Bolivar, Tennessee
Bolivar Town Square
Bolivar Town Square
Location of Bolivar in Hardeman County, Tennessee.
Location of Bolivar in Hardeman County, Tennessee.
Coordinates: 35°16′N 89°0′W / 35.267°N 89.000°W / 35.267; -89.000
CountryUnited States
StateTennessee
CountyHardeman
Government
 • MayorJulian A. McTizic Sr.
Area
 • Total8.12 sq mi (21.04 km2)
 • Land8.11 sq mi (21.01 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
446 ft (136 m)
Population
 • Total5,205
 • Density641.48/sq mi (247.69/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
38008, 38074
Area code731
FIPS code47-07180[3]
GNIS feature ID1269372[4]
Websitewww.cityofbolivar.com

Bolivar is a city in and the county seat of Hardeman County, Tennessee, United States.[5] The town was named for South American revolutionary leader Simón Bolívar.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 5,417.[7]

Bolivar is served by the county-owned William L. Whitehurst Field airport.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.5 square miles (22 km2), of which 8.5 square miles (22 km2) is land and 0.12% is water.

Sights

The area is home to several historic properties and historic districts among the National Register of Historic Places listings in Hardeman County, Tennessee including Bolivar Court Square Historic District, Western State Hospital Historic District, North Main Street Historic District, and the Bills-McNeal Historic District.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1850626
18601,21393.8%
1870889−26.7%
18801,04317.3%
18901,1005.5%
19001,035−5.9%
19101,0764.0%
19201,031−4.2%
19301,21718.0%
19401,3148.0%
19502,42984.9%
19603,33837.4%
19706,67499.9%
19806,597−1.2%
19905,969−9.5%
20005,802−2.8%
20105,417−6.6%
20205,205−3.9%
Sources:[8][9][2]

2020

Bolivar city, Tennessee – Racial and ethnic composition
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity (NH = Non-Hispanic) Pop 2000[10] Pop 2010[11] Pop 2020[12] % 2000 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 2,439 1,907 1,606 42.04% 35.20% 30.85%
Black or African American alone (NH) 3,264 3,315 3,303 56.26% 61.20% 63.46%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 4 10 5 0.07% 0.18% 0.10%
Asian alone (NH) 25 55 40 0.43% 1.02% 0.77%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 1 0 3 0.02% 0.00% 0.06%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 1 9 15 0.02% 0.17% 0.29%
Mixed Race or Multi-Racial (NH) 33 48 138 0.57% 0.89% 2.65%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 35 73 95 0.60% 1.35% 1.83%
Total 5,802 5,417 5,205 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 5,205 people, 2,224 households, and 1,183 families residing in the city.

2000 census

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 5,802 people, 2,161 households, and 1,462 families residing in the city. The population density was 684.4 inhabitants per square mile (264.2/km2). There were 2,352 housing units at an average density of 277.4 per square mile (107.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 56.39% African American, 42.33% White, 0.50% Asian, 0.07% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from two or more races, and 0.07% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.60% of the population.

Maxwell's Big Star sign, Luez Theater in the background

There were 2,161 households, out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 24.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,651, and the median income for a family was $35,298. Males had a median income of $30,442 versus $21,544 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,973. About 19.5% of families and 23.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 28.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bolivar has a Humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[13]

Climate data for Bolivar Water Works, Tennessee (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1894–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 80
(27)
85
(29)
91
(33)
92
(33)
99
(37)
106
(41)
109
(43)
109
(43)
103
(39)
97
(36)
87
(31)
81
(27)
109
(43)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 69.7
(20.9)
72.9
(22.7)
80.2
(26.8)
85.3
(29.6)
88.7
(31.5)
93.6
(34.2)
96.1
(35.6)
96.4
(35.8)
92.9
(33.8)
86.5
(30.3)
78.3
(25.7)
70.2
(21.2)
97.6
(36.4)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 49.0
(9.4)
53.5
(11.9)
62.3
(16.8)
71.9
(22.2)
79.1
(26.2)
86.4
(30.2)
89.5
(31.9)
89.1
(31.7)
83.6
(28.7)
73.3
(22.9)
61.3
(16.3)
51.7
(10.9)
70.9
(21.6)
Daily mean °F (°C) 38.5
(3.6)
42.3
(5.7)
50.5
(10.3)
59.7
(15.4)
68.1
(20.1)
75.8
(24.3)
79.3
(26.3)
78.2
(25.7)
71.6
(22.0)
60.4
(15.8)
49.1
(9.5)
41.4
(5.2)
59.6
(15.3)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 28.1
(−2.2)
31.1
(−0.5)
38.7
(3.7)
47.6
(8.7)
57.1
(13.9)
65.3
(18.5)
69.0
(20.6)
67.2
(19.6)
59.6
(15.3)
47.5
(8.6)
37.0
(2.8)
31.1
(−0.5)
48.3
(9.1)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 11.7
(−11.3)
16.5
(−8.6)
22.8
(−5.1)
32.1
(0.1)
42.6
(5.9)
54.2
(12.3)
60.3
(15.7)
58.0
(14.4)
45.3
(7.4)
32.6
(0.3)
22.5
(−5.3)
17.1
(−8.3)
9.6
(−12.4)
Record low °F (°C) −14
(−26)
−18
(−28)
6
(−14)
24
(−4)
29
(−2)
40
(4)
49
(9)
42
(6)
28
(−2)
20
(−7)
2
(−17)
−7
(−22)
−18
(−28)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.26
(108)
4.95
(126)
5.86
(149)
5.61
(142)
5.33
(135)
4.71
(120)
4.39
(112)
3.46
(88)
3.90
(99)
3.95
(100)
4.25
(108)
5.47
(139)
56.14
(1,426)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.5
(1.3)
0.6
(1.5)
0.4
(1.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
1.7
(4.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.8 9.9 11.6 10.1 11.2 8.9 9.7 8.5 7.0 7.7 9.0 11.3 115.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.3
Source: NOAA[14][15]

See also

References

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ Kenny, Hamill (1945). West Virginia Place Names: Their Origin and Meaning, Including the Nomenclature of the Streams and Mountains. Piedmont, WV: The Place Name Press. p. 123.
  7. ^ Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development, Certified Population of Tennessee Incorporated Municipalities and Counties Archived June 30, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, State of Tennessee official website, July 14, 2011. Retrieved: December 6, 2013.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
  9. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 11, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
  10. ^ "P004 Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2000: DEC Summary File 1 – Bolivar city, Tennessee". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ "P2 Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Bolivar city, Tennessee". United States Census Bureau.
  12. ^ "P2 Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Bolivar city, Tennessee". United States Census Bureau.
  13. ^ Climate Summary for Bolivar, Tennessee
  14. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 25, 2021.
  15. ^ "Station: Bolivar WTR WKS, TN". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 25, 2021.

35°15′48″N 89°00′20″W / 35.2633°N 89.0055°W / 35.2633; -89.0055