Bose Corporation
Company typePrivate
IndustryAudio electronics
Founded1964; 60 years ago (1964)
FounderAmar Bose[1]
HeadquartersFramingham, Massachusetts, U.S.
Key people
Lila Snyder, CEO[2]
Jim Scammon, President and COO[3]
Bob Maresca, Chairman, former CEO[4]
ProductsAudio equipment
RevenueUS$3.2 billion (FY 2021)[5]
OwnerMassachusetts Institute of Technology (majority)
Number of employees
7,000 (FY 2021)[5]

Bose Corporation (/bz/) is an American manufacturing company that predominantly sells audio equipment. The company was established by Amar Bose in 1964 and is based in Framingham, Massachusetts. It is best known for its home audio systems and speakers, noise cancelling headphones, professional audio products and automobile sound systems.[6][7][8] Bose has a reputation for being particularly protective of its patents, trademarks, and brands.

The majority owner of Bose Corporation is the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Non-voting shares were donated to MIT by founder Amar Bose, and receive cash dividends. According to the company annual report for the 2021 financial year, Bose Corporation's annual sales were $3.2 billion, and the company employed approximately 7,000 people.[5]


Bose store in Century City
Bose store at the Hong Kong International Airport

The company was founded in Massachusetts in 1964 by Amar Bose with angel investor funding, including Amar's thesis advisor and professor, Y. W. Lee.[9] Bose's interest in speaker systems had begun in 1956 when he purchased an audio system and was disappointed with its performance.[10] The purpose of the company was to develop speaker systems which used multiple speakers aimed at the surrounding walls to reflect the sound and replicate the sound of a concert hall.[9]

In 1966, the Bose 2201 was the first product sold by the company.[11] It was an unusual design consisting of 22 speakers, with many of them facing away from the listener. The 2201 was designed to be located in the corner of a room, using reflections off the walls to increase the apparent size of the room. The 2201 was a failure in the market and was discontinued after three or four years.[11]

After this experience, Bose came to the conclusion that the audio system measurement techniques of the time (such as measuring distortion and frequency response) were not effective ways to evaluate the goal of natural sound reproduction. Bose argued that the best measure of audio quality is the listener's perception.[12][13][14] Also in 1968, the company introduced the Bose 901 stereo speaker system, which used eight mid-range drivers pointing towards the wall behind the speaker, and a ninth driver towards the listener. The purpose of this design was to achieve a dominance of reflected over direct sound in home listening spaces. The design used in the 901 was unconventional compared with most systems, where mid-range and high-frequency speakers directly face the listener.[15] The 901 was an immediate commercial success, and Bose Corporation grew rapidly during the 1970s. The Bose 901 model name was a mainstay of the Bose line-up for many years, being produced from 1968 until 2016.[16][17]

In 1991, a team of Bose researchers debunked a 1989 experiment that claimed to have created energy through cold fusion.[18]

The first Bose retail store was opened in 1993 in Kittery, Maine.[19]

In 2011, then-chairman and primary stockholder Amar Bose donated the majority of the firm's non-voting shares to his former employer and alma mater, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. An annual cash dividend is paid out to "advance the research and education mission of MIT". However, the conditions of receiving the shares stated that MIT was not allowed to sell them, nor was MIT permitted to participate in the company's management and governance.[20][21] Following Amar Bose's death in 2013, Bob Maresca became the Chief Executive Officer.[22][23][24]

In June 2016, Bose and Flex manufacturing extended their strategic partnership. Bose operations in Malaysia and Mexico will transfer to Flex.[25][26]

At the end of 2017, Maresca stepped down as CEO and Bose President Phil Hess took the position.[27] Maresca remained Chairman of the Board.[28]

In January 2020, Bose announced that they would be closing all their more than 100 retail stores in North America, Japan, Europe, and Australia.[29] They would retain their online presence, as well as sell their products through Target, Best Buy, and Amazon.[30]

In late January 2020, President and COO Jim Scammon replaced Phil Hess.[31]

