Broadway Theater and
Commercial District (NRHP)
Broadway Theater and
Entertainment District
(City of Los Angeles)
Broadway looking north from Hoxton Hotel Roof (11th St.), September 2020.jpg
Broadway looking north towards the historic Theater and Commercial District from Hoxton Hotel Roof (11th St.), September 2020
Broadway (Los Angeles) is located in Los Angeles
Broadway (Los Angeles)
Location300—849 S. Broadway
Los Angeles, California
Coordinates34°2′48″N 118°15′4″W / 34.04667°N 118.25111°W / 34.04667; -118.25111Coordinates: 34°2′48″N 118°15′4″W / 34.04667°N 118.25111°W / 34.04667; -118.25111
ArchitectMultiple
Architectural styleEarly Commercial, Late 19th And 20th Century Revivals, Art Deco
NRHP reference No.79000484 [1]
Added to NRHPMay 9, 1979
Broadway
Los Angeles Theatre.jpg
Los Angeles Theatre
Maintained by
Length 17.75 mi (28.57 km)
Location Los Angeles
South end Main Street near Gardena
Major
junctions
Northeast end Mission Road in Los Angeles
Construction
Inauguration 1890

Broadway, until 1890 Fort Street, is a thoroughfare in Los Angeles County, California, USA. The portion of Broadway from 3rd to 9th streets, in the Historic Core of Downtown Los Angeles, was the city's main commercial street from the 1910s until World War II, and is the location of the Broadway Theater and Commercial District, the first and largest historic theater district listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).[2] With twelve movie palaces located along a six-block stretch of Broadway, it is the only large concentration of movie palaces left in the United States.

Route

South Broadway's southern terminus is Main Street just north of the San Diego Freeway (I-405) in Carson. From there it runs 10 miles (16 km) north through Athens and South Los Angeles to Downtown Los Angeles – at Olympic Blvd. entering downtown's Historic Core, in which the buildings lining Broadway form the Broadway Theater and Commercial District. Crossing 3rd Street, Broadway passes through the Civic Center including Grand Park. After crossing the US-101 (Santa Ana Freeway), signs read "North Broadway" as it enters Chinatown. It then curves northeast, passing through old railyards, crosses the Golden State Fwy. (I-5) and heads due east to its terminus at Mission Road in Lincoln Heights.

History

Founding and extension

Broadway, one of the oldest streets in the city, was laid out as part of the 1849 plan of Los Angeles made by Lieutenant Edward Ord and named Fort Street. Fort Street began at the south side of Fort Moore Hill (a block north of Temple Street) at Sand Street (later California Street).

In 1890, the name of Fort Street, from 1st Street to 10th Street, was changed to Broadway. The rest of Fort Street, from California Street to 1st Street, was changed to North Broadway.[3][4]

Proposal for opening Broadway through to Buena Vista Street (now North Broadway), and extending the street south into what was then part of Main Street, below Tenth Street, in order to give a continuous, wide thoroughfare from the southern city limits to the Eastside, was made as early as February 1891.[5]

The Broadway Tunnel under Fort Moore Hill was opened in 1901, extending North Broadway to Buena Vista Street at Bellevue Avenue (later Sunset Boulevard, now Cesar Chavez Avenue). A section of Broadway in South Los Angeles was originally named Moneta Avenue until 1923.[6]

In 1909, construction on a bridge across the Los Angeles River was begun to connect Buena Vista Street to Downey Avenue, which ran from the river to Mission Road. The names of Buena Vista and Downey were then changed to North Broadway,[7][8][9] but not without significant objections from affected residents and landowners.[10][11][12][13] The bridge, which continued to be referred to as the Buena Vista Street Bridge for a good while, was opened to traffic in late September 1911.[14]

Los Angeles' central commercial and entertainment street

See also: History of Retail in Southern California

For more than 50 years, Broadway from 1st Street to Olympic Boulevard was the main commercial street of Los Angeles, and one of its premier theater and movie palace districts as well. It contains a vast number of historic buildings and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Prior to the turn of the 20th century, the city's Central Business District was further north, along Spring and Main streets between the Plaza and 2nd Street. In 1895 J.W. Robinson's opened what was then considered a very large and impressive four-story department store at 239 S. Broadway,[15][16] signaling of the shift over the next decade and a half of the main shopping district to Broadway below 2nd Street.

Retail hub

From around 1905 through the 1950s, Broadway was considered the center of the city, where residents went to ornate movie palaces and live theaters, and shopped at major department stores and shops. See the Table of department stores on Broadway and Seventh streets below.

The square footage of the four largest department stores alone — Bullock's at 806,000 sq ft (74,900 m2), The Broadway at 577,000 sq ft (53,600 m2),[17] May Co. at over 1,000,000 sq ft (93,000 m2)[18] and J. W. Robinson's (7th St. at Hope) at 623,700 sq ft (57,940 m2)[19][20] — totaled over three million square feet, the size of American Dream Meadowlands, America's largest mall today.

Among dozens of significant buildings from that era are the Bradbury Building, Ace Hotel Los Angeles, and the Los Angeles Examiner building designed by Julia Morgan.

Some of the movie theaters on the street fell into disuse and disrepair, some were replaced with parking lots, but many have been repurposed and/or restored. The department stores closed in the 1970s and 1980s, but Broadway has been the premier shopping destination for working class Latinos for decades.[21]

Theater District

NRHP refers to the district as the Broadway Theater and Commercial District, while the City of Los Angeles Planning Department refers to the Broadway Theater and Entertainment District.[22]

Highest concentration of movie palaces in the world

Stretching for six blocks from Third to Ninth Streets, the district includes 12 movie theaters built between 1910 and 1931. By 1931, the district had the highest concentration of cinemas in the world, with seating capacity for more than 15,000 patrons. Broadway was the hub of L.A.'s entertainment scene – a place where "screen goddesses and guys in fedoras rubbed elbows with Army nurses and aircraft pioneers."[23] In 2006, the Los Angeles Times wrote:

"There was a time, long ago, when the streets of downtown Los Angeles were awash in neon—thanks to a confluence of movie theaters the world had never seen before. Dozens of theaters screened Hollywood's latest fare, played host to star-studded premieres and were filled nightly with thousands of moviegoers. In those days, before World War II, downtown L.A. was the movie capital of the world."[24]

Columnist Jack Smith called it "the only large concentration of vintage movie theaters left in America."[25] Smith recalled growing up a mile from Broadway and spending his Saturdays in the theaters:

"I remember walking into those opulent interiors, surrounded by the glory of the Renaissance, or the age of Baroque, and spending two or three hours in the dream world of the movies. When I came out again the sky blazed; the heat bounced off the sidewalk, traffic sounds filled the street, I was back in the hard reality of the Depression.[25]

Because Broadway has been used as a filming location for decades, many of these theatre marquees can be seen in classic Hollywood films, including Safety Last! (1923), D.O.A. (1950), The Omega Man (1971), Blade Runner (1982), and The Artist (2011).[26][27]

