Cane River
Cane River (North Carolina)
Location of the mouth of Cane River in North Carolina
Location
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountyYancey
Physical characteristics
SourceConfluence of Beech Nursery Creek and Blue Sea Creek
 • locationEskota, North Carolina
 • coordinates35°45′55″N 82°18′33″W / 35.76528°N 82.30917°W / 35.76528; -82.30917[1]
 • elevation3,533 ft (1,077 m)
MouthNolichucky River
 • location
Huntdale, North Carolina
 • coordinates
36°01′43″N 82°19′36″W / 36.02861°N 82.32667°W / 36.02861; -82.32667Coordinates: 36°01′43″N 82°19′36″W / 36.02861°N 82.32667°W / 36.02861; -82.32667[1]
 • elevation
2,024 ft (617 m)[1]
Length38.3 mi (61.6 km)[2]
Basin size408.79 square miles (1,058.8 km2)[2]
Discharge 
 • locationSioux, North Carolina
 • average248 cu ft/s (7.0 m3/s)[3]
Basin features
ProgressionCane → NolichuckyFrench BroadTennesseeOhioMississippiGulf of Mexico
River systemFrench Broad River

The Cane River is a 38.3-mile (61.6 km) river in Yancey County, North Carolina. It originates from the confluence of Beech Nursery Creek, off the western slope of Mount Mitchell, and Blue Sea Creek, off the northeastern slope of Blackstock Knob, in the Black Mountains.[4][5] A tributary in the French Broad River basin, it flows northward to join the North Toe River, forming the Nolichucky River.[6]

Dams

The Cane River had one dam that existed, from 1908 to 2016, named the Cane River Dam. The reinforced concrete structure was 45 feet (14 m) tall and spanned 245 feet (75 m) wide, constructed to provide hydroelectric power for Yancey County. In 1940, a flood submerged the dam’s powerhouse and in the 1950s the reservoir was drained as the dams' structural integrity declined. By the 1970s, another significant flood caused a partial breech. In 2008, the Blue Ridge Resource Conservation and Development, in conjunction with the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service and the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission, began disassembling the dam and river restoration. Since the project's completion in October 2016, the Cane River has been dam free.[7][8][9][10]

Pollution

Historic instream gravel mining has altered the natural substrate and stream channel, in which the upper Cane River is more like a coastal plain braided stream. In 2004, several tributaries had high levels of fecal coliform bacteria.[11] In 2008, the Burnsville Wastewater Treatment plant malfunctioned and spilled fecal coliform bacteria that was considered dangerous for human contact. The ecological damage from the incident had impacted the wildlife downstream from the wastewater plant, including the Appalachian elktoe.[12] While improvements have been made to the wastewater facility, concerns remain after any heavy rain that the Yancey County Health Department issues precautionary advisories.[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Cane River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. June 17, 1980. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "ArcGIS Web Application". epa.maps.arcgis.com. US EPA. Retrieved December 29, 2020.
  3. ^ "USGS 03464000 Cane River near Sioux, NC". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  4. ^ "Beech Nursery Creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. June 17, 1980. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  5. ^ "Blue Sea Creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. June 17, 1980. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  6. ^ "North Carolina Gazetteer". Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  7. ^ McCombs, Erin Singer (October 31, 2016). "An Eerie Dam Removed for Cryptic, Camouflaged Creatures". American Rivers. Retrieved December 29, 2020.
  8. ^ "Decrepit Cane River Dam Removed". Asheville Ecological Services Field Office. November 1, 2016. Retrieved December 29, 2020.
  9. ^ "Cane River Dam Removal". U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. April 13, 2017. Retrieved December 29, 2020.
  10. ^ "Cane River Dam Removal and Restoration Project is complete". Wildlands Engineering. December 20, 2017. Retrieved December 29, 2020.
  11. ^ "Chapter 3 Nolichucky River" (PDF). North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Retrieved December 29, 2020.
  12. ^ Peeples, Gary (September 12, 2008). "Biologists return to pollution-plagued Cane River, making discovery". U.S. Fish & Wildlife. Retrieved December 29, 2020.
  13. ^ "Water Advisory for Cane River". Yancey County. January 31, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2020.