CONCACAF Champions League
2019 CONCACAF Champions League.png
Founded1962; 60 years ago (1962)
(rebranded in 2008)
RegionNorth America, Central America and the Caribbean (CONCACAF)
Number of teams16
Qualifier forFIFA Club World Cup
Related competitionsCONCACAF League
Current championsUnited States Seattle Sounders FC
(1st title)
Most successful club(s)Mexico América
(7 titles)
WebsiteOfficial website
2022 CONCACAF Champions League

The CONCACAF Champions League, known officially as the Scotiabank CONCACAF Champions League for sponsorship reasons,[1][2] is an annual continental club football competition organized by CONCACAF. The winner of the CONCACAF Champions League automatically qualifies for the quarter-finals of the FIFA Club World Cup. The competition has been completed 57 times through the 2022 event, with 59 champions, due to a three-way shared title in the 1978 competition.

The tournament currently uses a knockout format; it had a group stage prior to the 2018 competition. Unlike its European and South American counterparts, the winner of the CONCACAF Champions League does not automatically qualify for the following season's competition.[3]

When it was first organized in 1962, the competition was called the CONCACAF Champions' Cup. The title has been won by 28 clubs, 13 of which have won the title more than once. Mexican clubs have accumulated the highest number of victories, with 36 titles in total. The second most successful league has been Costa Rica's Primera División, with six titles in total. Mexican side Club América are the most successful club in the competition's history, with seven titles, followed by fellow Mexican side Cruz Azul with six titles. The most successful non-Mexican club is Saprissa of Costa Rica, with three titles. The only four teams to successfully defend the trophy are all Mexican: América, Cruz Azul, Pachuca and Monterrey. The current champions of the competition are Seattle Sounders FC, who defeated UNAM in the 2022 final.

Competition format

The tournament employs a 16-team knockout format and is played between February and May. Ten teams qualify automatically based on domestic performance, along with the top six teams (champion, runner-up, two losing semi-finalists, and two best losing quarter-finalists) of the CONCACAF League, played at the end of the previous calendar year.

Each round of competition consists of a two-leg home-and-away series with the winner determined by aggregate goals over both legs. If aggregate goals are equal, the away goals rule is applied. If away goals are also equal, the game is decided by an immediate penalty shoot-out; there are no overtime periods.[4]

Prior to 2018, the tournament had two parts: a group stage held from August to October, and a knockout phase held from March to May of the following year. The group stage consisted of 24 teams playing in eight groups of three teams each, with each team playing the other two teams in its group twice. United States and Mexican sides could not be drawn into the same group. The winners of each of the eight groups advanced to the quarterfinals. Each phase of the knockout rounds (quarterfinals, semifinals, finals) consisted of a two-leg home-and-away series with the winner determined by aggregate goal differential.[5] Seeding in the knockout phase was determined by performance during the group stage.

Prior to the 2012–13 season, the competition had involved four groups of four, with one Mexican team and one U.S. team in each group. A preliminary round was used to reduce the number of teams from 24 to 16.

History

Champions' Cup trophy won by CD Olimpia in 1972
Champions' Cup trophy won by CD Olimpia in 1972

The competition was initially created as a possible measure to enter the South American Copa Libertadores, a competition organized by CONMEBOL. Prior to 2008, the tournament was officially called the "CONCACAF Champions' Cup", but was usually referred to simply as the "Champions' Cup". The competition has had several different formats over its lifetime. From 1962 until 1995, the finalists, or clubs participating in a final round, would be decided by clubs who qualify via two separate brackets: a Caribbean Island qualifier and a Northern/Central American qualification competition. Initially, only the champions of the North American leagues participated. In 1971, the runners-up of a few North American leagues began to join and the tournament began to be expanded, incorporating round-robin group phases and more teams. After the creation of the United States' Major League Soccer, the competition became a straight knockout competition from 1997 until it was revamped into a tournament with a group stage in 2008.

Champions' Cup Era (1962–2008)

The competition's first edition, a knockout tournament called the Champions' Cup, was played under a variety of formats. The last format, used from 2004 to 2008, had eight teams competing – four from the North American zone (two from Mexico, two from the United States), three from the Central American zone, and one from the Caribbean zone. Since 2005, the champion of the competition also gained entry into the FIFA Club World Cup, giving clubs an added incentive for a strong participation and greater interest from fans. Also, the Champions' Cup Runner-up would be one of the three CONCACAF invitees to the Copa Sudamericana.

