Bikaner district
Location of Bikaner district in Rajasthan
Country India
StateRajasthan
DivisionBikaner
Area
 • Total30,247 km2 (11,678 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,363,937
 • Density78/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Websitebikaner.rajasthan.gov.in/content/raj/bikaner/en/home.html

Bikaner District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The historic city of Bikaner is the district headquarters. The district is located in Bikaner Division along with the three other districts of Churu, Sri Ganganagar and Hanumangarh.

Geography

Rajasthan Canal (Indira Gandhi Canal) passing through Thar desert near Chhatargarh Bikaner district
Rajasthan Canal (Indira Gandhi Canal) passing through Thar desert near Chhatargarh Bikaner district

The district is bounded by Ganganagar district to the north, Hanumangarh district to the northeast, Churu district to the east, Nagaur district to the southeast, Jodhpur district to the south, Jaisalmer district to the southwest, and Punjab Province of Pakistan to the northwest.

Bikaner district lies in the Thar Desert. The Indira Gandhi Canal, also known as the Rajasthan Canal, runs through the district from northeast to southwest, providing irrigation water for the district.

In October, 2020 an international group of researchers found a lost river that ran through the central Thar Desert ; 1,72,000 years ago.[1]

Climate

Climate data for Bikaner
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.0
(73.4)
25.5
(77.9)
31.8
(89.2)
38.2
(100.8)
41.7
(107.1)
41.6
(106.9)
37.8
(100.0)
36.6
(97.9)
36.7
(98.1)
36.2
(97.2)
30.7
(87.3)
25.3
(77.5)
33.8
(92.8)
Average low °C (°F) 5.6
(42.1)
8.8
(47.8)
15.0
(59.0)
22.1
(71.8)
26.8
(80.2)
28.8
(83.8)
27.7
(81.9)
26.8
(80.2)
24.7
(76.5)
19.1
(66.4)
12.1
(53.8)
6.9
(44.4)
18.7
(65.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
7
(0.3)
10
(0.4)
7
(0.3)
31
(1.2)
46
(1.8)
106
(4.2)
71
(2.8)
34
(1.3)
4
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
1
(0.0)
325
(12.8)
Average precipitation days 0.8 1.0 1.5 0.9 2.6 3.2 6.6 5.6 3.0 0.6 0.3 0.5 26.6
Source: HKO

Administrative set-up

Bikaner district has eight sub-divisions called tehsils: Bikaner, Nokha, Loonkaransar, Khajuwala, Shri Dungargarh, Kolayat, Chhattargarh and Pugal. There are two sub-tehsils: Bajju is in Kolayat and Mahajan is in Loonkaransar.

There are 1498 villages and 290 gram panchayats.[2] There is one municipal corporation (Bikaner) and six municipal councils: Deshnok, Nokha, Dungargarh, Khajuwala, Loonkaransar and Napasar. The collector and district magistrate (DM) of Bikaner is Nimit Mehta[3] and additional magistrate is Sunita Chaudhary.[4]

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Bikaner district has a population of 2,363,937, roughly equal to the nation of Latvia or the US state of New Mexico.[5][6] This gives it a ranking of 190th in India (out of a total of 640). Area of district is 30247.90 km2. The district has a population density of 78 inhabitants per square kilometre (200/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 41.42%. Bikaner has a sex ratio of 903 females for every 1,000 males, and a literacy rate of 65.92%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 20.9% and 0.3% of the population respectively.[7]

Religions in Bikaner district (2011)[8]
Religion Percent
Hindus
87.71%
Muslims
9.97%
Jains
1.31%
Sikhs
0.85%
Other or not stated
0.16%

Languages

Languages in Bikaner District (2011)[9]

  Rajasthani (83.05%)
  Hindi (6.82%)
  Marwari (5.86%)
  Punjabi (1.27%)
  Others (3.00%)
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901216,478—    
1911236,708+0.90%
1921228,562−0.35%
1931271,449+1.73%
1941360,968+2.89%
1951395,462+0.92%
1961511,317+2.60%
1971665,439+2.67%
1981973,800+3.88%
19911,381,201+3.56%
20011,902,110+3.25%
20112,363,937+2.20%
Source:[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Lost River that flowed through That desert 172k years ago". Wion News.
  2. ^ Bikaner-Rajasthan. "Blocks/ Tehsils/ Panchayats". bikaner.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  3. ^ "Nimit Mehta IAS (Nimit Mehta IAS) | Patrika News". patrika.com/. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  4. ^ "Sunita Chaudhary RAS transferred as Addl Collector & ADM (City), Bikaner | Indian Bureaucracy is an Exclusive News Portal". 29 October 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Latvia 2,204,708 July 2011 est.
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. New Mexico - 2,059,179
  7. ^ District census 2011 - Bikaner
  8. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community (Rajasthan)". Census India.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 August 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2019.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901

Coordinates: 28°01′00″N 73°18′00″E / 28.0167°N 73.3°E / 28.0167; 73.3