Bijapur district
Bijapur district
Location in Chhattisgarh
Country India
StateChhattisgarh
DivisionBastar
HeadquartersBijapur
Tehsils4
Area
 • Total6,562.48 km2 (2,533.79 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total255,230
 • Density39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy41.58%
 • Sex ratio982
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH-16
Average annual precipitation1517 mm
Websitebijapur.gov.in

Bijapur District, formerly known as Birjapur, is one of the 27[1] districts of the state of Chhattisgarh in central India. It is one of the two new districts created on May 11, 2007. As of 2011 it is the second least populous district of Chhattisgarh (out of the 18 at the time), after Narayanpur. It is the second-least literate district in India, with a literacy rate of at 41.58%, according to the 2011 census.[2]

The present collector of Bijapur is Shri Rajendra Kumar Katara (IAS).[3]

History

Bijapur district was formerly part of the Dantewada district. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor of Naxalite activity.[4]

Geography

The Bijapur district occupies the south western part of Chhattisgarh. The district borders on the Narayanpur district to the north and the Dantewada district to the east. To the southwest, it borders on Telangana state, to the west on Maharashtra state. Chhattisgarh Highest Waterfall Nambi Jaldhara about 540 feet (earlier was Teerathgarh Waterfall in Dantevada about 300 feet) founded Near Usur, 64 km away from Bijapur.

This district occupies an area of 6555 km2. Bijapur is the administrative headquarters.[5] In total, the district comprises 675 villages.[6]

Transport

The nearest airport is at Raipur.

Railway

There is no railway station in this district as the district is situated in the western side of Bailadila Range. Railway connectivity is available to the eastern side of Bailadila Range. Nearby railway station is Dantewada, which is 92 km west of district headquarter. The track belongs to East Coast Railway zone which further connects to Jagdalpur, Jeypore and Koraput Junction .

Road

The National Highway that passes Bijapur town is the NH16. It connects Bijapur to Jagdalpur towards the east and to Nizamabad in Andhra Pradesh in the west while passing through Maharashtra.

The NH 63 at Bhopalpatnam connects Bijapur to the NH 202 leading to Warangal and Hyderabad.

Bijapur and Jagdalpur towns connects to Nizamabad in Telangana while passing through Maharashtra. A Bridge which has been made and started across the river and the ferry system which was a trouble has been solved. The indravati bridge now operates 24x7 in all weather connecting the district to States of Maharashtra and Telangana .

Also other bridge as one goes further towards Maharashtra on the NH 16, there was another bridge missing on river Pranahita near Sironcha was also inaugurated and has been helping to cross the river while connecting the road network of the area.[7]

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, Bijapur district has a population of 255,230,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Vanuatu.[9] This gives it a ranking of 581st in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 39 inhabitants per square kilometre (100/sq mi).[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 8.76%.[8] Bijapur has a sex ratio of 982 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 41.58%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 3.97% and 80.00% of the population respectively.[8]

Religions in Bijapur district (2011)[10]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
96.05%
Other (Tribal religion)
1.49%
Christianity
1.06%
Buddhism
0.64%
Islam
0.63%
Other or not stated
0.13%

Languages of Bijapur district, 2011 census

  Gondi (52.17%)
  Telugu (17.30%)
  Dorli (9.42%)
  Halbi (7.76%)
  Hindi (4.78%)
  Marathi (3.59%)
  Chhattisgarhi (1.69%)
  Madia (1.20%)
  Others (2.09%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 52.17% of the population in the district spoke Gondi, 17.30% Telugu, 9.42% Dorli, 7.76% Halbi, 4.78% Hindi, 3.59% Marathi, 1.69% Chhattisgarhi and 1.20% Madia as their first language.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Chhattisgarh carves out nine more districts". The Times of India. 2012-01-01.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Bijapur District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  3. ^ http://bijapur.gov.in
  4. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  5. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti; et al., eds. (2010). India 2010, A Reference Annual (PDF). New Delhi: Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of Indiaand. p. 1122. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-29. Retrieved 2011-01-21.
  6. ^ "2 new districts formed in Chhattisgarh". April 20, 2010.
  7. ^ Panigrahi, Debashish (2009-09-30). "Life at the end of the road". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2020-12-24.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Vanuatu 224,564 July 2011 est.
  10. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Chhattisgarh". census.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.
  11. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue

Coordinates: 18°45′N 80°41′E / 18.750°N 80.683°E / 18.750; 80.683