Canadian Amateur Hockey Association
AbbreviationCAHA
Merged intoHockey Canada
FormationDecember 4, 1914 (1914-12-04)
Founded atOttawa, Ontario, Canada
Dissolved1994 (1994)

The Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (CAHA; French: Association canadienne de hockey amateur) was the national governing body of amateur ice hockey in Canada from 1914 until 1994, when it merged with Hockey Canada. Its jurisdiction included senior ice hockey leagues and the Allan Cup, junior ice hockey leagues and the Memorial Cup, amateur minor ice hockey leagues in Canada, and choosing the representative of the Canada men's national ice hockey team.

History

The Allan Cup trophy
The Allan Cup trophy

The Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (CAHA) was formed on December 4, 1914, at the Château Laurier hotel in Ottawa. The desire to set up a national body for hockey came from the Allan Cup trustees who were unable to keep up with organizing its annual challenges. The Allan Cup then became recognized as the annual championship for amateur senior ice hockey in Canada.[1] In 1919, the CAHA became trustees of the Memorial Cup, awarded as the annual championship for junior ice hockey in Canada.[2]

The CAHA negotiated an agreement with the National Hockey League (NHL) in 1940, which recognized junior hockey in Canada as a source of talent for the NHL and provided financial compensation to the CAHA for developing amateur players who were signed to professional contracts.[3] The agreement included allowing the NHL to sign a limited number of junior age players and began a regulated relationship between amateur and professional hockey.[4]

The CAHA filled the role of selecting the Canada men's national ice hockey team to represent the country in ice hockey at the Olympic Games and at the Ice Hockey World Championships.[5] From 1920 until 1963, the CAHA usually chose the reigning Allan Cup champion to represent the country.[6] For the 1964 Winter Olympics, the CAHA approved a proposal by Father David Bauer which established a permanent national men's team composed of student athletes reinforced with senior hockey players.[7]

Hockey Canada was formed in 1969 to operate the national team and oversee Canada's involvement in international competition. The CAHA and Hockey Canada had a troubled relationship since a clear definition of responsibilities was never established, and the CAHA's authority over amateur hockey in Canada and its membership within the International Ice Hockey Federation were questioned.[8][9] In 1994, CAHA president Murray Costello and Hockey Canada president Bill Hay, negotiated a merger between the two organizations. Originally called the Canadian Hockey Association, it has operated as Hockey Canada since 1998.[10] Combining the two organizations allowed for the profits from the Canada Cup and the Summit Series to be invested into minor ice hockey in Canada, and also allowed professionals into international competition at the World Championships and eventually the Olympics.[11]

Member branches

List of CAHA member branches from 1914 to 1994:[12]

Association Acronym Admission Departure Juridsiction
Alberta Amateur Hockey Association AAHA 1914 Alberta, Northwest Territories
Manitoba Amateur Hockey Association MAHA 1914 Manitoba
Ontario Hockey Association OHA 1914
Saskatchewan Amateur Hockey Association SAHA 1914 Saskatchewan
Thunder Bay Amateur Hockey Association TBAHA 1915 Northern Ontario west of the 85th meridian
British Columbia Amateur Hockey Association BCAHA 1919 British Columbia, Yukon
Quebec Amateur Hockey Association QAHA 1919 All of Quebec not under the jurisdiction of the ODHA
Ottawa District Hockey Association ODHA 1920 Eastern Ontario and the National Capital Region
Maritime Amateur Hockey Association 1928 1974 New Brunswick (until 1968), Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island
Newfoundland Amateur Hockey Association NAHA 1966 Newfoundland and Labrador
New Brunswick Amateur Hockey Association NBAHA 1968 New Brunswick
Nova Scotia Hockey Association NSHA 1974 Nova Scotia
Prince Edward Island Hockey Association PEIHA 1974 Prince Edward Island

Executive personnel

Presidents

List of CAHA presidents from 1914 to 1994:[13][14]

Vice-presidents

List of notable CAHA vice-presidents who did not serve as president:[13][14]

Administrators

List of CAHA administrators from 1914 to 1979:[13][14]

Award recipients

Order of Merit

The CAHA agreed to establish an Order of Merit at the 1960 general meeting, to recognize an individual who "made outstanding contributions to Canadian amateur hockey". The first groups of recipients were named in January and May 1962.[15][16][17]

List of notable recipients of the Order of Merit:[17]

Gordon Juckes Award

The CAHA established the Gordon Juckes Award in 1981, to recognize an individual for outstanding contribution to the development of amateur hockey at the national level in Canada.[18]

List of recipients of the Gordon Juckes Award:[18]

References

  1. ^ McKinley, Michael (2014), pp. 5–7
  2. ^ McKinley, Michael (2014), pp. 16–18
  3. ^ "N.H.L. Will Pay I.H.A. $500 Cash For Signing Up Amateur Players". Lethbridge Herald. Lethbridge, Alberta. September 13, 1940. p. 16.Free to read
  4. ^ "Close Co-Operation Exists Between Hockey Organizations". Winnipeg Tribune. Winnipeg, Manitoba. January 2, 1941. p. 12.Free to read
  5. ^ McKinley, Michael (2014), pp. 21–23
  6. ^ "Honoured Member: Father David Bauer". Canada's Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved December 3, 2020.
  7. ^ Shea, Kevin (March 13, 2009). "Spotlight – One on One with Father David Bauer". Legends of Hockey. Retrieved December 3, 2020.
  8. ^ "CAHA wants corporation to finance national team". Medicine Hat News. Medicine Hat, Alberta. December 5, 1968. p. 5.Free to read
  9. ^ Briscoe, Bob (January 27, 1969). "CAHA Agrees ... If". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. p. 20.Free to read
  10. ^ "Hay, Bill — Biography — Honoured Member". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
  11. ^ Edmonds, Paul (June 19, 2017). "The man with the plan". Hockey Canada. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
  12. ^ Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (1990), pp. 2–3
  13. ^ a b c "Past Officers". Hockey Canada. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
  14. ^ a b c Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (1990), pp. 125–134
  15. ^ Lake, Stuart (May 16, 1962). "CAHA To Honor Four Eastern Canadians". St. John's Daily News. St. John's, Newfoundland. p. 10.Free to read
  16. ^ "Quakers Bid For Games". Medicine Hat News. Medicine Hat, Alberta. May 24, 1962. p. 7.Free to read
  17. ^ a b "Hockey Canada Order of Merit". Hockey Canada. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
  18. ^ a b "Gordon Juckes Award". Hockey Canada. Retrieved November 4, 2020.

Bibliography