Champions League Era (2008–2017)

The CONCACAF Executive Committee at their 2006 November meeting decided to "act upon" a proposal—first delineated in 2003 by then Head of Special Projects Mel Brennan—at their next meeting by the CONCACAF Secretariat to develop the CONCACAF Champions’ Cup into a larger "Champions League" style event. The CONCACAF Executive Committee reported on 14 November 2007 some of the details.[6]

The previous Champions' Cup format was used as planned in March and April 2008. Then, a newly expanded Champions League tournament was conducted starting in August 2008 and concluding in May 2009. The initial setup involved 24 teams and featured a Preliminary Round contested by 16 teams to reduce the field to 16 teams, which were separated into four groups of four teams.[6][7] After the Group Stage, the Championship Round are held from the Quarterfinal Round onward.

Since 2012, the 24 teams have been divided into eight groups of three teams. The first placed teams qualify for the quarter finals. The quarter finals, semi finals and final are played over two legs.

Tournament restructuring (2018–2023)

In December 2016, Manuel Quintanilla, president of the Nicaraguan Football Federation, spoke of a possible new format for the competition,[8] a statement that was later corroborated by Garth Lagerwey, the general manager of Seattle Sounders FC.[9] On 23 January 2017, CONCACAF confirmed the new format beginning with the 2018 edition, eliminating the group stage which had been employed since the re-branding of the competition to the CONCACAF Champions League in 2008.[10]

Under the new CONCACAF competition platform, 31 clubs compete in CONCACAF competitions. 22 teams compete in a new tournament played from August to December, called the CONCACAF League. The CONCACAF League features 18 teams from Central America, three teams from the Caribbean and one team from North America. The champions and next best five clubs advance to the CONCACAF Champions League, played between February and May of the next calendar year, joining nine teams from North America and one team from the Caribbean (the champions of the Caribbean Club Championship).[10]

Expansion (from 2024)

In February 2021, CONCACAF announced a major overhaul of the tournament which would have included 50 teams and a regional group stage.[11] Twenty teams from North America, twenty teams from Central America, and ten teams from the Caribbean would have been divided into groups of five teams where a total of 16 teams would advance to the knockout stage.[12] This format was abandoned and was never used.

In September of that year, CONCACAF announced an expansion of the tournament to begin in 2024. Under the new format, twenty-seven teams would take part in the Champions League; twenty-two teams would enter the first round, with the winners to be joined by five teams in the round of 16. Teams may qualify for the CONCACAF Champions League through their domestic leagues or cups, or through their regional cup competitions: the Leagues Cup for teams from North America, the Central American Cup for teams from Central America, and a Caribbean Cup for teams from the Caribbean.[13]

Additionally, the final will be no longer be over two legs, and instead be a one-off game played at a neutral site.[13]

Qualification

A total of sixteen teams participate in the CONCACAF Champions League: at least nine from the North American Zone (from three associations), and at least one team from the Caribbean Zone (the champions of the Caribbean Club Championship).[14] The remaining six berths goes to the top-six placed teams in the CONCACAF League, played between eighteen teams from the Central American Zone, three from the Caribbean Zone and one from the North American Zone. At least two Central American Zone teams will qualify through the CONCACAF League.

Nine from the North American Zone:

Four clubs from  Mexico
Four clubs from the  United States
One club from  Canada

One club from the Caribbean Zone:

One club, qualifying via the Caribbean Club Championship

Six clubs from the Central American, Caribbean, or North American Zones.

6 clubs, qualifying via the CONCACAF League

Clubs may be disqualified and replaced by a club from another association if the club does not have an available stadium that meets CONCACAF regulations for safety. If a club's own stadium fails to meet the set standards then it may find a suitable replacement stadium within its own country. However, if it is still determined that the club cannot provide the adequate facilities then it runs the risk of being replaced.

North American Zone

Nine teams from the North American Football Union qualify to the Champions League. Mexico and the United States are each allocated four berths, the most of any of CONCACAF's member associations, while Canada is granted one berth in the tournament.

For Mexico, the winners and runners-up of the Liga MX Apertura and Clausura tournaments qualify for the Champions League.

For the United States, three berths are allocated through the Major League Soccer (MLS) regular season and playoffs (the MLS Cup winner, the Supporters' Shield winner, and the other regular season conference winner); the fourth berth is allocated to the winner of its domestic cup competition, the U.S. Open Cup. If a Canada-based team occupies any MLS-allocated berth, or any U.S-based team qualifies for the Champions League by more than one method, the Champions League place is allocated to the U.S.-based team with the best MLS regular season record which has failed to otherwise qualify.

The lone Canadian berth is awarded to the winner of the Canadian Championship – Canada's domestic cup competition. When Canada hosted the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, the Canadian Championship was moved from April–May to April–August (with no matches occurring between May and August), overlapping with the start of the Champions League. For the 2015–16 tournament only, the Canadian berth into the tournament was given to the best Canadian team in the MLS regular season.

