Borjomi Municipality
ბორჯომის მუნიციპალიტეტი
Borjomi mountains
Flag of Borjomi Municipality
Official seal of Borjomi Municipality
GEO-SJ-BJ.svg
Country Georgia
MkhareSamtskhe-Javakheti
CapitalBorjomi
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyBorjomi Municipal Assembly
 • MayorOtar Arbolishvili (GD)
Area
 • Total1,189 km2 (459 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total24,998
 • Density21/km2 (54/sq mi)
Population by ethnicity[2]
 • Georgians87.2  %
 • Armenians8.6 %
 • Ossetians1.3  %
 • Greeks1.2 %
 • Russians1.1 %
Time zoneUTC+4 (Georgian Time)
Websitehttps://borjomi.gov.ge/

Borjomi (Georgian: ბორჯომის მუნიციპალიტეტი, Borjomis munitsip’alit’et’i) is a municipality in southern Georgia, in the region of Samtskhe-Javakheti with a population of 24,998 (2021[1]). Its main town and administrative center is Borjomi and it has an area of 1,189 km2 (459 sq mi). Borjomi municipality is located on the territory of the historical Tori.

Geography and climate

street in Borjomi
street in Borjomi
Likani Palace
Timotesubani Monastery
Bakuriani

Borjomi municipality borders Akhaltsikhe in the southwest, Aspindza and Akhalkalaki in the south, Tsalka in the east, Kharagauli, Khashuri, Kareli Municipality and Gori Municipality in the north. The municipality consists in large part of subranges of the Lesser Caucasus mountains, the western end of the Trialeti Range and the eastern end of the Meskheti Range which are separated by the Borjomi Gorge through which the Mtkvari river flows.

Within the municipality, there are branches of the Trialeti Range - the Gvirgvini range and Tsikhisdzhvari, the peaks of which reach 2000-2850 meters above sea level. Between the main ridge of the Trialeti Range and the Gvirgvini subrange the Tory basin is located. The municipality is lying on both sides of the Mtkvari River. From the right side merges the Bordjomula and Gujaretistskali. Rivers are used for both irrigation and energy purposes. There are many lakes in Borjomi. Among them, Tabatskuri and Kahisi, in addition to beauty, are also rich in precious fish. The region has many mineral springs, which are its main fossil wealth. The municipality of Borjomi is located at the transition place between continental subtropics and marine subtropics with a transitional climate with cold winters and long summers. The average annual temperature in January is -3 - -6 ° C; and in August 14-18 ° C. [3]

Administrative divisions

Borjomi municipality is administratively divided into 11 administrative units (communities, თემი, temi), these include Akhaldaba, Bakuriani, Balanta, Borjomi, Dviri, Tabatskuri, Tadzrisi, Tba, Kvibisi, Tsikhisdzhvari, Tsagveri. The municipality has one city (the municipal centre Borjomi), three daba (Akhaldaba, Bakuriani, Tsagveri) and 40 villages (სოფელი, sopeli).[4] In 2018 the borough (daba) Bakurianis Andeziti wad downgraded to village.

Politics

Borjomi Municipal Assembly (Georgian: ბორჯომის საკრებულო, Borjomi Sakrebulo) is the representative body in Borjomi Municipality, consisting of 33 members which are elected every four years. The last election was held in October 2021. Otar Arbolishvili of Georgian Dream was elected mayor.[5]

Party 2017[6] 2021[7] Current Municipal Assembly
  Georgian Dream 13 24                                                
  United National Movement 2 7            
  Alliance of Patriots 11 1  
  For Georgia 1  
  European Georgia 1
  Labour Party 1
Total 28 33  

Population

By the start of 2021 the population was determined at 24,998 people,[1] a minor decrease compared to the 2014 census.[4] The population density of the municipality is 21 inhabitants per square kilometre (54/sq mi). 60.1% of the population lives in urbanized settlements (cities or daba).

