2012 Budget of the Government of Puerto Rico.
2012 Budget of the Government of Puerto Rico.

The Budget of the Government of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Presupuesto del Gobierno de Puerto Rico) is the proposal by the Governor of Puerto Rico to the Legislative Assembly which recommends funding levels for the next fiscal year, beginning on July 1 and ending on June 30 of the following year. This proposal is established by Article IV of the Constitution of Puerto Rico and is presented in two forms:[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Overview

For practical reasons the budget is divided into two aspects: a "general budget" which comprises the assignments funded exclusively by the Department of Treasury of Puerto Rico, and the "consolidated budget" which comprises the assignments funded by the general budget, by Puerto Rico's government-owned corporations, by revenue expected from loans, by the sale of government bonds, by subsidies extended by the federal government of the United States, and by other funds.

Both budgets contrast each other drastically, with the consolidated budget being usually thrice the size of the general budget; currently $29B and $9B respectively. Almost one out of every four dollars in the consolidated budget comes from U.S. federal subsidies while government-owned corporations compose more than 31% of the consolidated budget.

The critical aspects come from the sale of bonds, which comprise 7% of the consolidated budget; a ratio that increased annually due to the government's inability to prepare a balanced budget in addition to being incapable of generating enough income to cover all its expenses. In particular, the government-owned corporations add a heavy burden to the overall budget and public debt as not a single one is self-sufficient, all of them carrying extremely inefficient operations. For example, in FY2011 the government-owned corporations reported aggregated losses of more than $1.3B with the Puerto Rico Highways and Transportation Authority (PRHTA) reporting losses of $409M, the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA; the government monopoly that controls all electricity on the island) reporting losses of $272M, while the Puerto Rico Aqueducts and Sewers Authority (PRASA; the government monopoly that controls all water utilities on the island) reported losses of $112M.[8] All these losses were defrayed through the issuance of bonds compounding more than 40% of Puerto Rico's entire public debt today.[9] Holistically, from FY2000–FY2010 Puerto Rico's debt grew at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9% while GDP remained stagnant.[10]

In terms of protocol, the governor, together with the Puerto Rico Office of Management and Budget (OGP in Spanish), formulates the budget he believes is required to operate all government branches for the ensuing fiscal year. He then submits this formulation as a budget request to the Puerto Rican legislature before July 1, the date established by law as the beginning of Puerto Rico's fiscal year. While the constitution establishes that the request must be submitted "at the beginning of each regular session", the request is typically submitted during the first week of May as the regular sessions of the legislature begin in January and it would be unpractical to submit a request so far ahead. Once submitted the budget is then approved by the legislature, typically with amendments, through a joint resolution and referred back to the governor for his approval. The governor then either approves it or vetoes it. If vetoed the legislature can then either refer it back with amendments for the governor's approval, or approve it without the governor's consent by two-thirds of the bodies of each chamber.[11]

Once approved the Department of Treasury disburses funds to the Office of Management and Budget which in turn disburses the funds to the respective agencies, all while the Puerto Rico Government Development Bank (the government's intergovernmental bank) manages all related banking affairs including those related to the government-owned corporations.

2011 budget balance

The Puerto Rico government budget balance is the overall result of the budget of the government of Puerto Rico over the course of a fiscal year beginning on July 1 and ending on June 30 of the following year. As of November 2012, the government's balance is experiencing a deficit of about $1.1 billion US$.[how?] The government has about $15.1 billion in total assets and $48.8 billion in total liabilities.

2011 balance sheet[12] (in thousands)
Assets
     Current assets
$ 3,848 ,674
     Capital assets
7,768 ,350
     Other assets
3,529 ,148
          Total assets
15,146 ,172
Liabilities
     Current liabilities
$ 4,795 ,304
     Noncurrent liabilities
44,028 ,843
          Total liabilities
48,824 ,147
Undesignated, Unreserved Fund Balances
     Invested in capital assets, net of related debt
$ 3,693 ,531
     Restricted
2,335 ,799
     Unrestricted
(39,707 ,305)
Total Net Assets (deficit)
$ (33,677 ,975)

Consolidated fund

The Puerto Rico Consolidated Fund (Spanish: Fondo Consolidado de Puerto Rico) is the sum of all revenues collected by the government of Puerto Rico; in specific, it includes:

The Fund was about $31.4 billion USD for the 2010 fiscal year, constituting a deficit.[how?][quantify] Although the Department of Treasury doesn't provide contemporary figures, the Fund is expected to decrease by 5.7% or about Decrease$1.8 billion for the 2011 fiscal year, followed by an increase of 4% or about Increase$1.2 billion for the 2011 year, and then decrease once again by 5.3% or about Decrease$1.6 billion for the 2013 fiscal year.[14][15]

Consolidated Fund for the 2010–2013 fiscal periods.
Consolidated Fund for the 2010–2013 fiscal periods.

General fund

The Puerto Rico General Fund (Spanish: Fondo General de Puerto Rico) is the primary operating fund of the government of Puerto Rico and comprises the portion of the Puerto Rico Consolidated Fund collected by the Department of Treasury of Puerto Rico through all the license fees and taxes collected by the executive departments of the government of Puerto Rico. The Fund was about $10.1 billion USD for the 2010 fiscal year, constituting a deficit.[how?][quantify] Although the Department of Treasury doesn't provide contemporary figures, the Fund is expected to decrease by 8.9% or about Decrease$1.0 billion for the 2011 fiscal year, followed by an increase of 1.2% or about Increase$109.7 million for the 2011 year, and then decrease once again by 1.9% or about Decrease$177.3 million for the 2013 fiscal year.[16][17]

General Fund for the 2010–2013 fiscal periods.
General Fund for the 2010–2013 fiscal periods.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Home - El Nuevo Día". Elnuevodia.com. 2012-11-16. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  2. ^ "Estados Financieros del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico/ Financial Statements of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico". Ggobierno.pr. Retrieved 2015-03-01.
  3. ^ [1] Archived June 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Commonwealth of Puerto Rico : Comprehensive Annual Financial Report : Year Ended June 30, 2011" (PDF). Hacienda.gobierno.pr. Retrieved 2015-03-01.
  5. ^ [2] Archived April 18, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Is Puerto Rico's Big Budget Deficit A Problem?". Bondview.com. Retrieved 2015-03-01.
  7. ^ "Definicion De Terminos". Presupuesto.gobierno.pr. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  8. ^ "San Juan 2023 o la decadencia de un País". CNE - Centro Para Una Nueva Economía - Center for a New Economy.
  9. ^ "SERVICIO DE LA DEUDA" (PDF). 2.pr.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-25. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  10. ^ "Reporte General sobre Deuda Pública" (PDF). Gdbpr.com. December 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-25. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  11. ^ "PROCESO PRESUPUESTARIO" (PDF). 2.pr.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-25. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  12. ^ Méndez, Jesús; Chevres, Jaysel (2011), Comprehensive Annual Financial Report Year Ended June 30, 2011 (PDF), Department of Treasury of Puerto Rico, p. 19, retrieved November 25, 2012
  13. ^ "Definicion de Terminos". Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico. Archived from the original on January 14, 2012. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
  14. ^ "Financial statements of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico". Departamento de Hacienda. Archived from the original on December 1, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
  15. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, Year Ended June 30, 2011" (PDF). Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 29, 2013. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
  16. ^ "Financial statements of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico". Government of Puerto Rico. Archived from the original on December 1, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
  17. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report - Year Ended June 30, 2011" (PDF). Government of Puerto Rico. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 29, 2013. Retrieved December 1, 2014.