Blandings Castle is a recurring fictional location in the stories of British comic writer P. G. Wodehouse, being the seat of Lord Emsworth (Clarence Threepwood, 9th Earl of Emsworth), home to many of his family and the setting for numerous tales and adventures. The stories were written between 1915 and 1975.

The series of stories taking place at the castle, in its environs and involving its denizens have come to be known as the "Blandings books", or, in a phrase used by Wodehouse in his preface to the 1969 reprint of the first book, "the Blandings Castle Saga".[1]

In a radio broadcast on 15 July 1961, Evelyn Waugh said: "The gardens of Blandings Castle are that original garden from which we are all exiled."[2]

The Castle

Blandings Castle, lying in the picturesque Vale of Blandings, Shropshire, England, is 2 mi (3.2 km) from the town of Market Blandings, home to at least nine pubs, most notably the Emsworth Arms.

The tiny hamlet of Blandings Parva lies directly outside the castle gates and the town of Much Matchingham, home to Matchingham Hall, the residence of Sir Gregory Parsloe-Parsloe, is also nearby.

The castle is a noble pile, of Early Tudor building ("its history is recorded in England's history books and Viollet-le-Duc has written of its architecture", according to Something Fresh). One of England's largest stately homes, it dominates the surrounding country, standing on a knoll of rising ground at the southern end of the celebrated Vale of Blandings; the Severn gleams in the distance. From its noble battlements, the Wrekin can be seen.

The famous moss-carpeted Yew Alley (subject to the devious gravelling schemes of Angus McAllister) leads to a small wood with a rough gamekeeper's cottage, which Psmith made use of, not to write poetry as he at first claimed, but to stash stolen jewellery. Another gamekeeper's cottage, in the West Wood, makes a pleasant home for the Empress of Blandings for a spell. The rose garden is another famous beauty spot, ideal for courting lovers. There is a lake, where Lord Emsworth often takes a brisk swim in the mornings.

The house has numerous guest rooms, many of which have not been used since Queen Elizabeth roamed the country. Of those still in use, the Garden Room is the finest, usually given to the most prestigious guest; it has a balcony outside its French windows, which can be easily accessed via a handy drainpipe.

The main library has a smaller library leading off it, and windows overlooking some flowerbeds; it is here that Lord Emsworth is often to be found on wet days, his nose deep in an improving tome of country lore, his favourite being Whiffle on The Care of the Pig.

Possible locations

There have been a number of attempts to locate and identify the possible locations of Blandings:

Residents and guests

The family

Main article: List of P. G. Wodehouse characters § Threepwood family

The master of Blandings is, nominally at least, Lord Emsworth. Clarence, the ninth Earl, is an amiably absent-minded old chap, who is charming because of his slow, relaxed lifestyle and the simple obsessions that make him oblivious to the absurd melodrama of his family, namely his home, gardens, pumpkins, and his champion pig, Empress of Blandings. He is never happier than when pottering about the grounds on a fine sunny day.

Lord Emsworth's ten sisters (all of whom look like the "daughter of a hundred earls", except for Hermione, who looks like a cook), his brother Galahad ("Gally"), his daughter Mildred, his sons Freddie and George, and his numerous nieces, nephews, and in-laws inhabit the castle from time to time. For the Threepwood family, and their friends, the castle is forever available for indefinite residence, and is occasionally used as a temporary prison—known as "Devil's Island" or "The Bastille"—for love-struck young men and ladies to calm down.

Emsworth's sister Ann plays the role of châtelaine when we first visit the Castle, in Something Fresh. Following her reign, Lady Constance Keeble acts as châtelaine until she marries American millionaire James Schoonmaker.

Lady Julia Fish is "the iron hand beneath the leather glove", whose son Ronald Fish ("Ronnie") marries a chorus girl named Sue Brown, who is the daughter of the only woman whom Gally ever loved—Dolly Henderson, though Gally insists Sue is not Ronnie's cousin.

The other sisters are: Charlotte, Dora, Florence, Georgiana, Jane, and Diana, the only one that Gally likes (Sunset at Blandings). They have a third brother, who has died, called Lancelot.

The staff

Blandings's ever-present butler is Sebastian Beach, with eighteen years service at the castle under his ample belt, and its other domestic servants have at various times included Mrs Twemlow the housekeeper, an under-butler named Merridew, and a number of footmen, such as Charles, Thomas, Stokes, James and Alfred. The chauffeurs Slingsby and Alfred Voules drive the castle's stately Hispano-Suiza, or, in an emergency, the Albatross or the Antelope (Summer Lightning). Scottish head gardeners Thorne and Angus McAllister have tended the grounds, while George Cyril Wellbeloved, James Pirbright and the Amazonian Monica Simmons have each in turn taken care of Lord Emsworth's beloved prize pig, Empress of Blandings.