In August 2020, Bose named their first female CEO, Lila Snyder, who was formerly an executive at Pitney Bowes.[2] Snyder, who took her position in September 2020, is an MIT alumna, having earned her masters and Ph.D. degrees in mechanical engineering there.[32]

Production facilities

Bose's products are manufactured in the United States, Mexico, China and Malaysia.[33][34][35] The company's factories in the United States are located in Framingham, Massachusetts (also the site of the company headquarters), Westborough, Massachusetts and Stow, Massachusetts.[36] In early 2021, Bose Corporation notified the Town of Stow of intention to vacate the 81.5 acre Stow campus after 18 years at the site, moving nearly 1500 employees to the Framingham headquarters.[37] The Bose factories in Mexico are located in Tijuana and San Luis Río Colorado. The Malaysian Bose factory is located in Batu Kawan and is also the company's distribution hub for the Asia-Pacific and Middle East.[38]

In 2015, two facilities in Columbia, South Carolina, US and Carrickmacross, Ireland, were closed (with the loss of 300 and 140 jobs respectively), as part of a "global streamlining of Bose's supply chain. Bose used the Columbia facility, which opened in 1993, for distribution and repair, sub-manufacturing and regional manufacturing, and final assembly for some headsets. The Carrickmacross factory, which began operations in 1978, did final assembly for some home theater systems, Wave radios, and other regional manufacturing.[39] The operation of the San Luis and Batu Kawan factories were taken over by contract manufacturer Flex in 2016 and continued to produce Bose products.[40]


Bose products at a Staples store


Following an unsuccessful attempt to sell aftermarket car speakers, Bose's first OEM audio installation was in a MY1983 Cadillac Seville.[41][42] Bose has since supplied audio systems for many car manufacturers. In 2007, the Bose media system won the International Telematics Award for the "Best Storage Solution for In-Car Environment".[43]

A prototype active suspension system, using electromagnetic motors instead of hydraulic/pneumatic power, was unveiled by the company in 2004[44][45] and was due for release in 2009,[46][47] but it did not materialize due to weight and cost.[48] The system used electromagnetic linear motors to raise or lower the wheels of an automobile in response to uneven bumps or potholes on the road.[49] The wheels are raised when approaching a bump (or lowered into a pothole) to keep the automobile level, using principles similar to noise cancelling audio devices. A prototype car had the ability to jump over an obstacle.[50][51] The company said that the system is too expensive and heavy, even after development over more than 20 years costing $100 million of development.[45][52] In November 2017, it was reported that Bose had sold the technology to ClearMotion.[53] In May 2018, it was announced that five major car manufacturers had expressed interest in the technology and that it may be available in 2019 for low-volume vehicles and by 2020 for the mass market.[54][55]

A truck seat system called Bose Ride was introduced in 2010.[56][57] This active seat system aims to reduce fatigue, back pain and physical stress experienced by truck drivers by reducing vibration from the road.[58] Bose claimed up to a 90% reduction in driver's seat vibration.[59]

Automobile brands that currently have Bose audio systems available in their vehicles are Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, Fiat, GMC, Honda, Hyundai, Infiniti, Kia, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Nissan and Porsche.[60]

Home audio and video

Main article: Bose home audio products

SoundLink Mini

Bose's product range has included:

In 2012, Bose was the highest selling company in the United States for retail home theater systems, and the third highest selling for portable audio products.[61]


Main article: Bose headphones

The company has sold aviation headsets since 1989 and consumer headphones since 2000.[62] The current range of headphones/headsets consists of over-ear, in-ear, aviation and military models.

Bose has contracts with the U.S. military[63][64] and NASA.[65][66]

Commercial sound systems

The Bose Professional division was established in 1972 to produce and install public address systems.[19] In 2009, the division accounted for about 60% of Bose's annual revenue.[67] Bose was the first company to pay for the title of official Olympics sound system supplier, providing audio equipment for the 1988 and 1992 Winter Olympics in Calgary and Albertville respectively.[68][69] Bose's systems have not received THX certification.[70]

The Bose L1 is a range of portable line array loudspeaker systems for musicians. The L1 was introduced in 2003 with models that have been retroactively known as the "L1 Classic" range.[71] These products were replaced by the "L1 Model I" and "L1 Model II" in 2007.[72] A smaller and lighter "L1 Compact" model was introduced April 2009.[73][74] The L1 Model I was replaced by the "L1 Model 1S" in 2012, and the "B1 Bass Module" was replaced by the larger "B2 Bass Module".

