Calvert
Calvert Railway Station.jpg
Site of Calvert Station in 2008
General information
LocationCalvert, Buckinghamshire
England
Grid referenceSP689247
Platforms2
Other information
StatusDisused
History
Original companyGreat Central Railway
Pre-groupingGreat Central Railway
Post-groupingLondon and North Eastern Railway
London Midland Region of British Railways
Key dates
15 March 1899Opened
4 March 1963Closed to passengers[1]
4 May 1964Closed to goods
Location

Calvert was a railway station at Calvert, Buckinghamshire on the former Great Central Main Line between Manchester Piccadilly and London Marylebone. The station was opened in 1899 and closed to passengers in 1963 and goods in 1964. The line through it remains open for freight, including waste to a landfill site.

History

Calvert was the last station on the Great Central's London Extension before it reached the Metropolitan's station at Quainton Road 4.5 miles (7.2 km) away. The station and line between Brackley and Quainton Junction were constructed by Walter Scott and Company of Newcastle upon Tyne. Although the station was named Calvert, no such place existed at the time and the name was that of the local landowner, Sir Harry Verney, who had been born a Calvert but changed his name upon succeeding to the Verney Baronetcy.[2]

At the time, Calvert was a very rural settlement with the few houses making up the village being situated close to the station and nearby brickworks which was the largest employer in the area. In true Great Central style, the station had a single island platform located below a road overbridge from the centre of which a staircase led down to the platform; the centre piers of the bridge were left hollow to provide lamp rooms. The design was chosen as it would allow the track to be quadrupled if ever required.[3] About 2.5 miles (4.0 km) south of Calvert was Grendon Underwood Junction where "Calvert Cabin" signal box controlled the line as it split into two: one line branching out towards Princes Risborough, the other towards Amersham.[4]

A connecting spur, brought into use on 14 September 1940, linked Calvert with the Oxford to Bletchley line with the Great Central, allowing much of the freight which used the Verney Junction - Quainton Road section to be diverted over the Great Central.[5] Calvert was to remain open a further 23 years before closing to passengers on 4 March 1963, the same day as nearby Quainton Road. Fast passenger trains continued to pass through the station until 1966 when the Great Central Main Line was closed.

Routes

A 1911 Railway Clearing House map of railways in the vicinity of Calvert
A 1911 Railway Clearing House map of railways in the vicinity of Calvert


Preceding station   Disused railways   Following station
Quainton Road
Line open, station closed
  Great Central Railway
London Extension
  Finmere
Line and station closed
Akeman Street
Line and station closed
   

Present and future

The station platform remains in a dilapidated state, although the station buildings have long since been demolished. The stationmaster's house stands nearby.

Calvert waste transfer station
Calvert waste transfer station

A single track of the former Great Central alignment through Quainton Road to Calvert remains open as far as the disused Varsity Line for occasional freight and DMU maintenance workings. The line is being kept open as it also serves the waste transfer station at Calvert Landfill Site operated by FCC Environment for the Department of the Environment. Five container trains each day use the site: four from Brentford (known as the "Calvert Binliner", and one from Bath and Bristol (known as the "Avon Binliner"). The containers, each of which contains 14 tons of waste, are unloaded at the transfer station onto lorries awaiting alongside which then transport the waste to the landfill site.[6] The site, dating from 1977 and now one of the largest in the country, stretches to 780 acres (314 ha) and partly reuses the clay pits dug out by Calvert Brickworks which closed in the 1980s.[7] The line is expected eventually to become part of East West Rail however there are no plans to reopen Calvert railway station.

The railway line through Calvert is adjacent to the planned High Speed 2 Rail Link Phase One, announced on 11 March 2010 by Lord Adonis on behalf of the DfT. The line will pass through the site of the disused station.[8] This location (called 'Thame Road') and a fall-back site, 'Great Pond' were announced in December 2010 as the site for the HS2 maintenance depot.[9] The nearby Calvert Waste Plant has also been identified for heat and power generation.[9]

A railhead at Calvert is being used to deliver construction materials for High Speed 2.[10]

References

  1. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations, Patrick Stephens Ltd, Sparkford, ISBN 1-85260-508-1, p. 51.
  2. ^ Dow, George (1962). Great Central: Volume 2 Dominion of Watkin 1864-1899. Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan Limited. pp. 322–323.
  3. ^ Davies, R.; Grant, M.D. (1984). Forgotten Railways: Chilterns and Cotswolds. Newton Abbot, Devon: David St John Thomas. pp. 193–194. ISBN 0-946537-07-0.
  4. ^ Healy, John M.C. (1987). Great Central Memories. London: Baton Transport. pp. 118–119. ISBN 978-0-85936-193-4.
  5. ^ Davies, R and Grant M.D., op. cit. p. 89.
  6. ^ "Waste transfer station, Calvert Landfill... (C) Andy Gryce". www.geograph.org.uk.
  7. ^ "Calvert Landfill Site history and operations". fcc environment. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  8. ^ "HS2 Phase One: updated plan and profile maps for Country South 2016" (PDF). www.gov.uk. DfT. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  9. ^ a b Infrastructure Maintenance Depot Archived 31 January 2011 at the UK Government Web Archive Released December 2010
  10. ^ "HS2 helps UK rail freight bounce back | Agg-Net". www.agg-net.com. Retrieved 28 March 2021.

Coordinates: 51°55′00″N 0°59′59″W / 51.91657°N 0.99965°W / 51.91657; -0.99965