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Highway 11 shield
Highway 11
Abbotsford-Mission Highway
Sumas Way
Highway 11 highlighted in red.
Route information
Maintained by British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure
Length17 km[1] (11 mi)
Existed1958–present
Major junctions
South end SR 9 at the Canada–US border
Major intersections Hwy 1 (TCH) in Abbotsford
North end Hwy 7 in Mission
Location
CountryCanada
ProvinceBritish Columbia
Major citiesAbbotsford, Mission
Highway system
Hwy 10 Hwy 12

Highway 11, known locally as the Abbotsford-Mission Highway, is a 17 km (11 mi) long at-grade expressway (With the southernmost part of the highway two lanes) that figuratively cuts the Fraser Valley in half. The highway was first given the '11' designation in 1958, and it originally followed South Fraser Way through Abbotsford, being re-routed onto the four-lane Sumas Way in the mid-1980s. Highway 11 originally entered Mission over the same bridge that carries a spur of the Canadian Pacific Railway across the Fraser River, but it was re-routed onto its own bridge, the Mission Bridge, in 1973.

Route details

In the south, Highway 11 begins at the Huntingdon Canada–US border crossing, where it connects with Washington State Route 9. The highway goes north for 3.4 km (2.1 mi) to its junction with Highway 1. North of Highway 1, the route travels 3.7 km (2.3 mi) north, passing through two interchanges, before arriving at an intersection with Gladys Road. Highway 11 is facing west at this point, so it turns right onto its own dedicated route. Highway 11 from this point proceeds north for 10 km (6 mi). It passes through the community of Matsqui and an interchange into Matsqui's centre, then crosses the Fraser River over the Mission Bridge into Mission, where it terminates at its junction with Highway 7.

History

Highway 11 has been realigned several times since it was first designated in 1958. Until the Mission Bridge was completed in 1973, traffic crossing the Fraser River used a nearby railway bridge.[2] Traffic continued to use Riverside Street until a new alignment and railway overhead was completed in 1979 or 1980.[3] Once the highway crossed the Fraser, the highway turned towards Horne Street, along the present day Horne Street Connector. The current alignment opened in 1984 when a $6.7 million (equivalent to $16.42 million in 2022) route and overpass across the Canadian Pacific tracks opened. [4][5] North from Abbotsford, the highway met Harris Road at a T-intersection and turned westwards, before turning north again at Riverside Street, continuing until it met the Trans-Canada Trail dyke at the Fraser River.[6] Once over the bridge, the highway ran along Harbour Avenue and subsequently northwards along Horne Avenue towards the split Lougheed Highway.[7]

In Abbotsford, both Gladys Avenue and Railway Avenue were both a part of the highway until the present expressway bypass was opened around late 1986 or early 1987.[8][9]

The two interchanges on the north side and the CPR overhead were built after the Mission Bridge.[10] The trumpet interchange leading to Horne Avenue was constructed before the CPR overhead, which was completed around 1984. The interchange with London Avenue was completed in November 1998.[11]

Major intersections

For south to north. The entire route is in the Fraser Valley Regional District.

Locationkm[1]miDestinationsNotes
Abbotsford0.000.00 SR 9 south – Sumas, BellinghamContinues into Washington
Canada – United States border at Sumas-Huntingdon Border Crossing
3.442.14 Hwy 1 (TCH) – Vancouver, HopeInterchange (Hwy 1 Exit 92); traffic signals along Hwy 11
4.302.67South Fraser Way – Abbotsford City Centre
4.993.10Old Yale RoadInterchange; no southbound exit
6.093.78Old Clayburn RoadInterchange; Hwy 11 turns west
7.124.42Gladys Avenue – Abbotsford City CentreHwy 11 branches north
13.768.55Riverside StreetInterchange; southbound exit, northbound entrance
↑ / ↓14.39–
15.53
8.94–
9.65
Mission Bridge over the Fraser River
Mission15.739.77 Hwy 915:0670 (Horne Street Connector) to Hwy 7 east – Mission City Centre, AgassizInterchange; southbound exit via London Avenue exit; Hwy 915:0670 is unsigned
16.5210.27London Avenue – Industrial ParkInterchange
17.1110.63 Hwy 7 (Lougheed Highway) – Vancouver, Maple Ridge, Agassiz, Harrison Hot Springs
Cedar Valley Connector to Cedar Street
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References

  1. ^ a b Landmark Kilometre Inventory (PDF). British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure (Report). Cypher Consulting. July 2016. pp. 212–214. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 11, 2017. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
  2. ^ Mission Museum Staff. "The Story of the Mission Bridge". missionmuseum.com. Mission Museum.
  3. ^ British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Highways (1980). Minister of Transportation and Highways Report for the Fiscal Year 1979/80 (Report). Victoria: Government of British Columbia. p. 200. doi:10.14288/1.0378752. J110.L5 S7; 1980_V02_12_001_354. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  4. ^ British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Highways (1986). Minister of Transportation and Highways Report for the Fiscal Year 1984/85 (Report). Victoria: Government of British Columbia. p. 199.
  5. ^ British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure (n.d.). "Frontier to Freeway: A Short Illustrated History of Roads and Freeways in British Columbia". British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. p. 30.
  6. ^ "BC7057/173". openmaps.gov.bc.ca. Government of British Columbia. May 18, 1968. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  7. ^ "BC7057/109". openmaps.gov.bc.ca. Government of British Columbia. May 18, 1968. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  8. ^ "BC18026/193". openmaps.gov.bc.ca. Government of British Columbia. June 25, 1981. Retrieved February 17, 2022. The road bending through the centre of the image is Railway Avenue. The street below which ends is Gladys.
  9. ^ "BCC451/131". openmaps.gov.bc.ca. Government of British Columbia. August 3, 1986. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  10. ^ "BC5705/001". openmaps.gov.bc.ca. Government of British Columbia. March 11, 1976. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  11. ^ BCTFA (1999). BC Transportation Financing Authority Annual Report 1998/1999 (Annual Report) (Report). Victoria: BCTFA. p. 12. ISSN 1208-1507.

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