Bushwhacker Butch
Miller in 2015
Birth nameRobert Miller
Born(1944-10-21)21 October 1944
Auckland, New Zealand
Died2 April 2023(2023-04-02) (aged 78)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Professional wrestling career
Ring name(s)Butch Miller
"Butch" Doink
Cousin Butch
Nick Carter
Bushwhacker Butch[1]
Cousin Butch Dudley
The Tiger
Detroit Assassin
Billed height1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)[1]
Billed weight113 kg (249 lb)
Billed fromAuckland, New Zealand[1]
Retired8 September 2001

Robert Miller (21 October 1944 – 2 April 2023) was a New Zealand professional wrestler. He was best known for his appearances in the World Wrestling Federation under the ring name Bushwhacker Butch, where he teamed with Bushwhacker Luke as The Bushwhackers. He was also known for his appearances under the ring name Butch Miller for promotions such as NWA New Zealand, Stampede Wrestling, Pacific Northwest Wrestling, Mid Atlantic Championship Wrestling, Southwest Championship Wrestling, and the Universal Wrestling Federation, where he teamed with Luke as The Kiwis and The Sheepherders.[2]

Along with Luke, Butch held championships including the NWA Florida Tag Team Championship, NWA Mid-Atlantic Tag Team Championship, NWA Pacific Northwest Tag Team Championship, and UWF World Tag Team Championship. The duo were inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame in 2015 and the Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum in 2020.

Professional wrestling career

Early career (1964–1974)

See also: The Kiwis

Butch Miller started wrestling for NWA New Zealand (later known as All-Star Pro Wrestling) in 1964 where he achieved a great deal of regional success.[3] Miller, along with his friend Luke Williams, was brought to America in 1965 by fellow New Zealander Steve Rickard, who was also the booker for NWA Hawaii.[4] Luke and Butch initially worked in Canada among others for Stu Hart's Stampede Wrestling billed as "The Kiwis" (Butch was known as "Nick Carter" and Luke was known as "Sweet William"). The first recorded title that the Kiwis won was in 1974 when the duo beat Bob Pringle and Bill Cody for the Stampede International Tag Team Championship on 6 January 1974.[5] The Kiwis lost the titles to Tokyo Joe and the Great Saki only to regain them a short time later.[5] The Kiwis lost the titles for good when Stan Kowalski and Duke Savage defeated them and kept the titles away from them in subsequent rematches.[5]

The Sheepherders (1974–1981)

See also: The Sheepherders

After leaving Stampede Wrestling, the Kiwis began doing double duty in Japan for International Wrestling Enterprise. In 1975, they returned to New Zealand for the first wrestling television tapings On the Mat. Both men were inactive from wrestling for a few years.

In 1979, both men reunited working for NWA Pacific Northwest as well as the Canadian-based International All-Star Wrestling around 1979–1980 as "the Kiwi Sheepherders". In 1979, the team won the NWA Pacific Northwest Tag Team Championship on three occasions between 21 July and 5 August 1980 before they left the territory.[5] On 22 September, the Sheepherders lost the gold to Dutch Savage and Stan Stasiak only to regain them a week later.[5] On 11 February 1980, the Sheepherders became double champions when they downed Dutch Savage and Stasiak once again, this time for the NWA Canadian Tag Team Championship. Top faces Rick Martel and "Rowdy" Roddy Piper teamed up in May 1980 to take the NWA Canadian tag titles from the Sheepherders and,[5] in effect, run the duo out of the Northwest region by August, gaining the NWA Pacific Northwest tag titles when the Sheepherders left the promotion.[5]

The next stop for the Sheepherders was a brief stay in the Mid Atlantic Championship Wrestling territory run by Jim Crockett. In MACW, the two won the NWA Mid-Atlantic Tag Team Championship by beating Matt Borne and Buzz Sawyer for the gold. The Sheepherders held onto the gold for close to three months before dropping it to Dewey Robertson and George Wells on 12 December.[5] After losing the titles, Luke and Butch headed for warmer weather as they traveled to Puerto Rico and began working for the World Wrestling Council as "Los Pastores". While in Puerto Rico, the team would win the WWC North American Tag Team Championship twice while touring the island.[5]

After the team left WWC, Butch decided that he wanted to return closer to home and went to Australia to wrestle. Luke remained in the United States determined to keep the "Sheepherders" name on everyone's lips by teaming up with "Lord" Jonathan Boyd (formerly of the Royal Kangaroos).