Since the 1980s, Bose has offered 25-volt and 70-volt installed commercial audio systems for businesses.

View on published specifications

The company is known for its electing not to provide audio specifications for its products.[75][13][76] This policy dates back to 1968, when Amar Bose published a paper titled "On the Design, Measurement and Evaluation of Loudspeakers", wherein he rejected numerical test data in favor of subjective evaluation.[77][78] In a 2007 interview, Amar stated: "There are two reasons we cut out the specifications: 1- We don’t know of any measurements that actually determine anything about a product, and 2- Measurements are phony, in general, as they are printed."[79]


In some non-audio related publications, Bose has been cited as a producer of "high-end audio" products.[80] Commenting in 2007 on Bose's "high-end" market positioning among audiophiles (people concerned with the best possible sound), a PC Magazine product reviewer stated "not only is Bose equipment's sound quality not up to audiophile standards, but one could buy something that does meet these stringent requirements for the same price or, often, for less."[81] Bose has also received mixed reviews from the public. Bose has not been certified by THX for its home entertainment products[82] even though its more expensive home theater products compete at prices where THX certification is common. Some other views include:

Legal actions

Bose has been described by audio industry professionals as a litigious company.[90][91][92][93] In 1981, Bose unsuccessfully sued the magazine Consumer Reports for libel. Consumer Reports reported in a review that the sound from the system that they reviewed "tended to wander about the room." Initially, the Federal District Court found that Consumer Reports "had published the false statement with knowledge that it was false or with reckless disregard of its truth or falsity" when it changed what the original reviewer wrote about the speakers in his pre-publication draft, that the sound tended to wander "along the wall." The Court of Appeals then reversed the trial court's ruling on liability, and the United States Supreme Court affirmed in a 6–3 vote in the case Bose Corp. v. Consumers Union of United States, Inc., finding that the statement was made without actual malice, and therefore there was no libel.[94][95][96] In an interview decades later Amar Bose said "We had 37 people at the time. I gathered them in one room and said, 'If we don't do anything, it will probably kill us. But if we do something, we have no credibility since we're just a small company and we can't do anything against this.' I said I think we oughtta do something. I wanted a vote. It was unanimous in favor of taking action. Little did we know it would take 14 years to go through the legal process."[79]

Bose sued Thiel Audio in the early 1990s to stop the audiophile loudspeaker maker from using ".2" at the end of its product model "CS2.2". To comply with Bose's trademark of ".2" associated with the Bose Model 2.2 product,[97] Thiel changed their model name to "CS2 2", substituting a space for the decimal point.[98] Bose did not trademark ".3" so in 1997 when Thiel introduced the next model in the series, they named it the "Thiel 2.3", advertising "the return of the decimal point."[99]

In 1996, Bose sued two subsidiaries of Harman International IndustriesJBL and Infinity Systems—for violating a Bose patent on elliptical tuning ports on some loudspeaker products.[92] In 2000, the court determined that Harman was to cease using elliptical ports in its products, and Harman was to pay Bose $5.7 million in court costs.[92] Harman stopped using the disputed port design but appealed the financial decision. At the end of 2002, the earlier judgment was upheld but by this time Bose's court expenses had risen to $8 million, all to be paid by Harman.[97]

Bose was successful in blocking QSC Audio Products from trademarking the term "PowerWave" in connection with a certain QSC amplifier technology. In 2002, a court decided that the "Wave" trademark was worthy of greater protection because it was well-known on its own, even beyond its association with Bose.[100]

