British Rail Class 360 Desiro
38684430671 43b07206b0 Hugh.jpg
Heathrow Connect Class 360 unit 360202 at Southall in 2017
The Standard Class interior of 360101.jpg
Interior of a Greater Anglia Class 360/1
In service12 August 2003 – present
ManufacturerSiemens Transportation Systems
Built atKrefeld, Germany
Family nameDesiro
Replaced
Constructed
  • 2002–2003 (360/1)
  • 2004–2005 (360/2)
Number built
  • 26
  • (21 × 360/1)
  • (5 × 360/2)
Number in service21
Successor
Formation
  • 4 cars per 360/1 unit
  • 5 cars per 360/2 unit
Fleet numbers
  • 360101–360121
  • 360201–360205
Capacity
  • 360/1: 280 seats
  • (16 first and 264 standard)[1]
  • 360/2: 333 seats[2]
Operator(s)
Depot(s)
Specifications
Car length20.34 m (66 ft 8+34 in)
Width2.80 m (9 ft 2+14 in)
Maximum speed
  • 360/1: 110 mph (180 km/h)
  • 360/2: 100 mph (160 km/h)
Weight
  • 360/1: 174 t (171 long tons; 192 short tons)
  • 360/2: 170 t (167 long tons; 187 short tons)[1]
Power output1,550 kW (2,080 hp)[1]
Acceleration0.98 m/s2 (3.2 ft/s2)[1]
Electric system(s)25 kV 50 Hz AC Overhead
Current collector(s)Pantograph
Braking system(s)Air, regenerative
Safety system(s)
Coupling systemDellner
Multiple workingWithin class
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge

The British Rail Class 360 Desiro is an electric multiple-unit class that was built by Siemens Transportation Systems between 2002 and 2005. The Class 360 is currently operated by East Midlands Railway and Rail Operations Group.

Description

Class 360/1

East Midlands Railway 360106 in ex-Greater Anglia livery
East Midlands Railway 360112 in full EMR Connect livery (vinyl version) at Kettering station.
East Midlands Railway 360112 in full EMR Connect livery (vinyl version) at Kettering station.
East Midlands Railway 360104 in full EMR Connect livery (painted version) at Kettering station.
East Midlands Railway 360104 in full EMR Connect livery (painted version) at Kettering station.

First Great Eastern ordered 21 four-car Class 360/1s to replace its slam-door Class 312 units. Built in Krefeld, Germany, the units feature air conditioning, plug doors, CCTV, a wheelchair area, and first class at the cab ends. After being tested at the Wildenrath, Germany and Velim, Czech Republic test tracks, the first entered service in August 2003.[5][6] In February 2004, 360115 returned to Wildenrath for tests aimed at improving pantograph performance.[7]

They were primarily used on Great Eastern Main Line services from London Liverpool Street to Clacton-on-Sea, Colchester Town and Ipswich. They also ran to Walton-on-the-Naze and the Mayflower line. They occasionally operated through to Norwich.[8]

In April 2004, the Great Eastern franchise was merged into the Greater Anglia franchise that was awarded to National Express East Anglia. All passed with the franchise to Greater Anglia in February 2012. The Class 360s were not maintained by the franchisee, but under contract by Siemens at Ilford EMU Depot.[3]

All were replaced by Class 720s in 2020/2021 and moved to East Midlands Railway (EMR) to operate services on the Midland Main Line from London St Pancras to Corby from May 2021.[9][10] They will have their 3+2 seating replaced with 2+2 and be modified to operate at 110 mph (180 km/h).[11] They will be based at Bedford Cauldwell Walk depot.[12][13]

Beginning in June 2020, all were cycled through Siemens at Kings Heath Depot, Northampton to be modified for 110 mph (180 km/h) operation.[14] The first was transferred to EMR's Cricklewood Depot in November 2020,[15] with all having transferred by February 2021.[16]

They were introduced on 16 May 2021 with East Midlands Railway, with 360102 and 360112 being vinyled into the EMR Connect livery as part of the launch.[17] Repainting of the units began in June 2021 at Arlington Fleet Services, Eastleigh.[18]

Class 360/2

TfL Rail 360205 at London Paddington in July 2019
TfL Rail 360205 at London Paddington in July 2019

In June 2003, BAA ordered four Class 360/2s for its London Paddington to Heathrow Airport stopping trains, to be known as Heathrow Connect.[19][20] These were built using four trains that had been built for Angel Trains as a speculative order numbered 350001 to 350004. Only 350001 came to England, being used for training by South West Trains at Northam Carriage Servicing Depot. The others remained at the Wildenrath test track in Germany.[21][22]