Caribbean Zone

One team from the Caribbean Football Union qualifies directly to the Champions League. This berth goes to the winners of the Caribbean Club Championship.

If the Caribbean qualifier is precluded, they are supplanted by the runners-up of the Caribbean Club Championship.

CONCACAF League

The final six berths are awarded to the top-six placed teams in CONCACAF League. Twenty two teams participate in this tournament, eighteen from the Central American Zone (three berths each from Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, Panama, and El Salvador; two from Nicaragua; and one from Belize), three from the Caribbean Zone (the runners-up and third place team from the Caribbean Club Championship, and the winners of a playoff between the fourth-place team and the Caribbean Club Shield winners), and one from Canada (the Canadian Premier League representative).

Stadium standards

If a club fails to meet the standards for its home stadium, the club must find a suitable stadium in its own country, and if the club fails to provide the adequate facilities, it runs the risk of being replaced by another team.[15] Real Esteli of Nicaragua failed stadium requirements and was replaced by another team for the 2009–10 and 2010–11 seasons.[16] Estadio Independencia in Nicaragua has since been renovated, including upgrades to stadium lighting, and Nicaraguan teams now participate.[17] The qualifying team from Belize failed stadium requirements and was replaced by another team in each season from 2009–10 through 2014–15.

On 8 April 2015, Mexican side Club América broke the all time CONCACAF Champions League match attendance record when a reported 66,208 spectators gathered at the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City to watch América play Costa Rican club C.S. Herediano in the second leg of the semifinals of the 2015 edition of the tournament.[18] This was surpassed by the Seattle Sounders FC on 4 May 2022, at Lumen Field in the final against Pumas UNAM with an announced attendance of 68,741.[19]

Sponsorship

The CONCACAF Champions League has several corporate sponsors: Scotiabank (which has been a title sponsor of the Champions League since 2014–15), Miller Lite, MoneyGram, Maxxis Tires, and Nike.[14][20] The sponsors' names appear on the boards around the perimeter of the field, and boards for pre-game and post-game interviews and press conferences.[14] Nike is also the official provider of game balls and referee uniforms.

Broadcasters

Region Broadcaster Language
 Austria Sportdigital German
 Canada OneSoccer English
 Caribbean Flow Sports English
 Costa Rica Spanish
 El Salvador Spanish
 Germany Sportdigital German
 Guatemala
Spanish
 Honduras Spanish
 Italy One Football Various
 Mexico Fox Sports Spanish
 Panama Spanish
  Switzerland Sportdigital German
 United States Fox Sports English
Univision Spanish

[21][22]

The CONCACAF Champions League broadcast is also available in South America in all languages on ESPN (Star+) and globally in English through Concacaf GO.

Finals

Main article: List of CONCACAF Champions' Cup and Champions League finals

Since the inaugural edition of the CONCACAF Champions League, the finals have only ever been contested by clubs from Mexico, United States or Canada. The first 14 were won by Mexican clubs. The most recent final was contested by Seattle Sounders FC and UNAM, won by the former 5–2 on aggregate. The second leg at Seattle's Lumen Field was played in front of a tournament record crowd of 68,741.

Records and statistics

Main article: CONCACAF Champions' Cup and Champions League records and statistics

Champions League

Performances in the CONCACAF Champions League by club
Club Titles Runners-up Seasons won Seasons runners-up
Mexico Monterrey 5 0 2011, 2012, 2013, 2019, 2021
Mexico América 2 1 2015, 2016 2021
Mexico Pachuca 2 0 2010, 2017
Mexico UANL 1 3 2020 2016, 2017, 2019
Mexico Cruz Azul 1 2 2014 2009, 2010
Mexico Atlante 1 0 2009
Mexico Guadalajara 1 0 2018
United States Seattle Sounders FC 1 0 2022
Mexico Santos Laguna 0 2 2012, 2013
United States Real Salt Lake 0 1 2011
Mexico Toluca 0 1 2014
Canada CF Montréal 0 1 2015
Canada Toronto FC 0 1 2018
United States Los Angeles FC 0 1 2020
Mexico UNAM 0 1 2022
Performances in finals by country
Nation Titles Runners-up Total
 Mexico 13 10 23
 United States 1 2 3
 Canada 0 2 2

