Bu Jiang
Xia Dynasty pottery zun.jpg
A vessel from the Erlitou culture
King of the Xia dynasty
Reign1890–1831 BC
PredecessorXie of Xia
SuccessorJiong of Xia
Diedc.  1821 BC
IssueKong Jia
FatherXie of Xia

Bu Jiang (不降) was the eleventh king of the semi-legendary Xia Dynasty.[1] He ruled for 59 years.[2][3][4]


Bu Jiang was a son of Xie of Xia[5] and his consort and thus a grandson of Mang of Xia and brother of Jiong of Xia.[6]

His consort is unknown, and it is possible that he had concubines. His son was Kong Jia and his nephew was Jin of Xia.[7]


Bu Jiang is widely regarded as one of the wisest Emperors of Xia.[8]

According to Bamboo Annals, on the 6th year of his regime, he fought with Jiuyuan(九苑) .[9][10]

In the 35th year of his reign, his vassal state of Shang defeated Pi (皮氏).

In the 59th year of his regime he passed his throne to his younger brother Jiong. 10 years later, Bu Jiang died.


  1. ^ Milton Walter Meyer: China: A Concise History, p. 126.
  2. ^ Cioffi-Revilla, Claudio; Lai, David (1995). "War and Politics in Ancient China, 2700 B.C.E. to 722 B.C.E.". The Journal of Conflict Resolution. 39 (3): 471–472. doi:10.1177/0022002795039003004.
  3. ^ Lung, Rachel (2011), Interpreters in early imperial China, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, p. 5, ISBN 978-90-272-2444-6
  4. ^ China at War: An Encyclopedia by Xiaobing Li
  5. ^ A Cultural History of the Chinese Language by Sharron Gu
  6. ^ Chronology of China rulers
  7. ^ Chinese archaeological abstracts: prehistoric to Western Zhou by Albert E. Dien, Jeffrey K. Riegel, Nancy Thompson Price. Online version.
  8. ^ Trình Doãn Thắng, Ngô Trâu Cương, Thái Thành, sách đã dẫn, tr 16
  9. ^ David S. Nivison (1993), "Chu shu chi nien", Early Chinese Texts: a bibliographical guide (editor—Loewe M.) pp. 39–47 (Berkeley: Society for the Study of Early China).
  10. ^ Kings of the Xia Dynasty
Bu Jiang Xia Dynasty Regnal titles Preceded byXie King of China 1890 BC – 1831 BC Succeeded byJiong