Borough of Milton Keynes
By knowledge, design and understanding
Milton Keynes Borough shown within Buckinghamshire and England
Milton Keynes Borough shown within Buckinghamshire and England
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Ceremonial countyBuckinghamshire
Admin HQMilton Keynes
Founded1 April 1997
 • TypeUnitary authority
 • Governing bodyMilton Keynes Council
 • Mayor (ceremonial)Mohammed Khan (L)[1]
 • Leadership:Leader & Cabinet
 • Executive:Labour Minority
 • MPsIain Stewart (C) (Milton Keynes South)
Ben Everitt (C) (Milton Keynes North)
 • Total119 sq mi (309 km2)
 (2011 Census)
 • Total248,821[2]
 • Estimate 
(mid-2019 est.)
 • Rank58th (of 309)
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
Area code(s)01908
ONS code00MG

The Borough of Milton Keynes is a unitary authority and borough of the ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire. It is the northernmost district of the South East England Region. It was originally one of five non-metropolitan districts of Buckinghamshire, but on 1 April 1997, under a recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England, it became a self-governing non-metropolitan county,[4] independent from (the former) Buckinghamshire County Council.[a]

The Borough abuts Bedfordshire, Northamptonshire and the remainder of Buckinghamshire that is under the control of Buckinghamshire Council. The principal built-up area in the borough is the Milton Keynes urban area, which accounts for about 20% of its area and 90% of its population. The ONS's provisional return from the 2021 census reports that the population of the Borough has reached approximately 287,000.[5]


See also: History of Milton Keynes

The district was created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of Bletchley Urban District, Newport Pagnell Urban District and Wolverton Urban District, together with Newport Pagnell Rural District and that part of Wing Rural District within the designated New Town area. The district council applied for and received borough status that year.

Local government

Main article: Milton Keynes Council

See also: Milton Keynes local elections and 2021 United Kingdom local elections

Arising from the local government elections of May 2021, the Borough is governed by a Labour and Liberal Democrat coalition administration. The Conservative Party is the main opposition group.

The political composition of the council is as follows.

Conservatives Labour Liberal Democrats Other Parties
23 20 14 0

The 2022 local election did not change the status of the Council from 'no overall control'. No political party has had an 'overall majority' on the council since 2006.


According to data from the Office of National Statistics for 2015 and 2016,[6] the Borough is the sixth highest performing NUTS3 region in the UK (and the highest outside inner London), on the basis of gross value added per head.[7][8]


See also: List of schools in Milton Keynes

Further education in the borough is provided by Milton Keynes College. For higher education, the Open University's headquarters are in Milton Keynes – though, as this is a distance education institution, the only students resident on campus are approximately 200 full-time postgraduates. A campus of the University of Bedfordshire located in Central Milton Keynes, provides conventional undergraduate courses.



Population trend of Borough and Urban Area 1801–2011
Population trend of Borough and Urban Area 1801–2011

At the 2011 census, the population of the Borough was 248,821.[2] By mid 2019, the Office for National Statistics estimated that it had reached 269,457.[9]

In the 2011 census, 80% of the population described their ethnic origin as white, 5.6% as South Asian, 6.8% as black, 3.3% as mixed race, 3.6% as Chinese and other Asian, and 0.6% as 'other ethnic group.[10]

In the same census, 52.8% of the Borough's population registered their religion as Christian and 37.9% as not religious or none given. 4.8% of the population follow Islam and a little over 2.8% are Hindu, with no other religion above one percent.[10]

The borough's population age profile is slightly younger than England's average, with half of the borough's population aged under 35 years old.[10] The 30- to 39-year-olds in Milton Keynes Borough formed as the largest 10-year age group of the population with 30- to 34-year-olds being the largest 5-year age group, 22.3% are aged under 16 and just 11.1% are aged over 65 compared.[10]

Levels of educational attainment in the Borough are slightly higher than the England average. 18% have no qualifications compared with 22.5% in England, while 28.2% have a degree or higher qualification compared with 27.4% in England.[10]

Housing and home ownership

In 2011, Milton Keynes had the greatest proportion of shared ownership homes in England, 6.1%, compared with second-placed London Boroughs of Hounslow and Tower Hamlets with 2.4%. This form of home ownership has been a planning policy of the Borough of Milton Keynes soon after the settled acceptance of all major UK lenders on specified forms of this type of property ownership was agreed in the 2000s decade.

