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Black Diamond Equipment
TypePublic company
NasdaqCLAR
IndustryClimbing and skiing equipment
FoundedDecember 1, 1989; 32 years ago (December 1, 1989)
HeadquartersHolladay, Utah, US
Key people
John Walbrecht, President
ParentClarus Corporation
Websiteblackdiamondequipment.com
Chouinard Equipment Company, Ventura, California, 1969. Left to right: Tom Frost, Dorene Frost, Tony Jessen, Dennis Henneck, Terry King, Yvon Chouinard, Merle, and Davey Agnew.
Chouinard Equipment Company, Ventura, California, 1969. Left to right: Tom Frost, Dorene Frost, Tony Jessen, Dennis Henneck, Terry King, Yvon Chouinard, Merle, and Davey Agnew.

Black Diamond Equipment is a manufacturer of equipment for climbing, skiing, and mountain sports, based in Utah, United States. The company also has a global office in Innsbruck, Austria. The company is owned by Clarus Corporation, which also owns Pieps, ClimbOn! Skincare, and Sierra Bullets.[1][2]

History

Black Diamond Equipment's history dates from the late 1950s, when climber Yvon Chouinard began hand-forging pitons and selling them from the trunk of his car in Yosemite Valley. Chouinard's pitons quickly gained a reputation for quality, and Chouinard Equipment was born soon after in Ventura, California.[3]

In early 1989, after several product-liability lawsuits and a continued lack of profitability, Yvon Chouinard placed the company in Chapter 11 bankruptcy.[4] Black Diamond was founded on December 1, 1989, when the assets of Chouinard Equipment Ltd. were purchased by a group of former company employees led by (now former CEO) Peter Metcalf, and a few outside investors. Metcalf moved the company and its 45 employees from Ventura, California to the Salt Lake City, Utah area in September 1991 to be closer to the climbing and skiing opportunities provided by the Wasatch Mountains.[5]

In 1996, Black Diamond Equipment Europe was established in Reinach, Switzerland, making Black Diamond products more widely available throughout Europe. In 2006, Black Diamond Equipment Asia was established in Zhuhai, China to serve as both a secondary manufacturing facility, as well as a global distribution hub. In May 2010, Black Diamond Equipment was acquired for $90 million by Clarus Corporation. The resulting corporation was renamed and is now publicly traded on the NASDAQ under the name CLAR.[6]

In 2015, Black Diamond announced they would be expanding their Utah manufacturing facility.[7] In 2016, they announced they would be moving their European headquarters from Reinach to Innsbruck in Austria.[8]

Products

Black Diamond Equipment design and manufacture products for climbing, skiing, and mountain sports. Climbing products include carabiners, quickdraws, harnesses, active and passive climbing protection, belay devices, helmets, ice tools and piolets, crampons, ice screws, bouldering pads, and big wall equipment. They also produce skiing and avalanche safety equipment. The company's mountain products include tents and shelters, lighting, trekking poles, and backpacks.

Over the years, Black Diamond has acquired and integrated several gear companies into its line, including Bibler tents (1997), Ascension climbing skins (1999), and Franklin climbing products (1998). In 2010, they acquired Gregory Mountain Products, a manufacturer of backpacks, but later sold it to luggage maker Samsonite in 2014.[9]

Notable Black Diamond products include spring-loaded camming devices called Camalot and Magnetron carabiners, auto-locking carabiners that use magnets in the gate, and a steel insert in the carabiner's nose for added security.[10]

As is common in safety-equipment industries, Black Diamond have issued many product recalls following safety concerns.[11]

