Brekke herad
View of the village of Brekke
Brekke within Sogn og Fjordane
Coordinates: 61°01′07″N 05°27′41″E / 61.01861°N 5.46139°E / 61.01861; 5.46139Coordinates: 61°01′07″N 05°27′41″E / 61.01861°N 5.46139°E / 61.01861; 5.46139
CountryNorway
CountySogn og Fjordane
DistrictSogn
Established1850-1861
Re-established1 Jan 1905
Disestablished1 Jan 1964
Administrative centreBrekke
Area
 • Total207 km2 (80 sq mi)
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1414
Preceded byEvenvig in 1850
Succeeded byLavik og Brekke in 1861
Preceded byLavik og Brekke in 1905
Succeeded byGulen in 1964

Brekke is a former municipality in the old Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway. The municipality has existed two separate times: from 1850 until 1861 and then again from 1905 until its dissolution in 1964. It was located in the northeastern part of the present-day Gulen Municipality in Vestland county. The municipality encompassed about 207 square kilometres (80 sq mi) south of the Sognefjorden, centered on the Risnesfjorden arm that reaches to the south from the main fjord. The administrative center of the municipality was the village of Brekke, located on the southern shore of the Sognefjord, about a 35 kilometres (22 mi) drive from the village of Eivindvik. The main church for the municipality was Brekke Church.[1]

Name

The municipality is named after the old Brekke farm (Old Norse: Brekka) since Brekke Church was located there. The name is identical to the old Norwegian word meaning "slope". Historically, the spelling of the name was not formalized, so spellings such as Breche, Bræcke, and Brække were also used.[2][3]

History

The parish of Brekke was originally established as a municipality in 1850 when it was split off from the municipality of Evindvig. Initially, Brekke had a population of 898. In 1861, Brekke (population: 898) was merged with neighboring municipality of Lavik (population: 926) to form the new municipality of Lavik og Brekke. On 1 January 1875, a part of Klævold municipality with 90 inhabitants was moved to Lavik og Brekke.

On 1 January 1905, the municipality of Lavik og Brekke was split (back) into two parts, Lavik (population: 1,182) and Brekke (population: 982). During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, Brekke municipality ceased to exist when it was merged with Gulen, the neighboring municipality to the west, forming a new, larger municipality of Gulen. Before the merger, Brekke had a population of 782.[4]

Government

Municipal council

The municipal council (Heradsstyre) of Brekke was made up of 13 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Brekke Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [5]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:13
Brekke Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [6]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
Total number of members:13
Brekke Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [7]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)8
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:12
Brekke Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [8]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)9
Total number of members:12
Brekke Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)6
Total number of members:12
Brekke Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:12
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

Notable residents

The Communist and anti-Nazi Resistance leader Peder Furubotn was born in Brekke in 1890.

See also

References

  1. ^ Askheim, Svein, ed. (2019-09-23). "Brekke - Gulen". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  2. ^ Arthur, Ross G. (2002). "English-Old Norse Dictionary" (PDF). Cambridge, Ontario, Canada. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 192.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  6. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  7. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  8. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  9. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  10. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-05-11.