CBGB
The entrance to CBGB, c. 2005
CBGB is located in Manhattan
CBGB
CBGB
Location of CBGB in Manhattan, New York City
CBGB is located in New York City
CBGB
CBGB
CBGB (New York City)
CBGB is located in New York
CBGB
CBGB
CBGB (New York)
LocationManhattan, New York City, U.S.
OwnerHilly Kristal
Capacity350[1]
OpenedDecember 10, 1973
ClosedOctober 15, 2006
Website
www.cbgb.com
CBGB
Location315 Bowery
Manhattan, New York City, U.S.
Coordinates40°43′31″N 73°59′31″W / 40.72528°N 73.99194°W / 40.72528; -73.99194
Built1878
Part ofThe Bowery Historic District (ID13000027)
Added to NRHPFebruary 20, 2013

CBGB was a New York City music club opened in 1973 by Hilly Kristal in the East Village in Manhattan, New York City. The club was previously a biker bar and before that was a dive bar.[2] The letters CBGB were for Country, Bluegrass, Blues, Kristal's original vision for the club. But CBGB soon emerged as a famed and iconic venue for punk rock and new wave bands, including the Ramones, Dead Boys, Television, Patti Smith Group, Blondie, Madonna and Talking Heads.

Other bands affiliated with CBGB included Agnostic Front, Murphy's Law, U.S. Chaos, Cro-Mags, Warzone, Gorilla Biscuits, Sick of It All, and Youth of Today.

One storefront beside CBGB became the "CBGB Record Canteen", a record shop and café. In the late 1980s, "CBGB Record Canteen" was converted into an art gallery and second performance space, "CB's 313 Gallery". CB's Gallery was played by music artists of milder sounds, such as acoustic rock, folk, jazz, or experimental music, such as Dadadah, Kristeen Young, Medeski Martin & Wood and Toshi Reagon, while CBGB continued to showcase mainly hardcore punk, post punk, metal, and alternative rock.

313 Gallery was also the host location for Alchemy, a weekly Goth night showcasing goth, industrial, dark rock, and darkwave bands.[3][4] On the other side, CBGB was operating a small cafe and bar in the mid-1990s, which served classic New York pizza, among other items.[5][6]

Around 2000, CBGB entered a protracted dispute over allegedly unpaid rent amounts until the landlord, Bowery Residents' Committee, sued in 2005 and lost the case. Kristal and the BRC reached an agreement whereby CBGB would leave by October 31, 2006.[7]

On October 15, 2006, the club closed with a performance by Patti Smith, who took the stage at 9:30 p.m. and played for 3 1/2 hours until slightly after 1 a.m. on October 16, 2006, closing with her song "Elegie" followed by reading a list of punk rock musicians and advocates who had died in recent years.[8]

CBGB Radio launched on the iHeartRadio platform in 2010, and CBGB music festivals began in 2012.[9] In 2013, CBGB's onetime building, 315 Bowery, was added to the National Register of Historic Places as part of The Bowery Historic District (not a New York City Historic District).[10]

History

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20th century

[edit]
Drummer from the band Libertyville performing on the CBGB stage in January 1985

CBGB was founded on December 10, 1973,[11] on the site of Kristal's earlier bar, Hilly's on the Bowery, that he ran from 1969 to 1972. Initially, Kristal focused on his more profitable East Village nightspot, Hilly's, which Kristal closed amid complaints from the bar's neighbors. After Hilly's closure, Kristal focused on the Bowery club. Its full name of CBGB & OMFUG stands for "Country, Bluegrass, Blues, and Other Music For Uplifting Gourmandizers". Although a gourmandizer is usually a ravenous eater of food, what Kristal meant was "a voracious eater of (…) music".[12] Kristal's intended theme of country, bluegrass, and blues music along with poetry readings yielded to the American movement in punk rock. A pioneer in the genre, Ramones played their first shows at CBGB.[13]

