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Kenya's national flag

The Black-red-green coalition (German: Schwarz-rot-grüne Koalition), also known as the Kenya coalition[1] (German: Kenia-Koalition) is a term in German politics describing a governing coalition among the parties of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Social Democratic Party (SPD) and the Green Party. The name comes from the traditional colours of the parties, with the CDU represented by black, the SPD by red, and the Greens by green. As these are also the colours of the Kenyan and Afghan flags, the names of these countries are sometimes applied to the arrangement, in the same manner as the black-yellow-green "Jamaica coalition".


The government formed following the 2016 Saxony-Anhalt state election was the first such black-red-green coalition government formation in Germany. Two more such coalitions were formed after the 2019 Brandenburg state election and 2019 Saxony state elections, which took place on the same day. In Brandenburg, the coalition is led by the SPD, while in Saxony, it is led by the CDU.

See also


  1. ^ Karnitschnig, Matthew; Nöstlinger, Nette (2021-09-03). Written at Berlin. "Germany's real choice on election day: Jamaica, Kenya or Mickey Mouse?". Politico. Brussels.