Revitalization by Spanish-language cinema

In the years after World War II, the district began to decline, as first-run movie-goers shifted to the movie palaces in Hollywood, in Westwood Village, and later to suburban multiplexes. After World War II, as Anglo moviegoers moved to the suburbs, many of the Broadway movie palaces became venues for Spanish-language movies and variety shows. In 1988, the Los Angeles Times noted that, without the Hispanic community, "Broadway would be dead."[28] Jack Smith wrote that Broadway had been "rescued and revitalized" by "the Latino renaissance."[25]

Preservation and renovation efforts

The district has been the subject of preservation and restoration efforts since the 1980s. In 1987, the Los Angeles Conservancy started a program called "Last Remaining Seats" in which the old movie palaces were opened each summer to show classic Hollywood movies.[23][29] In 1994, the Conservancy's associate director, Gregg Davidson, noted: "When we started this, the naysayers said no one will go downtown to an old theater to see an old movie in the middle of the summer, but we get a number of people who have never seen a movie in a theater with a balcony. The older people (go) for nostalgia. And the movie people—seeing a classic film on a big screen is a different experience."[29] After attending a Conservancy screening, one writer noted: "The other night I went to the movies and was transported to a world of powdered wigs and hoop skirts, a rococo fantasy of gilded cherubs and crystal chandeliers. And then the film started."[23]

Despite preservation efforts, many of the theaters have been converted to other uses, including flea markets and churches. The Broadway movie palaces fell victim to a number of circumstances, including changing demographics and tastes, a downtown location that was perceived as dangerous at night, and high maintenance costs for aging facilities. With the closure of the State Theater in 1998, the Orpheum and the Palace were the only two still screening films.[30]

In 2006, the Los Angeles Times wrote: "Of all of L.A.'s many hidden gems, maybe none is as sparkling nor as hidden as the Broadway theater district downtown."[23] Bemoaning the possible loss of such gems, the same writer noted: "L.A. gave birth to the movies. To lose the astonishing nurseries where the medium grew up would be tragic."[23]

Broadway since 2008

In 2008, the City of Los Angeles launched a $40-million campaign to revitalize the Broadway district, known as the "Bringing Back Broadway" campaign. Some Latino merchants in the district expressed concern that the campaign was an effort to spread the largely Anglo gentrification taking hold in other parts of downtown to an area that has become the city's leading Latino shopping district.[31] A worker at one of the district's bridal shops noted, "On one side, I like the idea. The only thing is that I don't think they want our types of businesses."[31]

The Downtown's real estate revitalization, using the City's adaptive reuse ordinance that makes it easier for developers to convert outmoded and/or vacant office and commercial buildings into residential buildings, has reached the Broadway Historic District. It includes the transformation of the United Artists Theater office tower into the Ace Hotel Los Angeles, and restoration of its movie palace.

The Bringing Back Broadway commission is working on further reviving the landmark Los Angeles boulevard in the historic district. Led by City Councilman Jose Huizar, the commission has recommended widening sidewalks, eliminating traffic lanes, constructing new parking structures, and bringing back streetcar service reminiscent of the street's past.[32] A pedestrian-friendly project finished up in December 2014 that widened the sidewalks and replaced the parking lane with planters, chairs and round cafe tables with bright-red umbrellas. The Great Streets Initiative seeks to bolster the street-level health of the city by making several dozen boulevards more hospitable to pedestrians, cyclists and small businesses. Mayor Eric Garcetti said the effort represents "a shift from the way that our neighborhoods have been planned in Los Angeles," with a new focus on "walkability and transit."[33]

Broadway retail is transitioning from a broad mix of stores catering to Hispanic immigrants and a burgeoning sneaker and streetwear retail cluster has emerged from 4th to 9th streets: Sneaker Row.[34]

Retail in and around the Eastern Columbia, located at the intersection of 9th Street & Broadway, has proliferated in recent years with the opening of Acne Studios, Oak NYC, Aesop, Tanner Goods, BNKR, Austere, A.P.C., and Urban Outfitters located in the Rialto Theater (Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument No. 472).[35][36]

Buildings and sites

All landmarks in geographic order, north to south:

North of Hollywood Freeway

Hollywood Freeway to Temple

This area south to Second Street is now the Civic Center, as well as the site of the Central Business District during the 1880s and 1890s)

Temple and Broadway

Cable cars of the Temple Street Cable Railway ran along Temple Street starting in 1886 and were replaced with Pacific Electric streetcars in 1902.[37][38]

Northwest corner of Temple and Broadway

Southeast corner of Temple and Broadway (Pound Cake Hill, west side of New High St.)

This location was at the time known as Pound Cake Hill. The buildings located here faced New High Street to their east and Broadway to their west. They were as follows:[42]

Currently on the site are:

Realignment of Spring Street (1925)

The Poundcake Hill buildings originally backed up to Broadway to their west, and faced New High Street to their east. New High Street (see Sanborn map above) was a north-south street that ran parallel to Broadway, and to Spring Street to its east. As part of the construction of City Hall in the early 1920s, New High Street was removed south of Temple, and Spring Street was realigned more towards a north-south orientation, parallel with Broadway, instead of running more northeasterly and meeting Main Street at Temple Street. As a result the Poundcake Hill buildings faced the newly aligned Spring Street until they were demolished.

Southwest corner of Temple and Broadway

Adjacent to the south, mid-block, is a portion of Grand Park.

First and Broadway

Northeast corner of First and Broadway

Northwest corner of First and Broadway

Southeast corner of First and Broadway and east side of 100 block

Southwest corner of First and Broadway

The southwest corner, during Victorian times the site of unremarkable retail and office buildings, was from 1958 the location of the State Office Building, (1958-60, architect Anson C. Boyd, razed 2006). It was named the Junipero Serra State Office Building, and this moniker would be transferred to the former Broadway Department Store building at 4th and Broadway when it was opened to replace this building in 1998.[49] It is now the location of the New U. S. Courthouse built in 2016, taking up the entire block between Broadway, Hill, First and Second.[50]

Just south of the southwest corner was the Mason Theatre, 127 S. Broadway. Opened in 1903 as the Mason Opera House, 1,600 seats. Benjamin Marshall of the Chicago firm Marshall & Wilson designed the building in association with John Parkinson. Marshall is known for designing the Iroquois Theatre in Chicago. Remodeled in 1924 by Meyer & Holler. Later, as the Mason Theatre, it showed Spanish-language films. Demolished 1955.[51]

145 S. Broadway,[52]site of the C. H. Frost Building, later known as the Haig M. Prince Building. Built 1898, architect John Parkinson,[53] Now the location of the New Los Angeles US Courthouse built in 2016, taking up the entire block between Broadway, Hill, First and Second.[50]

Second and Broadway

Northeast corner of Second and Broadway

One of several “Hellman Buildings” across Downtown L.A. — not to be confused with the still-existing Hellman Building at Fourth and Spring — was located here (#138) from 1897 to 1959.[54] The site is now a parking structure, part of the Times Mirror Square complex.

Southwest corner of Second and Broadway and the west side of the 200 block

The west side of the 200 block of South Broadway had a key place in the retail history of Los Angeles from the 1893 through 1917, as it was home to several prominent early department stores such as the Ville de Paris, Coulter's department store from 1905–1917, and J. W. Robinson's "Boston Dry Goods" store from 1895–1915. All three stores would move to Seventh Street when it became the upscale shopping street between 1915 and 1917.