In 1973, while the future CBGB was still Hilly's, two locals, Bill Page and Rusty McKenna, convinced Kristal to let them book concerts. In February 1974, Hilly booked local band Squeeze to a residency, playing Tuesdays and Wednesdays, the club's change from country and bluegrass to original rock bands. Squeeze was led by guitarist Mark Suall, later with CBGB's quasi house band the Revelons, which included Fred Smith of Television and JD Daugherty of the Patti Smith Group. Although these bands did not play punk rock, they helped lay its foundation.[14] The August 1973 collapse of the Mercer Arts Center left unsigned bands little option in New York City to play original music. Mercer refugees—including Suicide, The Fast,[15] Ruby and the Rednecks, Jayne County, and the Magic Tramps—soon played at CBGB.

On April 14, 1974, the audience of Television's third gig were Patti Smith and Lenny Kaye, whose Patti Smith Group debuted at CBGB on February 14, 1975. Other early performers included the Dina Regine Band. Dennis Lepri was lead guitarist as well as the Stillettoes which included Deborah Harry on vocals. The newly formed band Angel and the Snake, later renamed Blondie, as well as Ramones arrived in August 1974. Mink DeVille, Talking Heads, The Shirts, The Heartbreakers, The Fleshtones, and other bands soon followed.

In April 1977, The Damned played the club, marking the first time a British punk band had ever played in America.[16]

During 1975 and 1976, Metropolis Video recorded some shows on film. Beginning in 1977, Metropolis Video filmmaker Pat Ivers and partner Emily Armstrong continued to record shows in a project called Advanced TV, later renamed GoNightclubbing. Ivers' and Armstrong's films are available at the New York University Fales Library.[17]

CBGB's two rules were that a band must move its own equipment and play mostly original songs, although regular bands often played one or two covers in set.[18] CBGB's growing reputation drew more and more acts from outside New York City.

In 1978, new wave songwriter Elvis Costello would open shows for The Voidoids, while The Police played at CBGB for their first American gigs. Meanwhile, CBGB became famed for Misfits, Television, Patti Smith Group, Mink DeVille, Dead Boys, the Dictators, the Fleshtones, the Voidoids, the Cramps, the B-52's, Blondie, Joan Jett & the Blackhearts, the Shirts, and Talking Heads. Yet in the 1980s, hardcore punk's New York underground was CBGB's mainstay. Named "thrash day" in a documentary on hardcore,[citation needed] Sunday at CBGB was matinée day, which became an institution, played from afternoon until evening by hardcore bands such as Reagan Youth, Bad Brains, Beastie Boys, Agnostic Front, Murphy's Law, Cro-Mags, Leeway, Warzone, Gorilla Biscuits, Sick of It All, Misfits, Sheer Terror, Stillborn and Youth of Today.

In 1990, violence inside and outside of the venue prompted Kristal to suspend hardcore bookings, although CBGB brought hardcore back at times. CBGB's last several years had no formal bans by genre.

21st century

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In 2005, atop its normally-paid monthly rent of $19,000, CBGB was sued for some $90,000 in rent allegedly owed to its landlord, Bowery Residents' Committee (BRC).[19] Refusing to pay until a judge ruled the debt legitimate, Kristal claimed that he had never been notified of scaled rent increases, accruing over a number of years, asserted by BRC's executive director Muzzy Rosenblatt.[19] Ruling the debt false and that BRC had never properly billed the rent increases,[19]the judge indicated that CBGB ought to be declared a landmark, but noted that Rosenblatt did not need to renew the lease, soon expiring.[20] Rosenblatt vowed to appeal.[20]

Expecting Rosenblatt's resistance to lease negotiation,[19] Kristal agreed that the rent ought to rise, but not to the $55,000 monthly that Kristal believed the BRC to want.[20]

