Bolshevik Island
Native name:
о́стров Большеви́к
Bolshevik Island, Russia
Bolshevik Island
Bolshevik Island in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia
Coordinates78°37′48″N 102°28′50″E / 78.630006°N 102.480469°E / 78.630006; 102.480469
ArchipelagoSevernaya Zemlya
Area11,270 km2 (4,350 sq mi)[1]
Area rank66th[1]
Highest elevation935 m (3068 ft)
Highest pointunnamed

Bolshevik Island (Russian: о́стров Большеви́к, pronounced [ˈostrəf bəlʲʂɨˈvʲik]) is an island in Severnaya Zemlya, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russian Arctic. The island is named after the political faction of the same name.


The island, together with the eastern coast of what was named Emperor Nicholas II Land, was discovered by Boris Vilkitsky at the time of the 1913 Arctic Ocean Hydrographic Expedition. Its insularity, however, wasn't proven until 1931, when Georgy Ushakov and Nikolay Urvantsev charted the archipelago during their 1930–32 expedition.[2]

Prima Polar Station,[3] currently the only Polar station operating in Severnaya Zemlya, is located in this island near Cape Baranov.[4]


It is the southernmost island and the second largest island in the group. The area of this island has been estimated at 11,270 km2 (4,350 sq mi).[1] The island is mountainous reaching a height of 935 m. About 31% of Bolshevik Island, totaling over 3,300 km2 (1,300 sq mi), is covered by glaciers, the largest are Leningrad Glacier, Semyonov-Tyan-Shansky Glacier, Kropotkin Glacier, Mushketov Glacier and Aerosyomki Glacier. Most of these ice formations do not reach the sea, ending in moraines in valleys or coastal plains having a sparse vegetation of moss and lichen.[5]

Parts of the shore of the island are deeply indented, with Mikoyan Bay in the northopening to the Shokalsky Strait, as well as fjords such as Akhmatov Fjord, Thaelmann Fjord, Spartak Fjord and Partizan Fjord. Cape Unslicht (Mys Peschanyy) is the northernmost point of Bolshevik Island[6] and Cape Neupokoyev at the SW end the southernmost.[7] Ostrov Tash is a small island located on Bolshevik's southern shore. Lavrov Island and Blizky Island are located off the NE shore and Ostrov Lishniy off its northern tip.

The group formed by the smaller Maly Taymyr and Starokadomsky islands is located further offshore off the southeastern end.

Image gallery

Weather conditions

The weather on the island is extremely cold; the annual average temperature is −16 °C (3 °F).[5]

See also


  1. ^ a b c McCoy, John F. (ed.) (2002) Geo-Data: The World Geographical Encyclopedia Thomson-Gale
  2. ^ Barr, William (1975). "Severnaya Zemlya: the last major discovery". Geographical Journal. 141 (1): 59–71. JSTOR 1796946.
  3. ^ Фотогалерея: 2004 - "Полярное Кольцо" - Местонахождение: 17 мая, Северная Земля, о.Большевик, м.Баранова, п/ст Примах
  4. ^ "Bird Observations in Severnaya Zemlya, Siberia" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2022-08-10. Retrieved 2016-12-26.
  5. ^ a b ""Severnaya Zemlya"". Archived from the original on 2010-12-23. Retrieved 2009-03-14.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link) (translated as "North Land). Accessed May 2011
  6. ^ "Mys Peschanyy". Mapcarta. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Mys Neupokoyeva". Mapcarta. Retrieved 29 November 2016.