The first arrived at Old Oak Common TMD in November 2004.[23] Heathrow Connect services commenced in June 2005.[24] An extra set was ordered arriving in England in November 2005, but didn't enter service for 12 months.[25] In 2007 additional carriages were delivered to increase all sets to five carriages.[26][27] In 2010, 360205 was revinyled into Heathrow Express livery to operate its Heathrow Central to Heathrow Terminal 4 shuttle.[28] In May 2018 TfL Rail inherited all five of Heathrow Connect's Class 360s, which were replaced by Class 345 units once problems with the European Train Control System in the Heathrow tunnel were resolved.[29] On 30 July 2020, the Class 345 began entering passenger service on the Heathrow branch with the last Class 360 withdrawn on 13 September 2020.[30][31][32]

In February 2021, Rail Operations Group announced it had purchased the five-strong fleet from Heathrow Airport Holdings. The fleet was moved to MOD Bicester for storage, pending further use with the company.[33]

Accidents and incidents

Fleet details

Class Cars per Set No. Built No. Range Operator Year Built Notes
Class 360/1 4 21 360101–360121[16] East Midlands Railway 2002–2003
Class 360/2 5 5 360201–360205 Rail Operations Group[33] 2004–2005 Stored at Bicester MOD; to be converted into freight use.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Reference Brochure Trains" (PDF). mobility.siemens.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2021.
  2. ^ "Class 360". The Railway Centre. Archived from the original on 27 February 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Class 360 - National Express East Anglia". Siemens Mobility. Archived from the original on 28 June 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  4. ^ "Class 332 & 360/2 - Heathrow Express". Siemens Mobility. Archived from the original on 15 February 2011. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  5. ^ FGE Class 360 Desiro moves to Czech Republic for tests Rail issue 443 4 September 2002 page 60
  6. ^ Desiro makes its FGE debut run Rail issue 468 20 August 2003 page 8
  7. ^ FGE 360 Desiro returns to Germany Rail issue 483 17 March 2004 page 31
  8. ^ NXEA to clear Class 360s to Norwich Today's Railways UK issue 105 September 2010 page 67
  9. ^ Hitachi rumoured to have won EMR bi-mode deal Rail issue 884 31 July 2019 page 28
  10. ^ Class 360 introduction delayed by Pandemic - Railnews. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  11. ^ Class 360/1s earmarked for 110mph running Rail issue 886 28 August 2019 page 10
  12. ^ A New Era for the East Midlands as Abellio starts its fifth franchise Today's Railways UK issue 214 October 2019 page 26
  13. ^ Completion of rail work near Kettering marks major milestone in £1.5bn scheme - Northamptonshire Telegraph. Retrieved 2020-11-11.
  14. ^ Greater Anglia Class 360/1s being readied for East Midlands switch Rail issue 908 1 July 2020 page 26
  15. ^ EMR 170 debuts on Robin Hood line Modern Railways issue 867 December 2020 page 84
  16. ^ a b East-West Madness! Rail February 2021 page 28-29
  17. ^ "introducing emr connect". www.eastmidlandsrailway.co.uk. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  18. ^ "New East Midlands Railway trains will not be refurbished in time for electric 'Connect' service". www.northantstelegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  19. ^ Heathrow Express orders Siemens Desiro EMUs for new stopping trains Rail issue 465 9 July 2003 page 10
  20. ^ Desiros ordered for Heathrow Airport local stopping service The Railway Magazine issue 1228 August 2003 page 8
  21. ^ Class 350s could be rebuilt Rail issue 472 15 October 2003 page 6
  22. ^ 360s to use old bodies Rail issue 484 31 March 2004 page 24
  23. ^ First Class 360/2 arrives Rail issue 502 8 December 2004 page 27
  24. ^ Take off! New Heathrow Connect targets airport staff Rail issue 516 22 June 2005 page 8
  25. ^ Final HEx 360 arrives Today's Railways UK issue 50 February 2006 page 57
  26. ^ Fifth coaches arrive for HEx 360s Today's Railways UK issue 62 February 2007 page 62
  27. ^ New 360/2 Vehicles Arrive Rail issue 559 14 February 2007 page 55
  28. ^ Heathrow Express livery for Connect 360 The Railway Magazine issue 1312 August 2010 page 72
  29. ^ Crossrail: behind schedule, over budget and under pressure International Railway Journal 8 May 2019
  30. ^ "First '345' reaches Heathrow". Key Modern Railways.
  31. ^ Heathrow 360s Retired Modern Railways issue 865 October 2020 page 85
  32. ^ Aventras rule on Heathrow Connect Railways Illustrated November 2020 page 10
  33. ^ a b Ex-Heathrow '360s' for Rail Operations Group Modern Railways issue 870 March 2021 page 86
  34. ^ "Derailment of an empty passenger train at Paddington station 25 May 2014" (PDF). Rail Accidents Investigation Branch. Retrieved 17 June 2016.