Cammeraygal people
aka: Cam-mer-ray-gal, Camerray-ga, Camera-gal, Cammeraa, Cam-meray, Kemmirai-gal, Gamaraigal, Cameragal, Kem:arai, Kemmaraigal and Kameraigal (referring to a group) (AIATSIS), nd (SIL)[1][2]
The traditional lands of the Cammeraygal people were located in the Sydney Basin bioregion
A cave known to shelter Cammeraygal people at Chatswood West
Language family:Pama–Nyungan
Language branch:Yuin–Kuric
Language group:Yora
Group dialects:Dharug (also called Eora)[2]
Bioregion:Sydney Basin
Location:Lower North Shore of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Coordinates:33°50′S 151°12′E / 33.833°S 151.200°E / -33.833; 151.200Coordinates: 33°50′S 151°12′E / 33.833°S 151.200°E / -33.833; 151.200
Urban areas
Notable individuals

The Cammeraygal, variously spelled as Cam-mer-ray-gal, Gamaraigal, Kameraigal, Cameragal and several other variations,[1][2] were one clan of the 29 Darug tribes who were united by a common language, strong ties of kinship and survived as skilled hunter–fisher–gatherers in family groups or clans that inhabited the Lower North Shore of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.[3]

Traditional lands

The traditional lands of the Cammeraygal people are now contained within much of the North Sydney, Willoughby, Mosman, Manly and Warringah local government areas.[4][5][6] The Cammeraygal people lived in the area until the 1820s and are recorded as being in the northern parts of the Sydney region for approximately 5,800 years.[7]


The name Cammeraygal is ensigned on the North Sydney Municipal emblem. The North Sydney suburb of Cammeray and the Cammeraygal High School located in the North Sydney suburb of Crows Nest are named after the Cammeraygal people. In 1999, the North Sydney Council erected a monument in honour of the Cammeraygal tribe who are the traditional owners of the North Sydney area.[8]

Notable Cammeraygal people

See also




  • "1790s". A history of Aboriginal Sydney. University of Sydney. 11 July 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  • Attenbrow, Val (2010). Sydney's Aboriginal past: investigating the archaeological and historical records. Sydney: UNSW Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-1742231167. OCLC 659579866.
  • "Barangaroo, a Cameragal woman of courage" (PDF). Annual Report. Sydney: Barangaroo Delivery Authority. 2011. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
  • "The Cammeraygals". Monuments Australia. 1999. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  • Collins, David. "Appendix". An account of the English Colony in New South Wales (PDF) (PDF). Vol. 1. sub. V. ISBN 0-589-07168-8. |volume= has extra text (help)
  • Dousset, Laurent (2005). "Eora". AusAnthrop Australian Aboriginal tribal database. Archived from the original on 16 October 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  • "History". Cameragal Montessori School. 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  • "History at Willoughby: Aboriginal people" (requires download) (PDF). City of Willoughby. January 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2015.[permanent dead link]
  • "Language information: Eora". Australian Indigenous Languages Database. AIATSIS. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Eora (NSW)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University.
  • Walker, Frank (13 July 2008). "Ancient spirits lifted". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 22 April 2015.