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Brazilian Labour Party
Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro
PresidentKassyo Santos Ramos (acting)
Honour PresidentRoberto Jefferson
FounderIvete Vargas
Founded21 November 1979; 42 years ago (1979-11-21)
Registered3 November 1981; 40 years ago (1981-11-03)
Merger ofParty of the Nation's Retirees
Social Democratic Party
Preceded byBrazilian Labour Party
HeadquartersSAS, Qd. 1, Bloco M, Ed. Libertas, Loja 101
Brasília, Brazil
Think tankIvete Vargas Foundation
Youth wingLabour Christian Conservative Youth
Historical:
PTB Youth
Membership (November 2021)Decrease1,075,750[1]
IdeologySocial conservatism
Brazilian nationalism
Right-wing populism[2]
National conservatism

Christian right[3]
Catholic social teaching[4]
Factions:
Anarcho-capitalism[5]
Brazilian Integralism[6]
Economic liberalism
Historical:
Getulism
Labourism[7]
Left-wing nationalism[7]
Political positionRight-wing to far-right[2]
Historical:
Centre to centre-left[8]
Colours  Black
  Yellow
  Green
  Navy blue
Slogan"God, Family, Homeland and Freedom"
TSE Identification Number14
Mayors
215 / 5,568
Federal Senate
2 / 81
Chamber of Deputies
3 / 513
State assemblies
30 / 1,024
City councillors
2,474 / 56,810
Website
ptb.org.br

The Brazilian Labour Party (Portuguese: Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro, PTB) is a political party in Brazil founded in 1981 by Ivete Vargas, niece of President Getúlio Vargas. It claims the legacy of the historical PTB, although many historians reject this because the early version of PTB was a center-left party with wide support in the working class.[9] Despite the name suggesting a left-leaning unionist labour party, the PTB joined a coalition led by the centrist to centre-right PSDB in 2010.

The party has recently shown strong support for the government of Jair Bolsonaro,[10] presenting policies from a more right-wing angle, in addition to affiliating federal deputy Daniel Silveira, known for making references to AI-5.[11]

History

In 1981, the military dictatorship that had dismantled the historic PTB decided to revoke its legislation which enforced a two-party state. Ivete Vargas, niece of Getúlio Vargas, became the president of the party.

Soon thereafter, a social-democratic wing of the original PTB, led by Leonel Brizola, founded the Democratic Labour Party (PDT). This all but ensured that the PTB would abandon leftist politics, ultimately embracing centrist or slightly right-leaning politics.[citation needed]

In the 1989, a small dissident faction of moderate social democrats and populists abandoned the PTB and founded the Labour Party of Brazil (PTdoB).

Popular support

At the legislative elections of October 6, 2002, the party won 26 out of 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 3 out of 81 seats in the Senate.

Before the 2010 presidential election, PTB participated in the coalition government of former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, and did not field presidential candidates. The party, however, did not support Lula's candidate to succeed him, Dilma Rousseff (herself a former historical PTB/PDT member), as it embarked on PSDB José Serra's failed campaign for President.[12]

Notable members

Current members

Former members

References

  1. ^ https://www.tse.jus.br/eleitor/estatisticas-de-eleitorado/filiados
  2. ^ a b "De partido sem ideologia a sigla dos "leões conservadores": Como o PTB quer atrair Bolsonaro".
  3. ^ "MOVIMENTO CRISTÃO CONSERVADOR MCC PTB".
  4. ^ "Uma análise da Rerum Novarum e suas influências no Direito do Trabalho".
  5. ^ "Partidos vão investir em influenciadores, ex-BBBs e policiais como 'puxadores de voto'".
  6. ^ "PTB bolsonarista filia integralistas e ruma à extrema-direita".
  7. ^ a b Alvim, Mariana (31 January 2018). "De Getúlio Vargas a Cristiane Brasil, como o PTB passou do trabalhismo histórico aos ataques à Justiça do Trabalho". BBC News Brasil (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  8. ^ Derbyshire, J. Denis; Derbyshire, Ian (1989). Political Systems Of The World. Allied Publishers. p. 114. ISBN 9788170233077. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Election Resources on the Internet: Federal Elections in Brazil". Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  10. ^ "De partido sem ideologia a sigla dos "leões conservadores": como o PTB quer atrair Bolsonaro". Gazeta do Povo (in Brazilian Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2020-07-21. Retrieved 2021-02-27.
  11. ^ "Roberto Jefferson diz que Daniel Silveira se filiou ao PTB". ISTOÉ Independente (in Brazilian Portuguese). 2021-02-25. Retrieved 2021-02-27.
  12. ^ "Brazil Elections Result". Retrieved December 8, 2014.
Preceded by13 - WP (PT) Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties 14 - BLP (PTB) Succeeded by15 - BDM (MDB)