Bois Blanc Township, Michigan
Nickname(s): 
Boblo[1]
Location within Mackinac County
Location within Mackinac County
Bois Blanc Township is located in Michigan
Bois Blanc Township
Bois Blanc Township
Location within the state of Michigan
Bois Blanc Township is located in the United States
Bois Blanc Township
Bois Blanc Township
Bois Blanc Township (the United States)
Coordinates: 45°45′30″N 84°27′54″W / 45.75833°N 84.46500°W / 45.75833; -84.46500Coordinates: 45°45′30″N 84°27′54″W / 45.75833°N 84.46500°W / 45.75833; -84.46500
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountyMackinac
Established1895
Government
 • SupervisorBrent Sharpe
 • ClerkDiane Akright
Area
 • Total48.72 sq mi (126.18 km2)
 • Land35.11 sq mi (90.93 km2)
 • Water13.61 sq mi (35.25 km2)
Elevation
607 ft (185 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total95
 • Density2.71/sq mi (1.05/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
49775 (Pointe Aux Pins)
Area code(s)231
FIPS code26-09500[2]
GNIS feature ID1625960[3]
WebsiteOfficial website

Bois Blanc Township is a civil township of Mackinac County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 95. The township occupies Bois Blanc Island, as well as some smaller outlying islands within Lake Huron. The nearby Round Island is administered by the city of Mackinac Island.

The township is served by Bois Blanc Pines School District, which is the smallest school district in terms of enrollment in the state of Michigan and among the nation. The district had an enrollment of four students for the 2021–22 school year.[4]

Communities

History

See also: History of Northern Michigan

"Bois Blanc" is French for "white wood".[9] The name is commonly thought to be a reference to either: (a) the paper birch, or more likely (b) the basswood, called "bois blanc" in other contexts.[10] The basswood's white underbark was extensively used by Native Americans and French-speaking fur traders for cordage, including the sewing up of canoes and the manufacture of webbing for snowshoes.

Bois Blanc was ceded by the local Anishinaabe (Chippewa) to the U.S. federal government with the Treaty of Greenville in 1795.[11] After extensive use as a source of kilned lime and firewood for Mackinac Island and other local frontier settlements, Bois Blanc was settled in the late 1800s as a summer resort community. The Bois Blanc Light lighthouse (1867) survives on the northern shore of the island; it is no longer in service as a lighthouse and is not open to the public.

Transportation

There sparsely populated township contains no paved roads. A maintained county road extends from the island's northeast corner to the far western tip. There are numerous unmaintained roads and trails. Commercial access to the island is provided by ferry connections with Cheboygan through a dock at Pointe aux Pins. The township is also served by a paved airstrip, Bois Blanc Island Airport, in the interior of the island with facilities for private planes.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 48.72 square miles (126.18 km2), of which 35.11 square miles (90.93 km2) is land and 13.61 square miles (35.25 km2) (27.94%) is water.

The township consists of Bois Blanc Island in Lake Huron. Bois Blanc Island is southeast of Mackinac Island and due north of Cheboygan. Round Island is a smaller uninhabited island between Bois Blanc and Mackinac Island and is part of the Hiawatha National Forest. That island is administered by the city of Mackinac Island. Bois Blanc Township is one of only seven municipalities in the state of Michigan to consist entirely of islands, including Grosse Ile Township, Drummond Township, St. James Township, Mackinac Island, Peaine Township, and Sugar Island Township.

The township should not be confused with the Canadian Bois Blanc Island, which is part of Essex County, Ontario much further south in the Detroit River. That island is also nicknamed "Boblo."

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900225
1910219−2.7%
192068−68.9%
19307611.8%
1940805.3%
195042−47.5%
1960457.1%
197028−37.8%
198062121.4%
199059−4.8%
20007120.3%
20109533.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 71 people, 42 households, and 17 families residing in the township. The population density was 2.0 per square mile (0.8/km2). There were 420 housing units at an average density of 11.9 per square mile (4.6/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 100.00% White. However, about 2,000 people visit the island. Only about 71 people stay year-round.

There were 42 households, out of which 7.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.7% were married couples living together, 2.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 59.5% were non-families. 47.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.69 and the average family size was 2.41.

In the township the population was spread out, with 7.0% under the age of 18, 2.8% from 18 to 24, 11.3% from 25 to 44, 56.3% from 45 to 64, and 22.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 57 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.3 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $40,833, and the median income for a family was $46,250. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $0 for females. The per capita income for the township was $27,131. There were no families and 3.8% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 14.3% of those over 64.

References

  1. ^ Bois Blanc Township (2019). "Bois Blanc Township". Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bois Blanc Township, Michigan
  4. ^ Public School Review (2021). "Bois Blanc Pines School: Overview". Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Point Aux Pins, Michigan
  6. ^ Romig, Walter (1986) [1973]. Michigan Place Names. Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1838-X.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Pointe Aux Pins Post Office (historical)
  8. ^ "The United States Postal Service (U.S. Postal Service)". USPS. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
  9. ^ "Linguee". Linguee French-English Dictionary. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  10. ^ McAfee, Chris. "A Brief History of Bois Blanc Island". Bois Blanc Island Community Foundation. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  11. ^ "Bois Blanc Island". The Michigan Historical Marker Web Site. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.