Further south on the west side of Broadway, was 207–211, location of the:

The YMCA Building was demolished to make way for the:

Coulter's complex: Potomac and Bicknell blocks

The adjacent Potomac Block and Bicknell Block originally housed prominent retailers of the day, then were joined together in 1906 by Coulter's department store to form a complex, opening it as a new, 157,000 sq ft (14,600 m2) store in June, 1905.[58][59][60]

Potomac Block

The Potomac Block, 213–223 S. Broadway, was from 1905–1917 known as the B. F. Coulter Building. It was originally developed by lumberyard and mill owner J. M. Griffith. It was designed in 1888 by Block, Curlett and Eisen in Romanesque architectural style[61] and opened on July 17, 1890.[62]

Tenants included:

It was the first time major retail stores opened on South Broadway, in what would be a shift of the upmarket shopping district from 1890 to 1905 from around First and Spring to South Broadway. In 1904, Coulter's bought the Potomac Block, and combined it with the Bicknell block to create its new store that opened in 1905.

After Coulter's moved:

The building was demolished in 1953 and is still the site of a parking lot.[63]

Bicknell Block

The Bicknell Block (or Bicknell Building) at 225–229 S. Broadway, with back entrances at 224–228 S. Hill Street. was part of Coulter's from 1905 from 1917. After Coulter's moved in 1917, it housed the Western Shoe Co. (through 1922), later known as the Western Department Store (1922-1928). Lettering covered the face of the building from top to bottom through the end of the 1950s: "THE LARGEST SHOE DEPT. IN THE WEST".[64]

Further south on Broadway

Southeast corner and east side of Broadway from 2nd to 3rd

The southeast corner of 2nd and Broadway was the site of

Mid-block were:

Third and Broadway

Northwest corner of Third and Broadway

The corner is home to one of the oldest buildings outside the Plaza area, the 1895 Irvine Byrne Block or Byrne Block; now called the Pan American Lofts. The architect was Sumner Hunt. It was built in a hybrid Spanish Colonial Revival/Beaux-Arts style.

The building was home to the renowned I. Magnin clothing store that opened here on January 2, 1899;[76] on June 19, 1904, I. Magnin announced that the Los Angeles store would henceforth be known as Myer Siegel.[68] After a fire at the Irvine Byrne Building destroyed its store on February 16, 1911, Myer Siegel moved further south on Broadway.

It was modernized and converted to lofts in 2007 and given its present name. The halls and staircase have appeared in many of Alfred Hitchcock's movies, Brad Pitt's "Se7en", "Fight Club","Blade Runner", and other tv shows and commercials.[77]

From Third Street south to Olympic Blvd. (originally Tenth St.), and from Hill Street east to Los Angeles Street, including Broadway, is the Historic Core district, the city's main commercial and entertainment area in the first half of the 20th century.

Northeast corner of Third and Broadway

On this corner:[78]

Southwest corner of Third and Broadway

Southeast corner of Third and Broadway


Third to Fourth

South of the intersection of Third and Broadway, sites of interest include:

West side

East side

Fourth to Fifth streets

West side

Terrazzo floor of former Newberry's five and dime
Terrazzo floor of former Newberry's five and dime

East side

Fifth to Sixth streets

West side

East side

Sixth to Seventh streets

West side

Southwest corner of Sixth and Broadway
600 block of Broadway, west side

Next to what is now the Jevne building on the south at 609–619 S. Broadway were several buildings in succession:

East side

Seventh to Eighth streets

West side

State Theater
State Theater
Reich and Lièvre store at 737-745 S. Broadway depicted in 1917 ad for store opening
Reich and Lièvre store at 737-745 S. Broadway depicted in 1917 ad for store opening

East side

Globe Theatre (1913, 1,900 seats) – Legitimate theater – Located at 744 S. Broadway, the Globe opened in 1913 as the Morosco Theatre, with a seating capacity of 782. Built for impresario Oliver Morosco and designed by the architectural firm of Morgan, Walls & Morgan, it was used for full-scale live dramatic theater. It was converted into a movie theater during the Great Depression and later served as a Spanish-language movie theater. The building was converted into a swap meet in 1987.[2] As of June 2014, construction to restore it to use as an entertainment venue is ongoing.[118] The restored marquee was relit June 24, 2014.[119] The Globe is now a multipurpose space for music, theatrical events and films. Current capacity: 2,000.

Eighth to Ninth streets

West side

East side

Ninth to Tenth streets

West side

Blackstone's Department Store building
United Artists Theater
Ace Hotel and United Artists Theatre

South of Olympic Boulevard (originally Tenth Street)

West side

East side

Other surviving theaters adjacent to Broadway

Street grid

South of Third Street

Landmarks are shown on the following street grid of the Historic Core of Downtown Los Angeles.

Abbreviations and notes

For the area north of Third Street, see Victorian Downtown Los Angeles
For the area to the west of Hill Street, see Financial District, Los Angeles
H
I
L
L

S
T.
  Irvine Byrne Block/
now Pan American Lofts (1895)
B
R
O
A
D
W
A
Y
  Douglas Bldg. (1899) S
P
R
I
N
G

