Bimini, Bahamas
Fishing Capital of the Bahamas
The Bahamas with Bimini highlighted on the west side
The Bahamas with Bimini highlighted on the west side
Coordinates: 25°44′N 79°15′W / 25.733°N 79.250°W / 25.733; -79.250
CapitalAlice Town
 • Total23 km2 (9 sq mi)
 • Total2,417[1]
Parliamentary representation1 House seat, shared with West End as a single parliamentary constituency
Local government1 council; 0 townships

Bimini /ˈbɪmɪn/ is the westernmost district of the Bahamas and comprises a chain of islands located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) due east of Miami. Bimini is the closest point in the Bahamas to the mainland United States and approximately 210 km (130 mi) west-northwest of Nassau. The population is 2,417 as of the 2022 census.[1]


Alice Town

Bimini's largest islands are North Bimini, South Bimini, and East Bimini.[2][3] Smaller islands in the Bimini chain include Gun Cay, North Cat Cay, South Cat Cay, and Ocean Cay. The District of Bimini also includes Cay Sal Bank, more than 100 km (60 mi) further south, which is geographically not a part of the Bimini Islands but a separate unit.[4] North Bimini is about 11 km (7 mi) long and 200 m (700 ft) wide. Its main settlement is Alice Town, a collection of shops, restaurants, and bars on a road known as "The King's Highway". The second major road is called Queens Highway and runs almost the length of the island parallel to Kings Highway.

As a low-lying island, rising sea levels may cause the entire island to become submerged.[5]

South Bimini (pop. 182) houses an airstrip, South Bimini Airport, and offers a quiet alternative to the slow bustle of North Bimini. There is a small community of homes on South Bimini known as Port Royale. For many years, South Bimini tourists were limited to boaters because there were few accommodations other than private homes.

Because Bimini is close to Miami, Florida, many American anglers go to the islands by boat to fish or to enjoy the local nightlife. Scuba diving and snorkeling are also popular activities, as there are many shipwrecks in the area, such as the wreck of the SS Sapona, which ran aground in 1926 during a hurricane. The top of the ship is exposed to the air while the bottom half is submerged.[6] Parts of the wreck were stripped over the years and some of the wood was used in the construction of the Compleat Angler Hotel and bar on North Bimini.[citation needed]


The first inhabitants on the island were the Lucayans, and the name Bimini means "two islands" or "the twins" in the Lucayan language.[7]

Bimini is home to several landmarks said to contain mystical properties of obscure origins. Much of the historical data about these places is speculative in nature, and experts in various fields have opined across the full spectrum of explanation. The most contentious of these sites is Bimini Road.

During the period of Prohibition in the United States, Bimini was a favorite haven and supply point for the rum-running trade. Some claim that the term "the real McCoy" was applied to the rum provided by William McCoy, who used Bimini to transport whiskey to the United States during the Prohibition, although the phrase pre-dates the Prohibition Era, first recorded in the U.S. in 1908[8] – and the phrase is the subject of numerous fanciful folk etymologies.

Chalk's International Airlines operated seaplane flights between Miami Harbor and the Bahamas from 1917, so the company was an island institution for generations. As goods on the island were expensive because of shipping costs, many locals used Chalk's flights to buy cheaper goods in Florida and take the goods to Bimini.[9]

A seaplane operated by Miami Airways ditched into the sea off the coast of Bimini on March 22, 1922. All five passengers subsequently drowned.[10] A Grumman Turbo Mallard of Flight 101 was en route to Bimini when it crashed on December 19, 2005, killing all 18 passengers and 2 crew; at least eleven of the passengers were Bimini residents.[11]

On January 13, 2006, one of the more famous establishments in Bimini, the Compleat Angler Hotel, was destroyed by fire. The bar is remembered for the photographs and memorabilia of Ernest Hemingway that lined its walls and were lost in the fire, which also took the life of owner Julian Brown.[12]

The final scene of the 1991 film The Silence of the Lambs was shot in Alice Town.[13] The movie's producers thanked the Bahamas Film Production Bureau as well as the district of Bimini in the end credits.[14]

The Fountain of Youth

Further information: Fountain of Youth

Bimini Island from space, June 1998
Bimini from space in 1984

Juan Ponce de León and his search for the Fountain of Youth included references to Bimini ("Beniny"). Arawak and/or Taíno spoke of a land called Beimini where the fountain could be found. Although the location was erroneously associated with the Bahamas, the natives referred to a location in the Gulf of Honduras.[15] Although de León's expedition brought him to Florida, the fountain was rumored to exist within the shallow pools of South Bimini. Today there is a small freshwater well with a plaque commemorating the Fountain of Youth, on the road leading to the South Bimini Airport.

