Borgohain (Ahom language: Chao Thao Lung) was the second of the two original counselors in the Ahom kingdom. He was selected by the Ahom king from members of the Ahom nobility (Satgharia Ahom), who vowed not to fight for the position of Ahom kingship, rather act as a guide to the Ahom king in matters of administering his province in an efficient manner (King Maker).The other original counsellor is the Burhagohain. Both the positions existed from the time of the first Ahom king, Sukaphaa. After the first major expansion of the Ahom kingdom, the Sadiya province was initially given to the Borgohain to administer.[1] But later in the year 1527, he was replaced by King-lun Buragohain who was made Thao-mung Bo-ngen (Sadiyakhowa Gohain).[2] After that, he was given the region south of the Dikhou river to Kaliabor on the south bank. In later times, he administered the region east of Burai on the north bank,[3] as Borbarua was given the charge of territories between Sadiya province to Kaliabor.[4]

List of Borgohains

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  1. ^ (Bhuyan 1964:68) "Borgohain and Buragohain were given the charge of Sadiya and Dihing province respectively."
  2. ^ (Barua 1939:61) "Shenlung King-lun was made Thao-mung Bo-ngen (Sadiya-khowa Gohain) in Lakni Rungrao 1527 and offered the rule between the source of Lohit and Kangkham."
  3. ^ (Gogoi 2002:42) "The Buragohain ruled over the territory extending from Sadiya in the east to river Gerelua in the west on the north bank of the Brahmaputra river."
  4. ^ (Gogoi 2002:43) "The Borbarua was the chief executive officer of the state exercising his power from Sadiya to Koliabor in Upper Assam."


  • Gait, Sir Edward Albert (1963). A History of Assam. Thacker, Spink.
  • Bhuyan, Surya Kumar (1964). Satsari Buranji(2nd ed.) (in Assamese).
  • Gogoi, Jahnabi (2002). Agragian system of Medieval Assam. ISBN 9788170229674.
  • Barua, G.C. (1939). Ahom Buranji.