Calhoun County
Calhoun County Courthouse in Morgan
Map of Georgia highlighting Calhoun County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°32′N 84°37′W / 31.53°N 84.62°W / 31.53; -84.62
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedFebruary 20, 1854; 168 years ago (1854)
Named forJohn C. Calhoun
SeatMorgan
Largest cityMorgan
Area
 • Total284 sq mi (740 km2)
 • Land280 sq mi (700 km2)
 • Water3.2 sq mi (8 km2)  1.1%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total5,573
 • Density20/sq mi (8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitecalhouncountyga.com

Calhoun County is a rural county in the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. Its county seat is Morgan.

History

Calhoun County was named for John C. Calhoun, the seventh Vice President of the United States.[1] It was created from parts of Early and Baker counties on February 20, 1854.[2][3]

Rival political factions disagreed about whether the county seat should be in Concord, a community north of present-day Leary, or in Dickey, then known as Whitney. As a compromise, a spot halfway between Concord and Whitney was chosen for the county seat, and the town of Morgan was established there.[2]

In 1923 the state legislature moved the county seat to Arlington as directed by a county referendum. This decision was reversed in 1929, restoring Morgan as the county seat.[2]

Calhoun Memorial Hospital, a 25-bed critical access hospital in Arlington originally founded as a Hill-Burton hospital,[4] closed in 2013 after 62 years of operation.[5][6]

In 2008, members of the Downtown Business Authority in Arlington founded the South Georgia Regional Information Technology Authority (SGRITA) with help from the state government to provide wireless broadband service to several counties in rural southwest Georgia.[7][8] In 2017 SGRITA moved its office to Blakely in Early County.[9]

Geography

The county seat is Morgan,[10] where the historic Calhoun County Courthouse is located.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 284 square miles (740 km2), of which 280 square miles (730 km2) is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) (1.1%) is water.[11]

The vast majority of Calhoun County is in the Ichawaynochaway Creek sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The county's western and southwestern corner, from Arlington running northwest to west of Edison, is in the Spring Creek sub-basin of the same larger ACF River Basin.[12]

The United States Department of Agriculture has designated most of the county's land as prime farmland.[2] Agricultural, forestry, and wildlife plantations line the county's eastern edge.[13]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18604,913
18705,50312.0%
18807,02427.6%
18908,43820.1%
19009,2749.9%
191011,33422.2%
192010,225−9.8%
193010,5763.4%
194010,438−1.3%
19508,578−17.8%
19607,341−14.4%
19706,606−10.0%
19805,717−13.5%
19905,013−12.3%
20006,32026.1%
20106,6945.9%
20205,573−16.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
1790-1960[15] 1900-1990[16]
1990-2000[17] 2010-2020[18]

2020 census

Calhoun County racial composition[19]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 1,766 31.69%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,569 64.04%
Native American 8 0.14%
Asian 19 0.34%
Pacific Islander 7 0.05%
Other/Mixed 62 1.11%
Hispanic or Latino 149 2.67%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 5,573 people, 1,736 households, and 1,152 families residing in the county. Of these people, 4.0% were under 5 years old, 16.9% were under 18, and 16.6% were 65 or over. The population was 39.3% female. The foreign-born population was 4.1% of the total. Of residents aged 5 or older, 7.7% spoke a language other than English at home.

There were 1,736 households. The average household size was 2.56. The county had 2,406 housing units, of which 65.6% were owner-occupied. [18]

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,694 people, 2,002 households, and 1,292 families living in the county.[20] The population density was 23.9 inhabitants per square mile (9.2/km2). There were 2,409 housing units at an average density of 8.6 per square mile (3.3/km2).[21] The racial makeup of the county was 61.3% black or African American, 34.7% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% Pacific islander, 0.1% American Indian, 2.1% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.9% of the population.[20] In terms of ancestry, 7.3% were American, and 6.3% were Irish.[22]

Of the 2,002 households, 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.2% were married couples living together, 22.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.5% were non-families, and 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.20. The median age was 38.7 years.[20]

The median income for a household in the county was $30,522 and the median income for a family was $37,309. Males had a median income of $27,096 versus $20,845 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,452. About 20.3% of families and 28.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.0% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.[23]


Economy

Many farms in Calhoun County grow corn, oats, sorghum, and wheat.[2] Still Pond Vineyard Winery & Distillery produces moonshine, vodka, brandy, whisky, and 19 varieties of muscadine wine.[24]

Calhoun State Prison in Morgan is a major employer. Calhoun Nursing Home, a 60-bed long-term care facility in Edison, is now operated by Miller County.[25] Willowood Personal Care Home is an assisted-living facility, also in Edison.[26]