In 2003, Bose sued Custom Electronics Design and Installation Association (CEDIA), a non-profit electronics trade organization for use of the "Electronic Lifestyles" trademark,[90] which CEDIA had been using since 1997. Bose argued that the trademark interfered with its own "Lifestyle" trademark.[101] Bose had previously sued to protect its "Lifestyle" trademark beginning in 1996 with a success against Motorola and continuing with settlements against New England Stereo, Lifestyle Technologies, Optoma and AMX.[102] In May 2007, CEDIA won the lawsuit after the court determined Bose to be guilty of laches (unreasonable delays), and that Bose's assertions of fraud and likelihood of confusion were without merit.[103] CEDIA was criticized for spending nearly $1 million of its member's money on the lawsuit, and Bose was criticized for "unsportsmanlike action against its own trade association", according to Julie Jacobson of CE Pro magazine.[102]

In July 2014, Bose sued Beats Electronics for patent infringement, alleging that its "Studio" headphones line incorporated Bose noise cancelling technology.[104][105] Bose and Apple had collaborated on the SoundDock for iPod music players in 2004. Then in May 2014, Beats was bought by Apple, bringing Bose and Apple into direct competition in the headphone market. In Apple stores, Bose headphones were once the foremost brand offered, but at the time of the lawsuit, Beats products outnumbered Bose. In 2014 total premium headphone market share, Beats held 62%, Bose held 22%.[106] In October 2014, Bose dropped the lawsuit, as Bose and Beats settled out of court without revealing the terms.[107][108][109] Apple removed all Bose products from its Apple stores a few days after the lawsuit was settled,[110] but two months later, Bose products returned.[111]

In April 2017, Bose was sued alleging a privacy violation regarding the mobile phone apps delivered by Bose to control their Bluetooth headphones.[112]


