Canada Elections Act, 2000
Parliament of Canada
  • An Act respecting the election of members to the House of Commons, repealing other Acts relating to elections and making consequential amendments to other Acts
CitationS.C. 2000, c. 9
Enacted byParliament of Canada
Assented toMay 31, 2000
Legislative history
First readingHouse: October 14, 1999 / Senate: February 29, 2000
Second readingHouse: February 22, 2000 / Senate: March 28, 2000
Third readingHouse: February 28, 2000 / Senate: May 31, 2000
Committee reportHouse: February 22, 2000 / Senate: April 13, 2000
Status: Amended

The Canada Elections Act (full title: An Act respecting the election of members to the House of Commons, repealing other Acts relating to elections and making consequential amendments to other Acts) is an Act of the Parliament of Canada which regulates the election of members of parliament to the House of Commons of Canada. The Act has been amended many times over Canada's history.

The Canada Election Act limits spending on election advertising by interest groups, which was upheld by the Supreme Court of Canada in Harper v. Canada (Attorney General) (2004). It also sets out various provisions regarding the publication or broadcast of election advertising and election results.

In 1989, the government of Canada appointed the Royal Commission on Electoral Reform and Party Financing regarding restrictions in the Elections Act inconsistent with Section Three of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.[1]

In 1996, the Act was amended to establish a Register of Electors.[2]

In 2003, the Act was extended to cover the nomination contests of registered parties.[3] In 2007, it was amended to mandate fixed election dates.

Notable provisions

Political action committees

Main article: Political action committee

In 2015, wealthy U.S.-style political action committees (PAC) organizations were introduced to Ontario and Alberta and were expected to play a major role in Canadian political elections at the provincial and federal level. PACs are new to Canadian federal politics and are "technically federal non-profit corporations"[8] registered with Industry Canada. The Canada Elections Act allows PACs to "spend up to $150,000 on third-party advertising during an election" but "spending outside the election period is [/was] unlimited." up until the enactment of the Elections Modernization Act in 2018, even after which spending was nonetheless unlimited outside of the defined pre-election periods. In Ontario, the union-funded Working Families Coalition, spent millions on anti-conservative ads before the 2015 Ontario provincial elections. The left-leaning organization Engage Canada, which released its first anti-Harper attack ad early June 2015.[8] The right-leaning Conservative PAC Foundation founded by high-profile Alberta conservatives Jonathan Denis, Brad Tennant and Zoe Addington in June 2015 funded advertising in support of Conservative Prime Minister Stephen Harper.[8] The developer-funded right-wing group Ontario Proud and related groups have been active in Canadian elections since 2018.

See also


  1. ^ "The Charter: A watershed". Chronicle: A spotlight on 1920-1927. Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation. Archived from the original on October 7, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
  2. ^ "PART 4: REGISTER OF ELECTORS — Maintenance and Communication of Register". Canada Elections Act (S.C. 2000, c. 9). Department of Justice (Canada). Archived from the original on April 23, 2011. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
  3. ^ Ian Stewart, Just One Vote: Jim Walding's nomination to constitutional defeat, (Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press), 2009, p. 4.
  4. ^ "Election night results blackout a thing of the past". CBC News. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Peter S. Grant (March 28, 2011). "Broadcasting Guidelines for the 41st Federal General Election" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on May 24, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011.
  6. ^ Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (May 5, 2005). "Policy 1.3.10: Political Advertising". Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011.
  7. ^ Grant, Peter S. (September 11, 2019). "Broadcasting Guidelines - Federal Election October 26, 2019" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on September 29, 2019. Retrieved September 29, 2019. Prior to September 1, 2017, the obligation [with regard to offering time for sale to political parties] did not apply to pay television services, but on that day the CRTC deleted the prohibition of commercial advertising that applied to those services.
  8. ^ a b c Kleiss, Karen; Fekete, Jason (June 23, 2015), "Political action committee out to tell 'truth' of Conservative record", Calgary Herald via Edmonton Journal