Emsworth has employed a series of secretaries, most notable among them Rupert Baxter, the highly efficient young man who never seems to be able to keep away from Blandings, despite Lord Emsworth's increasingly low opinion of his sanity. He was succeeded in the post by Ronald Psmith, and later by the likes of Hugo Carmody and Monty Bodkin. The castle's splendid library was catalogued, for the first time since 1885, by Eve Halliday.

Notable visitors

Many people pass through the doors of Blandings, including guests and friends of the family, prospective additions to the family, temporary staff, pig-lovers, day-trippers, detectives, crooks and of course impostors galore. Among the most distinguished are the grumpy Duke of Dunstable; leading brain-specialist Sir Roderick Glossop; publishing magnate Lord Tilbury; the fifth Earl of Ickenham, known to all as Uncle Fred; and Percy Pilbeam, head of the Argus Enquiry Agency employed to locate the lost pig and recover Gally's manuscript of his memoirs.

Books

Blandings Castle serves as the setting for eleven novels and nine short stories.

Wodehouse worked on Sunset at Blandings until his death, writing even in his hospital bed. It was unfinished and untitled when he died, and was subsequently edited (by Richard Usborne) and released in its incomplete form with extensive notes on the content.

All nine Blandings short stories were collected together in one volume entitled Lord Emsworth Acts for the Best in 1992.

The Folio Society published a six volume set The Best of Blandings consisting of Summer Lightning, Heavy Weather, Uncle Fred in the Springtime, Full Moon, Pigs Have Wings, and Service with a Smile.

Adaptations

Television

Film

Stage

Radio

Literature

See also

References

Sources consulted (main article)
Sources consulted (locations)
Endnotes
  1. ^ Wodehouse, P. G. (1969). "Preface [new since the 1969 edition]". Something Fresh. Something Fresh was the first of what I might call – in fact, I will call – the Blandings Castle Saga.
  2. ^ Waugh, Evelyn (16 July 1961). "Text of broadcast over Home Service of BBC". Sunday Times. [reprinted as"An Act of Homage and Reparation" in The Essays, Articles and Reviews of Evelyn Waugh, ed Donat Gallagher, Methuen, 1983]
  3. ^ Wodehouse, Pelham Grenville; appendices by Richard Usborne; ill. by Ionicus (1977). Sunset at Blandings. London: Chatto & Windus. p. 195. ISBN 0701122374.
  4. ^ Murphy 1999, op. cit.
  5. ^ Kirby 2003, op. cit.
  6. ^ Tibbetts 2003, op. cit.
  7. ^ The World of Wodehouse: Series 1: "Blandings Castle" lostshows.com
  8. ^ Taves (2006), pp. 182, 187.
  9. ^ "Thank You, P.G.Wodehouse (1981)". BFI. British Film Institute. 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  10. ^ Brown, Maggie (December 29, 2012). "BBC looks to steal Downton ratings with two helpings of PG Wodehouse". The Observer. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
  11. ^ Taves (2006), p. 168.
  12. ^ McIlvaine (1990), p. 140, C12, and p. 306, J46.
  13. ^ "London Lyric Theatre — Oh, Clarence! Programme". Theatre Memorabilia UK. 2019. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  14. ^ "Something Fresh: Episode 1". BBC Radio 4. BBC. 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  15. ^ "Summer Lightning: Episode 1". BBC Radio 4. BBC. 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  16. ^ "Uncle Fred in the Springtime: Episode 1". BBC Radio 4. BBC. 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Leave it to Psmith: 1. Poets at Blandings". BBC Radio 4. BBC. 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Lord Emsworth's Annotated Whiffle: The Care of the Pig". Amazon. 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  19. ^ "Lord Emsworth's Annotated Whiffle: The Care of the Pig by Augustus Whiffle". Goodreads. 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  20. ^ "The Reminiscences of the Hon. Galahad Threepwood by N.T.P. Murphy". Goodreads. 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  21. ^ Puhl, Gayle Lange (2015). "The Case of the Starving Swine". Sherlock Holmes and the Folk Tale Mysteries - Volume 1. London: MX Publishing. ISBN 978-1780928036.
Adaptations
Locations