Butch returns (1983–1988)

See also: The Sheepherders

In 1983, Boyd and Williams were working for Southwest Championship Wrestling when in June, Jonathan Boyd legitimately broke his leg in a car accident. While Boyd was out with the broken leg Butch returned from Australia to reunite with his old tag-team partner.[3]

Luke and Butch stayed with the SWCW through the rest of 1983 and into 1984, when the two came head-to-head with the Fabulous Ones, a team Williams and Boyd had feuded with extensively while Miller was away. This time the prize was the SWCW World Tag Team Championship. The Fabulous Ones had supposedly won the titles in Australia, which is generally believed to be a fictitious tournament invented by the SWCW.[5] The Sheepherders defeated the Fabs on 4 March and held the titles until the SWCW abandoned the tag team titles in September 1984.[5] The next major stop for the Sheepherders was a return to Puerto Rico and the WWC, this time competing as "The Sheepherders" instead of "Los Pastores". On 6 January 1985 the team defeated The Invaders (Invader I and Invader III) for the WWC North American Tag Team Championship in Bayamon, Puerto Rico.[5] Butch and Luke lost and then regained the titles from Invaders I and III in March and then held on to the gold until August, when the Invaders won the tag team title back for good.[5]

When Luke and Butch returned to mainland USA and signed on with Bill WattsUWF, they quickly cemented their status by beating Ted DiBiase and Steve Williams for the UWF Tag Team Championship on 16 March 1986.[5] The Sheepherders worked for Bill Watts on and off over the next couple of years, taking time out to participate in the first ever Jim Crockett Memorial Tag Team Cup where they made it to the third round. In the third round the Sheepherders clashed with the Fantastics in an out-of-control brawl that ended in a double disqualification. The winners of this match would have gone on to face eventual tournament winners The Road Warriors in the next round.[6] Back in the UWF for their "Mid South Superdome Show", the Sheepherders clashed with the Fantastics once more, this time Luke and Butch lost in a "New Zealand Boot camp" match to the UWF Tag champs.[7]

After being unable to beat the Fantastics on several occasions, the Sheepherders traveled back to Puerto Rico during the summer for a six-week run with the WWC World Tag Team Championship on 3 August.[5] When their short run with WWC ended, Luke and Butch sought new challenges and traveled to Florida where they worked for Championship Wrestling from Florida. While there, the Sheepherders came across their old rivals the Fabulous Ones, instantly rekindling their violent feud. This feud saw Luke and Butch end the Fabulous Ones' first reign with the NWA Florida United States Tag Team Championship and would keep them away from the Fabulous Ones until Lane and Keirn finally got the better of them on 30 November, when they regained the belts.[5]

In 1987, the Sheepherders returned to the CWA once more. On 10 January, the New Zealanders beat the up-and-coming team of Badd Company (Pat Tanaka and Paul Diamond) for the CWA/AWA International Tag Team Championship but lost them back to Badd Company as fast as they had won them.[5] After the quick run with Badd Company, the Sheepherders once again became entangled in a feud with the Fabulous Ones in a rivalry that seemingly would never end. In what turned out to be the last series of matches between the Sheepherders and the Fabulous Ones, the Fabulous Ones dominated the matches and once again "ran off" the Sheepherders.[8]

After leaving Memphis the Sheepherders returned to Puerto Rico and the WWC. Here the Sheepherders started a bloody feud with Chris and Mark Youngblood that drew big crowds in Puerto Rico.[3] The feud saw Luke and Butch win the WWC World Tag Team titles on 4 April and then defend them tooth and nail until the Youngbloods regained the gold on 10 May in a cage match.[5] After their spring run with WWC the Sheepherders returned to Florida and instantly became challengers for Mike Graham and Steve Keirn's NWA Florida Tag Team Championship. On 26 June, Luke and Butch added that title to their collection by brawling and cheating.[5] Their run with the Florida titles came to an end on 29 August when Keirn and Graham regained the titles.[5]