Champions' Cup

Performances in the CONCACAF Champions' Cup by club
Club Titles Runners-up Seasons won Seasons runner-up
Mexico América 5 0 1977, 1987, 1990, 1992, 2006
Mexico Cruz Azul 5 0 1969, 1970, 1971, 1996, 1997
Mexico Pachuca 3 0 2002, 2007, 2008
Costa Rica Saprissa 3 2 1993, 1995, 2005 2004, 2008
Mexico UNAM 3 1 1980, 1982, 1989 2005
Suriname Transvaal 2 3 1973, 1981 1974, 1975, 1986
Mexico Toluca 2 2 1968, 2003 1998, 2006
Costa Rica Alajuelense 2 3 1986, 2004 1971, 1992, 1999
Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force 2 2 1978†, 1985 1987, 1988
Honduras Olimpia 2 2 1972, 1988 1985, 2000
Mexico Guadalajara 1 2 1962 1963, 2007
Mexico Atlante 1 1 1983 1994
Guatemala Comunicaciones 1 2 1978 1962, 1969
Guatemala Municipal 1 1 1974 1995
Mexico Necaxa 1 1 1999 1996
United States LA Galaxy 1 1 2000 1997
Haiti Racing 1 0 1963
El Salvador Alianza 1 0 1967
Mexico Atlético Español 1 0 1975
El Salvador Águila 1 0 1976
Mexico UdeG 1 0 1978
El Salvador FAS 1 0 1979
Haiti Violette 1 0 1984
Mexico Puebla 1 0 1991
Costa Rica Cartaginés 1 0 1994
United States D.C. United 1 0 1998
Suriname Robinhood 0 5 1972, 1976, 1977, 1982, 1983
Curaçao Jong Colombia 0 2 1967, 1979
Cuba Pinar del Río 0 2 1989, 1990
Mexico Morelia 0 2 2002, 2003
Honduras Universidad 0 1 1980
El Salvador Atlético Marte 0 1 1981
Trinidad and Tobago Police 0 1 1991
Mexico León 0 1 1993
Performances in finals by country
Nation Titles Runners-up Total
 Mexico 24†† 10 34
 Costa Rica 6 5 11
 El Salvador 3 1 4
 United States 2 1 3
 Suriname 2 8 10
 Guatemala 2†† 3 5
 Honduras 2 3 5
 Trinidad and Tobago 2†† 3 5
 Haiti 2 0 2
 Cuba 0 2 2
 Curaçao 0 2 2

† – Title shared. †† – Includes one title shared.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Scotiabank Joins CONCACAF as Official Partner". CONCACAF.com. 9 December 2014.
  2. ^ "Official Logo Unveiled for Scotiabank CONCACAF Champions League". CONCACAF.com. 10 February 2015.
  3. ^ "CONCACAF Champions League Regulations 2013/2014, Rule 3.7" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 November 2013.
  4. ^ ScotiaBank Champions League 2018 Regulations. Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF). 2017. pp. 5–7.
  5. ^ What is CCL?, Portland Timbers. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  6. ^ a b "CONCACAF ExCo meeting in New York". CONCACAF. 14 November 2007. Archived from the original on 23 December 2007.
  7. ^ "We Are the Champions (League)". The Washington Post.
  8. ^ "Nicaragua con dos pases a Liga de Campeones". Metro Nicaragua (in Spanish). 15 December 2016. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Sounders GM hints at CONCACAF Champions League format change". Goal.com. 19 December 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  10. ^ a b "CONCACAF expands club competition field, implements new Champions League format" (Press release). CONCACAF. 23 January 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  11. ^ "Concacaf Champions League to expand with innovative new format starting 2023/24". CONCACAF Champions League. 4 February 2021.
  12. ^ Straus, Brian (4 February 2021). "Concacaf Reveals New CCL Format, Starting in 2023". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  13. ^ a b "Concacaf announces expanded Champions League starting in 2024". MLSSoccer.com. 21 September 2021. Archived from the original on 21 September 2021.
  14. ^ a b c CONCACAF. "ISSUU – Scotiabank CONCACAF Champions League 2015–16 Regulations by CONCACAF". Issuu.
  15. ^ "CONCACAF Executive Committee tightens stadium standards for next year's Champions League". CONCACAF Official site. 7 November 2008. Archived from the original on 9 May 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
  16. ^ "MLSsoccer.com, Real Esteli FC vs. Sporting Kansas City | CONCACAF Champions League Preview, 6 August 2013".
  17. ^ Pinolero Sports, Luces, ahora sí, en el Independencia (article in Spanish), 18 February 2011 Archived 14 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ "Club America breaks SCCL attendance record". CONCACAF. 6 February 2018. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  19. ^ Evans, Jayda (4 May 2022). "One for the history books: Sounders clinch MLS' first CCL title in front of record crowd in Seattle". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 4 May 2022.
  20. ^ "Champions League". CONCACAF.
  21. ^ "Watch". CONCACAF.com.
  22. ^ "sportdigital Soccer Schedule". livesoccertv.com.