|• Type||Mayor-council government|
|• Mayor||Rich Hansen|
|• Total||5.53 sq mi (14.31 km2)|
|• Land||5.51 sq mi (14.27 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)|
|Elevation||1,070 ft (326 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,432.56/sq mi (553.08/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0827479|
Blair is a city in and the county seat of Washington County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 7,990 at the 2010 census.
Blair was platted in 1869 when the Sioux City and Pacific Railroad was extended to that point. It was named for railroad magnate John Insley Blair, who was credited with bringing the railroad to town. Blair was incorporated as a city in 1872. Within its first year, Blair was designated county seat.
In March 1869, a small child playing on a railroad turntable in town was injured on the turntable. The father sued the railway for damages, leading all the way up to the Supreme Court of the United States in the 1873 case Sioux City & Pacific Railroad Co. v. Stout.
In 1874, during the Panic of 1873, a grasshopper storm enveloped the region. Many Nebraskans were faced with starvation. An organization, the Nebraska Relief and Aid Society was formed in order to help affected persons. A law was passed by congress awarding $100,000 relief, and many Blair citizens were awarded money. Both the newspapers and the railroads in the region helped transport supplies free of charge. Both the Nebraska State Guard and the United States Army helped distribute food and clothing.
In September 1882, construction of the Chicago and Northwestern Bridge across the Missouri River began. The bridge was authorized by an Act of Congress on June 27, 1882. The total cost of the bridge was $1.13 Million (nearly $30 Million in 2019). By November 1883, the bridge was finally open for rail traffic.
In 1916, Blair was awarded a $10,000 grant to build a Carnegie Library. Unfortunately, an electrical fire occurred on the night of July 23, 1973, and the historic library was deemed a total loss.
Blair is located at(41.545562, -96.134383). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.51 square miles (14.27 km2), of which 5.49 square miles (14.22 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.
Blair is located in the Loess Hills, surrounded on all sides by rolling hills and the Missouri river valley.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Blair is a part of the Omaha-Council Bluffs Metropolitan Statistical Area.
At the 2010 census there were 7,990 people, 3,110 households, and 2,005 families living in the city. The population density was 1,455.4 inhabitants per square mile (561.9/km2). There were 3,351 housing units at an average density of 610.4 per square mile (235.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.4% White, 0.8% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9%.
Of the 3,110 households 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.5% were non-families. 30.3% of households were one person and 13.4% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.01.
The median age was 36 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.9% were from 25 to 44; 24.3% were from 45 to 64; and 15.3% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.
At the 2000 census, there were 7,512 people, 2,871 households, and 1,891 families living in the city. The population density was 1,617.3 people per square mile (625.1/km2). There were 3,033 housing units at an average density of 653.0 per square mile (252.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.43% White, 0.44% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.27% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.34% of the population.
Of the 2,871 households 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.1% were non-families. 29.1% of households were one person and 14.4% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.02.
The age distribution was 24.9% under the age of 18, 13.8% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.
The median household income was $41,214, and the median family income was $52,114. Males had a median income of $36,839 versus $25,452 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,240. About 6.2% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.
Blair is served by the local weekly newspaper Pilot-Tribune & Enterprise. Blair is also served by Walnut Radio Station 97.3 KOBM-FM and FM 94.7 KYTF-LP Blair Radio.
It is a part of the Blair Community Schools which operates Blair High School.
Blair was home to the now defunct Dana College (1884 to 2010).