Bradenham
St Botolph's Church, Bradenham
Bradenham is located in Buckinghamshire
Bradenham
Bradenham
Location within Buckinghamshire
Population536 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSU823971
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHIGH WYCOMBE
Postcode districtHP14
Dialling code01494
PoliceThames Valley
FireBuckinghamshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°39′58″N 0°48′31″W / 51.6660°N 0.8085°W / 51.6660; -0.8085

Bradenham is a village and civil parish in Buckinghamshire, England. It is near Saunderton, off the main A4010 road between Princes Risborough and High Wycombe.

Village

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Bluebells in Bradenham Woods, Buckinghamshire

The village name is Anglo-Saxon and means 'broad enclosure', referring to the fact that the village sits in a broad valley among the surrounding Chiltern Hills.[2] In the Domesday Book of 1086, the village was recorded as Bradeham.[3]

The Parish Church of St Botolph was restored in 1863 by G.E. Street and the south door dates from the early Norman period.[4] The rectory on the main road is from the 18th century. The houses around the village green are mainly brick and flint, but include the distinctive 18th century stuccoed 'White House' with pointed windows and castellations.

The whole village of Bradenham has been owned by the National Trust since 1956.[5] They market it under the name Bradenham Village. In front of the manor house is a small, slightly sloping cricket pitch which is used by Bradenham Cricket Club. Village news and activities are documented in the monthly "Contact" magazine, which covers Bradenham plus the nearby villages of Bledlow Ridge, West Wycombe, Radnage and Piddington.

Royal Air Force

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RAF High Wycombe is inside the village, to the north-east. The Strike Command Operations Centre (STCOC) formerly the Primary War Headquarters (PWHQ) bunker was built by RAF Strike Command on the National Trust land to the north east of the village between 1983 and 1985, in spite of opposition including a peace camp.[6][7]

Manor house

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Bradenham Manor

Bradenham is the location of a grand red brick manor house, which in the 13th century was a property belonging to the Earl of Warwick. The house was fit for royalty, as in 1566 Queen Elizabeth I was entertained here by Lord Windsor. The current manor house was substantially built by Sir Edmund Pye, 1st Baronet around 1670 with tall sash windows, steep roofs and slim brick chimneys.[8] In the 19th century it was the home of Isaac D'Israeli who died there in 1848 and is buried in the churchyard.[9] His son Benjamin Disraeli, who became the prime minister, lived there for part of his early life.[10] In the later Victorian era, the house was turned into a boarding school for local young gentlemen. In recent years, Bradenham Manor was leased by the National Trust to Grant Thornton UK LLP as the firm's National Training Centre. However, the manor has now been returned to the National Trust. It is well known for its gardens.

It featured as the 'Wargames Headquarters' in the 1967 film, The Dirty Dozen.[11]

Notable people

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References

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  1. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Bradenham Parish (E04001593)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  2. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 58. ISBN 0-19-869103-3.
  3. ^ "Bradenham | Domesday Book". opendomesday.org. Retrieved 27 June 2022.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Botolph (Grade II*) (1125779)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  5. ^ "A Brief History of the Bradenham Estate". nationaltrust.org.uk. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  6. ^ Clayton, Hugh (8 November 1982). "Bunker objectors to go to court". The Times. No. 61383. p. 4. ISSN 0140-0460.
  7. ^ Clayton, Hugh (23 April 1983). "Trust rebels criticize land report". The Times. No. 61514. p. 3. ISSN 0140-0460.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Bradenham Manor (Grade II*) (1332048)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  9. ^ a b Ogden, James (23 September 2004). "D'Israeli, Isaac". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7690. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  10. ^ a b Parry, Jonathan (23 September 2004). "Disraeli, Benjamin, earl of Beaconsfield". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7689. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  11. ^ Craigie, Emily (15 January 2021). "The blockbuster films shot in High Wycombe". Buckinghamshire Live. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  12. ^ Wright, Stephen (23 September 2004). "Brooksbank, Joseph". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/3532. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  13. ^ Lloyd-Jones, Ralph (23 September 2004). "Falcieri, Giovanni Battista [Tita]". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/59504. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  14. ^ Millar, Mary S. (23 September 2004). "Rose, Sir Philip, first baronet". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/41059. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
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