Found within the brackish mangrove swamp that covers 6 kilometres (3+12 mi) of the shoreline of North Bimini is The Healing Hole, a pool that lies at the end of a network of winding tunnels. During outgoing tides, these channels pump cool, mineral-laden fresh water into the pool. Because this well was carved out of the limestone rock by ground water thousands of years ago it is especially high in calcium and magnesium.

Endemic species

Bimini is home to several unique, endemic and threatened species. The Bimini Boa (Epicrates striatus fosteri),[16] protected by Bahamian law, is the largest of the terrestrial reptiles on Bimini. The Bimini Ameiva (Ameiva auberi richmondi) is a very common, fast-moving lizard on the island. The smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) is one of the rarest fish in the world, sometimes listed as a critically endangered species by conservation groups.[17]

The Bimini Biological Field Station (BBFS) has captured and recorded 13 species of sharks in the shallow waters around Bimini. However, the number of sharks around the island is higher, considering the sharks of the deep waters off Bimini's western shores. Along with the species featured below, the BBFS has witnessed and recorded captures of shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus), bigeye thresher (Alopias superciliosus), spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias), and sixgill (Hexanchus sp.) sharks .

Bimini Biological Field Station (Shark Lab)

The Shark Lab is a world-famous facility owned and operated by shark biologist Dr. Samuel Gruber.[18] The Shark Lab offers internships in marine biology to people interested in shark research and the conservation of the ocean's ecosystems. Located on South Bimini Island, it has done much research regarding the lemon shark.[19]

Notable residents

Ernest Hemingway lived on Bimini from 1935 to 1937, staying at the Compleat Angler Hotel. He worked on To Have and Have Not and wrote a few articles, but mostly he fished aboard his boat Pilar, trolling the deep blue offshore waters for marlin, tuna and swordfish. Hemingway was attracted to Bimini by tales of the incredible fishing available in the Gulf Stream, the legendary “river” of warm water that rushes north past the Bahamas.[12] An Atlantic blue marlin with a mass of 500 pounds (230 kg) caught off Bimini allegedly inspired Hemingway to write The Old Man and the Sea and Islands in The Stream.[20]

While not a resident of the islands, Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. visited in 1964 and worked on his Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech while there.[21]

South Bimini was home to Colonel Joseph C. Mackey, the founder of Mackey Airlines, which was later bought by Eastern Airlines. He built a home on the southern tip of South Bimini. This structure would become the Sunshine Inn and is currently a bar and restaurant, though the hotel was damaged by a hurricane and was subsequently demolished.[22]

Among Port Royale's notable residents was Adam Clayton Powell Jr., who was excluded from the U.S. House of Representatives because of allegations that he misappropriated committee funds for personal use. He stayed in Bimini from January 1967 to April 1969 in self-imposed exile until the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the House had acted unconstitutionally when it excluded Powell, a duly elected member. In 1972, Powell died of cancer in Miami. Following his funeral in New York, his ashes were taken to Bimini and scattered in the waters surrounding the islands.[1]

There is rumor of the famed Chicano civil rights lawyer, Oscar Zeta Acosta, of Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas fame potentially meeting his end after returning from the island of Bimini to Key Biscayne in 1974 during a failed attempt to smuggle drugs. According to the story told to Hunter S. Thompson, upon their boat nearly reaching the shoreline of the southern tip Key Biscayne, Acosta and his companions were ambushed when they suddenly found themselves surrounded by bright lights from boats that "appeared out of nowhere". Gunfire erupted and one of Acosta's companions was immediately killed by being shot in the head. Acosta, acting quickly, floored the boat's throttle and plowed into and over one of the ambusher's boats and, upon making it to shore, he grabbed a small suitcase likely containing drugs and ran off inland into the island. It is worth noting that the veracity of this story was deemed questionable by Thompson, as he had heard it secondhand from the individual whose boat Acosta had borrowed for the smuggling attempt. This came to represent one of a number of possible Acosta sightings that Thompson had been told of, which he would term "buffalo sightings", from all around the world following Acosta's official disappearance in 1974 under suspicious circumstances.