After losing the Florida titles, Luke and Butch returned to the UWF and started a second run with the UWF World Tag Team Championship after beating Brad Armstrong and Tim Horner on 16 October. The Sheepherders held the UWF tag team titles until the UWF was bought out by Jim Crockett and merged into Jim Crockett Promotions to form the forerunner of World Championship Wrestling. When the UWF merged Luke and Butch began working for JCP, participating in the third Jim Crockett, Sr. Memorial, Tag Team Tournament Cup losing to The Midnight Express (Bobby Eaton and Stan Lane) in the second round.[9] At Clash of the Champions II the Sheepherders faced off against the NWA United States Tag Team Champions Fantastics, but did not win the gold. At Clash of the Champions III the Sheepherders lost to Steve Williams and Nikita Koloff despite the interference of Rip Morgan. Just as it looked like the Sheepherders were going to face the Fantastics in the finals of a tournament to crown new United States tag team champions, Luke and Butch signed with Vince McMahon's World Wrestling Federation.[3]

The Bushwhackers (1988–1996)

See also: The Bushwhackers

Luke and Butch signed on with the WWF in the midst of its national expansion, giving them a national and international exposure unlike anything they had ever had before. The team changed their name to "The Bushwhackers" and changed their violent style to a comedic style which was an instant hit with the fans. The comedy act involved licking, arm motions and more.[3] The Bushwhackers made their debut on a matinee house show on 26 December 1988 facing The Bolsheviks.[10]

Throughout the Bushwhackers' run in the WWF, the team was a solid mid-card team, feuding against such teams as The Fabulous Rougeau Brothers,[11] Rhythm and Blues (The Honky Tonk Man and Greg Valentine), The Natural Disasters, The Beverly Brothers and The Headshrinkers. Several of the feuds were comedy-oriented, with the Bushwhackers' antagonists expressing disdain for their wild and wacky ways. In addition, Butch (along with Luke) participated in a long-running series of comedy vignettes, with "Mean" Gene Okerlund their usual foil; these vignettes were often featured on Coliseum Home Video releases where they served as the "link" between matches.

The Bushwhackers remained in the WWF through 1996,[12] by which time they were a lower-card team and frequently used to job to newer teams such as Well Dunn, The Blu Brothers[13] and The Bodydonnas.[14] Late in the Bushwhackers' run, the team was accompanied to the ring by a giant kangaroo mascot.[15]

Late career (1996–2001)

After leaving the WWF, the team made special appearances in the independent circuit, including a return to WWC for its 24th-anniversary show where they were billed as the Sheepherders and took on old rivals Invaders I & II.[16] They also appeared at Terry Funk's WrestleFest in Amarillo to celebrate "50 years of Funk" where they lost to Mark and Chris Youngblood.[17]

In 1999, Luke and Butch participated in a "wrestling nostalgia" pay-per-view called Heroes of Wrestling as the Men from Down Under. They defeated former WWF Tag Team Champions The Iron Sheik and Nikolai Volkoff.[18] They also wrestled in the UK in 2000, mainly for All Star Wrestling where they appeared in six man tags, teaming with Frank Casey who for some years had been performing as tribute act the "British Bushwhacker." Luke and Butch made one of their last appearances as active wrestlers on 1 April 2001 when they participated in the "Gimmick Battle Royal" at WrestleMania X7.[19] On 15 June, the team returned to Memphis one last time, fighting The Moondogs to a double disqualification on a special "Mid-South Clash of the Legends" show.[20] In September 2001 he retired from wrestling.

Retirement (2001–2023)

In September 2001, Miller was rushed to the hospital after suffering a neck injury. While in the hospital, he also had a brush with sepsis, but he survived.[citation needed] Miller retired after the incident and moved back to New Zealand where he began working as the commissioner for NZWPW and also wrote a column for NZPWI.CO.NZ. He lived in Paraparaumu Beach and was the Commissioner for Kiwi Pro Wrestling.[21]

When the WWE came to New Zealand on 11 June 2008 in Auckland, he was a guest on the first international V.I.P Lounge along with Tony Garea. The segment's host, Montel Vontavious Porter (MVP) announced him as Bushwhacker Luke but then apologized. Eventually, MVP attacked Butch and Garea with the microphone. Butch and Garea recovered and fought off MVP, then celebrated with the Bushwhacker walk.

In 2015, The Bushwhackers were inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame by John Laurinaitis.

In February 2018, the Bushwhackers reunited for one last tour of their native New Zealand. Only Luke wrestled.