Government

Calhoun County has a council-manager government with five commissioners elected by district.[27]

Education

The Calhoun County School District has an elementary school in Arlington and a middle-high school in Edison. The district has about 530 students.[28]

Pataula Charter Academy opened in 2010 in Edison as a tuition-free public charter school serving several counties in southwest Georgia. It has about 609 students in kindergarten through 12th grade.[29]

The Calhoun County Library in Edison is part of the Kinchafoonee Regional Library System.[30]

Recreation

The Chickasawahatchee Wildlife Management Area covers 19,700 acres, including parts of Calhoun, Dougherty, and Baker Counties. It has campsites, hiking trails, a shooting range, and an archery range. It also offers hunting, fishing, canoeing, and bird watching.[31]

Calhoun County and its cities normally hold several annual festivals. Usually in May Arlington hosts a May Day festival and Edison hosts the Billie Lane King Cotton Charity Horse Show.[2] In November the Southwest Georgia High Cotton 65-mile Yard Sale generally occurs along State Route 37. And the Leary Christmas Parade normally happens in December.[32]

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Transportation

Major highways

Politics

Calhoun County is staunchly Democratic in US presidential elections. The last Republican candidate to win the county was Richard Nixon in 1972.

United States presidential election results for Calhoun County, Georgia[33]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 923 41.99% 1,263 57.46% 12 0.55%
2016 830 40.99% 1,179 58.22% 16 0.79%
2012 883 40.34% 1,298 59.30% 8 0.37%
2008 862 38.97% 1,342 60.67% 8 0.36%
2004 890 44.08% 1,119 55.42% 10 0.50%
2000 768 40.70% 1,107 58.66% 12 0.64%
1996 541 28.96% 1,217 65.15% 110 5.89%
1992 464 22.99% 1,301 64.47% 253 12.54%
1988 644 41.52% 901 58.09% 6 0.39%
1984 776 41.88% 1,077 58.12% 0 0.00%
1980 652 31.24% 1,414 67.75% 21 1.01%
1976 436 23.83% 1,394 76.17% 0 0.00%
1972 892 64.31% 495 35.69% 0 0.00%
1968 234 12.25% 697 36.49% 979 51.26%
1964 1,066 78.67% 289 21.33% 0 0.00%
1960 131 14.03% 803 85.97% 0 0.00%
1956 107 8.91% 1,094 91.09% 0 0.00%
1952 147 15.36% 810 84.64% 0 0.00%
1948 36 7.00% 399 77.63% 79 15.37%
1944 37 4.79% 736 95.21% 0 0.00%
1940 33 5.13% 610 94.87% 0 0.00%
1936 14 1.77% 777 97.98% 2 0.25%
1932 10 2.01% 483 97.18% 4 0.80%
1928 91 13.75% 571 86.25% 0 0.00%
1924 66 16.02% 343 83.25% 3 0.73%
1920 5 1.10% 449 98.90% 0 0.00%
1916 2 0.72% 265 96.01% 9 3.26%
1912 70 16.24% 300 69.61% 61 14.15%


See also

References

  1. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 31. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Calhoun County". Retrieved November 28, 2021.
  3. ^ "Calhoun County historic marker".
  4. ^ Report on Hill-Burton Hospitals and Their Obligations. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1984.
  5. ^ "Small rural hospital closes doors". February 4, 2013.
  6. ^ "Calhoun Memorial Hospital closes".
  7. ^ "Georgia citizens take broadband into their own hands". April 24, 2009.
  8. ^ "Sgrita".
  9. ^ "SGRITA relocating to City Hall".
  10. ^ "Ballotpedia". Retrieved November 28, 2021.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  12. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
  13. ^ "Calhoun County Georgia". Retrieved November 29, 2021.
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  16. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  18. ^ a b "Calhoun County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2021.
  19. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  20. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  21. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  22. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  23. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  24. ^ "Still Pond".
  25. ^ "Calhoun Nursing Home".
  26. ^ "Willowood".
  27. ^ "Calhoun County Commissioners". Retrieved November 30, 2021.
  28. ^ "School Grades".]
  29. ^ "Pataula Charter Academy".]
  30. ^ "Calhoun County Library".]
  31. ^ "Chickasawahatchee WMA". Retrieved November 29, 2021.
  32. ^ "Calhoun County Facebook page".
  33. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 19, 2018.

Coordinates: 31°32′N 84°37′W / 31.53°N 84.62°W / 31.53; -84.62