Bronze Lion
Bronzen Leeuw 1944 Rijksmunt nieuw.jpg
The Bronze Lion
TypeMilitary award
Awarded forDeeds of extreme bravery and leadership in battle favouring the Netherlands
Presented by
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Kingdom of the Netherlands
StatusCurrently awarded
First awarded1944
Last awarded2009 (Björn Peterse, posthumous)
Total1212
Total awarded posthumouslyPossible
Total recipients1212
Neth bronzelion rib.PNG
Ribbon bar of the Bronze Lion
Precedence
Next (higher)Military Order of William
EquivalentHonorable Mention
Next (lower)Resistance Star East Asia

The Bronze Lion (Dutch: Bronzen Leeuw) is a high Royal Dutch award, intended for servicemen who have shown extreme bravery and leadership in battle favouring The Netherlands; in some special cases it can be awarded to Dutch or foreign civilians. It was first created in 1944 and has since been issued 1,210 times. Proposals for an award are reviewed by the Dutch Board for Bravery Awards, which is part of the Ministry of Defence. If awarded they are enforced by a Royal Decree. The Bronze Lion has precedence after the Order of the House of Orange but is the second-highest military decoration still being awarded for bravery (only preceded by the Military William Order).

Design

The Bronze Lion is a cross in bronze, covered by a round shield. On the front is a relief of the crowned Dutch Lion. The cross is attached to a 37 mm wide ribbon, divided into nine equal vertical stripes, alternately orange and 'Nassau blue', the strips on either edge are Nassau blue. It is possible for a single person to receive more than one award of the Bronze Lion, in which case a number '2' in gold is added on the ribbon of the Bronze Lion.

Last awarded

On Wednesday 31 May 2006, Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands posthumously awarded the late Major General Stanisław Sosabowski, commander of the 1st (Polish) Independent Parachute Brigade, the Bronze Lion for his services in Operation Market Garden in 1944.

On Wednesday 7 October 2009, two Dutch soldiers were awarded the medal: commando Björn Peterse (posthumously awarded) and Captain Gijs Tuinman, for their actions in Afghanistan

References