Canghai Commandery
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese蒼海郡
Simplified Chinese苍海郡
Korean name
Hangul창해군
Hanja蒼海郡

The Canghai Commandery was established in the northern Korean Peninsula and part of the Liaodong Peninsula by the Han dynasty between 128 BC and 126 BC.[1]

History

The commandery covered an area in northern Korean peninsula to southern Manchuria. Nan Lü (Hanja:南閭), who was a monarch of Dongye and a subject of Wiman Joseon, revolted against Ugeo of Gojoseon and then surrendered to the Han dynasty with 280,000 people[a]. The Canghai Commandery was established following this revolution, however in 2 years, it was abolished by Gongsun Hong.[2]

There is no historical information as to the exact location of the Canghai Commandery, but it is thought to be located in today's South Hamgyong Province or the Gangwon Province beside the Sea of Japan.[3] The establishment of the Canghai Commandery encouraged the Han dynasty’s invasion of the Korean peninsula and it finally led to the establishment of the Four Commanderies of Han and the fall of Wiman Joseon.[4] The Canghai Commandery had close relations with the Xuantu Commandery, which was one of the Four Commanderies of Han.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Book of the Later Han,Treatise on the Dongyi,元朔元年武帝年也., 濊君南閭等【集解】 惠棟曰, 顏籀云, 南閭者, 薉君之名.畔右渠, 率二十八萬口詣遼東內屬, 武帝以其地爲蒼海郡, 數年乃罷.

References

  1. ^ 濊貊 Heibonsha World Encyclopedia
  2. ^ 창해군 한국민족문화대백과 Encyclopedia of Korean Culture
  3. ^ 高久健二 (2012). "楽浪郡と三韓の交易システムの形成". Senshu University社会知性開発研究センター東アジア世界史研究センター年報6. Retrieved 2017-03-30.p7
  4. ^ 창해군 브리태니커 Encyclopædia Britannica