Occator Crater on Ceres
Occator Crater on Ceres

Calathus is a proposed student-designed Ceres sample-return mission, that would consist of an orbiter and a lander with an ascent module. The orbiter would be equipped with a camera, a thermal imager, and a radar; the lander will have a sampling arm, a camera, and a gas chromatograph mass spectrometer. Mission objective is to return maximum 40 g of Ceresian soil.[1] The mission was designed and proposed in 2018 with support of ESA.[2]

Spacecraft should take samples from Occator Crater,[2] that was studied and photographed by NASA's Dawn. The objectives are:[2]

Further reading


  1. ^ Gassot, Oriane (April 2021). "Calathus: A sample-return mission to Ceres". Acta Astronautica. 181: 112–129. doi:10.1016/j.actaastro.2020.12.050.
  2. ^ a b c "The Calathus Mission Concept to Occator Crater at Ceres: Science, Operations and Systems Design" (PDF). ESA.