Personal life and death

Miller moved back to New Zealand from Florida in 2003. He lived in Paraparaumu Beach until 2016. Miller and his wife Helen moved to Ōtaki Beach in 2016.[22]

Miller suffered from health issues as early as 2002 when he stayed in the ICU. In 2010, he returned to the ICU. Luke Williams kept it private from the public regarding what issue Miller had.[23]

Miller died in hospital in Los Angeles, California on 2 April 2023, at the age of 78. He had traveled to the city in order to participate in WrestleMania 39 festivities.[24]

Other media

The Bushwhackers appeared as themselves in a 1994 episode of the sitcom Family Matters, wrestling against Carl Winslow and Steve Urkel, who are forced to fill in for and wrestle as "The Psycho Twins". The Bushwhackers released their autobiography "The Bushwhackers: Blood, Sweat & Cheers", along with writer John E. Crowther, on 27 September 2022. [25]

Championships and accomplishments


  1. ^ a b c "Bushwhacker Butch's WWE Alumni Bio". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  2. ^ "Cowboy Billy Wright". Kiwi Pro Wrestling. November 2007. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e Greg Oliver and Steve Johnson (2005). The Pro Wrestling Hall of Fame: The Tag Teams. ECW Press. ISBN 978-1-55022-683-6.
  4. ^ "Online World of Wrestling: The Sheepherders". Archived from the original on 19 May 2007. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2006). Wrestling Title Histories (4th ed.). Archeus Communications. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
  6. ^ prowrestlinghistory.com (19 April 1986). "1st Annual Jim Crockett,Sr. Memorial Tag Team Tournament Cup".
  7. ^ "Mid South Superdome Shows (1986)". 14 June 1986. Archived from the original on 9 October 2007.
  8. ^ "Mid South Coliseum Shows (1987)". 9 February 1987.
  9. ^ "3rd Annual Jim Crockett, Sr. Memorial Tag Team Tournament Cup". 23 April 1987.
  10. ^ "WWF Show Results". 26 December 1988. WWF @ Rochester, NY – War Memorial – 26 December 1988 (matinee) The Bushwhackers vs. Nikolai Volkoff & Boris Zhukov
  11. ^ "WWF Show Results". 11 February 1989. (shown 20 February) Jacques & Raymond Rougeau defeated the Bushwhackers via disqualification at 14:04 after Luke shoved the referee to the mat
  12. ^ "WWF Show Results 1996". 14 September 1996. The Bushwhackers defeated Justin Bradshaw & Uncle Zebakiah
  13. ^ "WWF Show Results 1995". 17 August 1995. The Blu Twins defeated the Bushwhackers
  14. ^ "WWF Show Results 1996". 10 March 1996. (Shown 16 March) WWF Tag Team Title Tournament Quarter-Finals: Skip & Zip (w/ Sunny) defeated the Bushwhackers when Zip pinned Butch after coming off the top behind the referee's back, moments after Skip sustained the battering ram and was covered
  15. ^ "WWF Show Results 1996". 30 April 1996. (Shown 4 May) Mankind defeated Scott Taylor via submission with the Mandible Claw The Bushwhackers (w/ someone in a kangaroo costume) defeated WWF Tag Team Champions Skip & Zip (w/ Sunny) in a non-title match at around 5:16
  16. ^ prowrestlinghistory.com (15 August 1997). "WWC Anniversary Show Results (24)".
  17. ^ "WWF Show Results 1997". 11 September 1997. Mark & Chris Youngblood (w/ Rick Romero) defeated the Bushwhackers at 10:20 when Mark pinned Williams
  18. ^ "Heroes of Wrestling PPV Report". 10 October 1999.
  19. ^ "WWF WrestleMania Results (X7)". Pro Wrestling History.
  20. ^ "Mid-South Coliseum Results (2001–2002)". prowrestlinghistory.com.
  21. ^ "Butch Miller – Online World of Wrestling". www.onlineworldofwrestling.com. Retrieved 31 December 2022.
  22. ^ "WWE pro preparing for ultimate tag". NZ Herald. Retrieved 31 December 2022.
  23. ^ "15 Older Wrestlers Who Might Leave Us In 2018". The Sportster. 9 January 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2023.
  24. ^ "Kiwi wrestling icon Butch Miller of the BushWhackers passes away". The New Zealand Herald. 4 April 2023.
  25. ^ The Bushwhackers: Blood, Sweat & Cheers Amazon. Retrieved 31 December 2022
  26. ^ Rodgers, Mike (2004). "Regional Territories: PNW #16 Page #2". KayfabeMemories.com.