday to Saturday
January 15, 2019 22 April 12, 2019 25 2018–19 20 39%
20 Monday to Sunday
January 21, 2020 25 April 27, 2020 34 2019–20 26 48%
21 Monday to Saturday
January 25, 2021 27 May 5, 2021 34 2020–21 28 52%
22 Monday to Saturday
January 17, 2022 28 April 26, 2022 25 2021–22 22 39%
23 Monday to Saturday
January 16, 2023 23 April 25, 2023 20 2022–23 19 %


Highest number of rejections

# Season Week Voting Results Ref.
1 21 4 Karol Conká
99.17% to evict
Arthur Picoli
0.54% to evict
Gilberto Nogueira
0.29% to evict
2 21 3 Nego Di
98.76% to evict
0.87% to evict
Sarah Andrade
0.37% to evict
3 21 13
(Day 88)
Viih Tube
96.69% to evict
2.6% to evict
Gilberto Nogueira
0.71% to evict
4 5 8 Aline dos Santos
95% to evict
Grazielli Massafera
5% to evict
5 18 7 Patrícia Leite
94.26% to evict
Diego Sabádo
3.30% to evict
Caruso Junior
2.44% to evict
6 7 4 Felipe Cobra
93% to evict
Alberto Pimentel
7% to evict
7 18 4 Nayara de Deus
92.69% to evict
Mahmoud Baydoun
4.03% to evict
Gleici Damasceno
3.28% to evict
8 5 4 Rogério Padovan
92% to evict
Sammy Ueda
8% to evict
12 7 Rafa Oliveira
92% to evict
Yuri Fernandes
8% to evict
10 21 7 Projota
91.89% to evict
Thaís Braz
6.72% to evict
1.39% to evict


Usually Big Brother contestants are already forgotten by the time of the next season, but there are a few exceptions of contestants who became national stars. Juliana Alves, Sabrina Sato, Grazi Massafera, Íris Stefanelli and Juliette Freire are probably the biggest celebrities coming out of the reality show.

Sabrina Sato became a personality on the country after appearing in the third season. She posed naked twice for Playboy magazine and is one of the hosts of Pânico na TV, a very popular TV show among teenagers and Rede TV!'s most-watched show. She now has one of Record Network's biggest contracts and is also the spokesperson for several companies.

After her participation in the fifth season, where she was billed as extremely charismatic and nice, Grazielli Massafera also became a huge celebrity appearing in over 130 magazine covers, posing naked for Playboy magazine, starring in over 13 commercials and winning an important role on TV Globo's 9 o'clock soap opera Páginas da Vida, where she received bad critics. Grazi is now a public and critically acclaimed actress and one of the most popular celebrities in the country and married Cauã Raymond, one of Brazil's most popular and eligible young actors. In 2016, she was nominated for the International Emmy Award for Best Actress.

Íris Stefanelli attracted huge attention during her time in the house and achieved extreme popularity, thanks to her charisma. She became a personality in the country after appearing in the seventh season, She received a big paycheck to pose naked for Playboy. Globo decided not to take into consideration "Siri" (as she was nicknamed in the house) huge popularity and decided not to give her a long-term contract. She was contracted by small RedeTV! to co-host celebrities show TV Fama. Her lucrative deal was highlighted by the media. Íris is still a host on the show after the huge buzz that ensued her participation on the house.

Another contestant Jean Wyllys started his career in politics after participating in the program and was elected federal deputy in 2010, 2014 and 2018. Thelma Assis became a tv presenter and model. Juliette Freire became a singer, scoring her first EP on pre-saves on Spotify on Brazil .


My Big Brother

A mobile version of Big Brother was released in 2005, called My Big Brother, and reproduced the entire show, in real-time, inside mobile phones. Big Brother Brasil is also on software and is manufactured by Continuum Entertainment and Brasoft Studios.

Big Game BBB

Big Game BBB appeared in the 22nd season of Big Brother Brasil and brought some news, but, in addition to the program itself, this edition also marked the launch of Big Game BBB, a free virtual game by Globo in which reality fans can guess about the dynamics of the week and see who does better in the bets.

Controversy and criticism

Big Brother Brasil 3 began on January 14, 2003, and was controversial. One of the contestants was the current Miss Brazil, Joseane Oliveira. Rules of the Miss Brazil contest forbid participation of married women but Joseane stated she was single. As a consequence of the exposure during the reality show, some magazines discovered she was married even before winning the beauty contest.

Once the marriage was proven, Joseane was stripped of her crown, and Thaisa Tomsem was crowned Miss Brazil 2002. Also, contestant Dilson Walkarez was not aware of Joseane relationship's status and tried to start a romantic relationship with her during the show. Due to her refusals, he felt unmotivated and left the show voluntarily. Housemate Harry Grossman replaced him at February 26 and became the first housemate not to enter the show on its first day.