The vast majority (87%) of the population of Akhalkalaki is Georgian. The largest ethnic minority by far are the Armenians (8.6%). Other minorities include Ossetians (1.3%), Greeks (1.2%), Russians (1.1%), Ukrainians (0.3%) and minimal numbers of Azerbaijanis, Jews, Assyrians and Abkhazians. In terms of religion, more than 94% of the population consists of followers of the Georgian Orthodox Church and 3.9% are followers of the Armenian Apostolic Church, followed by Jehovah's Witnesses (0.5%), and a few dozen Catholics and Muslims.

Population Borjomi Municipality
1886 1922 1926 1939 1959 1970 1979 1989 2002[8] 2014 2021
Borjomi Municipality - - - 37,437 Increase 37,010 Increase 39,661 Increase 40,796 Increase 41,266 Decrease 32,422 Decrease 25,214 Decrease 24,998
Borjomi city - Increase 3,913 Increase 5,372 Increase 14,317 Increase 15,332 Increase 16,316 Increase 18,059 Increase 19,007 Decrease 14,445 Decrease 10,546 Increase 11,122
Akhaldaba (daba) - - - - - Decrease 2,583 Decrease 2,504 Increase 2,440 Decrease 2,377 Decrease 1,586 Increase 1,786
Bakuriani (daba) - - 823 Increase 1,773 Increase 4,650 Decrease 4,361 Increase 4,395 Increase 4,588 Decrease 1,985 Decrease 1,879 Decrease 1,665
Bakurianis Andeziti [9] - - - - - 403 Decrease 387 Increase 488 Increase 514 Decrease 352 [10] Increase 457
Tsagveri (daba) - - 596 Increase 1,225 Increase 3,187 Decrease 1,275 Decrease 1,192 Decrease 1,144 Decrease 1,051 Decrease 799 Decrease 701
Data: Population statistics Georgia 1897 to present.[11][12][13] Note:[8]

Tourism and Historical sites

Tsagveri
Tabatskuri
Tabatskuri
Tsikhisjvari
Tsikhisjvari

Cultural monuments

Nature

Resorts

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Population and Demography - Population by cities and boroughs (daba), as of 1 January". National Statistics Office of Georgia, Geostat. 2021-01-01. Retrieved 2022-01-03.
  2. ^ "Ethnic composition of Georgia 2014". Population statistics of Eastern Europe & former USSR (in Occitan). Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  3. ^ "About Borjomi". Georgian Travel Guide. Retrieved 2022-02-25.
  4. ^ a b "Main Results of the 2014 Census (Publication)" (PDF). Census.ge, National Statistics Office of Georgia (Geostat) (in Georgian). 2016-04-28. pp. 304–308. Retrieved 2022-01-19.
  5. ^ "Interactive results 2021 municipal elections". Agenda.ge. Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  6. ^ "Protocol elected municipal council members and mayors 2017" (PDF) (in Georgian). CESKO Central Election Commission. p. 39-40. Retrieved 2021-01-06.
  7. ^ "Protocol elected municipal council members and mayors 2021" (PDF) (in Georgian). CESKO Central Election Commission. p. 47-49. Retrieved 2021-01-06.
  8. ^ a b The 2014 census found an inexplicable gap with the data from the national statistical office Geostat. UN-assisted research has found the 2002 census was inflated by about 8-9 percent. See,[14] "1. Introduction", Page 1.
  9. ^ Degraded in 2018 from daba to village.
  10. ^ Last published number of 2018.
  11. ^ "Population divisions of Georgia". Population Statistics Eastern Europe and former USSR. Retrieved 2022-01-18.
  12. ^ "Population cities & towns of Georgia". Population Statistics Eastern Europe and former USSR. Retrieved 2022-01-18.
  13. ^ "1939 census". Ethno Kavkaz (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-02-23.
  14. ^ "Population Dynamics in Georgia - An Overview Based on the 2014 General Population Census Data" (PDF). National Statistics Office of Georgia, Geostat. 2017-11-29. Retrieved 2022-01-01.

Coordinates: 41°50′N 43°23′E / 41.833°N 43.383°E / 41.833; 43.383