A nonprofit corporation housing homeless above CBGB mostly through donations and government funding,[19] the BRC had only one commercial tenant and raised its monthly rent to $35,000.[7] Kristal and the BRC reached an agreement whereby CBGB would leave by September 30, 2006.[7] Planning to move CBGB to Las Vegas, Kristal explained, "We're going to take the urinals. I'll take whatever I can. The movers said, 'You ought to take everything, and auction off what you don't want on eBay.' Why not? Somebody will".[21]

Closure

[edit]
The exterior of CBGB on October 15, 2006, the day it closed
The exterior of CBGB on October 16, 2006, the day after it closed

Many punk rock bands played at CBGB when they found it was going to close in hopes that their support could keep it from closing. Rocks off, a promoter in New York, organized CBGB's final weeks of shows to book "many of the artists who made CB's famous".[7] Avail, the Bouncing Souls, and such newer acts opened during the last week, which included multi-night stands by Bad Brains and the Dictators and an acoustic set by Blondie. The final show, broadcast live on Sirius Satellite Radio on October 15, was played by Patti Smith, helped on some songs by Flea of the Red Hot Chili Peppers. Television's Richard Lloyd, too, played in a few, including "Marquee Moon". Nearly-finished, Smith and band playing "Gloria" alternated the chorus with echoes of "Blitzkrieg Bop" by the RamonesHey! Ho! Let's go!. During "Elegie", her final encore, Smith named musicians and other music figures who had died since playing at CBGB.[22] On October 15, 2006, upon Patti Smith's last show at CBGB, the storied bar and club closed.[23]

Aftermath

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After closing, the old CBGB venue remained open as CBGB Fashions—retail store, wholesale department, and an online store—until October 31, 2006. CBGB Fashions moved to 19–23 St. Mark's Place on November 1, and closed nearly two years later in summer 2008.[24]

Hilly Kristal died from complications of lung cancer on August 28, 2007. In early October, Kristal's family and friends hosted a private memorial service in the nearby YMCA. Soon, there was a public memorial, contributed to by CBGB onetime staff and by others.

Kristal's ex-wife Karen Kristal and his daughter, Lisa Kristal Burgman, battled legally over the purported $3 million CBGB estate, and settled in June 2009 with Burgman receiving most of the money left after payment of creditors and estate taxes.[25] In 2011, a group of unknown investors bought the remaining CBGB assets, including the associated intellectual property and original interior. The location is now occupied by John Varvatos fashions.

In December 2015, various news outlets reported on a rebranded CBGB "reopening" at Newark International Airport as CBGB L.A.B. (Lounge and Bar)[26][27] by New York chef Harold Moore, which had opened as of the end of December 2015.

Venue

[edit]
The John Varvatos store on the site where CBGB used to stand

By late 2007, fashion designer John Varvatos planned to open a store in CBGB's former space, 315 Bowery,[28] but to tastefully trail CBGB's legacy[29] rock and roll stickers on the walls, and much of the graffiti at the toilets was preserved, as were some playbills, found behind a wall, from shows at the club's 10th anniversary in 1983.[30] The store opened in April 2008.[31]

In 2008, a SoHo art gallery dedicated to music photography, the Morrison Hotel, opened a second location in the onetime CBGB Gallery at 313 Bowery,[30] but the Morrison Hotel gallery closed in 2011.[32] The space was then occupied by a surf-oriented Patagonia store until late 2021.[33][34]

Called the "Extra Place", the alley behind the building became a pedestrian mall. Dead Boys' Cheetah Chrome rued, "All of Manhattan has lost its soul to money lords", yet reflected, "If that alley could talk, it's seen it all".[35] CBGB's nomination as a landmark drew an explanation:

CBGB was founded in 1973 at 315 Bowery, in a former nineteenth-century saloon on the first floor of the Palace Lodging House. The legendary music venue fostered new genres of American music, including punk and art rock, that defined the culture of downtown Manhattan in the 1970s, and that still resonate today. In this role as cultural incubator, CBGB served the same function as the theatres and concert halls of the Bowery's storied past. The former club, now occupied by a retail business, remains a pilgrimage site for legions of music fans.[10]

