Bridge chord
Component intervals from root
major sixth
minor third
major second
Forte no. / Complement
6-z29 / 6-z50
Bridge chord on C Play (help·info).
Bridge chord on C Play .

The Bridge chord is a bitonal chord named after its use in the music of composer Frank Bridge (1879–1941). It consists of a minor chord with the major chord a whole tone above (CEG & DFA),[1][2] as well as a major chord with the minor chord a semitone above (CEG & DFA), which share the same mediant (E/F).[1][failed verification][3][failed verification][clarification needed] Play ) When inverted, both form eleventh chords (DFACEG = D119 and DFACEG = DmM7A9A11).

According to Anthony Payne, Paul Hindmarsh and Lewis Foreman, Bridge had strong pacifist convictions, and he was deeply disturbed by the First World War. The Bridge chord appears to have been introduced in the years following the War, as Bridge experimented with more prominent use of dissonance in his musical language and a more structured method of composition. Its first use in his published work is in the Piano Sonata (1921–24).[4] The Bridge chord is fairly dissonant, with two minor seconds, two major seconds, one augmented second, and two tritones contained in the chord.

See also


  1. ^ a b Payne, Anthony; Foreman, Lewis; and Bishop, John (1976). The Music of Frank Bridge, p. 42. Thames Publishing. ISBN 9780905210025.
  2. ^ Mark Thornton Burnett, Adrian Streete, and Ramona Wray, eds. (2011). The Edinburgh Companion to Shakespeare and the Arts, p. 174. Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 9780748635238.
  3. ^ Hold, Trevor (2005). Parry to Finzi: Twenty English Song-composers, p.180. Boydell Press. ISBN 9781843831747.
  4. ^ Payne, Anthony, Paul Hindmarsh, and Lewis Foreman. 2001. "Bridge, Frank". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.