During Big Brother Brasil 8, the contestant Juliana Goes fainted during an endurance task where the contestants had to remain perfectly still inside a glass chamber. Newspapers and websites accused the show of being inhumane. However, the show was unaffected by the negative press.

In Big Brother Brasil 10, Marcelo Dourado, a returning contestant from BBB4, was accused of being homophobic but that was ignored and he eventually won his second season.

But the biggest scandal of the show happened on Big Brother Brasil 12 when contestant Daniel Echaniz was accused of raping one of the contestants. He was expelled during the first week and denied the accusations, which were eventually dropped.

In Big Brother Brasil 19, only a few days after the beginning of the show, contestant Vanderson Brito faced rape accusations published online by his former girlfriend. He was expelled after police subpoenaed him for an interview, violating the house rule of having no contact with the outside world.[9] Contestant Hariany Almeida was also expelled, after a party night where she was drunk lead to her pushing another contestant, violating the house rule of no violence.[10] The show also faced considerable criticism as the house divided into two groups, separated by class and race, which lead to considerable racist comments and even police investigations regarding religious intolerance.[11]

In Big Brother Brasil 21, the contestant Karol Conká behavior and actions towards other housemates garnered a very negative reception from the viewers and public personalities. This included Karol's encouragement of outcasting certain housemates, aggressive comments that sparked discussions regarding psychological abuse and prejudiced comments that ranged from gaslighting, xenophobia, religious intolerance and sexual harassment, resulting in her cancellation with loss of followers on social networks and being evicted with the highest rejection of all the seasons, with 99.17% of the votes.[12][13]

In 2011, Brazilian sociologist Silvia Viana Rodrigues wrote a thesis at University of São Paulo analyzing reality shows as spectacles that proliferate rituals of suffering[14]. She analyzes such rituals in various cultural products from Hollywood and Brazilian television, with special attention to Big Brother Brasil. When investigating the openly eliminatory and cruel face of the game[15], Silvia Viana points out that such characteristics are liable to be entertainment with great and crucial public engagement because such processes of elimination, competition, exclusion, the affirmation of the war of all against all, of self-management and personal self-control through socio-emotional skills, entrepreneurship, the banality of evil, the naturalization of torture, the "battle for survival" logic and the incorporation of Nazi language and elements are already part of contemporary social life, especially in the context of work under neoliberalism[16][17]. The thesis was later published as a book.


  1. ^ Carman, John (July 5, 2000). "'Big Brother' Watches Their Every Movement". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2019-02-25
  2. ^ Stephenson, Kristen (25 April 2020). "Big Brother Brasil takes American Idol's record for most public votes". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Most rejected contestants on Big Brother Brasil as of February 2021, by share of votes for their elimination". Statista. 2 July 2021. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  4. ^ "Primeira Final da história do BBB só com participantes do Camarote". gshow. 25 April 2022. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  5. ^ "BBB11 terminará com a pior audiência da história" (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2011-04-01. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
  6. ^ "'Share' do BBB desaba em dez anos" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2015-04-08.
  7. ^ "Karol Conká bate recorde de rejeição do 'BBB' com 99,17%; veja lista com maiores rejeições do programa" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-02-24.
  8. ^ "Projota entra para top 5 maiores rejeições da história do 'BBB'" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-03-16.
  9. ^ "'BBB 19': Vanderson é desclassificado do reality show". Estadão (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2019-10-01.
  10. ^ "'BBB 19': Hariany é expulsa do reality show por agressão". O Globo (in Brazilian Portuguese). 11 April 2019. Retrieved 2019-10-01.
  11. ^ "Paula do BBB terá que depor por racismo e intolerância religiosa". (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2019-10-01.
  12. ^ "Karol Conká bate recorde de rejeição do 'BBB' com 99,17%; veja lista com maiores rejeições do programa" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-02-24.
  13. ^ "Most rejected contestants on Big Brother Brasil as of February 2021, by share of votes for their elimination". Statista. 2 July 2021. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  14. ^ Viana, Silvia (2011). Rituais de Sofrimento (in Portuguese). São Paulo, Brazil: Teses e dissertações da Biblioteca Digital da USP.
  15. ^ Oliveira, José Bonifácio [Boninho] Brasil de (21 de março de 2010). «"'Big Brother' não é cultura, é um jogo cruel", diz Boninho [Entrevista à Andréia Michael, Folha de S. Paulo]». Folha de S. Paulo
  16. ^ Viana, Silvia (2012). Rituais de sofrimento (in Portuguese). São Paulo, Brazil: Boitempo. ISBN 978-85-7559-309-7.
  17. ^ Rüdiger, Francisco (2014). «Rituais de sofrimento ou Teatro do sucesso sem virtude?» (PDF). REVISTA ECOPÓS. 17 (1).

22°57′24″S 43°24′32″W / 22.95667°S 43.40889°W / -22.95667; -43.40889