S
T
R
E
E
T
Stimson Bldg. (1893–1963)   M
A
I
N

S
T
R
E
E
T
    L
O
S

A
N
G
E
L
E
S

S
T
R
E
E
T
THIRD ST. THIRD ST. THIRD ST. THIRD ST. THIRD ST.
Million Dollar Theatre Bradbury Bldg. (1893)
Blackstone's DS (1907–1917)
Ronald Reagan State Bldg. (1990) Toy District
Angels Flight Homer Laughlin Building (1898):
Now Grand Central Market.
formerly Coulter's, Ville de Paris
Broadway Spring Center parking structure (1990) Round House
Jacoby Bros. DS* (#331–5; 1900–1935)
Grant Bldg. (1898)
Trustee Building (#340, 1905 PB)
O. T. Johnson Block (#350, 1895 It RBY)
O. T. Johnson Bldg. (#356, 1902 JB Rom)
parking lot Hellman Bldg. (1902)
FOURTH ST. FOURTH ST. FOURTH ST. FOURTH ST. FOURTH ST.
The Broadway DS/
Junípero Serra State Office Bldg. #2
vacant parking lot Continental Bldg. (1902) San Fernando Bldg. (1906 IRR) Toy District
Subway
Terminal
Bldg.
/
Now "Metro 417"
—Hotel Clark
—Occidental Hotel
—Boos Bros. Cafeteria
—St. Clarenden Hotel
Judson C. Rive Bldg. (1907) 419 S. Spring
435 S. Spring
Stowell/El Dorado Hotel/
El Dorado Lofts
(1913)
Dog Park
Title Guarantee Bldg. (1930) Metropolitan Bldg. (1913)/Newberry's 5&10¢/Now Fallas Paredes DS and lofts Chester Williams Bldg. (1926) Crocker Bank/
Spring Arts Tower (1915)
Title Insurance and Trust Company Building/
Trust Bldg. (1928)
Rowan Bldg (1912) King Edward Hotel (1906 P&B)
FIFTH ST. FIFTH ST. FIFTH ST. FIFTH ST. FIFTH ST.
Pershing Square Pershing Square station (Metro Rail) Fifth Street Store DS Roxie Theatre
Cameo Theater
Arcade Theatre
(now retail)
Hotel Alexandria (1906) Security Trust and Savings Bank/
Security Bldg. Lofts (1907)
Hotel Rosslyn Annex Pershing Hotel/
Pershing Apts. (1889)
Baltimore Hotel (1910)
Spring Arcade Los Angeles Theater Center (1916) Parking Structure (#545) Topaz Apts.
Paramount Theatre/
International Jewelry Center
Swelldom DS Silverwoods DS/
Broadway Jewelry Mart
Pacific Southwest Bank (1910) Santa Fe Bldg. (1906)
SIXTH ST. SIXTH ST. SIXTH ST. SIXTH ST. SIXTH ST.
—Consolidated Reatly Bldg./
California Jewelry Mart (1908/1935)
—Sun Realty Bldg./
Los Angeles Jewelry Center (1931)
—Harris & Frank Bldg./
Wholesale Jewelry Exchange (1925)
—Western Jewelry Mart
William Fox Bldg.
(Fox Jewelry Plaza)
(1932)
Los Angeles Theatre Mullen & Bluett DS/ Walter P. Story Bldg.
Desmond's Bldg.
Palace Theatre
J. E. Carr Bldg.
Harris & Frank 1947-1980
Hotel Hayward
E. F. Hutton (1931)
California Canadian Bank (1923)
Barclays Bank (1919)
United California Bank
Stock Exchange
Mortgage Guaranty Building (1913)
Banks & Huntley Bldg. (1930)
Pacific Electric Building
Warner Bros. (a.k.a. Pantages, Warren) Theatre (1920)
Now Jewelry
Theater Center
Bullock's DS/
St. Vincent Jewelry Center
Bank of Italy/
Bank of America/
SB Lofts (1924)
Bartlett Bldg. (1911)
SEVENTH ST. SEVENTH ST. SEVENTH ST. SEVENTH ST. SEVENTH ST.
Foreman & Clark DS/
Foreman & Clark Bldg. (1928, Curlett & Beelman, Art Deco and Neo-Gothic)
State Theatre Hotel Lankershim
Globe Theatre
Dearden's DS
Garfield Bldg. (1930) Union Bank & Trust Company Bldg.
Union Lofts (1922)
Griffin on Spring Apts. (2018) Great Republic Lofts (1923)
EIGHTH ST. EIGHTH ST. EIGHTH ST. EIGHTH ST. EIGHTH ST.
RKO Hillstreet
Theatre

(1922-1963)/
820 Olive/
825 South Hill (res.)
Hamburger's DS (1908-1923)/
May Company DS (1923-1986)/
May Company Building
Tower Theatre (1927 BR)
Rialto Theatre (1917 AD/CR)
Orpheum Theatre (1926 BA)
Lane Mortgage Bldg. (1923) National City Tower (1924)[136]

[137]



California Theatre (1918–1990 BA)
Gray Bldg. (#824)
Coast Fed. Savings Bldg. (1926) Parking lot
Alexan tower (planned)
City Club Bldg. (1925)[138] Harris Newmark Bldg. (1926 RR C&B) Cooper Bldg. (1926 C&B)
NINTH ST. NINTH ST. NINTH ST. NINTH ST.
small retail May Co. Garage Bldg.(1926) United Artists Theatre/
Ace Hotel
Gerry Building (1947 SM)
South Park by Windsor Apts. Broadway Palace Apts. (2017)
OLYMPIC BL. (formerly TENTH ST.) OLYMPIC BL. (formerly TENTH ST.)
Mayan Theater
Belasco Theatre
Broadway Palace Apts. (2017)
Western Pacific Bldg. (1925)
White Log Coffee Shop[139] Los Angeles Railway HQ/
Hoxton Hotel (1925)
ELEVENTH ST. ELEVENTH ST. ELEVENTH ST. ELEVENTH ST.
Proposed 43-story Sky Trees res. tower[140] Herald-Examiner Bldg. (1914) Commercial Club/
Proper Hotel (1926)
Harris Building (1923 BA)


