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A blowing agent is a substance which is capable of producing a cellular structure via a foaming process in a variety of materials that undergo hardening or phase transition, such as polymers, plastics, and metals.[1] They are typically applied when the blown material is in a liquid stage. The cellular structure in a matrix reduces density, increasing thermal and acoustic insulation, while increasing relative stiffness of the original polymer.

Blowing agents (also known as 'pneumatogens') or related mechanisms to create holes in a matrix producing cellular materials, have been classified as follows:


  1. ^ Wypych, George (2017). Handbook of foaming and blowing agents. Toronto. ISBN 978-1-927885-18-5. OCLC 963394095.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  2. ^ Banhart, John (2000). "Manufacturing Routes for Metallic Foams". JOM. Minerals, Metals & Materials Society. 52 (12): 22–27. Bibcode:2000JOM....52l..22B. doi:10.1007/s11837-000-0062-8. S2CID 137735453. Retrieved 2012-01-20.
  3. ^ "CarDio CO2 Technology Leaps Forward". Archived from the original on 2006-05-07. Retrieved 2012-01-20.