  1. ^ "Spotlight: Amar Bose, the guru of sound design", International Herald Tribune, May 11, 2007. Retrieved November 17, 2012
  2. ^ a b Carnoy, David. "Bose names its first female CEO as wait continues for new products". CNET.
  3. ^ Carnoy, David. "Bose quietly replaces its CEO". CNET. Retrieved December 10, 2021.
  4. ^ Carnoy, David. "Bose CEO Bob Maresca to step down on Dec. 31". CNET. Retrieved December 10, 2021.
  5. ^ a b c "Bose 2021 sustainability report", 2021. Retrieved December 10, 2021
  6. ^ "Founder of Mass.-based Bose audio firm dies at 83". Associated Press: The Big Story. July 12, 2013. Archived from the original on October 19, 2015.
  7. ^ "Bose Knows a Bit About Pro". FOH Online. July 2014. Archived from the original on August 29, 2014.
  8. ^ "The history of Bose in-car audio, from an '83 Seville, to the 2015 Escalade". Digital Trends. October 8, 2014.
  9. ^ a b Rifkin, Glenn (July 12, 2013). "Amar G. Bose, Acoustic Engineer and Inventor, Dies at 83". The New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  10. ^ Lemley, Brad (October 1, 2004). "Amar Bose Interview". Discover. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  11. ^ a b "University of Massachusetts: Pioneers of Innovation – Sherwin Greenblatt Conversation". Archived from the original on December 2, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
  12. ^ Amar Bose (1968). "On The Design, Measurement, and Evaluation of Loudspeakers". Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  13. ^ a b "Review:Bose Wave Music System". Gadget Guy. May 16, 2006. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  14. ^ "AES paper". October 1968. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  15. ^ "Bose 901 Direct/Reflecting Speaker System". Archived from the original on August 1, 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
  16. ^ "901 Direct/Reflecting® speaker system". Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  17. ^ "901® Direct/Reflecting® speaker system series VI". Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  18. ^ "Bose Once Debunked Cold Fusion. Yes, that Bose". October 5, 2014. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
  19. ^ a b "Innovations/achievements". Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  20. ^ "Gift to MIT". MIT website. April 29, 2011.
  21. ^ Gift to MIT from Amar Bose raises Tax Questions, by Stephen Stom, New York Times 30 April 2011
  22. ^ Rifkin, Glenn (July 12, 2013). "Amar G. Bose, Acoustic Engineer and Inventor, Dies at 83". The New York Times.
  23. ^ "Bose CEO Bob Maresca to step down on Dec. 31". Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  24. ^ "Maresca Interview". Retrieved July 25, 2019.
  25. ^ "Bose Corporation To Extend Strategic Partnership With Flex". (Press release).
  26. ^ "Bose Selling Pair Of Factories To Flex". TWICE. June 17, 2016.
  27. ^ Carnoy, David. "Bose CEO Bob Maresca to step down on Dec. 31". CNET.
  28. ^ "Bose CEO to retire at year-end as company seeks Boston site".
  29. ^ Welch, Chris (January 15, 2020). "Bose is closing all of its retail stores in North America, Europe, Japan, and Australia". The Verge.
  30. ^ Jordan Valinsky (January 16, 2020). "Bose is closing more than 100 stores worldwide". CNN.
  31. ^ Carnoy, David. "Bose quietly replaces its CEO". CNET.
  32. ^ "Female CEO To Lead Bose Starting in September". Framingham SOURCE. August 25, 2020.
  33. ^ "10 popular products in the US you didn't know were made in Mexico". January 30, 2017. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  34. ^ "Bose Quiet Comfort 25". Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  35. ^ "Bose QuietComfort 20 Review". September 21, 2013. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  36. ^ " – Bose nixes N.Y. expansion, chooses Stow instead". Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  37. ^ Town of Stow: Master's Academy Proposal at Former Bose Site
  38. ^ "Bose to open manufacturing plant in Malaysia". Archived from the original on April 5, 2019. Retrieved August 21, 2016.
  39. ^ "Bose in Columbia to close in September". Retrieved August 21, 2016.
  40. ^ "Bose Selling Pair Of Factories To Flex". June 17, 2016. Retrieved August 21, 2016.
  41. ^ "The history of Bose in-car audio, from an '83 Seville, to the 2015 Escalade". October 8, 2014. Archived from the original on December 12, 2021. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  42. ^ "Bose Global Press Room - Bose Celebrates 30 Years of Automotive Sound".
  43. ^ "World News: Finalists revealed for the 2007 Telematics Awards TU-Automotive - Tracking Automotive Technology & Innovation". Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved February 16, 2009.
  44. ^ Howard, Bill (August 26, 2004). "Bose Reimagines Auto Suspension". PCMAG. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  45. ^ a b "Popular Science" magazine, December 2004
  46. ^ Harris, William (May 11, 2005). "The Bose Suspension System". Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  47. ^ Walton, Chris. "Inside Line 'Bose Suspension'". Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  48. ^ "Bose at 50: beyond sound". The Telegraph. October 3, 2014. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022.