Legacy

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CBGB's second awning, the one in place when the club closed in 2006, was moved into the lobby of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland.[36]

The CBGB Festival produced large free concerts in Times Square and Central Park on July 7, 2012. They also showcased hundreds of bands in venues across the city.[37][38] The festival premiered dozens of rock-n-roll movies in theaters around Manhattan.[39]

Directed by Randall Miller and starring Alan Rickman as Hilly Kristal, the film CBGB, about Kristal and the origins of the club, was released in October 2013[40][41] to harsh reviews.[42][43] Iconic in American popular culture, CBGB's image remained storied:

See also

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Notes

[edit]
  1. ^ Kokenes, Chris. "CBGB sounds its final note". CNN. Archived from the original on October 5, 2016. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  2. ^ Bryan Waterman (2011). Television's Marquee Moon. US: The Continuum International Publishing Group. pp. 66–67. ISBN 978-1-44114-5-291.
  3. ^ "Alchemy". www.nycgoth.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2018. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  4. ^ Jason, D. J. (September 9, 1996). "Alchemy Gothic Mondays". Archived from the original on January 28, 2023. Retrieved February 6, 2023.
  5. ^ "Playing in the neighborhood". The New York Times. December 19, 1993. Archived from the original on April 29, 2013. Retrieved April 1, 2010.
  6. ^ "Pop And jazz guide". The New York Times. January 24, 2003. Archived from the original on April 29, 2013. Retrieved April 1, 2010.
  7. ^ a b c d "CBGB to shut down on Sept. 30" Archived July 5, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Billboard, July 6, 2006.
  8. ^ Yahoo Music coverage of concert Archived July 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Marcus Gilmer (May 8, 2012). "CBGB now a festival, could reopen in new location". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on May 9, 2012. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
  10. ^ a b National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: The Bowery Historic District Archived July 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Q magazine, 2002
  12. ^ Official CBGB website Archived August 8, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ Crotty & Lane, "Interview with Hilly",The mad Monks guide to NYC, 1999, p 190.
  14. ^ "Debunking CBGB myths: An interview with Dana, Hilly Kristal's son Archived September 15, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Tiny Mix Tapes, September 11, 2007.
  15. ^ David Nobakht (2005). Suicide: No Compromise. UK: SAF Publishing. p. 222. ISBN 0-946719-71-3.
  16. ^ aficionado, Binky Philips Music (November 2, 2010). "The Damned at CBGB: The Night Punk Was Officially Born in the USA". HuffPost. Archived from the original on October 15, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
  17. ^ "NIGHTCLUBBING Archive by Pat Ivers and Emily Armstrong. MSS 305". dlib.nyu.edu. Archived from the original on March 8, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
  18. ^ Kristal's son claims the policy meant to avert owing royalties to ASCAP. "Debunking CBGB myths: An interview with Dana, Hilly Kristal's Son Archived September 15, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Tiny Mix Tapes, September 11, 2007.
  19. ^ a b c d e Chris Harris, "CBGB doesn't have to pay $90,000 in back rent, judge rules" Archived July 20, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, MTV News, August 10, 2005.
  20. ^ a b c NY1 News, "Judge rules punk landmark CBGB doesn't owe back rent" Archived July 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Time Warner Cable News: NY1, August 11, 2005.
  21. ^ "Stars return in CBGB's last shows" Archived August 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, BBC News, October 12, 2006.
  22. ^ Sarah Ventre (September 30, 2010). "How far would you go to see a show". NPR. Archived from the original on February 17, 2013. Retrieved December 22, 2012.
  23. ^ Sisario, Ben (October 16, 2006). "CBGB Brings Down the Curtain With Nostalgia and One Last Night of Rock". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on July 12, 2019. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  24. ^ Dodero, Camille (March 25, 2008). "CBGB St. Mark's shop closing at the end of June". Village Voice. Archived from the original on April 30, 2013. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