Social justice and environmentalism

When the Instagram page of Black Diamond posted a black page in solidarity with anti–police violence protesters on June 5, 2020, in which Black Diamond pledged $250,000 to support access to the outdoors by athletes of color, the company acknowledged it was aware of "widespread concerns" about its "association" with Clarus Corporation chief executive Warren Kanders, who also leads Safariland, the company which manufactured the tear gas widely used against peaceful protesters.[12] Activists have called for a boycott of Black Diamond over these ties, which has been embraced by various climbing-related organizations.[13] Safariland announced the divestiture of its crowd control products divisions, including tear gas, on June 9, 2020.[14] The Clarus Corporation also faced criticism for a lack of diversity from pension fund giant CalPERS, who recommended in June 2020 that Clarus shareholders vote against re-electing executive chairman and largest shareholder Warren Kanders and two other board members.[15] CalPERS owns 52,000 shares[16] out of approximately 29,759,000 outstanding shares,[17] or 0.175 percent. On June 9, 2020, Warren Kanders and other board members were re-elected to the board of directors.[18]

Black Diamond's parent the Clarus Corporation also owns ammunition company Sierra Bullets. In 2018, the company monitored discussions regarding the role of guns in the outdoor industry for boycotts.[19]

Former[20] Black Diamond CEO Peter Metcalf had a history of political advocacy for both the outdoor industry and the public lands of Utah, and united with other outdoor companies against policies that threaten public lands and outdoor recreation.[21][22]

Black Diamond says that they recycle as much waste as possible, make substantial use of wind and solar power, and support environmental non-profit bodies.[23]

See also

References

  1. ^ Mike Gorell (May 10, 2010). "Utah's Black Diamond Equipment sold for $90 million". Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
  2. ^ "Black Diamond Completes Sale of POC to Investcorp for $65 Million". August 10, 2015.
  3. ^ "Company History: Beginnings and Blacksmithery". Patagonia. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  4. ^ "Suits Force Mountain Gear Firm to File for Bankruptcy". Los Angeles Times. May 11, 1989. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  5. ^ Peter Metcalf (April 1, 1995). "Lessons Learned". Inc Magazine. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
  6. ^ Black Diamond (August 10, 2017). "Press Release: Black Diamond, Inc. to Change Name to Clarus Corporation". Clarus Corporation. Retrieved June 4, 2020.
  7. ^ "Black Diamond is Here to Stay". Utah Policy. February 16, 2015. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  8. ^ Black Diamond (January 14, 2016). "Black Diamond Equipment Relocates European Headquarters and Appoints Tim Bantle to Managing Director". Yahoo Finance. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  9. ^ "Black Diamond sells Gregory to Samsonite". SNews. June 19, 2014. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  10. ^ David Crothers (July 13, 2011). "New Magnetron Carabiner Technology from Black Diamond". Climberism Magazine. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  11. ^ "Product recalls". Black Diamond. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
  12. ^ "Maker of tear gas used on D.C. protesters gets millions from federal government". CBS News. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
  13. ^ "Boycott Black Diamond". Retrieved June 22, 2020.
  14. ^ Pogrebin, Robin (June 9, 2020). "Warren Kanders Says He Is Getting Out of the Tear Gas Business". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  15. ^ "Maker of tear gas used on Washington, D.C., protesters will exit business". CBS News. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
  16. ^ "Key Decisions". CalPERS. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  17. ^ www.sec.gov https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/913277/000110465920059571/tm2014674d1_10q.htm. Retrieved June 26, 2020. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ www.sec.gov https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/913277/000110465920071382/m2022056d1_8k.htm. Retrieved June 26, 2020. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ "Guns and the outdoor industry: Where do we go from here?". SNEWS. Retrieved June 4, 2020.
  20. ^ Lauren Steele (August 14, 2014). "Black Diamond President Peter Metcalf Steps Down". Outside magazine. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  21. ^ "2003 Golden Piton Awards - Service". Climbing. March 31, 2004. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  22. ^ Michael Frank (August 7, 2012). "Black Diamond CEO Fights for Utah Environment — Against Utah Politicians". Adventure Journal. Archived from the original on March 10, 2016. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  23. ^ "Sustainability". Black Diamond. Retrieved March 5, 2016.