  49. ^ Bose bumps on YouTube
  50. ^ "A car that can jump over obstacles". NBC News. November 28, 2005. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  51. ^ French Interview "Suspension BOSE" on YouTube (car jumping appears at 3:20)
  52. ^ Shuldiner, Herb (November 30, 2007). "Bose Says Suspension Drawing Interest From OEMs". Archived from the original on July 8, 2010. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
  53. ^ "Bose Sells Off Its Revolutionary Electromagnetic Suspension - ExtremeTech". Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  54. ^ "World's first digital car chassis technology to reach roads in 2019 | Autocar". Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  55. ^ Cheromcha, Kyle (May 22, 2018). "The Bose 'Magic Carpet' Car Suspension System Is Finally Headed For Production". The Drive. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  56. ^ Miles, Gerry (March 15, 2010). "Potholed Boston streets inspire Bose truck seat". Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  57. ^ "Study of Bose Ride System Indicates Reduction in Back Pain for Drivers". Heavy Duty Trucking: Truckinginfo. March 27, 2014.
  58. ^ Williams, Stephen (January 29, 2010). "Bose's New System Is a Truck Seat". The New York Times. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  59. ^ Vanderwerp, Dave (December 2010). "The Bose Ride Truck Seating System: Bose makes 'trucker butt' a thing of the past". Car and Driver. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  60. ^ "Vehicles". January 5, 2018.
  61. ^ "NPD Market Share Reports by Category". Archived from the original on January 2, 2014. Retrieved December 25, 2013.
  62. ^ "Escape the Noise". Archived from the original on March 4, 2012.
  63. ^ "Bose Headsets used by Sonar Operators". August 30, 2006. Archived from the original on August 30, 2006. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  64. ^ "Aerospace News". Aerospace News. March 14, 2007. Archived from the original on April 4, 2007. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  65. ^ "Forbes Magazine Biography of Amar Bose". February 13, 2006. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  66. ^ "Amar Bose – Lemelson-MIT Program". Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  67. ^ Plunkett, Jack W. (January 22, 2009). Plunkett's Entertainment and Media Industry Almanac 2009. Plunkett Research. ISBN 9781593921309. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  68. ^ "olympic"&dq=Bose+"olympic" The Film journal Volume 93, Issues 7–12 "At the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary, Canada. Bose was the first company ever to be named official sound system supplier. This designation indicates that a company's products have been selected for purchase or lease by the Olympics" "Olympic Suppliers Bose Corporation was named official professional sound system supplier for the XVI Winter Olympic Games, to be held in Albertville. France in 1992"
  69. ^ "Bose Corporation – Company History". Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  70. ^ "Approved Equipment Lists". Sound Engineer. THX. Archived from the original on August 2, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  71. ^ Woods, Mark (March 22, 2021). "Review: Bose L1 Pro32 Portable Line Array". AudioTechnology. Retrieved October 27, 2023.
  72. ^ Bose L1 model II and T1 press release
  73. ^ "Live Review: Bose L1 Model 1S with B2 Bass Module and ToneMatch Audio Engine". March 25, 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2019.
  74. ^ "Bose L1 Compact Acoustic PA Review". June 17, 2009. Retrieved June 5, 2019.
  75. ^ "5 Best Bose Speakers - Aug. 2019". Retrieved August 2, 2019.
  76. ^ "Why BOSE Speakers are So Expensive (A Detailed Study)". December 26, 2017.
  77. ^ "On The Design, Measurement, and Evaluation of Loudspeakers". AES. 1968. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  78. ^ "Bose: Why Audiophiles Should Stop the Hate". May 17, 2011.
  79. ^ a b Seth Porges (September 19, 2007). "Dr. Bose Tells All: Company Secrets, Why They Don't Publish Specs, And More". Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  80. ^  • "C|Net "Classy compacts: high-end CD radios"". Retrieved October 21, 2012.
     • "Amar Bose, The world's richest people". February 13, 2006. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
     • "High-End, Affordable and Adaptable". March 16, 2005. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
     • Ignited: managers! light up your company and career for more power By Vince Thompson (pg 178) "Bose Corporation, the maker of high-end audio equipment"
     • International business: theory and practice By Riad A. Ajami, Karel Cool, G. Jason Goddard (pg 470) "In 2002, Loewe established its distribution in the United States. The distribution was set up in cooperation with another high-end manufacturer, Bose, a U.S. sound specialist."
     • Popular Mechanics Aug 2002 (pg 38) "Bose electronics, known for its tiny yet powerful Lifestyle home theater speaker and other high-end audio equipment"