The borough has relatively high home ownership at 72.8% of dwellings with the remaining 16.2% of homes are privately rented and 11.0% are socially rented.[11]

At the 2012, 16.2% of the population lived in flats (apartments), compared with the 22.1% average for England.[10]

Public health

According to Public Health England, "The health of people in Milton Keynes is generally similar to the England average. About 15.1% (8,680) children live in low income families. Life expectancy for both men and women is similar to the England average."[12]


Milton Keynes (urban area)

Main articles: Milton Keynes and Milton Keynes urban area

The urban area accounts for about 20% of the Borough by area and 90% by population. This is a partial list of the districts of the Milton Keynes urban area. For a discussion of the usage of the term "city" in Milton Keynes, see History of Milton Keynes#1960s plans for a new city in North Buckinghamshire, 1967 designation of Milton Keynes.

The Borough of Milton Keynes is fully parished. These are the parishes, and the districts they contain, that are now elements of the Milton Keynes built-up area as defined by the Office for National Statistics.[13][b] Bletchley, Fenny Stratford, Woburn Sands, Central Milton Keynes, Newport Pagnell, Wolverton and Stony Stratford are all towns.

Rest of the borough

The rural area accounts for about 80% of the Borough by area and about 10% by population. Olney is a town. These are the extra-urban civil parishes:

Freedom of the Borough

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Milton Keynes.


Military Units

Organisations and businesses


  1. ^ The Mayor of Milton Keynes (Milton Keynes Council)
  2. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Milton Keynes Local Authority (E06000042)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2019". Office for National Statistics. 6 May 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  4. ^ "The Buckinghamshire (Borough of Milton Keynes) (Structural Change) Order 1995". Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 15 July 2020. (2) A new county shall be constituted comprising the area of Milton Keynes and shall be named the county of Milton Keynes.
  5. ^ "Population and household estimates, England and Wales: Census 2021". Office for National Statistics. July 2022.
  6. ^ As of March 2018, the most recent data available.
  7. ^ Statistical bulletin:Regional gross value added (income approach), UK: 1997 to 2015, Table 4 Office of National Statistics, 15 December 2016
  8. ^ Statistical bulletin: Regional gross value added (balanced), UK: 1998 to 2016 Office of National Statistics, 20 December 2017, page 13
  9. ^ "UNITED KINGDOM: Administrative Division". 30 June 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
  10. ^ a b c d e f UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Milton Keynes Local Authority (E06000042)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  11. ^ 2011 Census Key Statistics: Tenure. Office for National Statistics
  12. ^ "Local Authority Health Profile 2019: Milton Keynes". Public Health England. 2019. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  13. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Milton Keynes Built-up area (E34005056)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 March 2019. (includes map of the built-up area).
  14. ^ a b c d e f David Tooley (15 May 2020). "Tories want key workers in Milton Keynes to be awarded freedom of the borough". Milton Keynes Citizen. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  15. ^ "Football boss 'overwhelmed' by award". BBC News. 22 August 2015.
  16. ^ "Proud city centre military march to commemorate Freedom of the Borough - Milton Keynes Council".
  17. ^ "Rifles squadron rewarded for service with 'Freedom of Milton Keynes' honour". ITV News. 11 March 2018.
  1. ^ The existing Buckinghamshire County Council and the non-metropolitan districts of Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern, South Bucks, and Wycombe in Buckinghamshire were replaced by a single unitary authority known as Buckinghamshire Council on 1 April 2020.
  2. ^ Excluding the civil parishes of Aspley Guise and Aspley Heath which, despite being in the urban area, are outside the Borough of Milton Keynes.

Coordinates: 52°02′N 0°46′W / 52.033°N 0.767°W / 52.033; -0.767