Table of former department stores on Broadway and 7th streets

Opened Left Moved or closed? Store Floor area (gross) Location Architects Current use
SPRING ST. BETWEEN TEMPLE AND SECOND
1884 1898 Moved to B'way Coulter's Hollenbeck Block, SW corner 2nd & Spring Historic Broadway station
1888 1908 Moved to 8th/B'way Hamburger's Phillips Block, Franklin & Spring Burgess J. Reeve Site of City Hall
1889 1910 Moved to B'way Mullen & Bluett 101–5 N. Spring Empty lot
1891 1900 Moved to 3rd/B'way Jacoby Bros. 128–134(–138) N. Spring at Court Site of City Hall
1895 ? The Hub Bullard Block, Spring at Court Morgan & Walls Site of City Hall
BROADWAY north of 4th St.
1893 1898 Moved to 317 B’way Ville de Paris[141]
(A. Fusenot Co.)
Potomac Block, 221-3 S. Broadway Block, Curlett & Eisen added to Coulter's late 1907, demolished 1958, now a parking lot
1895 1915 Moved to 7th St. Boston Dry Goods
(J.W. Robinson Co.)
237–241 S. Broadway Theodore Eisen and Sumner Hunt
(architects of the Bradbury Building)
Parking lot
1898 1905 Moved to 200 block of B'way Coulter's (1898–1905) 317–325 S. Broadway through to 314–322 Hill Street[142]
Homer Laughlin Building
John B. Parkinson became Ville de Paris
Now Grand Central Market
1899[143] 1935-6 Moved to 605 B'way[144][145] Jacoby Bros. 60,000 sq ft (5,600 m2) 331-333-335 S. Broadway John B. Parkinson[146] Was "Boston Store" in late 1930s.[147] Currently independent retail. 2 of 4 floors were removed.
1899 ? Moved to 455 B'way then 617 B'way I. Magnin/
Myer Siegel
Irvine Byrne Block,
251 S. Broadway[148]
Sumner Hunt Wedding chapel
1905 1917 Moved to 7th St. Coulter's 157,000 sq ft (14,600 m2)[149] Potomac Block: 225-7-9 S. Broadway through to 224-6-8 S. Hill St. Late 1907 added 219-221-223 S. Broadway to store. Block, Curlett & Eisen demolished, site of parking lot
1905 1917 Moved to 7th St. Ville de Paris 96,000 sq ft (8,900 m2)[citation needed] 317–325 S. Broadway through to 314–322 Hill Street[142]
Homer Laughlin Building
John B. Parkinson Grand Central Market
1905 1917 Moved to 7th St. J. J. Haggarty Co. “New York Store’ 337–9 S. Broadway Independent retail. Only 2 stories remain.
1909 ? ? J. M. Hale (Hale’s) 341-343-345 S. Broadway[150] retail, top floors were removed
BROADWAY south of 4th St.
1896 1973 Moved to B'way Plaza The Broadway Dept. Store[151] 1924, 577,000 sq ft (53,600 m2)[152] SW corner 4th & Broadway, later through to Hill Junipero Serra State Office Building
1904 ? ? Silverwoods 1920: 115,420 sq ft (10,723 m2)[153] 556 S. Broadway (NE corner of 6th) Broadway Jewelry Mart
1905 ? Closed Fifth Street Store
(Steele, Faris, & Walker Co.)
Later called Walker's
1917: 278,640 sq ft (25,887 m2)[154] SW corner 5th & Broadway Replaced existing store with new building in 1917[154]
Building later housed Ohrbach's
1906 1986 Moved to FIGat7th Hamburger's
After 1925: May Company
1906: 482,475 sq ft (44,823.4 m2)[155][156]
1930, >1,000,000 sq ft (93,000 m2)[157]
SW corner 8th & Broadway
by 1930, entire block 8th/9th/Broadway/Hill
Under renovation to become tech campus
1907 1983 Closed, opened 1986 at FIGat7th Bullock's 1907: 350,000 sq ft (33,000 m2)
1934: 806,000 sq ft (74,900 m2)[158]
NW corner 7th & Broadway
by 1934, most of the block 6th/7th/Broadway/Hill
Parkinson & Bergstrom St. Vincents Jewelry Mart
1907 1908 Central Department Store[159] 85,000 sq ft (7,900 m2), [160] 609–619 S. Broadway Samuel Tilden Norton Demolished, now site of Los Angeles Theatre
1910 1960s Mullen & Bluett 610 S. Broadway
(Walter P. Story Bldg.)[161]
Morgan, Walls & Clements Mixed-use
1917 Blackstone's 118,800 sq ft (11,040 m2)[162] 901 S. Broadway (SE corner 9th) John Parkinson Building became The Famous,
now residential, retail
1924 1972[163] Abandoned Downtown L.A. Desmond's 85,000 sq ft (7,900 m2)[112] 616 S. Broadway A. C. Martin[164] Renovated 2019 as office space, a restaurant and a rooftop bar.[112]
1930 1957[165] Eastern Columbia 1930: 275,650 sq ft (25,609 m2)[166] (expanded through to Hill St. in 1950)[167] 849 S. Broadway through to Hill Claud Beelman luxury condos
1936[145] 1938[168] Company liquidated Jacoby Bros. 605 S. Broadway[145] became a branch of Zukor's (1940),[169] now mixed-use
1947 1980[170] Abandoned Downtown L.A. Harris & Frank 2nd downtown location 644 S. Broadway
(Joseph E. Carr Bldg.)
Robert Brown Young[171]
SEVENTH STREET
1915 1993 Abandoned Downtown L.A. J. W. Robinson's 1915: 400,000 sq ft (37,000 m2)[172]
1923: 623,700 sq ft (57,940 m2)[173]
7th, Hope & Grand Noonan & Richards (1915), Edgar Mayberry/Allison & Allison (1934 remodel) Mixed-use
1917 1933 B. H. Dyas liquidated Ville de Paris, from 1919 B. H. Dyas 420 W. 7th (SE corner Olive) Dodd and Richards L.A. Jewelry Mart
1917 1938 Moved to Miracle Mile Coulter's 500 W. 7th (SW corner Olive) Dodd and Richards Mixed-use
1917 1963[174] Abandoned Downtown L.A. Haggarty's Brockman Building,
7th & Grand[175][176][87][177]
George D. Barnett
(of Barnett, Haynes & Barnett)
Apartments
1926 1984[178] Barker Bros. Abandoned Downtown L.A. 23 acres (1,000,000 sq ft; 93,000 m2)[179] 818 W. 7th (Flower to Figueroa) Curlett and Beelman Offices
1973 open* The Broadway 250,000 sq ft (23,000 m2)[180] Broadway Plaza 750 W. 7th (Hope to Flower) Charles Luckman Macy's
1986 1996 Became duplicate Macy's, closed Bullock's Seventh Market Place now FIGat7th Jon Jerde[181] Gold's Gym (level M1), Target (M2), Zara (M3)
1986 2009a Became duplicate Macy's, closed May Company Nordstrom Rack (level M1), Target (M2), H&M (M3)

aas Macy's


Public transportation

LA Metro's Historic Broadway station is an under-construction underground light rail station near the intersection of 2nd and Broadway,[182][183] part of the new Regional Connector tunnel extending light rail lines that currently terminate at 7th Street/Metro Center station, to Union Station. In the new scheme that LA Metro will adopt when the Connector opens, trains will run from Historic Broadway Station on the E Line east to East Los Angeles and west to Santa Monica, and on the A Line northeast to Union Station, Pasadena, and Azusa and south to Long Beach.[184]

Metro J Line bus rapid transit (BRT) has 5 stations adjacent to Broadway in South Los Angeles: 37th Street/USC, Slauson, Manchester/I-110, Harbor Freeway, and Rosecrans. These stations are along the Harbor Transitway, a dedicated busway between Downtown L.A. (Adams Blvd.) and the Harbor Gateway, near Carson, in the median of the Harbor Freeway (I-110), just west of Broadway. J Line BRT runs as far south as San Pedro and as far northeast as El Monte.

Metro Local bus line 45 serves most of the length of Broadway, between Lincoln Heights through Downtown to the Harbor Freeway Station. Local routes 4, 30, and 40 serve portions of Broadway downtown.