In May 1987, Colorado Senator Gary Hart's presidential bid was derailed after media reports exposed a relationship with model Donna Rice.[23] A well known photo of Rice sitting on Hart's lap on one of Bimini's docks was published by the National Enquirer after Hart suspended his presidential campaign.[24]

Jody Weech, Miss Commonwealth Bahamas 1992, was from Bimini. She made the Top 10 in the Miss World contest in Sun City, South Africa. She received the title Miss World Caribbean.[citation needed]

Bimini Bay Resort controversy

In May 2008 marine conservationist Jean-Michel Cousteau criticized Bimini Bay Resort, now Resorts World Bimini by Hilton, calling it a "catastrophe" and announcing, "allowing Bimini Bay to continue with phase II would certainly strip this island paradise of its precious natural riches. Over time, visitors and residents alike will suffer the decline of economic, social and environmental prosperity."[25]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Census population and housing: 2022 Census" (PDF). Bahamas Gov. Retrieved 17 April 2023.
  2. ^ ReefNews Geography: Bimini, Retrieved December 1, 2013
  3. ^ Bimini Bahamas Attractions, Retrieved December 1, 2013
  4. ^ Bahamas Districts
  5. ^ Whittaker, Robert J.; Whittaker, School of Geography Robert J.; Fernandez-Palacios, José Maria (2007). Island Biogeography: Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation. OUP Oxford. p. 337. ISBN 978-0-19-856611-3.
  6. ^ The Sapona
  7. ^ Ahrens, Wolfgang P. (2015). "Naming the Bahamas Islands: History and Folk Etymology". Onomastica Canadiana. 94 (2): 101. ISSN 2816-7015.
  8. ^ "I took a good-size snort out of that big bottle [of furniture polish] in the middle...Have you none of the clear McCoy handy around the house?", The Mavens’ Word of the Day: real McCoy cites Dictionary of Americanisms, which gives the citation for this quote as Davenport, Butte Beneath X-Ray.
  9. ^ Lush, Tamara. "Crash of an Icon." Miami New Times. March 21, 2007. 2 Archived 2012-07-28 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on January 27, 2009.
  10. ^ "Five Died at Sea in 56-hour Drift on Disabled Plane", The New York Times, March 26, 1922, p. 1
  11. ^ "Crack found in doomed plane's wing." CNN. December 21, 2005. Retrieved on January 27, 2009.
  12. ^ a b Frommers Guides: Bimini-Fire Guts Hemingway's Favorite Bar
  13. ^ "Filming Locations for Jonathan Demme's Oscar-winning The Silence Of The Lambs (1991), in Pittsburgh, Virginia and Bimini in the Bahamas". The Worldwide Guide to Movie Locations. Retrieved 2021-09-29.
  14. ^ The Silence Of The Lambs, retrieved 2021-09-29
  15. ^ Peck, Douglas T. "Misconceptions and Myths Related to the Fountain of Youth and Juan Ponce de Leon's 1513 Exploration Voyage" (PDF). New World Explorers, Inc. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-09. Retrieved 2008-04-03.
  16. ^ Endangered Reptiles and Amphibians of the World - I. The Bimini Boa, Epicrates striatus fosteri
  17. ^ Reptiles of Bimini Archived 2010-07-06 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Bimini Biological Field Station Archived February 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ Newman, SP; Handy, RD; Gruber, SH (5 January 2010). "Diet and prey preference of juvenile lemon sharks Negaprion brevirostris". Marine Ecology Progress Series. 398: 221–234. Bibcode:2010MEPS..398..221N. doi:10.3354/meps08334.
  20. ^ By JERRY HULSE, Some insist it was here that Nobel prize- winning Papa Hemingway got the inspiration for his novel about "The Old Man and the Sea." : BIMINI:, May 05, 1985, Retrieved December 01, 2013
  21. ^ By Michael H. Cottman, A beach break in Bimini, January 7, 2013, Retrieved December 01, 2013
  22. ^ Warne, K. P. (2011). Let Them Eat Shrimp: The Tragic Disappearance of the Rainforests of the Sea. Island Press, 2011. ISBN 978-1597266833. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
  23. ^ Cramer, Richard Ben (1992). What It Takes. New York: Random House. pp. 455. ISBN 0-394-56260-7.
  24. ^ Cramer, Richard Ben (1992). What It Takes. New York: Random House. pp. 437. ISBN 0-394-56260-7.
  25. ^ The Nassau Guardian - Archived June 3, 2008, at the Wayback Machine

Further reading