  25. ^ The final CBGB settlement: Hilly Kristal's estate takes its last legal bow Archived June 20, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Village Voice, June 16, 2009.
  26. ^ "CBGB to Reopen as Restaurant in Newark Airport". Rolling Stone. December 21, 2015. Archived from the original on November 18, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
  27. ^ "CBGB Is Reopening At Newark Airport, As A Restaurant". Archived from the original on December 29, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
  28. ^ Segal, David (November 2, 2007). "A punk temple reborn: Would you like to see the $200 safety pins?". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2010.
  29. ^ "Now Opening Saturday Special". Racked.com. January 14, 2008. Archived from the original on October 26, 2011. Retrieved January 16, 2008. We don't want anyone to walk into the space and say, 'Oh, they screwed it up.' We want them to walk in and say, 'It's not CBGB, but they did the right thing.'
  30. ^ a b Karen Brettell (March 27, 2008). "NY gallery keeps punk alive in old CBGB space". Reuters. Archived from the original on November 7, 2020. Retrieved June 30, 2009.
  31. ^ Ben Sisario (April 19, 2008). "At the former CBGB, the punks once played but the rich now pomp". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 29, 2011. Retrieved May 7, 2008.
  32. ^ Cuozzo, Steve (March 8, 2011). "WilmerHale eyes 7 WTC". New York Post. Archived from the original on February 16, 2013.
  33. ^ "Patagonia New York Bowery Store - 313 Bowery NY, NY 10003". Archived from the original on January 2, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
  34. ^ Perler, Elie (November 16, 2021). "Wipe Out: Patagonia Closes its Bowery Surf Shop". Bowery Boogie. Archived from the original on March 23, 2022. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  35. ^ Jennifer Fermino (March 25, 2008). "Hobo Goes haute". New York Post. Archived from the original on April 3, 2008. Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  36. ^ Blistein, Job (December 14, 2016). "CBGB Awning Sells at Auction for $30,000". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on May 16, 2021. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
  37. ^ Flanary, Patrick (July 5, 2012). "CBGB Festival Brings Veteran Bands Back to the Stage". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
  38. ^ Pareles, Jon (July 8, 2012). "A Raucous Weekend for a Rock Club That's Long Gone". Critic’s Notebook. The New York Times.
  39. ^ "About Us". CBGB. Archived from the original on May 19, 2021. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
  40. ^ "CBGB, new film tells the history of New York City's legendary club". laughingsquid.com. April 10, 2013. Archived from the original on April 24, 2013. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
  41. ^ "CBGB (2013)". imdb.com. Archived from the original on August 12, 2013. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
  42. ^ Linda Sickler. "'Punk rock' inventor Legs McNeil coming to Savannah post 'CBGB'". Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
  43. ^ Marc Campbell (October 2013). "If you thought CBGB's bathrooms were full of shit, check out the movie". Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
  44. ^ NYC 2012 Olympics Promo Video Archived April 9, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, NYC Olympic Committee via YouTube, (Timecode 1:36–1:49)
  45. ^ "A Los Angeles Social Diary". Archived from the original on July 29, 2013. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
  46. ^ "Old School Punk Star, by The Shapers". Archived from the original on April 15, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
  47. ^ "When checked against the CBGB women's room graffiti". Archived from the original on February 6, 2023. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  48. ^ "This ain't no Mudd Club, or C.B.G.B." Archived from the original on February 6, 2023. Retrieved November 1, 2022.
  49. ^ The Heads (Ft. Debbie Harry & Johnette Napolitano) – Punk Lolita, retrieved November 13, 2023
  50. ^ LCD Soundsystem – Losing My Edge, archived from the original on December 16, 2022, retrieved December 16, 2022

Further reading

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