See also

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Sandra A.B. Levis. "Broadway Historic Theater District: A walking tour sponsored by the Los Angeles Conservancy" (PDF). Los Angeles Conservancy.
  3. ^ "City In Brief". Los Angeles Times. September 6, 1889. p. 8. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
  4. ^ "Other 3 -- No Title". Los Angeles Times. February 18, 1890. p. 4. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
  5. ^ "Sou', Sou'west". Los Angeles Times. February 26, 1891. p. 4. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
  6. ^ "Realtors Want New Boulevard: Ask Supervisors for Route Connecting Moneta Avenue With Harbor". Los Angeles Times. December 10, 1922. p. V9. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
  7. ^ "A Literary Fog". Los Angeles Times. November 30, 1909. p. II4. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
  8. ^ "The Lancer". Los Angeles Times. January 22, 1911. p. II5. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
  9. ^ "Downey And Buena Vista Will Be North Broadway". Los Angeles Herald. Vol. 35, no. 353. September 19, 1908 – via California Digital Newspaper Collection.
  10. ^ "Object to Changing Name". Los Angeles Herald. Vol. 32, no. 105. January 14, 1905 – via California Digital Newspaper Collection.
  11. ^ "Buena Vista Street Will Continue Name: Will Not Be Changed to North Broadway". Los Angeles Herald. Vol. 32, no. 238. May 27, 1905 – via California Digital Newspaper Collection.
  12. ^ "Object to Merger Of Downey Avenue". Los Angeles Herald. Vol. 36, no. 24. October 25, 1908 – via California Digital Newspaper Collection.
  13. ^ "East Side Residents, Prefer Downey Avenue". Los Angeles Herald. Vol. 37, no. 200. April 19, 1910 – via California Digital Newspaper Collection.
  14. ^ "Majestic; Great Viaduct About Ready; Cars Run Over the Buena Vista Structure; Concrete Bridge Across Los Angeles River Weighs Nearly Forty Thousand Tons, Cost Two Hundred and Seventy-five Thousand Dollars—Without a Peer in West". Los Angeles Times. September 24, 1911. p. II1. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
  15. ^ "The Boston Dry Goods Store". Los Angeles Times. January 1, 1895. p. 29. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  16. ^ "The New Boston Store:Los Angeles' Finest Commercial Structure Is Complete". Los Angeles Herald. October 4, 1895. p. 5.
  17. ^ "Framework is now finished: Construction Started Late Last Fall: Additional Will Be Completed During July: Department Store Growth Is Consistent". Los Angeles Times. March 23, 1924. p. 91. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  18. ^ "Clipped From Los Angeles Herald". Los Angeles Herald. April 15, 1906. p. 20 – via newspapers.com.
  19. ^ "11 Jan 1923, 27 - The Los Angeles Times at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com.
  20. ^ pcad.lib.washington.edu/building/9453/
  21. ^ a b DiMassa, Cara & Bloomekatz, Ari B. (January 28, 2008). "L.A. plans Broadway face-lift". Los Angeles Times. pp. B1, B8.
  22. ^ "Broadway Theater and Entertainment District Design Guide, City of Los Angeles Planning Department, 2009" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 19, 2017. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  23. ^ a b c d e Dan Turner (June 11, 2006). "Our So-Cal Life: Faded glory on Broadway". Los Angeles Times.
  24. ^ a b Cara Mia DiMassa (February 17, 2006). "Movie Tradition Fading to Black; Seventy years after its neon heyday, downtown Los Angeles is struggling to keep its last cinematic venue afloat". Los Angeles Times.
  25. ^ a b c d e f Jack Smith (September 30, 1986). "Los Angeles Theater: Flashback to yesteryear ... and a Latino renaissance on Broadway". Los Angeles Times.
  26. ^ "D.O.A. (1949) - IMDb" – via www.imdb.com.
  27. ^ "The Omega Man (1971) - IMDb" – via www.imdb.com.
  28. ^ a b Dan Sullivan (August 21, 1988). "L.A.'s Grand Old Broadway Theaters". Los Angeles Times.
  29. ^ a b Robert Levine (June 12, 1994). "Silent Screens: Encore for Carter, Old Movie District". Los Angeles Times.
  30. ^ a b John Regardie (November 2, 1998). "State of Darkness: Another Movie Palace Quits Screening Films". Los Angeles Downtown News.
  31. ^ a b Cara DiMassa (January 28, 2008). "L.A. plans Broadway face-lift". Los Angeles Times.
  32. ^ "Bringing Back Broadway". City of Los Angeles.
  33. ^ Hawthorne, Christopher (December 6, 2014). "'Latino Urbanism' influences a Los Angeles in flux". Los Angeles Times.
  34. ^ "Must Reads: Downtown L.A.'s latest retail renaissance? Broadway's burgeoning 'Sneaker Row'". Los Angeles Times. December 8, 2018.
  35. ^ Jose Huizar - Councilmember District 14, City of Los Angeles. "Councilmember Huizar's Bringing Back Broadway Initiative Welcomes Acne Retail" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 23, 2015. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
  36. ^ Fashionista. Inside Downtown Los Angeles's Retail Boom
  37. ^ "Map of Temple Street Cable Railway, via Metro (Los Angeles County)".
  38. ^ "Temple Street Cable Railway (1886)". www.erha.org.
  39. ^ "New Buildings: A Splendid Showing for the Future Los Angeles". Los Angeles Times. May 13, 1888. p. 3.
  40. ^ "Water and Power Associates".
  41. ^ "Los Angeles County Central Heating and Refrigeration Plant". Calisphere.
  42. ^ "Water and Power Associates". waterandpower.org.
  43. ^ "U.S. Courthouse, Los Angeles, CA". General Services Administration. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  44. ^ "Water and Power Associates". waterandpower.org. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  45. ^ "PCAD - Tajo Building, Downtown, Los Angeles, CA". pcad.lib.washington.edu.
  46. ^ "Water and Power Associates".
  47. ^ "BEgins New Era of Achievement: Chamber of Commerce Welcomes Public to Magnificent Home, with Brilliant Reception — Annual Reports Show Splendid Progress". The Los Angeles Times. February 13, 1904. p. 13. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  48. ^ "PCAD - Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce Building, Downtown, Los Angeles, CA". pcad.lib.washington.edu.
  49. ^ "Junipero Serra State Office Building #1", Pacific Coast Architecture Database
  50. ^ a b "New Los Angeles US Courthouse". www.gsa.gov.
  51. ^ "Mason Theatre in Los Angeles, CA - Cinema Treasures". cinematreasures.org.
  52. ^ "2nd Street and Broadway" Huntington Digital Library
  53. ^ Marques Vickers, Reinventing Broadway, p.52
  54. ^ "Water and Power Associates".
  55. ^ "Broadway to the Front". Los Angeles Evening Express. August 7, 1891. p. 8.
  56. ^ a b "Advertisement for City of Paris". Los Angeles Times. August 6, 1895. p. 10.
  57. ^ "Merchants Trust Company Building, ca.1910". Calisphere.
  58. ^ "Great Store for Coulter". Los Angeles Times. August 2, 1904. p. 13.
  59. ^ Hill, 224-6-8 S. (November 2, 1906). "Coulter's location 1906 225–229 S. Broadway". The Los Angeles Times. p. 19.
  60. ^ "Ad for Coulter's new store opening". Los Angeles Times. May 31, 1905.
  61. ^ a b "Potomac Block :: Los Angeles Public Library Photo Collection". tessa.lapl.org.
  62. ^ "Potomac Block. The Work of Building Up a Great City". Los Angeles Herald. July 18, 1890.
  63. ^ "Potomac Block & Bicknell Block - Romanesque Revival Downtown - PocketSights". pocketsights.com.
