The front entrance of CCDC headquarters in Cambridge, UK
The front entrance of CCDC headquarters in Cambridge, UK

The Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC) is a non-profit organisation based in Cambridge, England. Its primary activity is the compilation and maintenance of the Cambridge Structural Database, a database of small molecule crystal structures. They also perform analysis on the database for the benefit of the scientific community, and write and distribute computer software to allow others to do the same.

History

In 1962, Dr. Olga Kennard OBE FRS set up a chemical crystallography group within the Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge. In 1965 she founded the CCDC and established the associated Cambridge Structural Database. At that time, there were only about 3,000 published X-ray structures, and the work involved converting these into a machine-readable form.[1] In 1992, the CCDC moved into its own building adjacent to the Cambridge chemistry department. This new headquarters was designed by the Danish architect Professor Erik Christian Sørensen and won The Sunday Times Building of the Year Award in 1993.

The CCDC still retains very close links as a University Partner Institution that trains students for postgraduate research degrees but from 1987 became an independent company.

Current research

Main article: Cambridge Structural Database

The staff at the CCDC curate the database of small-molecule organic and metal-organic crystal structures and make these available for download by the public. They also create and maintain a suite of cheminformatics software that may be used to apply the data to applications in the life sciences, including crystal engineering and materials science.[1][2][3]

Programs Developed

CCDC developed programs such as ConQuest and Mercury[4] that run under Windows and various types of Unix, including Linux. ConQuest is a search interface to the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD). Mercury is crystal structure visualizer tool and versions of Mercury released in 2015 and later provide the functionality to generate 3D print.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Motherwell, Sam (1 December 2004). "6: Cheminformatics and crystallography. The Cambridge Structural Database". In Jan H. Noordik (ed.). Cheminformatics Developments: History, Reviews and Current Research. IOS Press. pp. 129–174. ISBN 9781586034504.
  2. ^ Groom, Colin R.; Allen, Frank H. (2010). "Institutional Profile: Crystal structure information in drug discovery and development: Current perspectives and new possibilities from the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre". Future Medicinal Chemistry. 2 (6): 933–939. doi:10.4155/fmc.10.186. PMID 21426112.
  3. ^ Anna V. Vologzhanina; Yulia V. Nelyubina, eds. (16 June 2020). Chemical Bonding in Crystals and Their Properties. MDPI AG. p. 144. ISBN 3039361708.
  4. ^ Allen, Frank H. (29 May 2002). "The Cambridge Structural Database: a quarter of a million crystal structures and rising". Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science. International Union of Crystallography (IUCr). 58 (3): 380–388. doi:10.1107/s0108768102003890. ISSN 0108-7681.
  5. ^ "3D Printing: Easy as 1, 2, 3!". The Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC). 19 August 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2019.