Bijelo Polje
Бијело Поље
Bijelo Polje panorama at night
Bijelo Polje
Bijelo Polje
Location of Bijelo Polje in Montenegro
Coordinates: 43°02′N 19°45′E / 43.04°N 19.75°E / 43.04; 19.75Coordinates: 43°02′N 19°45′E / 43.04°N 19.75°E / 43.04; 19.75
Country Montenegro
Municipality
Bijelo Polje
Settlements98
Government
 • MayorPetar Smolović (DPS)
 • Ruling partyDPS - SD
Area
 • Town and municipality924 km2 (357 sq mi)
Elevation
578 m (1,896 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Urban
12,900
 • Rural
30,651
 • Municipality
46,051
Demonym(s)Bjelopoljci
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
84000
Area code+382 50
ISO 3166-2 codeME-04
Car platesBP
ClimateCfb
Websitewww.bijelopolje.co.me

Bijelo Polje (Montenegrin: Бијело Поље, pronounced [bîjɛlɔː pɔ̂ʎɛ]) is a town in northeastern Montenegro on the Lim River. It has an urban population of 15,400 (2011 census). It is the administrative, economic, cultural and educational centre of northern Montenegro.

Bijelo Polje is the center of Bijelo Polje Municipality (population of 46,051). It is the unofficial center of the north-eastern region of Montenegro. Bijelo Polje means 'white field' in Serbian.

History

Bijelo Polje's Saint Peter and Paul Church is the place where the UNESCO Miroslav's Gospel of Miroslav, brother of Serbian ruler Stefan Nemanja was written.

During World War II, Bijelo Pole was a prominent location for the anti-fascist resistance movement in Yugoslavia, Montenegro in particular.[1]

Population

Bijelo Polje is the administrative centre of the Bijelo Polje municipality, which in 2011 had a population of 46,251. The town of Bijelo Polje itself has 15,400 citizens.

Population of Bijelo Polje (town):

Population of Bijelo Polje (municipality):

Religion (2011 census):

Ethnic composition in 2011

Ethnicity Number Percentage
Serbs 15,562 33.8%
Bosniaks 14,592 31.7%
Montenegrins 7,808 16.95%
Muslims 5,985 12.99%
Romani 334 0.72%
Albanians 57 0.12%
Croats 41 0.09%
Yugoslavs 27 0.06%
Other 454 0.98%
undeclared 952 2.07%
no data 269 0.58%
Total 46,081 100%

Culture and sights

Bijelo Polje was the birthplace of the oral poet Avdo Međedović and of many prominent writers such as Ćamil Sijarić, Miodrag Bulatović, Risto Ratković and Dragomir Brajković as well as basketball player Nikola Peković and Swedish footballing brothers Ajsel Kujović and Emir Kujović.

Sports

The major football team is Jedinstvo, who have spent several seasons in the country's top tier. They share their Gradski stadion with lower league team OFK Borac. The town's basketball teams are Jedinstvo and KK Centar.

Transport

Bijelo Polje is the end of the Montenegrin part of the Belgrade–Bar railway
Bijelo Polje is the end of the Montenegrin part of the Belgrade–Bar railway

Bijelo Polje is connected to the rest of Montenegro by two major roads. It is situated on the main road connecting Montenegro's coast and Podgorica with northern Montenegro and Serbia (E65, E80).

Bijelo Polje is also a station on Belgrade–Bar railway, the last station in Montenegro for trains leaving for Belgrade, and it serves as a regional train station. Podgorica Airport is 130 km (81 mi) away, and has regular flights to major European destinations.

Climate

Bijelo Polje has a humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfb) with warm summers, cold winters, and abundant precipitation year round.

Climate data for Bijelo Polje (1961–1990, extremes 1950–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
27.0
(80.6)
26.5
(79.7)
30.8
(87.4)
33.5
(92.3)
35.5
(95.9)
39.0
(102.2)
39.8
(103.6)
36.5
(97.7)
32.0
(89.6)
25.5
(77.9)
20.1
(68.2)
39.8
(103.6)
Average high °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
6.4
(43.5)
11.1
(52.0)
15.7
(60.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.7
(74.7)
26.2
(79.2)
26.4
(79.5)
22.7
(72.9)
17.1
(62.8)
9.7
(49.5)
3.3
(37.9)
15.5
(59.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
0.9
(33.6)
4.7
(40.5)
9.0
(48.2)
13.3
(55.9)
16.0
(60.8)
17.7
(63.9)
17.3
(63.1)
14.0
(57.2)
9.3
(48.7)
4.3
(39.7)
−0.4
(31.3)
8.7
(47.6)
Average low °C (°F) −5.3
(22.5)
−3.3
(26.1)
−0.4
(31.3)
3.1
(37.6)
7.1
(44.8)
10.2
(50.4)
11.5
(52.7)
11.1
(52.0)
8.6
(47.5)
4.5
(40.1)
0.6
(33.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
3.7
(38.7)
Record low °C (°F) −27.6
(−17.7)
−24.5
(−12.1)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−8.6
(16.5)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
1.2
(34.2)
2.6
(36.7)
−4.0
(24.8)
−7.2
(19.0)
−15.4
(4.3)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−27.6
(−17.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 79.6
(3.13)
63.8
(2.51)
60.8
(2.39)
79.8
(3.14)
74.5
(2.93)
77.5
(3.05)
68.3
(2.69)
61.3
(2.41)
72.7
(2.86)
73.3
(2.89)
107.9
(4.25)
90.8
(3.57)
910.3
(35.82)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12 12 12 13 13 13 11 9 9 9 12 14 139
Average relative humidity (%) 82 76 71 69 72 75 74 74 78 79 82 85 76
Source: Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro[2][3]

Notable people

A street in Bijelo Polje.
A street in Bijelo Polje.

Main page: Category:People from Bijelo Polje

References

  1. ^ Morrison, Kenneth (2008). Montenegro: A Modern History. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 0857714872.
  2. ^ "Climate: Bijelo Polje" (in Montenegrin). Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  3. ^ "Dnevni prosjeci i ekstremi" (in Montenegrin). Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro. Retrieved 7 March 2021.

Official website