  64. ^ "Western Shoe Company - Western Department Store - 227 S Broadway". Los Angeles Evening Express. May 26, 1922. p. 14. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  65. ^ "The Boston Dry Goods Store". Los Angeles Times. January 1, 1895. p. 29. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  66. ^ "The New Boston Store:Los Angeles' Finest Commercial Structure Is Complete". Los Angeles Herald. October 4, 1895. p. 5.
  67. ^ "31 Dec 1898, 4 - The Los Angeles Times at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com.
  68. ^ a b "19 Jun 1904, 12 - The Los Angeles Times at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com.
  69. ^ Sanborn Map of Los Angeles: 1894, vol. 1, plate 8, via Library of Congress.
  70. ^ Sanborn Map of Los Angeles: 1906, vol. 2, plate 131, via Library of Congress.
  71. ^ a b Sanborn Maps of Los Angeles: 1894, vol. 1, plate 8; 1906, vol. 2, plate 131.
  72. ^ "Pig 'n Whistle opens 224 S. Broadway". The Los Angeles Times. December 10, 1908. p. 22 – via newspapers.com.
  73. ^ "CityDig: This Was L.A.'s City Hall for 39 Years". Los Angeles Magazine. May 8, 2014. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  74. ^ a b c d e Google Maps, retrieved October 20, 2020
  75. ^ Maese, Kathryn. "The Victor No Longer". Los Angeles Downtown News - The Voice of Downtown Los Angeles. Retrieved August 11, 2020.
  76. ^ "I Magnin moves from Spring to Broadway 1". The Los Angeles Times. December 31, 1898. p. 4 – via newspapers.com.
  77. ^ Flynn, Kathleen Nye. "Mixing the Old With the New". Los Angeles Downtown News - The Voice of Downtown Los Angeles. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  78. ^ "Business Property Deal: Nearly Two Hundred Thousand Dollars for a Good Corner". March 22, 1899.
  79. ^ "22 Sep 1989, 19 - The Los Angeles Times at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
  80. ^ a b "Bradbury Building | Los Angeles Conservancy". www.laconservancy.org.
  81. ^ "The Opening of North Broadway". Los Angeles Times. October 9, 1895. p. 6.
  82. ^ "Jacoby Bros. ad". Los Angeles Times. November 28, 1899. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  83. ^ "Will Go Up Rapidly: Work on the Jacoby Building Was Begun Today: Most of the Material for the Big Business Structure Is Already on the Ground". Los Angeles Evening Post-Record. September 1, 1899. p. 1. Architect John Parkinson
  84. ^ "Boston Store Los Angeles 1939 - 331 S. Broadway (old Jacoby Bros.) and 4755 Whittier Blvd". The Los Angeles Times. November 6, 1939. p. 10 – via newspapers.com.
  85. ^ "Water and Power Associates".
  86. ^ "New Cloak and Suit House". Los Angeles Times. January 22, 1905.
  87. ^ a b "New York Store's Life Dream Comes True: J. J. Haggarty Ready to Open New Emporium at Seventh and Grand Tomorrow". Los Angeles Evening Express. September 19, 1917.
  88. ^ "Moving to Broadway: J. M. Hale Co. Go to Petticoat Lane". Los Angeles Evening Express. January 23, 1909. p. 4.
  89. ^ "Los Angeles Herald 7 March 1921 — California Digital Newspaper Collection". cdnc.ucr.edu.
  90. ^ "The Grant Block". Los Angeles Times. February 13, 1898.
  91. ^ "To be enlarged". Los Angeles Times. May 4, 1902.
  92. ^ "PCAD - Grant Building, Downtown, Los Angeles, CA". pcad.lib.washington.edu.
  93. ^ "Los Angeles Herald 1 September 1908 — California Digital Newspaper Collection". cdnc.ucr.edu.
  94. ^ "Brief History of the Consulate". Philippine Consulate General in Los Angeles. Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved October 18, 2021.
  95. ^ a b c "Application form for Broadway Theater and Commercial District, National Register of Historic Places".
  96. ^ "318-320 S Broadway, Los Angeles, CA 90013 - Retail for Sale | LoopNet.com". LoopNet.
  97. ^ a b "National Register of Historic Places Inventory -- Nomination Form". npgallery.nps.gov. Archived from the original on September 2, 2019. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  98. ^ "Mistitled: 365 S. Broadway (see detailed description at source)". USC Library.
  99. ^ "PCAD - Johnson, O.T., Commercial Building #2, Downtown, Los Angeles, CA". pcad.lib.washington.edu.
  100. ^ "Muse President Fifth Street Store", Los Angeles 'Herald', 1909-02-07
  101. ^ "Big Department Store To Open", Los Angeles 'Herald', 1905-09-17
  102. ^ a b "Store's Name Now Milliron's". Los Angeles Times. May 2, 1946.
  103. ^ "Thousands at opening of new Ohrbach store". Los Angeles Times. December 1, 1953. p. 18.
  104. ^ Historic-Cultural Monument Application for the F. and W. Grand Silver Store Building (PDF). Los Angeles Department of City Planning. October 2017.
  105. ^ a b c Kathleen Craughwell (May 26, 1996). "Movies: Broadway West; Bringing the Classics Back Home". Los Angeles Times.
  106. ^ "New Home for Jevne Company". Los Angeles Evening Express. January 25, 1906. p. 15.
  107. ^ "Work is Rapid on Hotel Palms". Los Angeles Herald. October 14, 1906.
  108. ^ "New Department Store Opens Doors to Public". Los Angeles Herald. March 26, 1907. p. 4.
  109. ^ "Meer Siegel Takes Lease". Los Angeles Times. June 24, 1934. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  110. ^ a b c "About the Broadway Theatre Group". Retrieved August 16, 2015.
  111. ^ "Ad for Desmond's Downtown LA Removal Sale". Los Angeles Times. February 10, 1972. p. 7.
  112. ^ a b c Vincent, Roger. "Historic home of clothier Desmond's is ready for its comeback on Broadway". latimes.com. Retrieved on 16 April 2019.
  113. ^ "Los Angeles Union Station Run-through Tracks Project: Environmental Impact Statement". May 18, 2004 – via Google Books.
  114. ^ "Harris & Frank advertisement". Los Angeles Times. January 17, 1980. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  115. ^ a b "State Theatre and Building | Los Angeles Conservancy". www.laconservancy.org. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
  116. ^ Samudio, Jeffrey; Lee, Portia (2001). Images of America: Los Angeles, California (trade paperback). Chicago, IL: Arcadia Publishing. p. 106. ISBN 0-7385-0812-8.
  117. ^ "State Theatre | Broadway Theatre Group". www.statetheatre.la.
  118. ^ Pool, Bob (January 25, 2014). "Checking out Broadway's old theaters of the superb". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
  119. ^ Pennacchio, George (June 25, 2014). "Globe Theatre Marquee on Broadway Relit". KABC-TV. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
  120. ^ Lord, Rosemary (2002). Los Angeles: Then and Now. San Diego, CA: Thunder Bay Press. pp. 32–33. ISBN 1-57145-794-1.
  121. ^ "At the historic downtown L.A. Tower Theatre, Apple plans a store and event space unlike any other". Los Angeles Times. August 2, 2018.
  122. ^ "National Retailers Opening in Once-Dead Downtown LA, Urban Outfitters Coming to 8th and Broadway – Brigham Yen Real Estate". May 3, 2013.
  123. ^ Alcala, Natalie (December 19, 2013). "Photos! Inside Urban Outfitters' Rialto Theater Treasure Trove". Racked LA.
  124. ^ a b Edelen, Amy (June 30, 2016). "Historic theaters gain new life as retail stores". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  125. ^ "The Platt Building (Anjac Fashion) | Downtown LA". downtownla.com.
  126. ^ "Ninth and Broadway Building | Los Angeles Conservancy". www.laconservancy.org.
