Borough of Milton Keynes
By knowledge, design and understanding
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South East England|
|Admin HQ||Milton Keynes|
|Founded||1 April 1997|
|• Type||Unitary authority|
|• Governing body||Milton Keynes Council|
|• Mayor (ceremonial)||Mohammed Khan (L)|
|• Leadership:||Leader & Cabinet|
|• Executive:||Labour Minority|
|• MPs||Iain Stewart (C) (Milton Keynes South)|
Ben Everitt (C) (Milton Keynes North)
|• Total||119 sq mi (309 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||58th (of 309)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
The Borough of Milton Keynes is a unitary authority and borough of the ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire. It is the northernmost district of the South East England Region. It was originally one of five non-metropolitan districts of Buckinghamshire, but on 1 April 1997, under a recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England, it became a self-governing non-metropolitan county, independent from (the former) Buckinghamshire County Council.
The Borough abuts Bedfordshire, Northamptonshire and the remainder of Buckinghamshire that is under the control of Buckinghamshire Council. The principal settlement in the borough is Milton Keynes itself, which accounts for about 29% of its area and 90% of its population.
See also: History of Milton Keynes
The district was created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of Bletchley Urban District, Newport Pagnell Urban District and Wolverton Urban District, together with Newport Pagnell Rural District and that part of Wing Rural District within the designated New Town area. The district council applied for and received borough status that year.
Main article: Milton Keynes Council
Arising from the local government elections of May 2016, Milton Keynes council is under no overall control; the Labour Party and Conservative Party both hold 22 seats each with the Liberal Democrats holding 13 seats. The UK Independence party lost their only seat on the council to date in the 2016 local elections. Continuing as of May 2015, the Borough is governed by a Labour minority administration The Conservative Party is currently the main opposition group.
Following the 2016 United Kingdom local elections the political composition for the council is as follows.
|Conservatives||Labour||Liberal Democrats||Other Parties|
The 2016 local election did not change the status of the Council from 'no overall control'. No political party has had an 'overall majority' on the council since 2006.
According to data from the Office of National Statistics for 2015 and 2016, the Borough is the sixth highest performing NUTS3 region in the UK (and the highest outside inner London), on the basis of gross value added per head.
See also: List of schools in Milton Keynes
Further education in the borough is provided by Milton Keynes College. For higher education, the Open University's headquarters are in Milton Keynes – though, as this is a distance education institution, the only students resident on campus are approximately 200 full-time postgraduates. The University Campus Milton Keynes, part of the university of Bedfordshire, provides conventional undergraduate courses.
At the 2011 census, the population of the Borough was 248,821. By mid 2019, the Office for National Statistics estimated that it had reached 269,457.
In the 2011 census, 80% of the population described their ethnic origin as white, 5.6% as South Asian, 6.8% as black, 3.3% as mixed race, 3.6% as Chinese and other Asian, and 0.6% as 'other ethnic group.
In the same census, 52.8% of the Borough's population registered their religion as Christian and 37.9% as not religious or none given. 4.8% of the population follow Islam and a little over 2.8% are Hindu, with no other religion above one percent.
The borough's population age profile is slightly younger than England's average, with half of the borough's population aged under 35 years old. The 30- to 39-year-olds in Milton Keynes Borough formed as the largest 10-year age group of the population with 30- to 34-year-olds being the largest 5-year age group, 22.3% are aged under 16 and just 11.1% are aged over 65 compared.
Levels of educational attainment in the Borough are slightly higher than the England average. 18% have no qualifications compared with 22.5% in England, while 28.2% have a degree or higher qualification compared with 27.4% in England.
In 2011, Milton Keynes had the greatest proportion of shared ownership homes in England, 6.1%, compared with second-placed London Boroughs of Hounslow and Tower Hamlets with 2.4%. This form of home ownership has been a planning policy of the Borough of Milton Keynes soon after the settled acceptance of all major UK lenders on specified forms of this type of property ownership was agreed in the 2000s decade.
The borough has relatively high home ownership at 72.8% of dwellings with the remaining 16.2% of homes are privately rented and 11.0% are socially rented.
At the 2012, 16.2% of the population lived in flats (apartments), compared with the 22.1% average for England.
According to Public Health England, "The health of people in Milton Keynes is generally similar to the England average. About 15.1% (8,680) children live in low income families. Life expectancy for both men and women is similar to the England average."
The urban area accounts for about 20% of the Borough by area and 90% by population. This is a partial list of the districts of the Milton Keynes urban area. For a discussion of the usage of the term "city" in Milton Keynes, see History of Milton Keynes#1960s plans for a new city in North Buckinghamshire, 1967 designation of Milton Keynes.
The Borough of Milton Keynes is fully parished. These are the parishes, and the districts they contain, that are now elements of the Milton Keynes built-up area as defined by the Office for National Statistics. Bletchley, Fenny Stratford, Woburn Sands, Central Milton Keynes, Newport Pagnell, Wolverton and Stony Stratford are all towns.
The rural area accounts for about 80% of the Borough by area and about 10% by population. Olney is a town. These are the extra-urban civil parishes:
The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Milton Keynes.
(2) A new county shall be constituted comprising the area of Milton Keynes and shall be named the county of Milton Keynes.