  81. ^ Gideon, Tim (February 21, 2007), Bose Companion 5 Multimedia Speaker System, PC, retrieved July 27, 2010
  82. ^ "List of THX certified home entertainment products". Consumer. Archived from the original on August 2, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  83. ^ "Stereophile Review". November 7, 1995. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  84. ^ "We Review the Bose 901… Magic or Myth?". March 12, 2012. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
  85. ^ "Forrester Research – "The 2005 Technology Brand Scorecard"". Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved October 12, 2006.
  86. ^ Robbins, Jim (December 24, 2007), Bose Lifestyle V20 Home Theater System,, retrieved January 1, 2012
  87. ^ Merson, Gary (July 13, 2012), TV in Bose's $5,000 system resembles $750 Samsung LCD,, retrieved August 16, 2013
  88. ^ Delaney, John R., "Bose VideoWave Entertainment System II (55-Inch)", PC Magazine
  89. ^ Horowitz, Jeremy (July 8, 2013), "Bose SoundLink Mini Bluetooth Speaker",, retrieved August 16, 2013
  90. ^ a b Bell, Ian (November 10, 2003) Bose sues CEDIA over trademark. Digital Trends
  91. ^ Bulkeley, William M. (December 31, 1996). "Bose Packs Concert Acoustics Into Home-Speaker Systems". The Wall Street Journal. Among its competitors in the fragmented U.S loudspeaker industry, Bose is feared and disliked... Bose's image isn't helped by its hard-line tactics... It has also sued many of its competitors for mimicking its ads or the look of its products. Bose is 'litigious and they patent everything that moves,' says Andrew Kotsatos, president of Boston Acoustics Inc., a speaker maker in Peabody, Mass. Mr. Kotsatos says Bose's lawyers objected to his company's use of the phrase 'invisible subwoofer' in advertising. 'We got a letter saying they had a trademark on the phrase "virtually invisible"' describing the Bose subwoofer. Thomas DeVesto, president of Cambridge Soundworks Inc., a Newton, Mass., speaker maker, says 'I have to be careful. Every time I say something about them, they sue.' To settle a Bose lawsuit, Cambridge had to agree to stop running ads boasting that its speakers were 'better than Bose at half the price.'
  92. ^ a b c Willis, Barry (September 10, 2000). "Harman Will Appeal Judgment on Bose Patent Infringement". Stereophile. Source Interlink Media.
  93. ^ Schneider, Chuck (August 19, 2013). "Bose: No Highs, No Lows, Just $1B in Net Worth". CE Pro. Archived from the original on December 21, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  94. ^ Commentary on libel cases in general giving a specific example of Bose Corp. v. Consumer's Union of United States. Archived September 30, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  95. ^ "Opinion of the United States Supreme Court". Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  96. ^ "NY Times editorial on the Supreme Court's ruling". The New York Times. May 2, 1984. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  97. ^ a b Willis, Barry (December 30, 2002). "Bose vs Harman Upheld". Stereophile. Source Interlink Media.
  98. ^ Tellig, Sam (September 3, 2006). "Thiel CS2 2 loudspeaker". Stereophile. Source Interlink Media.
  99. ^ "Thiel advertisement". Absolute Sound: 101. 1997. Thiel 2.3 Loudspeaker: The Return of the Decimal Point ...Well, Thiel's decimal point is back, and it ain't the only change, children.
  100. ^ "Costa Mesa's QSC Loses Bose Trademark Appeal". Los Angeles Times. Bloomberg. June 19, 2002.
  101. ^ Paone, Joe (May 2007) CEDIA Announces Win in 'Electronic Lifestyles' Trademark Battle Against Bose. CustomRetailer.
  102. ^ a b Jacobson, Julie (May 3, 2007) Bose Loses 'Lifestyle' Battle against CEDIA; AMX Drops 'Lifestyle' Brand: CEDIA finally prevailed against Bose after spending four years and almost $1 million. Archived September 23, 2015, at the Wayback Machine CE Pro.
  103. ^ CEDIA Wins in Litigation Brought by Bose over Electronic Lifestyles Trademark (May 3, 2007)
  104. ^ "Bose Is Suing Beats Over Headphone Patents". Time. Time, Inc. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
  105. ^ Wakabayashi, Daisuke (July 25, 2014). "Sound Off: Bose Sues Beats Over Noise-Cancelling Patents". Wall Street Journal. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
  106. ^ Kirsner, Scott (August 3, 2014). "Is Bose up to a challenge from Apple?". Boston Globe.
  107. ^ Christ, Shawn (October 12, 2014). "Bose Agrees To Throw Out Lawsuit Against Beats Electronics". Music Times.
  108. ^ "Bose Agrees to Dismiss Lawsuit Against Beats". The New York Times. Associated Press. October 10, 2014.
  109. ^ "Bose Agrees to Dismiss Lawsuit Against Beats". Billboard. October 12, 2014. ((cite magazine)): Unknown parameter |agency= ignored (help)
  110. ^ Moon, Mariella (October 18, 2014). "Apple removes Bose products from stores following Beats settlement". Engadget. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
  111. ^ Moscaritolo, Angela (December 10, 2014). "Bose Speakers Return to Apple Online Store After Removal". PCMag. Ziff-Davis.
  112. ^ "Bose Privacy Complaint". Scribd. Retrieved April 21, 2017.