  127. ^ Steven Wolf (April 30, 1990). "Televangelist Scott Sets Up Shop On Broadway: United Artists Renovation Complete" (PDF). Downtown News.
  128. ^ "Store's Architectural Design Modern". Los Angeles Times. July 26, 1936. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  129. ^ "Hoxton Hotel Debuts in Historic Los Angeles Railway Building". Urbanize LA. October 16, 2019.
  130. ^ Barragan, Bianca (November 2, 2016). "Exclusive new details on Downtown LA's trendy Proper Hotel". Curbed LA.
  131. ^ "Warner Bros. Downtown Theatre". losangelestheatres.googlepages.com. Archived from the original on July 5, 2008. Retrieved October 8, 2009.
  132. ^ a b Warner Bros. Downtown Theatre, aka Warrens Theatre at CinemaTreasures.org
  133. ^ Samudio, p. 111
  134. ^ "Historic Los Angeles Theatres – Downtown – Olympic Theatre". Retrieved March 23, 2012.
  135. ^ "History of the Belasco". Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  136. ^ "Historic downtown Los Angeles high-rise sold to Canadian investors". Los Angeles Times. October 15, 2014. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  137. ^ "Spring Street Housing Tower Sells for $43 Million". Los Angeles Downtown News - The Voice of Downtown Los Angeles. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  138. ^ "PCAD - City Club Building, Los Angeles, CA". pcad.lib.washington.edu.
  139. ^ "PCAD - White Log Coffee Shop, Los Angeles, CA". pcad.lib.washington.edu.
  140. ^ "Skyscraper with condos and a hotel proposed for downtown Los Angeles". Los Angeles Times. April 10, 2020.
  141. ^ "Ville de Paris 1901". Calisphere, University of California Library. Archived from the original on September 9, 2018. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  142. ^ a b "Ad for Ville de Paris". Los Angeles Herald. August 15, 1907.
  143. ^ "Los Angeles Herald 22 August 1899 — California Digital Newspaper Collection". cdnc.ucr.edu.
  144. ^ "Advertisement for Jacoby Bros./May Co". Los Angeles Times. May 19, 1935.
  145. ^ a b c "Pioneers' Modern Home: Jacoby Bros.Will Open New Store Soon". Los Angeles Times. January 31, 1936. p. 11.
  146. ^ "Will Go Up Rapidly: Work on the Jacoby Building Was Begun Today: Most of the Material for the Big Business Structure Is Already on the Ground". Los Angeles Evening Post-Record. September 1, 1899. p. 1. Architect John Parkinson
  147. ^ "Boston Store Los Angeles 1939 - 331 S. Broadway (old Jacoby Bros.) and 4755 Whittier Blvd". The Los Angeles Times. November 6, 1939. p. 10. Retrieved December 6, 2020.
  148. ^ "We move Monday to 251 South Broadway", I. Magnin advertisement in the Los Angeles Times, 31 Dec 1898, p.4
  149. ^ "Great Store for Coulter". Los Angeles Times. August 2, 1904. p. 13.
  150. ^ "Moving to Broadway: J. M. Hale Co. Go to Petticoat Lane". Los Angeles Evening Express. January 23, 1909. p. 4.
  151. ^ "Los Angeles Herald 4 August 1895 — California Digital Newspaper Collection". cdnc.ucr.edu. Retrieved December 6, 2020.
  152. ^ "Framework is now finished: Construction Started Late Last Fall: Additional Will Be Completed During July: Department Store Growth Is Consistent". Los Angeles Times. March 23, 1924. p. 91. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  153. ^ "Magnificent Pile That Now Graces Broadway Corner". Los Angeles Times. August 31, 1920. p. 9.
  154. ^ a b "Broadway Buildings: To Cost Million". Los Angeles Times. April 22, 1917. p. part V p. 13. Eight stories…plus basement and sub-basement…172 feet on Broadway by 162 feet on Fifth
  155. ^ "Great Store's First Drill: Hamburger Army Through Paces for Opening; Get Familiar With "Lay" of New Establishment; Many Delights for Shoppers Are in Prospect". Los Angeles Times. July 26, 1908. p. V13. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
  156. ^ "Hamburger's Big Store Celebrates: Thirty-Fifth Anniversary Sale To Mark Event; Started in Small Room on Main Street, Now Occupies Building with Thirteen Acres of Floor Space---History of the Great Emporium's Growth and Success". Los Angeles Times. October 29, 1916. p. III_A15. Alternate Link(subscription required) via ProQuest.
  157. ^ "Advertisement for May Company". Los Angeles Times. March 25, 1930. p. 10.
  158. ^ "Bullock's Department Store #1, Downtown, Los Angeles, CA (1906-1907)", PCAD
  159. ^ "New Department Store Opens Doors to Public". Los Angeles Herald. March 26, 1907. p. 4.
  160. ^ "New Department Store Opens Doors to Public". Los Angeles Herald. March 26, 1907. p. 4.
  161. ^ "Walter P. Story Building". Los Angeles Conservancy. Retrieved August 9, 2020.
  162. ^ "Material Progress: Millions Going into Broadway Buildings: New Blackstones". Los Angeles Times. April 22, 1917. 90 feet of frontage on Broadway and 165 feet on 9th Street…with 6 stories plus two basement levels
  163. ^ "Ad for Desmond's Downtown LA Removal Sale". Los Angeles Times. February 10, 1972. p. 7.
  164. ^ Gray, Olive (September 16, 1924). "New Desmond Store Opened". Los Angeles Times.
  165. ^ "Eastern-Columbia closes down 1957". The Los Angeles Times. February 3, 1957. p. 26. Retrieved December 6, 2020.
  166. ^ "Concern Occupies New Home Tomorrow". Los Angeles Times. September 11, 1930. p. 8.
  167. ^ "Eastern-Columbia expansion 1950". The Los Angeles Times. June 18, 1950. p. 26. Retrieved December 6, 2020.
  168. ^ "Advertisement for liquidation of Jacoby Bros". Los Angeles Times. September 30, 1938. p. 45.
  169. ^ "Downtown Broadway Store Leased in $1,000,000 Deal: Business Prepares to Expend $150,000 in Converting Property to Its Uses". Los Angeles Times. February 11, 1940. p. 63.
  170. ^ "Harris & Frank advertisement". Los Angeles Times. January 17, 1980. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  171. ^ "Los Angeles Union Station Run-through Tracks Project", p. RA6-PP8
  172. ^ "24 May 1914, 79 - The Los Angeles Times at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved December 6, 2020.
  173. ^ "11 Jan 1923, 27 - The Los Angeles Times at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved December 6, 2020.
  174. ^ "Haggarty's advertisement". June 23, 1963. p. 59.
  175. ^ "J.J. Haggarty Growth Laid to Enterprise". Los Angeles Times. November 10, 1940. p. 67 (Part IV Society, p.9).
  176. ^ Auerbach, Alexander (May 27, 1970). "J.J. Haggarty Dress Chain Forced Out of Business by Debt". Los Angeles Times. p. 56 (part III Business & Finance, p.1). Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  177. ^ "The "New York" to Start Building". Los Angeles Times. November 19, 1916. p. 27.
  178. ^ "Ad for Barker Bros". Los Angeles Times. September 24, 1984. p. 6.
  179. ^ Whitaker, Alma (July 13, 1931). "Furniture Has Its Romance: Fascinating Tale Found in Barker Brothers: Enormous Business Started by Outraged Man: Fourth Generation Working at Present Time". Los Angeles Times. p. 23. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
  180. ^ "Broadway Plaza", Pacific Coast Architecture Database
  181. ^ "Grand Opening for Downtown Mall Scheduled : Bullock's, May Co. Anchor Stores in Seventh Market Place". Los Angeles Times. April 6, 1986. Retrieved December 6, 2020.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  182. ^ "2nd St/Broadway Station". www.metro.net.
  183. ^ Hymon, Steve (February 23, 2017). "Actions taken today by the Metro Board of Directors".
  184. ^ "Regional Connector Transit Project". www.metro.net.